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C \A P L E 



CHOCTAW ^ DEFINER 



•o 



ENGLISH WITH CHOCTAW DEFINITION, 



*9»HK» 



■HV- 



IBlEllsT ■WA.TKIISrS 

// 



FIRST PlDITIOn r; ,000 COPIKS. 



VAN RIKKN. ARK.: 

W J'>AI,1)\VIX. PRINTER & riliUSHKi; 



Entered According to an Act of Congress in the year 1892, by 

J. W. BALDWIN, 

In the ofllce of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 



6 I "^"^^ 



PREFACE. 



The purpose of this volume is to supply the great demand for 
a complete Choctaw detiner. We have given the subject our 
undivided aitention for many years, and when completed, sub- 
mitted it to the best experts of the Choctaw Nation, who pro 
nounce it as nearly perfect as the different idioms of the two 
languages will permit. 

There has been no effort to make a literary display — the object 
])eing to make the English as simple as possible. 
Verv Respectfully, 

THE AUTHOR. 



* 



CHOCTAW ALPHABET. 



LETTKKS. 


NAM KS. 


SOUNDS. 

as a in father. 


A, a 


ah. 


Ai, ai 


i. 


a diptboiig, as i in ])ine. 


Au, ail 


ow. 


a diptboiiiT, as ow in now 


B, b 


be. 




Oh, cb 


cbe. 




K, c 


a 


as a in made; as e in tliev 


F, f 


1V^ 




II, b 


be. 




Tib bl 


tble 


f t! ■■])ij'ale(i beiore a eonson: 
1 ten lb, tble also. 


l,i. 


0, 


as i in iticpu^ unl in pit. 


K, k. 


ke. 




L, 1. 


le. 




M, m. 


me. 




N, n. 


lie. 




0,0. 


0. 


as in note,. 


P,p, 


pe. 




S, s 


se. 




Sb, sh. 


nlie. 




T,t. 


te. 




U, u. 


00. 


as 00 in woo], or 11 in fiiU. 


€, i:. 


uh. 


as u in tub. 


W, w. 


we. 




Y. Y. 


ve. 





A a I i r u 



A COMPLETE 



CHOCTAW DEFINER 



A — ho — ha, an indefinite article aft<T a noun 
in the ot)ieetive case, with h and y, ac- 
cording to the ending of the preceding 
word, yometimes o is used: Wakopisa- 
li, I see a cow; ohoyo ho pisali, I see a 
woman: ulla yo pisali, 1 see a child. 

Abaiuioiiod. a. Akshoh; abancionment, 1I. 
aksho; to abandon, . ., aksiiocliih. 

Abasp. ■. . Akkalusichih, kalaksichih, 
makalichih; abased, makali; abasement, 
makali. 

Abash. .. Ilofahyalili; abashed, hofahva. 

Abate. ('. Halatah shiollih. habollih, liabo- 
fah; to caus<j to abat". habohlichih, 
habofuchih: abated, shiotah habofah; 
as water, shippah; one that causes the 
abatement, habohlichi. 

Abatp, (. Habofah; plural habohlih, abate- 
ment, habohlih; to cause to abate, r. 
habohlich, one that ca ises the abate- 
ment, habolich. 

Abdoitioii, . Jkfoka, ilfoka, takoba; a large 
abdom<n, or belly, buhunna: to extend 
the abdomen, buhunncchih; mv abdo- 
men, sukfoka. 

Abet, '. Ai)eia, apelt:chi: to continue to 
help or abet, apela hanchi. 

Abhor, r. Inukkillih, ik ahnincho. 

Abide, r. Ai anta; plural aiasha, antah, 
ahantah. 

Abode, h. Ai anta, aiahanta; ai> abode, 
chukka. 

Abolish, • . '. I,ssi:chih, akshuchih; abolish- 
ed, akshot taha. 

Aboniiiijihle, . Ik achukmo, okpulo fehna. 

Ab((Kiinate, ■. Inukkillih, ikahnincho 

AboritrinaJ, . Tikba, r.nnmona. 

Aborigines, t>. vL, Okla ai iittahpi. 

Abortion, . Ushi im okpulo. 

Abont, p.'T) . Eelika; . to turn about, folo- 
loah, filimoah turn about, folo- 
toah: to turn about, (plural,) fitimosh; 
about this time, himak foka. 

Above, i> ! . Pakna, paknaka; just above, 
pakuaka t:ba; high abov, uba ehaha, 
'3ba pillah: land al)Ove, i7ba yakni. 

Abroad, ',f/ •. Haiaka;' gone abroad, iksho, 
ki3uia. 

Absent, •. Kuuia, iksho, ikhaiako. 

Absorb, c. Ishko kunia; absorbed at, aki:n- 
iah. 



ADD 



bstain, v. Issa; to abstain from, hullochih 
one who abstains, iiulloehi. 

buse, •. . Amihaehih; abusing cruelly, il- 
busht3chi-ilbt3shachih; to abuse, okpt3nih 
nukhaklochih, ilbushalih; abused, okpu- 
lo ilbushah, nukhakloh. 

Abyss, / . ahofobi ahofobika, ahofombika. 

Academy, -i holisso ai ithana chito. 

Accept, I', t Ishih, ai okpLchih. habcnah. 

Accident, >i Nahucli; to have an accident 
happen to, ishkunnapa; to cause to meet 
with an accident, ishkunnapu chi; acci- 

• dental, ishkunnapa. 

Accommodate, r > Im atahli; accommo- 
dated, im clhtaha. 

Accompany, ' Auant aya, iba takla; to 

keep company with, ahinnah; to put an- 
other one as company, ahinnuchih. 

Account, ' ( Aliiiinchih, hotinah, anolih; 

accounted, holhtina anntja: on account 

* of, hokak ocha. hokak ona, bona, hocha. 

Accuse, (• ' Anumpah onochih achokush- 
palih; accused, anunipa ouutulah acho- 
kushpah; to falsely accuse, aholabi. 

Accustom, r i. Abuchih; to cause an ani- 
mal to be accustomed to a place, achayu- 
chi; to be accustomed to, ai imomachih. 

Ache, ' Hotupah, kommichih; to cause to 
ache, hottupachih, hottuplih; I am ach- 
ing, sakommichih, suttopah, sahottupah. 

Acid, HaAVUshko, hominchi; to become 
acid, homi; to cause acidity, hawushko- 
chih. 

Acquaintance, ' . Itikhana, hatak ikhana. 

Acquire, v i Ahauchi, ishi, ahayuchi. 

Across, it'Ti' Tunnt'p; to lay across, ai ok- 
hannilli; laid across, ai okhannayah; be- 
ing across, ai okhanah. 

Act. r t .\kaniohmi, akaniohmichi; to act 
with, ibachuffah ibaiachtjffah; to act 
wickedly or dishonest, isht akanohmi: to 
act with close intimacy, ittachukolbih; 
an act passed, ulhpisah. 

Acting, u)i Yummohmi; acting together, 
ittibahfokah. 

Action, u. Akaniohmi. 

Acute, ( . Chasah, haluppa. 

Add,'- t Achakalichi iba foki, ;■'. iba kahli; 
added, ibulhkaha, iba foka, olhchaka; to 
add more to, ibahkahli, ibani; more add- 
ed to, ibalhkaha, ibani. 



ADDER 



ALTEE 



Adder, n. Hahta, hahvvush. 

Address, t' Anuinpa isht hika; a short 
address, anunipa kolofa, anunipa tillofah, 
anumpa tillofasih. 

Adequate, Alauih, alauichili. 

Adhere,, ■ t31bo, halanli asitia ai ulboh; to 
adhere to, alapah ahipalinchi; to (iause 
to adhere', ai ijltauchih, ittai akmochi, it- 
takiiioehi, ittihalullih, ai ulbocihi; ad- 
hered to, ittulboh; adhereiuK, shinushbi. 

Ad.fo irn, Ubanublichi, tishelih, tishe- 

lichi; adjourned, ubanopa tishLli. 

Adjournnieiit, . Tisheli. 

Admiiiister . Nan im apesa. (More 
properly to administer justice.) 

Admire, anuksitah, uuuksita; to ad- 

mire intensely, anuksittiah. 

Adoption, ,> U'lla toba, ushi ishf atoba, 
atapshon. 

Adorable, Ai okpuchi ulhpesa. 

Adore, v t AI okpijcliih. 

Adorn, if Aiukliehi, aiukliehiehi, shemu- 
chi; adorned, Shrma ai okli. 

Adult, Asunu, ha*tak astjnochi. 

Adulteress, Ilatak i haklo. 

Adultery, • Ilatak i haklo, itJu lumaka; 
f'mgen hauiu. hauiu toba; to commit 
adultery, itin lumaka. 

Advance, ii. Achakalichi: to advance ip 
file, baiullit maya; advancing, i hiyah, 
" i shalichi, ishali maya, i shaht ia. 

Advertise, f. Otunichi; advertised, otuni, 
haklochi haklo; advertised. 

Advise, r >. Nan i miha, im anumpuli, al- 
umih, alumichi. 

Advocate, • Isht anumpulih. 

Adz, Peni isht chfiya, peni isht kula. 

Affection, Im anuktila achukma, chu- 
kush achukma. 

Afllrni, V. t Anoli; affirmed, annoa. 

Afflict, r. ^ Ilbushali; afflicted, ilbusha, 
nan ikanihmi; I am afllicited unto death, 
siaiokpuloh, siaiokpulokah, siabekah; 
afllietiou, ai ilbusha. 

Affright. . ' Nukshobli, nukhlakushli; af- 
frif^'-hted, nukshopa nukhlakancha. 

Affront, . Chukush hotupah; affronted, 
cliulcush hotopa. 

Aforesaid, << Chash, chash inli, chash 
akiuli, ash, kash, yash, chash kint; this re- 
fers to remote time, yummuk o achili 
rh'Hiftkinf; that is what I said long ago, 
the aforesaid, chash o, implying remote 
past time which is already known or seen; 
■ ' hatak oh chash o miha li; the afore- 
said man I mean; it is the aforesaid, 
chash oka, chash ocha, chash ona, chash 
okak osh, chash akuto, chash oke, chash 
osh, chash okct, chash okhuno; even the 
aforesaid, chash oh kia; aforesaid, hash, 
some definite action recent and known, 
the aforesi'id, hash ona, hash o, hash kia, 
hash ocha, hash oka, hash okak o, hash 
okak ocha, hash okak anto, hash okak osh, 
hash oke, hash oh kia, hash okuno, hash 
okuto. hash okut, hash osh, hash uto. 

Afraid. Nukshopa, nukwia, anukwia; to 
b" afraid of me, anukwiah; to be afraid 
of inukwiah; I am afraid, sanukshopah 
sanukvviah. 

African, •, Hatak lusa, nipi lusa, Aflika 
hatak. 

After, ' Mayo, haya, himmak; after all. 
pc^laka. 



Afternoon, ii. Tabokoli ontia, okuttaha. 
Afterwaird, a v. 1 himmak, i himmaka, 

haya hayo. 
Again, o ■<. Anonti; f" .7. Again! What! 

Again i unnonti, pshaw: to S'-t or act 

against, ichapolih; to cause to act against, 

ichapolichi. 
Age, Afumi kanohmi; middle or passed 

middle ag<', kawashuchi; aged or old, 

kamussuli. sipukni; to make old, sipukni- 

chi; I am old, susipokni. 
Agent, '/ Isht im utta. 
Aggravate, 0. t. Aiyabachi; aggravated, ai 

yubbih. 
Agree, ". Ai ibachofa anumpa ittim apesah; 

shall or will agre, ai okpancha hinla; 

agn'cd, anumpa itim apesah; an agree- 
ment, anumpa ittim ulhpisa; agreeable, 

ulhpesa yukpa. 
Ague, >• Yunha hochukwa, hochukwa 

yanha; aguish, hochukvvachi. 
All, nift'ij. Aume, ikkike. 
Aid, u t Apela, ap'luchi; his aid, anumpa 

im eshi; aid de camp, anumpeshi. 
Aim, V. Anumpisachi (i. e. to take aim) v. t. 

atokoli; aimed, atokoa. 
Air, ". Mahli fiopa, ea. atmosfia; to air, 

hufkah; aired, holufkah; not aired, ik- 

hofkoh. 
Alarm v. '. Anukhlakushli, nukshobli; 

alarmed, anukhlakancha niikshopa. 
Alas, / ' ;■. Okokko! yakoke! (fem. gen. 

aiena!) hush, hushha! eheha huk or hok. 
Albumen, • . Akak ushi itohbe, akakushi i 

wulaha, akak ushi i wulokuchi. 
Alder //. Itukawiloha. 
Alight, V. Fohopah. 
Alike iidY Iti holiba, ittiobah. 
Alive, a. Okchuya: I am alive, saiokchaya. 
All, Bano, ilia, beka, bieka, moma, uha 

okluha, aiokluha, putta, moyuma; pro 1st. 

per." phi. eho, e, mominchit momint; to 

maki' all, banochi; all together, ittai ok- 

luhut; all entirely, kummohmi; after all, 

polaka. 
Allay, V. t Nuktalali,hopohlochi, hopohluli; 

allayed, nuktula; hopohla; to allay, chu- 

losuchi; allayed , chulosah. 
Allege, V. '. Miha. 
Alligator, c. Hachunchuba. 
Allot, V. Ima, apesa,. 
Allow, V. . Ima yohmi ahni. 
Allspice, . Tishi homi lusa holba, nan 

uni balama. 
Allure, V. . Apakummi; allured, apakuma. 
Ally, . Apela. 

Almanac, . Ilushi nittak isht ikhunna. 
Almost, V. Ahe. ahesi, naha; almost 

happen, ahetoh. 
Alms, . Naholhpila, na hulbina; to give 

alms, na habenuchi. 
Aloes, . Ishkot hlopulli, alos. 
Alone, -7. Akbano, akbat. bano, beka, bieka, 

kakbano, yakbano. h akbano; I am alonf, 

salapt3chuffah; he is gone alone, ih^p ak- 
bat ia. 
Alphabet, . t^mmona, holisso ai isht ia, al- 

fibit. 
Already, v. Mashko. 
Also /'. Akinli, aklcia, hokak kia, aiena. 

anonti, mak kia, yak kia, hinla. mi3t. 
Altar, . Aholuknii, iba topa holba, t3ba 

tula alta. 
Uter, V. . Aiinlnchi inla, ai inla. inlatoba; 



ALTEECATE 



AREOGANT 



altered, ai inlah. 

Altorcale, Anumpa itti lauachi; altercation 
anumpa itti lawa. 

Altoriiiite, . Jttulhtoboah, ulhtobah. 

Altlioiii?!!, . Atnk kia, kia, ak kia, hokak 
osh, hokak ot, hohkia. 

Altitude, y . C^haha. 

Altoaretlier, < v. l^ano. 

Aliiiii, . Tuli holuya. 

Always, . Bilia, b'.'ka, bitka, cliatiik, 
chnkuino, chokosh; always so, aii'moma; 
to be always, billiah; it is, or always was, 
so, chokuuio. 

Amaze, v. . Nukhlakushli; amazed, nuk- 
hlakancha. 

Amen, iv. Ikahli, ik yohmi, ik vumohini. 

American, : . Jliliki hatak, miliki okla. 

Amiable, a. Hulhpashi. 

AmonfT, f))- Takla. 

Amorous." Ai vnshkummi. 

Amputate, v. Bushlit tuplih. 

Amuse, v. . Yukpali, haksichi; amused, 
yakpa haksi. 

An, Ho; (see A ) 

Ancestor, ./. Hatak in tikba, hatak in tik- 
ba. 

Ancient, n. Tikba, tikba, chashpo. 

And, M j. Ahma, aiena, auonti, cha, mielia, 
mihma, mikma, mihmut, mikmut t. 

And-i-ron, . Luak in tikeli, luak ituksita. 

Ansrel. n. t3ba, hatak, <nchil. 

An^er, ■ . Hushaya, nukhobila; angry, nnk 
hobilah; to cause anger, nukhobiluchi. 

Animal, ' . Nampoa, nan ulhpoa. 

Animate, v. . Yimintuchi, okchali, chilitu- 
chi; animated, yiminta, okcha, chilitah; 
animation, isht awiha. 

Ankle, ,'. lyi imoksak, iyimosak. 

Annex, v. . Uchakuli; annexed, uchaka. 

Annoy, v. Ataklummichi. atuklummi, 
anumpulichi; annoved, ataklama. 

Annuity, u. Afummlkma ilhpita, ilhpita. 

Annul. V. '. Issuchi, akshuehi; annulled, 
issa, aksho. 

Anodyne, . Nusechi, ishkot nusi. 

Anoint, v. ". Ahammih, bila, ahammichi 
fokkichih; anointed, ahama bila ahama: 
to anoint treqnentlv, fokkihinchi; to 
anoint at last, fokki'Chi. 

Anonymous, , Hohchifo iksho. 

Another, . Inla, (more properly another 
on<>,) to take the place of another, ulhto- 
bah. 

Answer, v. t. Anumpa i falummichi, aful- 
tjmmichi: answered, anumpa i falama, 
afutuma; it will answer, ulhpesa; an an- 
swer, anumpa falama; answering, anum- 
pa falummihinchi; answers, anumpa fal- 
omoa; to answer, falummichit anumpu- 

Ant, . Shuktini. 

Anthem, n. Ataloa, uba isht taloa, hollsso 
ataloa. 

Antiquity, »'. Hatak tikba. 

.iiitler, II. Issi lopish. 

Anvil, /(. Tolaboa, tuli chito. 

Anxious, ". Koraunta, bnnna. ahni fohna. 

Any, ". Kia: any how, akinli; have you not 
any, ikchim iksho ho? not given you any, 
ikchemo. • 

Apart, Ittifalummi; to tear apart, ittahlila- 
fah, ittahliluffih, ittahlilalih; to CQme 
apart, itahakofah; too far apart, yauahah 
to make a distance, a distance apart, yan- 



ahuchi. 

Ape. // Hatak shaui, hatak shaui chito; to 
ape, hobachi. 

Apoplexy, . Ilaiochi. 

Apostasy, ' . Uba anumpa i filummi. 

Apostatize, v. Cba anumpa issa. 

Apostle, . Ubanumpeshi, cbanumpeshi 
t3n)mona, apostil; the Apostle of Jesus, 
Chisus im cbanumpeshi. 

Apparently, . Chinih. > 

Apparition, / . Chukkishikanchik, kahshi 
kanehak. 

Appeal, V. Kant3llichi, uchakcli, im issa. 

Appear, v. Haiyakah; to appear this way, 
et haiyakah; to appear to b' so, chiniti; 
appears to be, ai ahoba; appearance, 
haiakah; the place of app'.aring, akuch- 
aka. 

Appease, v. Nuktalali. nanaiyuchi, chulos- 
uchi, chulosali, hopohluc'hi; appeased, 
nuktula, uanaiya, chulosali hopohlah. 

Applaud, v. Ai okpcchi, ahninchi. 

Apple . Takon chito, takon misufa; thorn 
apple or .Jameson wee^l, liluchowa ikhish, 
ikJiish kosoma: custard a]>ple, umbi. 

Appoint, V. Atokoli, apesa; appointed 
clhtokh tjlhpisa. 

Appointee, . Hatak ulhtoka; appoint- 
ment, ulhtoka. 

Apprentice; i:. Toksuli ithana im ulhpisa. 

Approach, v. Bilinchi, minti, i3la hosi, i 
bilinchi, im -ola, im ona, okanalih, bilin- 
kuchi; to cause to approach, akanulichi. 

Approve, v. Ome achi, ulhpesa ahni, ai ok- 
puchi ahninchi; may or cr.n approve, 
ai okpucha hinla; docs not approve, ai 
okpuchi keyu; will not approve, ai ok- 
pucha he keyu. 

Approximate, v. Akanali; to cause to ap- 
proximate, akant'llichi. 

April . Eplil. 

Apron ; . Tikba takali. 

Arbiter • . Hatak nan olobichi. 

Arbor, -■. Hoshou'.ika. 

Arch angel • . En(;hil i miko, enchil puta i 
miko. 

Ardent, ''. Achunnachi, chilita, homi, yim- 
inta achilita; arduous, ahchiba, kollo, pa- 
lummi. 

Arj^ument; ". Anumpa isht ittichapa. 

Arise, v. Wakaya, tani; to arise or increase 
from, isht achaka. 

Arithmetic. . Na holhtina holisso. 

Arithmetician, n. Na holhtina holisso im- 
I)unna. 
, Ark, . Peni itombi. 

' Arm. ■. Shakba; to arm, na nalupa atahli; 
! armed, na halupa im ulhtaha: arm be- 
tween the wrist and elbow, ibbak usto; to 
hold me in arms, sasholih; my arm, sash- 
' akba; arm pit, hatampi. 
i Around, Folota; to turn around, foluU- 

: i(!hi afulota. 

Arrange, v. Apoksiachi: arrangf^d, apok- 
sia; to arrange in order, hiohlichi. 

Array, v. Shemuchi, atahli; arrayed, she- 
ma, ulhtaha. 
' Arrearage, v. Aheka takali. 

Arrest, v. Takchi, yukachi; arrested, yuka. 

Arrive, v. Haiyaka minti ona; to arrive 
with, ibai onah; to arrive in a row or 
, line, baiullit ula; not arrived, ik aionah 
ik haiyako. 

Arrogant. •. Ilefenuchi. 



AEEOW 



8 



BALL 



Arrow, n. Nakftiliko, shumo, shomutti. 

Artery, n. Chukush issish i biua, akshish 
ehito imiskola. 

Articles, ii. Nana, nana puta, ulhpoyak. 

Artiflcer. /*. Nan ikbi. 

Ascend. V. Oia, uba ia. 

Ash. )/. Shinop; prickly ash, iti kaposa, iti 
hachuMchuba. 

Ashiinied. .i. Hofahya; not ashamed, hofa- 
ya iksho; I am ashamed, sahofahya; to 
be ashamed of, ihofahyah. 

Ashes. M. Hituk chubi; to burn to ashes, 
tubilah; ash leaeh or hopper, hituk chu- 
bi a hoyo. 

Aside. (>.* Naksika. 

Aslc. V. Panaklo, asilhha; asking, po nahak- 
lo; to ask for me, saponaklo. 

Asp. .". Sinti okpulo; asp. 

Asparaj^iis. ■. Koui holba. 

Ass. ". Isuba haksobish falaia. 

Assassinate, v. Haksint ubi, haksiuchit 
ubi. 

Assemble, v. Itunnaha, itahoba. 

Assent, v. Ome ahni, ome achi. 

Assert, v. Miha, achi. 

Assimilate, v. Hobachi. 

Assist. V. Apela, apelcuhi. 

Associate, v Ai Ittupihah 

Assuaisre, c Chulosah, halatah, shiollih; 
assuaged, habofah. 

Assnme, (•. Isht ilonochi. 

Assure, r. Anumpa kuliochit miha; assu- 
redly, pulla. 

Asthma, /f. Niikshiuifa. 

Astound, Anukhlakanchali, anukhlaka- 
shli. 

Astringent,/! Homi. 



Asylum, ii Hatak tasimbo aiasha. 

At, *< ('. Kt3no. hokuno; to h*' at, ai antah. 

Atheist, n Chihowa i yimrai keyu. 

Athirst, a. Itukshila, nukshila. 

Athletic, n. Hlampko. 

Atmosphere, (; Mahlifiopa, atmosfia. 

Atonement, Isht ai iti nan aiya, isht iti 

nan aiya, isht iti kana. 
Attach, c. Yukachi; to be attached to, an- 

uksita, ihulloh. 
Attack, I . Amokufah. 

Attend, v. Haponakloh; good attention, ha- 
ponaldo achukma. 
j Attest, V. Ahliehi. 
{ Auctioneer, n. Isht tahpula hatak. 
j Auditor, n. Haklo, haponaklo. 
! Auger, n. Isht fotoha, iti islit fotoha; auger 
I hol'S afotoma. 
I August, n. Akus. 
; August, f". Chito, holitopah. 
I Autumn, //. Hushtolahju, onafahpi. 
j Avenue, ii. Anowa, hina. 
! Avoid, V. Apakfopah. 
Awake, v. Okchali, okcha; awoke, okcha: 
to awake, falamot okcha, faluuimint- 
okchulli, hapuuuayoh; to be awake, ok- 
chah; I awake, saiokchah. 
Away, . Kunia; away off or yonder, illupa 

pilla, yumma pilla, pillah. 
Awful, . Okpullo, ikachukmo. 
Awkward, a. Ik i mako, ik ithano. 
Awl, II. Chufak;" scribing awl, isht hlafa 

chufak; an awl handL', chufak aieshi. 
Ax, n. Iskifa, iskifa; grub-ax or hoe, itak- 
shish isht ulnio, itakshish isht kuchi; 
broad ax, iskifa putha; hatchet, iskifushi. 



B 



Babble, v. Anumpulli illahobbi; babbler, 
anumpulli illahobi, himak fokalit anum- 
pulli. 

Babe, n. 1311081; baby, pushkush. 

Baboon, n. Hatak shaui chito. 

Bachelor, ". Tekchiksho. 

Back, n. Null; upper bark of the back, shan- 
ukha; lower part, hutip; backbone, nah- 
chuba nulbuchcha; back of the neck, 
iyachuna; back of the head, chushak, 
back of the hand, ibbak paknaka; to come 
back, falumminchi, falummint; to answer 
l^ack, falumminchit anumpulli, to send 
or throw back, falumminchit pila fala- 
mint pila; to give back, falummint ibbak 
fohki; to sell back, falamint i kanchi; to 
take back, falummint eshi; to carry back, 
falummint isht ia. 

Back-bite, v. Anumpa chukushpa ikbi, 
anumpa chukushpali, hatak nanumachi; 
ba(;k-bit''r, hatak nanumuchi. 

Backslide, v. Ubanumpa issa falamut yo- 
shoba. 

Backward, adv. Obulhpilla ulbul pilla; to 
cause to go backward, obulhpiluchl, ulbul 
pi'llachih. 

Bacon, . shukha nipi shila. 

Bad, . Okpullo, haksi, ikachukmo; a bad 
])lac'\ ai okpullo; going into a ba<l place, 



ai okpulloka chukkoa; to put in a bad 
place, ai okpulo fohki; put into a bad 
place, ai okpullo fohka; to be bad, haksi, 
okpuloh; badness, okpuloka; b-'ing bad. 
okpuloh; I am bad, siokpuloh, acting 
badly, tasimbo; to cause to be bad, ta- 
simbochi. 

Badge, i/. (of mourning) Tabashiishtatuni. 

Baffle, V. Haksichi. 

Bag, . Bahta, shukcha; work-bag, shuk- 
chusbi, huchik; a cow's bag, ipishik; bag- 
ging, bahta toba; a lett'-r bag, holisso i 
shukcha; a small bag, huchik. 

Bail, . Isht talakchi, ahalt3lli. 

Bait, V. Im ashachi, nan upain takalichi. 

Bake, v. Tuska, paluska; a baker, hattak 
puskikbi; a bakery, paluska ai ikbi, hatak 
puska champuli kunchi. 

Balance. //. Aheka takali, isht weki, isht 
weki chi. 

Bald, . Yushiailali. yushkilali; slightly 
bald, okmilanli, okmi"lonli; to tuake bald, 
okmila lichi; bald headed, okmilashli. 

Ball . Towa; to ])lay ball, tolih; a ball 
play, tolih; to cans • to play ball, tolichi: 
l)ali play conjurer, tol apoliuna; ball 
sticks, kapucha; ball of the foot, iyi isht 
hai)li; a round ball, lumbo: to make a ball 
round, louibochi. 



BALLOT 



BELL 



IJiUlot, •>?, Tot holisso bolili. hollsso iyht 
atolcoli. 

BsiiKi, ». Na balama, bam, shiuuk tihloli. 

B:uubo, V, Iti okchtiniali ' 

Bamboozle, v. Ilaksichl. 

Hand,/). Afoboiria; belly band/ ikfoka,is- 
sita. ikl'oka isht tullbkohi; Ticati band, 
bitilih, ish bitJlih: back baud, uul abaua. 

lianli, V. Sakti, iskuli acbeli. 

Kanter. v, Isht yopula, i pafl, kinilichi; 
bauterin^. kiniiihan. 

Bapiisiii, n, Baptismo; to baptizie, baptis- 
iROchi; baptized, baptismo; one who 
baptizes, baptis mocbi. 

Ears. ri. Ai okshillihta; (bar, i. e.. a bank 
of sand, akchunak); the bars or bar hole 
in the post, holihta ai aehushkuchi; a 
sand bar, okchcwaha. 

Barbecue, v. Abaui t3buni; barbecued, 
i5!buni. 

BarJjer, /?, ITatak nuktakhish urao, yusk a- 
balichi; barbered. yuskabali; to shave 
and cut the. hair, ynskabalichi. 

Barp, n, Xipi bano; barely, peh. 

Bargfain, v, Itim apesa, anumpa ittim 
apesa; bargained, itiia ulhpisa. 

Bark, ti. Plakslnip. akchulhpi, hakchulhpi, 
iti hakshup; hirkf)ry bark, used in mak- 
ing rope, balnhehi; dry, or tan bark, 
ehulhpi, hakchulhpi shila; the bark of 
a dead tree being cracked open, katonli. 

Barque, n, Peni cliito. 

Barrel, /?, Itclhfoa. 

B:jr.ren, a, ik cheloh-ushi iksho; barrens, 
ompula. 

Barter, i\ Itatoba, itatobuchi. 

Barrow, u. Shnkha hobak. 

Bashful, a. Takshi, nukwia, hofahya; to 
produce bashfulness, hofahyochi, hof- 
ahyaliehi; to be bashful, takshi; being 
bashful, takshi; bashfulness, takshi. 

Basin, n. Isht ishko mahaia. kolukbi, oka- 
talaiya. 

Basket, n. Kishi, tupushik; work baslcet, 
tulbul; square basket used for sifting, 
tupgik. 

Basswoojl, ?(, Pishunnuk. 

Bat, n, Halambisha. 

Bath, /?, Aiyujn. yupi; to butlie, yupecui; 
vapor bath, ahobechi. 

Bay. '». Homma; a bay of water, okhuta 
telummi chito. 

Bayou, n. Bok. 

Beat], n. Sliikulla; long white bead, oksup. 

Beach, n. ]>ok sakti iti takla, yakni- akhu- 
ta sakti iti takla yakni. 

Beak, ;?. Ibichilu, ibishakni, ibicholo. 

Beam, ??. Itibachaya; beams, itibachoha; 
the beam of a loom; Panola apakfopa. 

Benn, n. Bola. tobi; bush bean, tobi hi- 
kintuni; pole bc^an, tobi uski atoya; 
bean pod, hula hakshup; bean porridge, 
bula okchi; butter beans, bi:ila jjutcssa, 
tobi tckussa; boiled beans, bula labuna; 
white beans, tobi tohbi. 

Bear, v. Chelih, eshih, shuli; to cause to 
bear, cheliehi: to bear up, halanli; to bear 
in arms, sholi; bear (u. an animal), nita, 
bear meat, nita nipi; bear's fat, nita nia; 
bear's oil. nita bila. 

Beard, a Nutakhish. 

Beast n. Napoa; tame beast, nan I'lhpoa. 

Be;it, )' Isso. lulli, neakullichi.. bohli ho- 
pusa; beaten, boa. i shallichi, lulla, i 



slialli iraaiya, timikli, timikcchi; to 
beat at, ai i.s*!o; to beat fine at, alnlli, 
alullichi; a place for beating fine, alula; 
to beat in a mortar, bahli, hussih; beat- 
ing with a stick, bakkaha, bakalichi; to 
beat freciuontly, boh<jjili;. to beat fine, 
botohli, botullichi; beaten, holus.sih ; 
beaten down, (as grass), hlohama; to 
beat one's self, ilebohlih; several beat- 
ing one, itti bakahah; to beat with some- 
thing, kabbahah; to beat with the fist, 
sakkahah; to beat one on the nose, wok- 
kahah, wohlohah. 

Beautiful, a. Aiokli, pisa achukma, ayum- 
ba; to beautify, ai oklichi; to cau.se to 
beautify, ai oklichichi: beauty, aiukli. 
pisa achnkma. 

Beaver, n. Kinta; beaver skin, kinta hak- 
shup. 

Because, rn»j. Hakta, akta, hoka, hokamo, 
hokamba. hokuto, hatukosh, hatokocha, 
hatokoka, hatuk oke, hatok ona, hatok- 
ot, ka, ba, kamba, ki, pe, ta; because it 
is, ak oka, ak oeha, ak okut, akta, hakta. 

Beckon, V. Fahli. 

Becoiue, r. Isht imaka, isht in)punna. 

Bed, n. Topa, ai onusha; bedding, pat- 
i:lhpo, ai onusha; bed clothes,- anchi: 
bed cord, topa impanola: bed curtain; 
topa i holmo; bed quilt, nan itulhkuta; 
bedstead, topa; feather bed, hushi, hi- 
shi patulhpo; bed bug, topa i shushi, 
chuka i shushi; bed chami>er, auusi; 
to go to the bed, anusi ona; bed time, 
annsi onah, to bed up, bunai yuchih; to 
make, making, or one who niakes up a 
bed or pallet, patahlih. 

Bee. n. Foishke, foi, Ibi bilishke, fobil; 
ishke; bees-wax, foi akmo, foi nia 
drones, foi bila ishke hochito; the king 
bee, foi bila ishke i miko; the queen bee, 
foi bila ishke epokni; bee bread, foi i 
lakua; bee hive, foi i chuka. 

Beech, n. Ilatombulaha. 

Bc«"f, /(. Wak nipi. 

Beet I). Bet, akchisli homma. 

Beetle, ;;. Shaksliampi. 

Befrtil, ('. Im akauiohmi. 

Before ir?'. Tiklm, tikba, tikbanli, chashpo, 
kush; go before, mia; before me, satikba; 
beforehand, tikbanli. 

Befriend, v. I kana. 

Bear, ('. Asilhha. 

Besifet, v. Tobachi. 

Be;?!?ar, n. A.silhha shahli; beggar lice, 
Bissa hlnkko. 

Begin, v. Isht ia; beginning, aiamonah. ai 
isht ai ommon.i; the beginning, r^m- 

juoua. 

Beguile, v. Ay^akummi, haksichi; beguiled, 
haksi. 

Behave, r. Ilapoyuksa. achukma; behave 
badly, isht atapa; well behavedj hopoy- 
uksia. 

Behold, 7". Hopompoyoh, hopokoyo'yakeh. 

Belch, V. Akelanachi, belched* akelana; 
to cause to belch, akelanachiehi. 

Believe, v. Yirami; believe, nayimmi; I 
l^elieve, sayimmi. 

Bell, n. Tulula. suba innuchi: bell collar, 
i.^suba innuchi isht talakchi: bell clap- 
per, tul ola unukaka takahli; bell rope, 
talola isht halnlli. 



BELLY 



10 



BITTER 



apufuchi. 
Keiiy, /'. Ikfoka, takobba; my belly, sukfo- 
ka; bip: belly, shittiua, lower part of the 
belly, ikfek.sa. 
lioloii^r, V. Ai ahalaya, imnii; belonging? to. 

ai imnn. 
Beloved, a. llolitopa:' most beloved, helito- 
hompa, holitoyliupa. 

Below, jj . Nuta * 

Belt, ". Uskafach), ikfoka isht tollakchi. 

Bench, n. Abinlli, ai omiuili.ai obinili falaia, 
iti waya; work bench, atokstjli. 

Bend, v. Eiknlli, bichullj, bikota; bent, be- 
kota, b' chota; bend in a stream, bokfol- 
ota, bok pnhloma; bent down by being 
broken, akochofah; to bend down, ako- 
chuffi, akoehuliiehi: to cause to bend, 
bieholiehi, Ijcknllichi; while bending, 
bekuulih; to bend down, ehussolah, 
chussulohah, kochufli; to cause to bend 
down, cht3ssulachi; bent down, kochu- 
fah; to bend the sharp edge, paiaffi, 
paiollih; bonding edge, paiofah, paiota, 
paiokaehi; to cause to bend, paiolichi. 

Beneath, / . Akka, nuta. 

Benefactor, ■ . Nan achukma imatahli, 
habeucchi hattak yukpali. 

Benefit, v. Im acjiukmali, achuknialichi, 
im atahli; benctitttMl, im i:llita}ia: I)eue- 
titted with, nan ishtil aivukjja. islit il 
aiyukpa. 

Benevolence, n. Tula vukpali ahni. 

Bereiive, v. tJlhtakluchi, im ishi; bereaved. 
i:lhtakla, nan ikanihmi. 

Berry, jt. I3ni, anih. 

Besniejir, r. Ahammih, akasliolichi, aka- 
shorti, alopuli. aluptjlichi. 

Best, r/. Achukma, achuynkma, achukma, 
moma ishahli. 

Bet, r. Kahli. ittcsiah; p. p. kaha; to bet 
at, ai ittcsituh. one that bets, na kahli, 
ittusita; betting, ittositi^h; let us bet, ke 
kahli. 

Betray, v. Haksichi. 

Betroth, r. Abohlih, ittobahli. 

Better, a. Achukma i shall; to make bet- 
ter, ai iskiachi, achukmaliehi, apoksia- 
(;hi. hochukmalichi. huchukmali. 

Between, pr. Iti takla, itintukla, ittitukla, 
takla. 

Bewail, v. Isht tabashi, isht nukhaklo, 
isht yaiya. 

Bewitch, 'v. Haksichi, yushpakummi; to 
c;ontinue to bewitch," haksihinehi; be- 
witched, haksi, pakamah, yushpakama; 
being bewitched, pakamoah; bewitch- 
ing them, pakamoli; to bewitch them, 
yushpakummolichi. 

Beyond, pr. Misha, misha pilla, mishihma. 

Bias, ?;. Hanaiyah. 

Bible, a. Holisso holitopa. 

Bid,")?. Atohnochi, isht tahpula, i miha, 
imunali; one who bids, isht tahpula, 
chumpa. 

Bier, v. ITatak illi ashali, ai onutula. 

Bia:, a. Chitoh, hochetoh. 

Bile, n. Lakna, basunlosh. 

Bill, n. Ibichilu, ibishakui. 

Billow, n. Banuthuchi poakuhanchi; a bil- 
low, banutha. 

Bin, V. Aiullito chito, itombi chito, aiash- 
achi. 

Bind, )'. Takchi, seteli; pi. sitohli; bound, 
talakchi, sita, sitoha; to bind, afohlih, af- 



ohlichi; bound, afohonui; one that binds, 
atohomnu; binding, sita; to bind the hair 
with binding, siteli; to bind, sitohlih; 
bound, Sitoha. 

Birch, /;. Opel haksun. 

Bird, //. Hushi, uba hushi; a winter bird, 
hlatintini; a bee martin or king bird, 
hush pottak: black bird, okchohla; large 
black bird, hahlon; blue bird, okchalush; 
jaybird, tlshkila; brant, shilaklak; buz- 
zard, sheki, sheki falaia; crane, wahton- 
lak; sand hill crane, wahtoulak oshi; 
wliite crane, oskup tbhbi, hush tohbi; 
carrion crow, sheki kolofa, sheki tullo; 
dove, puchiyoshoba; duck, okfochush; 
drake, okfochush nakni; wild duck, (with 
green head,) hakhoba; wood duck, hin- 
luk; a diver, oklubbi, kabaka; muscovy 
duck, muskoki, okfochuch; eagle, osi; 
bald eagle, ibahlumpa; grey eagle, tahla- 
ko; geese (wild) shilaklak, hakha; g<'fse, 
(tame) shilaklak tslhpoa; goose, shilak- 
lak; gander, shilaklak nakui; gosling, 
shilaklak ushi; guinea, koti ulhpoa; hen 
hawk, hatak hlipush; fish hawk, chuk- 
cho; squirrel hawk, hasimbish homma, 
hasimbish hommak; large hen-hawk, 
biakak; jjrairie hawk, iba fokchi, htjtaba 
fakchi: pigeon hawk, huhub, hanun; 
forked-tail hawk, pashfalakto; blue pig- 
eon hawk, tusobi; small hen hawk, aiyi- 
chi lichi; sparrow hawk, shikkiliklik; 
night hawk, oksup afohli, oksup iba 
fohli; night heron, iti kcshayaiya; hum- 
ming bird, hlikuhlo; lark, shonolo: 
kingfisher, tushalali; loon, okchtjhla 
chito; martin, chuki; mocking bird, 
hushbulbaha; owl, opa; horn owl, iskiti- 
ni; prairie owl, ,opa shilup; screech owl. 
ofunlo; paroqiiet, kiliki; parrot, kiliki 
chito, kiliki ulhpoa; peacock, okchan- 
lush chito; pelican, cliilantakoba, ])igeop, 
puchi; prairie hen, shunlolo chito; quaiL 
kofi; raven, fula chito; crow, iula; red 
bird, bishkomak, hushi homma; rice 
bird, konabani-li; robin, bishkukuk, 
bishkonlak; snipe, lopinu; snow bird, ak- 
sakina; sparrow, chusa. hushi iskitini; 
sparrows, luishi chipunta; cock sparrow, 
hlufintini; swallow, chukoba; chimney 

. swallow, chupihlah: swan, okak; turkey, 
fakit; thrush, taluktak; whippoorwill, 
wahwuli, chukkilakbila; woodcock, isi 
nia piehechi tikti; woodpecker, bakbak, 
hushi iti chauli, chilantak, fitakhak; 
sap-sucker, oktik, chckchijk, biskinik 
chito. biskinik iskitini; wren, okchiloha, 
chikchik: a bird cage, hushiai ulhpitta, 
hushi i chuka; bird's feather, hushi 
hishi; a bird's nest, hushi im ulhpichik; 
a bird trap, hushi i chuka, hushi ish't 
hokli, hushi isht ulbi; a bird's claw, 
hushi iyakchush; a young bird, hush 
ushi; to kill birds, hu.shi ubi. 

Birth-day, n. Ai utta nitak. 

Bishop, n. l')banuiimpa isht tjtta, apesuchi, 
nan im atahli, bishop. 

Bison, /'. Yanush. 

Bite, V. Kapoli, haksichi kislich; pi. kobli; 
to bite at, akopulih akopulichi; biting, as 
fleas, kislih; bites of insects, shushi ko- 
poli; bites of snakes, sinti kopoli; bites 
of mad dogs, ofi tasimbo kopoli. 

Bitter, a. Homi; to uuike bitter, homiclii; 



BLACK 



11 



BOW 



bitterness, homi ualiomi; somewhat bit- 
ter, hoiiii c'hohiui; very bitter, homi 
fehna; to become bitter, liomi; to become 
somewliat bitter, homi chohmi. 

Black, v. IjUsa; to blacken, lut^achi; to 
blacken at, alusachi; a place at which to 
blacken, alusa; to ?nix with black, alus- 
bichi alusuchi; to color black, lusachi 
I am black, salnsah; blacking, Isht lusa- 
chi, shulush isht lusachi: blacking to 
make a line with, nan isht lusachi. 

Blackberry, ». Bissa; blackberry root, bis- 
st'pi akshish; blackberry briers, bissoyn. 

Blackboard, . Itibt?sha " lusa aholisochi 
aholi sochi lusa. 

Black^:aiir<l, // Chakapa: blackgaurding, 
chakaha pa; a blackguard, hattak chak- 
apa. 

Blacksmith, v. Tcli boli. 

Blackroot, Ikhish nowa. 

Bladder, , . Ishowukchi. 

Blame, r. Ik ahuincho anumpa onochi. 

Blauket, . Shukbo anehi; l)ed blankets, 
topa i shukbo. 

Blaspheme, v. Ikhobaloh anumpuli; blas- 
phemy, ikahobalo anumpa. 

Blast, V. Bushshi; to cause to wither or 
blast, bosh shichi. 

Blaze, ?'. Libbi; to make a blaze, libbichi 
tohwikelichi; ablaze, libbika; to blaze a 
tree, iti tihli; blazed, tihla. 

Bleed, /'. Issish kuchi. issish kucha issish 
mint! hluuipli: bled, issish kucha hlum- 
pa: bleeding at the nose, ibi koa. 

Bless, )'. Yukpali na yukpali holitobli ai- 
okpcchi isht ai achukma he ahnit 
anumpuli; bless you, yakoke; blessed, 
nayukpa holitopa; blessdness, isht ai 
vukpa, nan isht il, ai vukpa. 

Blight, ('. Bushshi: blighted, bt3shih. 

Blind, . Lupa. ikhoixtnyoa; partially blind 
tulhhah; blindness, ikhopopoyo. 

Blister, v. Wulhk(K'hi; blistered, wulhkoh; 
a blister, wulhko: continually blistering, 
wnlhkohonchi. 

Bloated, . Hhatahli; I am bloated, sushat- 
csplichi. 

Block, li. Bakapa. to split into blocks, bak- 
ali bakli: to cause to split into large 
blocks, bakahlichi 

Blockhead. /'. Hatak im anukfila iksho. 

Blood, >i Issish; blood letting, issish kuchi: 
bh)od sucker, (leech) hallus lussus yal- 
lus. 

Bloom, . Pakanli, na pakanli. 

Blossom, / . Pakanli. 

Blot, V. Lusachi; blotted, lusa. 

Blow, 7'. Mahlichi, mahli pijfah; to blow at- 
amahli amahlichi; to blow the nose, hlin- 
ka; blowing, mahli; to blow gently, mah- 
lichi; blow with the nose, as a horse, pih- 
lokah plutokah; to cause to blow, pofuchi 
to blow upon, pufa. 

Blue, /.. Okehamali (deep); okchakko (pale). 

BJuflr, ». Hakti. 

Blunder, r. Ashuchi, ibetcbli; bltmder- 
head, hatak nusilhha shahli. 

Blunt, a. Ikhalupo. 

Blush, V. Takshi hosTi nashuka homma 
hommuchi. 

Boar, It. Shukha nakni. 

linard, ;;. Iti busha. iti shima. 

Boast, V. Isht ilawata; a ])oast -r, hattak 
ilawata. 



Boat, II. Peni; boatman, peui isht aya, hat- 
tak peni Ibhkut aya; llat-boat or I'erry- 
boat, peni putha. 

Bodkin, v.. Cliuiak chito; botkin. 

Body, II. Ilaknip: of an animal, uipi; of a 
tree or plant, upi. 

Bog, n. Hlabeta, hlafcha, hlafeta, hai iko 
haiyiko; to make boggy, haiikochi 
hlabetuchi, hlafehochi, hlafetcchi. 

Boil, V. Wahlulli, wahlullichi, tobulli, Jio- 
ni; to boil done together, ahlabocha; a 
vessel in which Lo boil (boiler) ahobi; to 
boil down, ashippuchi; boiled down, 
ashippa; to boil up this way, et tobollih; 
boiled until soft, hlaeopa; boiled to or by 
itself, ilahouni; various food boiled, na- 
honni; to boil up or out, (as a spring,) to- 
bullih; pounded meat boiled in or to- 
gether, ubahachi: boils, hichi. 

Bois-de-Arc, v;. Kutli lakna; iti kullo. 

Boisterous, d. Shakapah. 

Bold, a. Iknukwiyo, ntikv.ia iksho, l)old- 
ness, chijkush nakni. 

Boll, 7/. Nan uni. 

Bolster, /?. Ulhpishi.falaia. 

Bolt, n. Isht afacha. 

Bone, v. Foni; backbone, nahchuba ua- 
lajdssa; pain in the bones (rheumatism) 
foni hatupa; bone joints, foni itta cha 
kuli; bone ache, foiii kommichi; rotte>i 
bones, foni tushbi; to set or re-set 
bones, foni falummiht itti fohki; 
collar bone, imiskowata; a bone, na IVmi. 

Bi>nnet, 77. lahlipa, ohoyo i shapo; to wear 
a bonnet, inhlipili; wearing, or one that 
wears a bonnet, iahlipili. 

Book, V. Holisso; a pocket book, holisso 
nan aholisso, holisso i shukcha; a reg- 
ister l)ook, holisso anumpa atakahli; 
hymn book, holisso ataloa; a blank book, 
holisso ik aholisso, holisso tolibi hak- 
sbup asha; small book, holisso iskitini; a 
book shelf, (sing.) holisso ahekia; (plu.) 
holisso ahiohli, holisso aiasha; a book 
store, holisso akt3nchi; a book case, ho- 
lisso ai vlhto; to make a book, holisso 
ikbi; book worm, holisso i shnshi: to talk 
about a book, holisso isht anumpuli; ac- 
count book, ahek a holis.so. 

Boot, n. Shulush chaha; to give boot in a 
trade, alapanli, alapalinchi; a boot tree, 
shulush chaha atoba. 

Borax, 77. Isht aiakmo. 

Border, 7j. Ai tjlhli, alaka, takclia, takchaka. 

Bore, 7'. Fatohli; bored, fatoha; not bored, 
ikfotohoh; an instrument to bore holes, 
isht hlumpli, isht hlumpa. 

Born, 7'. Ctta; iirst born, uttahpi; to have 
firstborn, ishahpi: not having a young 
one born, ikchelo, ushi iksho. 

Borrow, v. Pota; borrower, na pota, na po- 
ta shahli. 

Both, a. Bika, ittatnklo, ittianinchit: both 
going, or both gone, ittiachi. 

Bottle, //. Katoba. 

Bottom, 7t. Lussah, lussa anuka, bok anij- 
ka yakni: okaabachaya; to search for the. 
bottom, akka hoyo; bottomless, akka ik- 
sho. 

Bound, 7'. Tul)i, tolupli; bound on (as an 
arrow.) hoUotti; bounds or boundary, ai 
uhli; to make a boundarv, ai ulhli(dii. 

Bow, 7'. Bikulli; bowed, bikota: to bow the; 
head, akahchunnoli, chunulli; bowing 



}30W 



12 



BROTHER 



the Jiead. akiichunni, yiislic.hoTiali; to 
bow down on the face,' akkaliUpkuehi, 
akkahlipiah: both bowed down on the 
face, akkahlipkaiyachi; head bo^ved 
and back np, like a poor hog, chnnnnlii; 
to bow down, hlipkuchi; not to bow the 
head, ikakahchnnalo; not to cause lo 
bow the head, ikakahchnnolicho. 
Bow, n. Iti tauampo; ox bow, wak toksoUi, 
ikonla aloka; wak toksoUi, ikonla ato- 
homa. 
Bowels, ?). Takobba. ikfoka; to run otf 

from the bow<'l.s, ikfiah. 
BowfF, )i. lIo.shoutika:'to make a bower, 
hoshonti kachi; to embower, hoshontika 
ashahehi. 
Bovv(, ii: Anipo; ampo ai ishko chito; 
wooden bowl, iti ampo, iti kula; tamfula 
or dirt bowl, lukfi ampo; a wash bowl, 
ampo ai okami, am o ai achifa. 
Box, n. Itoml)i, itombuslii, ai ulhto; ash 

box, hitnk chubi ai ulhto. 
Boy, n. Ulla nakni; boyif!:]i, ulla holba, 

kostini keyu. 
Br;n*t^, ('. Hlampkochi; braced, hlampko; 

brace and bits, isht fotoha touoli. 
Brjickish, a. Homi, takba. 
Br:i(3s, n. Clnifuk chipinta. 
Bniu:, V. Isht ilaiiata; a brag-i,^er, hatak 

ilauata, hatak nan isht ikniata. 
Braid, n. 8ita; to braid, tauoifo, pannih; 

braided, tuunuitb punah. 
BrHiii, ii. Ni.shkobo liipi, liipi. 
BiMke, n. Abohli. 
Br;isHbli>, It. Blsokehakini, bisokehuanak- 

ko. 
Bran, n. Ilakhlopish, hoshunlok. 
Brjinch, n.. Nakshlsh (of a ti'ee;) boknshi 
(of a stream;) to branch oft", felgmmih, 
felumminchi; to branch out wide with 
limbs, sliatialoha; to cause to branch 
wide, shaa\valohi3chi; branching otit 
wide, shauwala; branchy, washalali, \va- 
shalohah. 
Br:aid, //. I chuwa, ishtinchwva, toli isht 

in chuwa; one who brands,~i chuli. 
Brandish, v. Fahfolih. 
Brave, v. Chilita; bravery, chukush nakni. 
Bray, v. Ilopusih. 
Braze, V. Akmochi; brazed, akmo. 
BreACii, v,. Akobufa. 

Brc.-KJ. a. Ptsska; flour bread, bota tohbi 
paluska; corn bread, tiinchi i)aluska; to 
malve bread, puskah; thin bread, (batter 
cakes,) puska, tupuski; crackers, puska, 
tcpuski shilti, 
Brea(Jth, n. Hopulhka. 

Break, v. Kobuiii, litoffi, pakulli. kolihaui; 
broken, kobafa litafa, pakota, koa, kaui; 
to break to or with, akahlali; broken to 
or with, akalila; to break and bend down, 
akauwi, akauwichi, broken and bent, 
akauwa; to break in or at, akobuifi; bro- 
ken in or at, akobafa; the place where it 
is broken off, akobufa; to bend down by 
being broken, akochuHi; bent down by 
being broken, akochofa; to break and 
bend down, akushli aktishlichi; bent 
down by breaking, akoshaU; to break up, 
at or on^ al5showa; tobreak open, wuhli, 
mituffi, mitahli, niitahlichi, bakutii fa- 
kopa, fakoAva; broken open, bokafa, fa- 
hopa, wuhla; to break open by bursting, 
bokahlichi; broken open, bdkahli, mi- 



tufah: to break in pieces, bushulli; to 
break off, fakolicbi; to break, (as eggs,) 
kahloli, kokoa; breaking several, koko- 
lih; many being broken, kokoah; break- 
ing down from .stalks, kotahli; to cause to 
break down, kotahlichi; to break a joint 
or neck, kohiiJi; break fine (as powder,) 
lishoii; broken up (as a rope,) litahli; bro- 
ken x)ieces, litahlih; to break into short 
pieces, litahliehi; to break into, lituffi; 
broken into, litafah; continually break- 
ing, open, mituhafah; to break off, (lis 
limbs) nachohli; broken off, nachufa; be- 
ing broken otf, naehohah; to break off 
from, nachuHi; broken off' from, nepofa; 
broken ol^ tilofah, tilohli: to break off, 
tilohli, pe, tilijlf], tusha, tushafa; broken 
lueces, toshali; being continually broken 
off tuptuhowa. 

Breast, n. Ikishi. hakship ipishik, akcha- 
ya hushship: my bn'ast, saliushship. 

Breath, n. Fiopa. ilhfiopak; to breathe, 
tiopah; short breath, fiopa ikfalaio; last 
breath, fiopa ishtaiyopi; breathl'\ss, fiopa 
tuba, fiopa tupa; to cause to breathe, 
flQP'ochi; breathing, fiopa. 

Br-M-ii. t\ Chelih; to cause to breed, cheli- 
chih; a breeder, cheli. 

Br<-<i:«>, !i. Malili; to blow a breeze, mali- 
chih. 

Bre~r, v Honnichih; brewed, honnih. 

Brilj", V. luianukfila chumpah, chum- 
pah. 

Br?j.',k, .'?,. Lukli nuna; brick kiln, lukfi nu- 
na aiikbi. 

Bri<lg<s n. Iti patclhpo, iti patupo; a foot 
bridge, ahchoj). 

Bridle, ii. Tsuba kapali; bridle reins, issu- 
ba islit folullichi, kapali isht talakchi. 

E' ier, n. Bissupi; a bamboo brier, kuntuk: 
l.-)W briers, having red berries, yacho, 
chakfili 1 yacho. 

Bright, '/. llalnliikcchi, liauta; to bright- 
en, shohnialalin; yj cause to brighten, 
shohmalaliciii. 

BriuJst<Mie, ii. Hittuk lakna. 

BriiKlIe, n. Basoa. 

Brine, n. Hupi okchi. 

Brills?, V. Isht iila, isht mint!; to bring out 
of, akuchichi; brought out, akucha; to 
bring forth, eshi. 

Brisket, )?..'Tmbichuko, bicltuko, ibichiiko. 

Bristle, ??. Shukha, chushak hishi, chus- 
hak hishi kullo. 

Broach, v. Isht ahlopulli, ti3li kucha. 

Broad, a. Putha, hoputka; to broaden, 
putliochi. 

Broadcloth, n. Chukfi hishi tunna lapush- 
ki. 

Brot^an, n. Shulush kullo. 

Broil, V. Apushli; broiled, i3lhpusha. 

Broken, v. Kobafa, koa, litafa, pakota, ak- 
ahlah. 

Brood, n. Akak ushi pehlichi. 

Brook, n. Bok ushi, okhinushi. 

Broom, n. Isht bushpoa, isht pashpoa; a 
broom handle, isht bushpoa upi 

Broth, ??. Okchi. 

Brother, v. Ittibapishi; my brother, (used 
only by females,) a-nakfi; her brother, i 
nakfi; brother-in-law, (one who married 
another's sister), imaluk; a wife's brother, 
imalakusi; an elder brother, imunui; a 



BLACK 



13 



CAX 



wile's husband's brother, umbalaha, ira 

uinbalaha. 
Brown, n. Lusbi, baton lakna, holnssi, lio- 

makbi; to color brown, baton laknucbi, 

lusbicbi; dark brown, lusakbi: to color a-' 

dark brown, Insakbichi; baked -brown, 

tubolbko. tuwolliko; to roast brown, tii- 

bulhkochi. tuwulbkoehih. 
Bruiii, 11. Xita. 
Bruise, v. Litoli, lullichi; bruised, litowa 

lulla. 
Brush, V. Kasholiebi; clothes brush, ilefo- 

ka isht kasbolk'hi; a brush, bush or 

thicket, bafaha, shauwa; a. shaving brush 

isht pokpokechi; brush broom, small, 

isht bushjjoa iskltini. 
Bubble, V. Honi; to cause to bubble, houi- 

chi. 
Buck. n. Tssi nakni, laoittah. 
Buokot, V. Ishtochi. 
Buckle, n. Tcli takahli; pi. tuli takohli; to 

buckle, takalicfii; buckled, takahli. 
Bucksti:»,, ". Tclhko. 
B;:(l, /?. F.ckopli. bikopli; to bud, bokapli, 

blkopli: budding, bikopli; to cause to 

bud, biko]dichiL. 
B-.ida;et, r,. liahtii, sJiukcha. 
llKlTalo, n. Yauush; buffalo meat, yanush 

nipi. 
Bullet, V. Tt:mauchi. 
Bug, 11. PL I Shi; a w.itor bug, hasuu, abed 

bug, topn i shushi; a lightning bug, hul- 

ba; red bugs, shukoma shushumma. 
Build, /'. Ikbi, itabuni; built, toba, itabana. 
ifXiiIbous, a. Kaboki. 
Bull, n. Wak nakni: l)ull dog, aft nakoa; 

bullfrog, halonh;b!. 
Bullet, n. Naki lumbo. 
iUjllrush, n. KashaJn:chi 
BuhTark, '. Hohlita kullo. 
Bni>ible-be«>, ». Osiiii. 
Bismp, n. V\'okkolo; many bumps, wokoko- 

\va; bumpy, bomboki, bombaki. 
Bii:ieJi, n. hokus.sa, pokussa; in buchcs, 

lukluki, lukluklt. 
Bundle, n. Bona; to bundle up, bonui, ijo- 

nullichi. 



Buii^r, ,'j. Akamuli, ulhkamoah. 

Bar, n. Hakshup. 

Burden, n. Shapoh; to bear a burden, sha- 
pole; to cause to bear a burden, shapoli- 
ehi. 

Burial, n. Hoppi, hatt<ik hoppi; burial 
place or cemetery, a hollopi; buried, hol- 
lopi; burial service, a hopi ka ubanumpa, 
isht ai utta he ulbx^esa. 

Barsi, )'. Luachl, hokmih, hushmih; burne<l 
or burnt, lua, holukmi, hollu.shmi, . a 
burn, holukmi, holhpa; to continually 
burn, luahauchi; continually burniug, 
luhowah; burning, hoUushmi. . 

Burst, V. Boki:!li; bursted, bokafa. 

Bury, V. Hopi; buried, holopi, hollupi; un- 
buried, ikhollup^o. 

Bush, rt. Bafaha, shauv\'a; a clump of bush- 
es, bafulli talaia; small bushes or under- 
brush, bafulll. 

Bushel, n. Bushil; half-bushel, bushil isht 
uehpesa; bushil iklunna, peck; bushil 
ikluuna ya ikluuna. 

Busy, a. Isht utta; isht cshwauchi. 

Bat, prep. Ak mako kia, amba, hakakano: 
but not, hatok kia, as ia la chi haVo'ckla; 
akiyo, was to have gone but I have not. 

Butcher, v. Nlpi bushli. 



tuli atakali; pJ. tcli atak- 



islit 
aka 



Butt, n. Atakali 
ohM. 

Butter, >i. Pivshukchl nia. 

Buttevlly, ;?. llL-tapushik. 

Butterjnilk, n. Psihuhchi nia okelil. 

Butternut, n. Hahe beta. 

Button, n. Tuli haksi, isht akarn-ssf 
atapochi ; to button, takai.U-:ii, 
raastili; buttoned, akami^ssa. 

Buy, V. Chumpa; bouglit, chumpu: tocaiisc 
to buy, chumpcchichi; can be bought, 
chumpa hinla ; cannot be bouglit, 
chumpa he keyu; not bought, ik chum- 
po; to buy with, isht^chumpa: a buyer, 
chumpa na chumpa. 

Buzxard, v. Sheki. 

By, j)rpp. Billnka; by and by, hopakikjDa- 
ko, hopakikma. 



c 



fabbage, «. Hishi hoputka, tuhi, kabich. 

Cage, n. Afoka, i chuka. 

Cake, n. Palcska champjilli, kek; batter 
cake, puska tapuski 

Calamus, n. Akshish balama. 

Csilculate, v. Hotina; calculated, holhtina; 
continnually calculating, holhtihina. 

Calendar, v. Hushl nitak isht ikhunna. 

Calf, V. Wak ushi; cow and calf, wak' ushi 
lauinli; calf of the leg, iyi holhki iyi 
ishitukwa. 

Calico, V. Kaliko; nantapuski, nafoka toba; 
blue calico, nantapuski oJkchako; dark 
calico, nantapuski lusbi; green calico, 
nantapuski okchamali; light calico, na- 
tapuski beta; pink calico, nantapuski 
tishepa; red calico, nantapuski homa; 
yellow calico, nantapuski lakna. 

Call, V. 1 boa, im paya, tuhpula-paya, ho- 
chifo; called, hohchifo; to call out toward 



this way, ettuhpala; an instrument to call 
with, isht i howa;, repeatedly calling, pa 
haya. 

Callous, a. Sulbo; to cause callousness, 
sulbochi. 

Calm, a. Cholusa; to calm, cholushuclii; 
calmness, chulosa. 

Calomel, n. Ikhish kullo. 

Calumniate, v. Anumpa okpuUo onochib, 
calumny, anumpa okpuUo; calumni;uor; 
anunipa okpuUo onochi; calumniuiud, 
anumpa okpuUo onotulah. 

Camp, n. Bina, binat asha, binut aiasha: to 
encamp, binanchi ulbinanchi; continu- 
ally camping, binahachi; to camp ii', 
abinuchi; to camp with each other, itli- 
binanchi; to camp on, ubinuchi. 

Camphor, n. Haiocbi ikhish, kafa 

Can, V. A hinla, hinla. chike; cannot or 
never can, hatoshba, yatoshba; caauo:; 



CAN'AL 



14 



CHATJM 



be, hatoslike; eanuot, ahetoli, he keyu, 

Canal, n. Yakui kula okhina. 

Cancel, V. Kashofi; uncancelled, takalL 

Cancer, n. Shalukwa okpuUo. 

Candid, n. Al ulhpiesa, apisanii. 

Candle, n. Pula. 

Cane. n. Oski; switch cane, oskjsh. 

Canister, n. Itombushi, ai ulhto. 

Cannibal, n. Hatak upa; cannibalism, hat- 
tak vpa. 

Cannot, v. He keyu, aheto; cannot be, ak 
ot; cannot be so, chint, chihchint; cannot 
but hokakano. 

Canopy, n. Hoshontika. 

Ciinter, v. Abatnllih, habatakli. hatulli 
hatonli; to cavise to canter, hatullichi. 

Cap, V. Hituk lakna atukafa. 

Capacious, a. Chito. 

Cape, n. Shokulbi. 

Capitol, v. Ohukka hunta. 

Captain. ?(. Kapituni. 

Captivate, v. Yukachi, chuku^fh vftkachi, 
yukpalit kanchi, chukush esbi; captiva- 
ted, yuka. 

Captive, n. Yuka. hattak tuka^ 

Carcass, v. Nan illi. 

Card, V. Bhelichi; cards, isht shiahchi 
cards, (to game with) bcskah; to play 
with cards, buska, busto; not playing, 
ikbusto. 

Care, n. Aha, ahui; be careful, ahah! care- 
fully, aha ahnit; careless, aha ikahno; 
carelessness, aha ahni iksho; carelessly, 
aha ahni keyu; to take care of, ilauclih; 
to care for us, pieshi; caring for us, pie- 
shit. 

.Caress, v. Pushohli; to caress me, sapush- 
ohli. ^ 

Carpenter, u. Chuk ita bunni, chukikbi. 

Carrier, n. Na shall; one that carries on the 
head, iatalali; a wood carrier, hatak iti 
sholi. 

Carry, v. Isht ia, isht ay a, sholi shali; to 
carry in, isht chukowa; to carrv back, 
■ , ialummiut isht ia; to carry on the shoul- 
der, ia banali; to carry through with, isht 
hlopulli; to carry water, ochih. 

I art, n. Iti chanulli; cart body, itichanulli, 
talaiya; cart tongue, iti chanulli tikba 
hikia; cart wheel, chanaha. 

Carve, v. Bushli; carved, busha. 

Cascade, n. Oka chopa. 

C;ase, n. Afohka. 

Cast, V. Pila; to cast doAvn, akkapilah; to 
east or count, hotina; casted or couuted, 
. holhtina. 

Castor Oil, ». Ikhish bila. 

Castrate, v. Hobuk ikbi, hobuk tobachi; 
castrated, hobuk. 

Cat, ??,. Kuto, kutus; wild cat, shakba tina; 
Small wild cat, koinchiish. 

Cataraiit, n. Oka chopa. 

Catarrh, n, Hotilhko. 

Catch, v: Hokli, ishi yukachi; caught, yu- 
ka; not caught, ikhoklo: to catch one by 
several, Ittl hokli; to catch with claws, 
yichiffi; caught with claws, yichifa; to 
catch a disease, ulmoli, haleli; I have 
caught the disease, halelih; catching or 
^ contagious, ulmoli. 

Catechism, a. Katikisma. 

Caterpillar, n. Hatak holhpa, hatak halh- 
pah haiovvrne. 



Cattle. V. Wak, wak laua; young cattle. 

wak himitta. 
Caution, n. Ahah ahnib; cautious, ila nuk- 

tahla. 
Cave. V. Yakui in chiluk chito, hochukbi; 

caved in, lobahli. oka lobali; to cause- 
to cave in, lobalichi; cavern, vakni chil-, 

uk; cavity, cholok " 
Cease, v. Issa. auola; eeaselossness. ahok- 

ofaiksho; ceasing, anuktupa; ceased, vo- 

kopa; cessatiou. yokopa. 
Cedar. ??. Chuahla. 
Cede. V. Ima. kanchi; ceded, kunla. 
Cebebraite. r. Holitublit isht anumpuli, 

celebrated, holitoput isht anumpa- 
Cellar. /^ Chuka, nutaka yakni kula, abo- 

ha nutayakni kula. 
Cement, v, Ittoll>ochi, ittai okmochi, ittak- 

mochi; cemented, ittulbo. 
Cemetery, n. Hattak aholopi. 
Census v. Hatak holhtina, hattak putt!> 

holh.tina. 
Cent, n 8int. 

Center., v. Ai iklunna, chukush. 
Century n. Afumrai luhlepa achoffa. 
Certaiin.. n. Ahli, pulla: to make certain, 

ahlich i; certainly, ahli tokba, akut, akta. 

ba; it is certain, ahlishke; certainly it is, 

akta, hakta. 
Certify, v. Hohssochit anoli;; eertifled. 

ulhtokowa, 
C?l»sil"e. V, Oshunachi, pihlofli. piko'fi; 

chafed, pihlofa, pikofa; chaff, hakhlo- 

pish. 
Chain, n. Tuli, iti takuli. toll chusopa: 

chain hook, uli chanakbi; chain link or 

ring, tali chtanaha; chain swivel, tnli 

chunaha fatokuchJace chains, tulilili 

schuopa; log or ox chain, tuli iti takuli 

chito; chaining, halan* to chain, tuli iti , 

takuli isht takchi. 
Chair, n. Aiobinili, aiominili ai o asha: 

chair bottom, ai obinili o hlipaH chair 

leg, ai obinili iyi; rocking chair, aiobin- 
ili faiokuchi. 
Chalk, n. Lukfuta. lukfatah, talhpa; red 

chalk, talhpa homma; chalk- ine, ponola 

isht apissuli. 
Challenge, v. Pafil, i pafl. 
Chamber, n. I3ba patalhpo; chamber stairs, 

uba patalhpo atuya. 
Chameleon, n. Funi imalukosi. 
Champ, r. Noti kiselichi, hoasa, hopasa. 
Chance. 11. Nahucli. 
Chans^e. v. Iti tobuchi, iti toba, inluhi. ai 

in locbi; changed it, ulhtoba. inla, ai inla, 

small change (money) bushulli; not 

changed, ikbushuUo. 
Channel, v. Oka ayanulli. 
Chap. n. Kichanli; chapped, kichanlicb. 
Chapel, n. Uba anumpaaiatoshowa chuka. 
Chaplain. ??. Ubanumpa isht utta ulhtoka. 
Chapter, n. Anumpa nishkobo, chapta. 
Char. V. Akabushlih, 
Character, n. Holisso. 
Charge, v. I raiha, apitta; charged, ulhpitta: 

to charge with, onochi; charger, hittuk 

ishtulhpisa, 
Charcoal, v; Tobaksi; charcoal powder, to- 

baksi bota; stone coal, tuli tabaksi. 
Charity, v. Man i hullo. 
Charm, v. Yukpuchi. yukpali, cliukusli 

Ishi; charmed, yakpa; to charm, fappo- 



(aiAEM. 



15. 



CLEEK. 



('hi, al()])p<)lit'hi. lappo oiioclii; channcd, 
lupi>o ouuttnla; a charmer, foppoonuchi. 

('huso. r. Hliolili; e]iaso(i. lilioha, 

Chiisiii. /I. Itapahlata. chulok. 

i'liastity. /). Hapoyuksa, ahli, liaui aiuik- 
rila iksho. 

t'hatter. v. Himak fokaliehit auurapuli; 
chatter box, anumpuli shall. 

4'h('a|). a. Ikholito]X), iulli ikchito. 

<'lieat. V. Plaksichih: to cheat with, isht 
haksichih; cheated, hak.sichih; to cheat 
frequently, haksihinchih. 

t'hi'ck. lu Bakowa; v. to check or stop, hi- 

lichi. * 

<'hoek. V. Ittisupi, ittl sukpi; cheek bone, 
itti supi foal; cheeks enlarged by wind, 
itakpofoli; my cheek, satis ukpi. 

<'heer. r. Yukpali, yukpa. yimintuchi, 
naknichi; cheered, yukpa yiminta; cheer- 
ing, naknichi, yimiutahanchi; cheerful- 
ness, chukush yukpa, 

Vhoerish. r. Holitoblichit hofantichi; cher- 
ished, holitipa hofanti. 

<"herrytr<'e. n, ItullikchJ. 

Chest, n. Itombi itombi chito, haknip ik- 
kishi. hushsliip; my chest or breast, sa- 
il u ship. 

Chestnut, n. Oti, uti; chestnut color, lakna. 

Chew. c. Hoasa, hopasa; a chaw, hopasa; 
to chew with, isht hopasa, 

Chu-iijiery. v. Haksichi. 

< hickeii. n. Akaka; young chickens, akak 
ushi; a brood of chickens, akak ushi 
pehlichi; a chicken hou.se, akak in chuka; 
a stealer of chickens, akak hukopa; a 
spur of a chicken, akakichahe; chicken 
feather, akakhishi; a prairie chicken, 
kofichito; chicken roost, akaka anusi; 
a hen. akakishki; rooster, akak nakni; 
a guinea chicken, koli ulhpoa. 

riiicke:i.|H)x. //. Akak inchiliswa; chicken 
snake, aboksha. 

("hide. r. Nan i niiha, i nukoa. 

Chief. IK Miko, hatak i miko; a war chief, 
hopaii. 

<'hil(l. a. t311a; I am a child, si ulla; I am 
still a child, si ulla moma; when I was a 
child, si ulla moma met; childless, ulla 
ikimiksho; children, ulla ushi chipota. > 

Chill. II. Hochukwa; chills and fever, yanha 
Iiochukwa, liochukwa yanha; to chill, 
hochukwichi, kapussuli; to bo chilly, 
Jiochukwuchi. 

ChiiiK'se. II. tlskulfa yoskololi. 

Chimney. 7/. Ashobohli, luak ashobohli. 

Chin. v. Nul:takfa wishakchi. nutakfa. 

Ciina. n. Itulhpoa. 

<'hinch. n. Tupa i shushi. 

Chip. II. Shukurti; chipped, shukafa, shu- 
kali: chipping, shukahlichi. 

Chisel, n. Iti isht kula; cold chisel, tule 
ishit tuptuli- to chisel, kuUi: chiseled, 
kula. 

Choice. 11. Holitopa. 

Choke. V. Nuktakali nuktihliflfi; to choke 
with, nuktakalih; choking, nuktihlolih: 
choked, nuktihlifa; I am choking, 
sanukshifa. satolino. 

Cholera. ?(. Alilka kullochi, kalili; cholera 
morbus, itahlakla ontia. 

Choose. ('. Atokoli: chosen, atokoa, ulhtoka. 

Chop. V. Chanli, chant, chahanlit; chopped, 
chaya; to cause to chop, chanlichi; to 
chop down, chant, kinutii, akuchi; to 



, chop and score, chant bukli; to cho^) A 

notch, chant lampli; to chop down iUiO 

I water, chant okuchchi; to chop into small 

I pieces, chant tushtuli; to chop olf, chaut-" 

upli, a chop or gash made with an ax, 

chayut pacJiafa; not chopping, ikchaulo; 

to chop wood, iti chali. 

Christ, n. Klaist. 

Christian, n. €banumpuli, uba anumpa 

yimmi. 
Chrononieter. 11. Hushikanulli ishtulhplsa. 
Chub. /(. Nuni tuli huta. 
Church, a. Aiittunaba chukka, ubaanuni- 
puliiksa, chuch, aboha hunta; chiir<-)i 
member, iksa iba foka; church yard, 
ahoUopi uba isht ai anumpa chuka i bi' 
lika. 
Churlishness, a. Hatak nakoa, shahli. 
Churn, n. Pishukchi a niachi; chxirn dash- 
er, pishukchi isht niachi; churn top, 
Qpoholmo. 
Cider, n. Oka hauashko, saita. 
Cigar. H. Hakchuma shuna, sika. 
Cinnamon.//. Iti haksliup balama. siiiimoiu 
Cion. a. Nakshish iskitini. 
Cipher, r. Ilolhtina isht utta. 
Circle, n. Bolukta.chunaha. knliilui,; to lay 

circularly, chanaliuchi. 
Circuit. /(." Afolota. 
Circuitous, a. Tolotah. 
Cistern, n. Vakni kula oka ai ulhto. 
I Citation. /*. Imanowa; cited, imanuowa. 
j Citij.eji. II. Yakni achufa hattak. tumaha 
I hattak. 

! City, n^ Tumaha chito; town, tumaha; vil- 
I lage, tumuhushi. 

! Civil, n. Hopoyuksji> kostini, ulhpesa; un^ 
I civil, hopoyuksa he keyu. 
I Civili/.e. v. Hopoytiksuchi, hopoyuksali; 
I civilized, hopoyuksa; not civilized, ikho- 
' poyukso. 

Clad. /'. Fohka: to clotlic. illefoka. fohka. 
Claim. V. Halulli* a claimant, halulli. 
Clam. /). Oka folush. 
I Clamp, n. Isht kiseli. 
j Clan. n. Iksa. 

Clang. V. Chumakchi. 
j Clank, t'. Chumakchi. 
: Chip. n. Yukbubi- 

Clasp, n. Ittakamcssuli; clasp(<l. Ittakara- 

ussah. 
Class, 7J, Aiitapiha, ai italukoli. 
Clatter, r, Chumakuchi, chumalichi. 
Claw, 7j, lyakchush; to claw, yichiffe; to 
catch with claws, yichilKh; caught with 
claws, yichift'a. 
Clay, «, Lukti; pipe ciay, palosak. 
Clean, a. Kashofa; to clean, kashofii; 

cleaned, kashofa; not clean, litiha. 
Cleanse, v. Kashofii, kashotichi; cleansed, 

kashofa 
Clear, a, Oksha uanli, kashofa. masheli, 
TV hapta; to explain or make clear, imott* 
uui. Ihaiyaka; to make clear, mashili- 
chi; to clear up, shohmalali. 
Cleave, v. Alapalih, alapalichi; to cleave or 
split, bakahli; cloven, cholakto; to cleve, 
cholaktochi; to cleve together, ittihab 
ulli. 
Clemency, v, Chiikush yubi, (dement, chu* 

kosh yubbi. 
Clergy, n. Uba anumpo isht utta Ulhtoka 
uhliha; clergyman, ubanumpa. isht utta 
ulhtoka hattak. 



CLERK 



16 



COMPLY 



C'lei-k «, I hallisochi. hattak hallissoclu.. 

Clever, a. Chukush yuhbi, yukpa, iin- 
puima. 

Clitr, n. Sakti; cliify, sakti laaa. 

(•limb, ('. <>ia, apakehulli. 

Clin?,', V. KiillM hokli, kuUot Ishi: to cliii^ 
at, aiasitiah; to cling to, halulli. 

Clink, ('. Chamakchi, chamak; clinking, 
cliamakahanchi; to make jiuglc or cliuk, 
ehanialiclii. 

Clip, V. Tupli amo; to clip oS" once, lii- 
mona topli. 

Clouk, n. Anchi. 11 foka anchi; to put a 
cloak on another, auchiciii. 

Clock, n. Hijshi kanplil isht ikiiana cliito, 
liushl isht Ik liuua 

Clo?r, V. Ataklommi; cloggecl, ataklama. 

Closft, r. Okshita, akaniuli, okhishta, ak- 
uini, hakofiih, yalcopli; closed, yokopah, 
hokofa, ahshilita, akama, ulhkama; r/. 
close by, bilika; to be close or covetous, 
iliuUo. 

Clbsot, }). Abohushi; put into a closet, 
abohuslii fohka; to put into a closet, 
abohushi fohki. 

Clot", /?. Nantunna; woollen clotli;-!, cbuk- 
V\ hishi tuna. 

CloiiH', V. Fokichi, lohkuchi, i;afohka: 
cloLi^es brush, ilefoka isht kasholichi: 
fiv/i 'les line, ilefohka aholufka. 

CIo.!'! /(. Hoshonti; to becloud, boshoa- 
t: '.'i;; cloudy, hoshonti; to reach the 
c'.i'iils, hoshonti pit tikeli; cloud cap- 
ped, honshonti pit bekeli: to be cloudy, 
hoshonti toba; thin clouds, hoshonti tap- 
uski; flying clouds, hoshonti heli yHilipa 

Cloy, r, 'Yommichi; cloyed, yommi: to 
cloy me, sayummichi 

Clul», n. Bonijta. tubi. 

Cluck, V. Tuktuah. 

Cosl. 77. Tobaksi, toli tobaksi; coal mine, 
tobaksi akula. 

Coast, n, Okhuta lapalika, Ontolaka. 

Coat, 7). Na foka, kot. 

Cobble, ?'. AkcUi; cobbled, ijlhkuta; a cob- 
bler, aki3lli. shulush akulli. 

Cobweb, u. Chukhlampuli hachukhlam- 
puli 

Cock, n. Akaknakni. abichili; cock crow- 
ing, akak ola, to cock, (as a gun), hllechi; 
cocked, hikia, hikah; uncocked, ikheko. 

Cocklebiir, n. Pasiitahli. 

Cockroacli, n. Nia chupka, bila chopka, 
nuni chuka. 

<!ocooii, H: Opanukfila silik toba. 

Coifee, /;. Katl. 

Coffin, 7?, Hattak llli ira atombi. 

Co!?, V. Achushua, afoskuchi. 

Coliabit, V. Aiinah.ittaiinah. 

Coil, 7'. Clianahuchi; coiled chanaha. 

Colander, n. Bila isht hoya. 

Cold, 7'. Kapussa, hush' tula chohrai; to 
be cold with, ahochukwah, akapussuchi, 
akapussali; a cold place, climate or re- 
gion, akapussaka: to be cold, hochukwa; 
A'cry cold, hochukwa fehna kapussa 
fehna, hochukwa illi; to have a bad cold, 
ibishuno, nukshummi; to cause a bad 
cold, nukshummichi, to cool, kapusslll; 
to cause to cool, kapussullichi; I have a 
bad cold, sabishshuno; I am cold; saka- 
possa. 

Colic, 7?. Ikfoka katapa, ikfoka hutupa. 

Collar, 11. Afohoma ikonla foka; horse 



collar, issuba ikonla alohoma. Issuba 
ikonla fohka; collarbone, immoskawata 
foni 

Coilect, !•. Ittunahli; collected, ittunaha: 
collector, nan attobiehi. 

College, II. Ilollissoai ithhana chito. 

Crtlloqiijiy, a. Itliraanumpuli. 

Colonel, n. Kanol. 

Coloni.-e, v. Binohlichi. 

Colt, n. Issubushi. 

Colter, 7/. Yakni isht patafa tikba hikia; 
rolling colter, yakni isht patafa. tikba hi- 
kiaehanaha. 

Colminis, V. Anumpa baehoha; a column, 
anumpa bachaya. * 

Comb, r. Shilli; li. a comb, .shalintak hash- 
hintak: side combs, nasika lapoli shalin- 
tak: the comb of a chicken, akakimp- 
, usha; an ivury comb, hashintak tohbi; 
coar,se comb, hashintak shachaha; a line 
comb, shalitak issup isht ubi, hashin- 
tak issop ishtulbi. 

Combine, v. litibafohki; combined, itti- 
bafohka. 

Come, V. Minti, ula, toba, ai,ulah, ta: 
come and (as ant anta), come and stay; 
to come out of, akueha. shufah; coming 
out, shohufa; the place of coming out, 
akuehaka; to come out from, akuchaw- 
ilia; to come at last, ai yuvalo, polaka 
minti; to come down, akowa; to come in 
file, baiullit minti; to come to want, as 
food or wat','r, baiyunuat; we come, ela; 
Ave all come, iloh ula, iloh at ula; to 
cause to come oflf, fokolichi; to start to 
cume back- falamut minti; to come out, 
haiy^ka; not come, ikhaiyako; to come 
to, falummot okcha, okcha ihaiyaka: 
(Joming, minti; come along, minti' cha: • 
to come up, ( as yjlauts) oEfo, okpichillit; 
to come out of m(\ siakueha; coming to 
pieces, tiapah. 

Comfort, 7'. Nuktalali, hopohluchi yuk- 
pali; comforted, Nuktxia, Jiopohla. yuk- 
pa;a comforti^r, hopohlucdii, nauuktalali, 
na hapuhlachi, to cause to comfort, nuk- 
tulalichi; to make all comfortable, nuk- 
tullohli; I am comforted, sahopohlah. 

Command, v. Felichi i miha, anumpa ape- 
sa; commander, pelichi; commandment, 
anumpa ulhplsa, nan ulhplsa; the ten 
commandments, Chihowa im anumpa 

ulhpisa pokolo. 

Counnence, r. Isht ia; eommencement, ho- 
lisso apisa kucha; the commencement, 
ai isht ia ummona. 

Commejid, r. Aiokpanchi, ahninchi. • 

Conimojily, f?. Bieka, chatuk, atak, beka. 

Compare, 7'. Ishtapesa; compared to- 
gether, ittupisi?; compared to. ittolhpisa; 
Comparison, holba. 

Compass, 7*. Falummi isht ikhuna; com; 

passes, isht hlafi. isht ulhpisa. 

Commane, v. Ittimanumpuli. 

Complete, 7'. Tahli, isht ahlopulli, losh- 
urai aiahlichi, aiahli; completed, taha 
loshuma, ai im ulhtaha, ulhtaha. ai- 
ulhtaha, taha; completion, ai ulhtaha; 
completely, batio. 

Complexion", v. A light complexion, ok- 
shanali; light complexions, okshanashli; 
to produce alight complexion, okshana- 
shliehi. 

Comply, 7'. Haklo; complied, hakloh. 



COMPOSE 



1' 



COUGH 



Compose, )'. Hollissochi; composed, ho- 
lisso; composition, holisso; compos-cr, 
liollissochi. 

4;nin|)relien<l, r. Akostiuim'hi; not com- 
pi*ehcnding, ikakostiniucho, aki^etinin- 
cha he k<!vu. 

^'ompute, i\ Hotina; compute<l> holhtina; 
computation, liolbit-cna. 

<'oiiciive, ('. Bochussaclii, bocliopli; con- 
caved, bochussa. 

flouceal. V. Alulimi, aluhindchi; concealed, 
ikhaivako, aluhma. 

Conceiv*, v Chakali; to cans€ to conceive, 
chakalichi; to be conceived with, ai isht 

<"i)nceru, v. Ahalaiyah; concerned, ahal- 

ava. 
t'oiu-iliate, v Hopohluchi; conciliated, 

bopohlah. 
i'oiicubiiie, )u Aiina, ittaiina, 
<'ondeniM, 17. Nan im apesa, posilhuchi; 
condemned, posilhah: cou<iemnation, 
uuii isht ilbuisha ulhpisa, 
^'oudit.ion, i\ (Asa condition ( akta, Jbakta. 
<'onduct, /■, Pelilichi, apesachi, halulli. 
<!onfereuce, n. Ittimanumpuli. 
^'oufesN, r, Ilanoli auumpa ilonoehi; con- 
fessed, il annoa; confession, ai otunichi, 
ai il uiioli, ai uotkowa; confession of 
faith, ubanumpa yimma he nanulhpisa 
holisso. 
Cloiilidence /(. Aianukchito, anukchito. 
i'oiiflueiice, w. Ai ittafama, ai ittusitoli, 
<'onl'usioii, r, Haksuba; to confuse, hak- 

subaclii. 
<'<)iis?e:il, V. Akalupeehi, akmochi, kalam- 
piebi: congealed, akalupih, aka lupil ta- 
ha, akmi, akmo. kalampi. 
Clonjecture, v- Himak fokalechit miha. 
Conjure, i\ Isht ahullo. hottusichi, hot- 
tosi; cor^jurer, hattak yushpakumi, hai- 
tak fijpo. 
C'oigure, v. Asilha 

i'omiect, v. It afi^mmi, itiba foki, ila fama, 
connected, itafama, itaba foka. it ucha- 
ka, ahalaya; not connected, ik ittaehuko; 
connection, ikouomi. 
t'oiiqiuT, V. Im aiyuchi, i shahlichi; con- 
quered, im aiya, i shalili; conquerer, 
imaiyuchL 
Conscience, n. Chuknsh im anukfiilla, nan 

isht akostininchi. 
Consecrate, v. Ilim issa, 
Consequently, ad, Kama, kamba, chomba. 
<'onsider, v. Anukfilla. achukmalit anuk- 
flUi. not considered, ikauukfillo; con- 
sidered, anukfilli taha. 
Console, v. Hoyx)hli3chi; consoled, hopoh- 

la,; unconsoled, ik hopohlo. 
Conspicuous, v. Haiyaka. 
Constiible, 71. Hatak yukachi, isuba o 

binili. 
Constantly, acv. Beka. 
('(nistelliition, n. Fichik lokoli. 
Coi'stitution, n Anumpa nushkoba, kcn- 

stitushon. 
Construct, v. Ikbi. 
<"onstrne, ?-. Anumpa tushali; construed, 

anumpa tushowa. 
i'oHsunie, V. Hokmi okpuni, buktsstoli, 
lua; consumed, holukmi opullo taha 
oki)olo, bukusto, tomafa,; consumption, 
hatilhko shila, nakshummi isht abeka; I 
am consumptive, sanukshummi. 



Contagion, n. Ilaloli; contaj^ious. ulmolli 

C«ntenin, r. Shitilema, kanimanchi. 

Conteniptious, (u Okpullo, ikachukmo. 

Contend, v. Itim afoa, ittichapa i itibi; to 
contend for. afoa, ittimufoa; to contend 
against, mokafa. 

Contiguous, a. Belikfu 

Continent,' n. Yakni talaiya. 

Continual, iu Bilia^ continue, biliah. 

Contradict, v, I sanali, ichapa, it achowa. 

Controversy, ik anumpa itti laua. 

Convalescent, a. Hlakotit isht ia.. 

Conversation, ??. Anumpulih asha. 

Converse, v. Itim anumpulli. 

Conversion, 7), Ubanumpuli toba, inlet 
toba. 

Convey, v, Shali, isht aya, kanchi, ima, 

(Convulsion, 11. Haiochi, Haiochichi. 

Cook, n. Hopoui honi, hlabcshli; cooked, 
holhi>oni, honi; to cook by boiling, hUi- 
boshli, hlabohlichi; a cook, hlaboshli, 
nahoponni; to cause one to }fin\ food, 
hfaboshlechichi, honnichi; to pur boil, 
honi umona; par boiled, honumlnona; 
boikdf )od, habonni; to cook done, nun- 
a chl; cooked, nuua. 

Cool, a. Kapussrli, shipputi; I am cooling 
off from fever, fuishippah; cooled or 
cooling, shippa; to cause to cool, sJiipp- 
u Hie hi. 

C»3op, //. Akak in chukka. 

Copper, 7^ Asonnk lakna, lakna (,'hobmi; 
copper mine, asonak lakna akali; cop- 
perhead snake, chahlakwa, cliihlakwa; 
copperas, nan isht laknuchi. 

Copy. II . Hobachi holissochi, kapi] to 
copy from or after, hlatit hobachi. 

Cord, n. i^onola honula, akshish.. 

Cork, II. Kotoba isht ulhkcmy; to cork, 

akamcli, ulhkamoah. 
Corn, II. Tanchi; corn tassel, hinak; corn 
laid bv, holhpuchi; to lay by corn, ho- 
pochi, ' to hill up corn for the first time, 
hopjlichi, the last time hopohchi; 
pounded corn boiled, tafula, (Tom Ful- 
ler), hulhponi; a corn crib, tanchi i chu; 
ka, kanchak, picha; corn row, tanchi- 
Hina; corn silk, tanchi okshuli; fodder, 
tanchi hishi; corn bran, tanchi hak hlo- 
push, tHsh hakblo^ish; yellow corn, 
lanchi lakna, flint corn, tanchi hlim- 
ishko; gourd seed corn, tanchi nihi fal- 
aia; white corn, tanchi tohbi; early 
or small corn, tanchushi: curn stalk or 
corn cob, tanch-upi; pop corn, tash bok- 
ali; corn meal, tash fotoha, tashpushi, 
tanch bota. 
Corner, n. Chukbi. chukbika. 
Corpse, n. Hatak illi, haknip iili. 
Correct, r. Apoksiachi, fummi; corrected, 
fuma; verp correct, aiahli fehna, ai ahli 
achukma; to correct ai iskiah; incor- 
rect, ikahlo; correctness, abli- 
Correspond, v. Ittinholissochi. 
Corroborate, v. Klampkochi. 
Corrupt. V. Okpuni; corrupted, okpullo, 

haksit okpullot taha. 
Costly, a. lulli chito, iulli chaha. 
Cottage. 7?. Aboha shikkia; cottager, abo- 
hushi utta. , 

Cotton. 77. Ponola, pokpo; cottonwood. 

shombula. 
Cough, n. Hotilhko. 



COULD 



18 



'CEUMPLE 



Could, r. Aheluk, chintok, chin txik, fehua 
hiula; could have, hetuk, hinla tok, 
hinla tuk. 

Council, n. Nan apesa; clerk of the coun- 
cil, nan apesa i hollissochi; Sergeant at 
Arms for council, Nan apesa i holisso 
shahli: door keeper of the council. Nan 
ai apesa okhis'a atoni. * 

Couusel. 7'. Nan i miha; counselor, nan i 
miha, Hatak anumpouli . 

Count. V. liotina, hopena; counted, holh- 
tina holBpena; a place to count from, 
aholhtiua; ,countles.s, holhtena atupa; 
continually counting; holhtihehna; to 
count together, ittibahotina; to count 
each other, ittihotena. 

I'ountenance. n. Nashukha. 

Counterfeit, n. Holabi, 

Country, n. Yakui, haiyaka. 

Course. 7i. Auowa, bachaya, 

Court, n. Aiapesa, koat. 

Courteous, a. Aiokpanchi, 

Covenant, n Ittim apesa; covenanted, iitim 
tjlhpisa; a covenant, nan ittim ulhp'sa, 
nan ulhpisa. 

Cover. V. Opohomo, holmo; covered, opo- 
holrao; covering, holmo; (roof), a cover, 
ishtopoholmo; to cover over, oholmoehi 
ohlippilli; covered over, oholmo, ohlipia; 
covering, holmo. 

Covet. II. Anushkunna, impotunno; covet- 
ous, bunna, nana ahauachi, bunna atam- 
pa, ihullo, 

Cow. n. Wak, wak tek; cow and calf, wak 
ushi laninli; miich cow, wak bisachi; 
cow pox, wak in chalakwa. 

Coward. ?i. Hobak. 

Cower, V, Bikottokuchi. 

Coxcomb, 11. Hattak ilak shema shahli. 

Crab. ?). Shakehi chito. 

Crack, v. Bisali bisinli, bisalichi; a crack, 
bisali, wakla, bisanli, kobafa; to make a 
vsmall crack or crevice, besin waklachi- 
lichi; cracked, bisinli bisali, wohlopa; to 
crack open, hokuMi, fachanli, betaseli; 
to cause to crack open, bitanlichi, bo- 
kaulichi, fachanlechi wohlolichi; crack- 
ed open, bokanli; to crack a whip, hluk- 
alichi, hlukata olachi; the sound pro- 
duced by cracking a whip, hlukata ola, 

Cracker. /). Puska kullo. pusktupuski 
shila. 

Cracking, n. Hlukahachi, basahuchi ba- 
sahlichi, basakuchit basahahanchi, ba- 
sahkahanchi. 

Cradle, n. Onush isht busha, oucsh isht 
umo. isht umo. 

Crag. n. Okfa. 

Cramp, n. Hlifa; a cramp in the leg, han- 
uli hlifa; I am cramped, sahlifa. 

Crane, n. Wahtonlak, wahtonlak oshi, osk- 
up tohbi, hushtohbi, wahtonla, wahton- 
la tohbi. 

Crape, n. Nantunna lusa isht tabashi. 

Crave, v. Btiuna, itukchuba. 

('raw. V. Impafakchi. 

Crawi, v. Shalali, balali, yalulli; crawling, 
shalali; continually crawling, shalalali. 

Crazy, v. HoTillubl, tasimbo; to make 
crazy, tasimbochi, 

Creaking, n. Kuchukuehi. 

Cream, n. Pishukchi pakna nia; cream cup, 
pishukchi pakna aiulhto. 

Create, v. Ikbi; creation, nana moma toba, 



ikbi, nana moma ikbi, nanaoklijim ikbi. 

Creator, n. Ikbi: the Creator, Chitokaka. 

Credit, v. Ahekuchi, iyimmi, aheka; to get 
on credit; ahekah; a creditor, ahektjchi; 
a debtor, aheka im asha, ahekut ishi; to 
sell on credit, ahekachi; amount not paid, 
aheka takali; to let me have on credit. 
si ahekuclli, siahckuchi, ak chim aheka. 

Creek, v. Bok, bokushi, okhinushi oka 
ayanuli, oka abachaya: junction of 
creeks, bok ai ittuseli; the channel, bok 
ayanulli, swamp uf creek bottom, liissa, 
bok anuka; mouth, bok asetili; the 
branches of a creek, bok chuhhli, bok 
chuhlahli; a branch of a creek, bok 
chuhloffi; long creek, bok falaia; the; 
fork, bok falakto; the side, bok i tunnup: 
the other side, bok mishtunnup; this 
side, bok ola tunnop; main creek, bok 

upinli; head, bok wishakcibi; a bridged 
creek, bok iti patulhpo. 

Creep, v. Balali, baloli; to creej) up slyly, 
apuhli. 

Crevice, i\ Bisinliehi, bitanlichi; a crevice; 
bitanli, wakla; crevices, waklali; to make 
a crevice, waklachi. 

Crew, n. Hatak kanohmona, hattak kan- 
ohmi ona. 

Crib, V. Kanchak, picha, tanchi i chuka. 

Cricket, n, Shalontaki. 

Criminal, n, Anumpa kobufii; criminate, 
onochi. 

Crimson, u. Tishepa, natishepa, homma. 

Cripple, n. Chahiklichi, tabiklichi; a crip- 
ple, hattak imokpulo. 

Crockery, n. Amp h»3ta, ampushi; broken 
crockery, amp kokoa. 

Crook, V. Tanakbichi, shanaiyuchi; crook- 
ed, chassullah fulumoa; ta'nakbi, chan- 
akbi pe tanantobi; a crook, chasala; to 
cause to crook, chassalichi; crooked, (as 
legs), ikchLsimo. 

Crop, V, Bushli, tupli; cropped, bnsha, 
tupa. 

Cross, V. Taiyukhuneli, ataklummi; cross- 
ed, taiyukhuna; to go across, atanup- 
lichi; a crossing, atanapa; cross, indis- 
position, bashka iksho, hulhpasi. iksho, 
ok polo; to cross at, akuchi; to cross. 
hlupulli; across, hlopulli; to cause to go 
across, hlopullechi; to be cross or ill, 
ht3shaya; to make another cross, hushay- 
uchi; to lay wood across, iti abunseali 
iti abunna; cross, (an obstruction), 
katapa; lying across, nan alyukhona; 
a croosing or ford ahlupulli; crosswise: 
hanaiuchi. 

Crotch, n, Iti falakto, falakto. 

Crouch, n. lUkuttokuchi. 

Croup, i'. Fiopa tahli. 

Crow, V. Ola, ilawata; a crow, fu la, a raven, 
ftjla chito; carrion crow, shcki kulofa, 
sheiki tullo: a scare crow, fula atoni; t(j 

watch crows, fula atoni. tuli isht afenua. 

Crowd, n. Hatak laua; to crowd, lokoli. 

Crown, V. Mikochi; a crown, ia chuka; to 
wear a crown, ia chukoli; the crown of 
the head, nushkobo, iafafo. 

Cruel, a. Kullo. nan okpunui kot im 
achukma. 

Crumb, n. Puska, bushulli. 

Crumble, v. Boshxillichi, boshulli, fakol- 
ichi; crumbled, bushulli, fakoha. 

Crumple, v. Shekufh; crumpled, shikofa. 



cnusii • 



19 



DEAF 



tiusli. V. Pk'hiffi; crushed, pichefa; to 

crush auy hollow thing, wohlopli; 

crushed" wohlopa. 
t'rust, n. Hakshup, pcska hakshcp. 
€ry, V. Yaij-a, payj'a: crying, pahaj-a^ a 

crier) tahpula; twmake cty, yaycchi. 
€ub. n. Xitushi. napoaUsiii- 
Viibit, V. Klibit, nan tuntia ish clhpisa 

iklena foka 
rncuiiiber. ??. Okchak h-olba, 
fud, ?;. Hopasa. 

full, r. V. Aiyua; to cull, aiyuachi. 
*('ulli>Tatf', r. Apoksiachi, achukmalichi; 

cultivator yakni isht lapushkichi, yak* 

iii isht patafa laua tanchi isht lali. 
t'lilniii, n. Ivummiu. 
t'uniilng, 11. Haksi. 
1'np, )K ishtishko; cuppings Icpish takal- 

ichi; cupboard, uba tula almpo aiasha, 

cba tela; cream cup, peshukchi pakna 

ait:lhto. 
t'lipidity, V. Holitopa bi3nna. 
rr,ro«bl<>, a. Hlakofti hiula; to cure, hlako- 

fichi cllL-chi, masiilichi. 
"Cured, v. Jllakolli. t:tta^ will be cured, 

hlakafachi; incuraVtle. hlakofa he keyu; 

to commvuci- to ouiv. lilakofit isht ia: to 

cause b) cure at, ahlakofichi; cure at. 

ahlakoti: to cure self. ilehlakofichi> 
<'urd, }). Walaha- h) v-ufdle,- wclakuchi; 

curdled, walahan. 
^'nrl, n. Yikyua, yushlx)Uli; to curl up> 

bochlissalih, bochussachi. 
lurri'iit, V. A yanclli. 
t'lirse. ('. Chakapa, issikopali, annumpa 

okpulto isht miha. 
•H'ljl-laiii, V. I hullno nan tcuna toba» 
Vuticlf, /'. Hakshup* 
'('nrvip ?K Chussula' to make curl, chussc 

lachi. 
I'listoiii. n. Ayohml, nan ulhpisa, nan aka 

nio.hini chatuk, customarily, ke, kan- 

che ke. 
<'«t, >\ Chrnli, chuhli.bcsbli; to cut, chaya 

chuhla. bcshaito cut off, chanut tupli; -to 

cut from or at, abusha, akoluffi; cut at or 

Upon, abushli^ the part cut off, ahokQfa; 



the place where cut off, ahokofa, ahoko- 
ufa: to cut off" tojiether, ahokolichi, ahok*^ 
ohli, ahokoflichi; to cut off with knife 
or saw. bushlit tcpli: cut off, bcshut 
opa; to cut a piece, buvshlit tushufii; cut- 
ting a piece, bushlit tcshafa: cut in, chO' 
koah; to cause to cut in, chakQlichi; to 
cut meat for drying, chak()lih;cut up into 
small pieces, chanuttcshtuli. chakowah; 
to cause to cut or chop, cbanlichi; to cut 
down. cJiant kincffii. akcchi; to cut a 
notch, chant lampli; to cut down into 
watet. chant okuchchi: a cut or gash 
make by an ax, chaj-ot pachafa; a cut; 
rhjiya; cut lengthwise; chuhlata; to cut 
iu narrow strips, chuhlulli; to cut to a 
point., balupucJii: to cut off -once: him- 
<)na tcpli; cut off, hokoffi; cut pieces, 
hokohli, to cut pice, hokolichi; not cut, 
ik basho: not cutting, ik chanlt>; to cut 
Due's self witJi a knife, ile boshli; with 
an ax, ile chanli; to cut each other, itti 
chanli? to cut with scissors, kacheli; 
cut with scissors, kalasha^ to cut down 
kinufft; to cut trees down, kiuahlichi. 
to cut off.kalufil, n.schohliehi tcbli; cut 
oit". kolDfa-, tcpa: to cut several pieces* 
kololichi; cut in ijuinv pieces, kolohli; to 
cut up many, kctulhiili; many cut up, 
kutohli^ to cut open, mitahcchi, mitahli, 
mitufi: cut open, mitufa; cutting open 
continually, mituhafa; one who cuts 
na bushli; to cut off the legs, uipalichi 
nipahli; to cut off at the shoulder.^, nip- 
cfiK to cut from the body, niplih; haif 
cut short, okkchlouli; to' cut the lielly 
open, patufii, pL pctchlichi; to cut by 
scratching, shuilifie; ctitting a piece out, 
shulofah, to cut fine tihli; to cut a 
piece, tushufii, tushy; to cut many 
piecs, tustuli. tushalichi; to cut to a 
ix)int. tclhhli; cut to a point, tulha; to 
cut many off, tcptuli; m.iuy cut off^ 
tuptua. 

Ciitworni, 7h Haiowcui-. 

Cjpross, n* Shakol<x 



D 



l>a!ly, rt<?. \itak InoYna, ttitak auiktoa-, 

nitak aivuka. 
iJalo, 7). dkfa, okcttuhaka; dell, okfa isk- 

itini. 
l>aiii, )'. Oktupli; dammed, oktcpa, 
^hiniaere. r. Okpcni. damaged, okpulkx 
^(aaination. ih Apullcmi; damned, ai ok- 

poloka. 
Damp. <u Hotokbi; dampened, hotokbi. 
I)jincc. ('. Ilihlah; a place to dance at. 

ahihla; to dance for or to. ahihlcchi; 

to make dun'pe hihluchi; dancing hihlah; 

to dance with, ibahihla; a V-oman that 

sings a dance song, ihilhi; to dance With 

each othel\ ittihilila. 
t>andruif. h. Nushkobo fochonli. 
Dare, r. Pafi; I dare you, hump-hi; 
i}»rk. ch Lusbic (color)* okhilli: very dark, 



tampki; dafkne.<,.s. Ai okhlilika, ai akhli' 

k*; to color dark, lusakbichi. 
Darn, v, Akulli; darned, ulhkuta. 
Dart. ?\ Tibulli. 

Daub* ('. Apolusli; daubed, ulhpolusa* 
Daughter. »•. Ushi tek; grand daughter. 

ipoktek. daughtef'-in-law, ipok; my 

daughter-in-law. sapok. 
Dawn, 7?s Onut okhlilichi. 
Day. H: Nitak; daylight. onah; becom= 

ing daylight, onnut tcha; almost day. 

onnahosi; all day long, shohbichi. 
Deacon, n. Chech nan isht im utta. 
Dead, a. lUi, fiopa ti:pa; you are not dead; 

ikchillo; we are dead, pilli; I am about 

dead, si ai illi mak oke, suUi mak okc; 

I am dead, selli. 
Deaf, a Haksobish, haksi. ikhaklo; deaf' 



DEAL 



20 



DIFFEE 



ness, haksi, ikhaponaklo; deafeu, liaksu- 

ba, hrtksubachi. 
DenJ, V. Itatoba, kanchi; dealt, it ulhtoba; 

g-CKxl deal, fiehua; to haue mutual deal- 

iug, ittlmakanlohmi. 
l>ear, a. Ilolitopa; uery dear, bilotompa; 

it is dear to me: ahollo. to be dear to, 

iholitopa; uery dear to, ibolitopu fehna; 

a uery dearlriend, ittikana fehua; O dear! 

okokko! 
Death, 71. Illi; to cause death, illichi; an oc- 

ca-sion that caused death, ai isht illi; 

a death bed, aiilli. 
Debase, v. Kalaks-iehi; debased, kalaksfhi. 
Debate, v. Itachowa. 
Debt, n. Aheka; debtor, aheka im asha; 

balance ol debt not paid, aheka, takali. 
Decay, r. Toshbi; to cause decay, tosbbicbi, 

shakbouuchi; decayed toshbi, shakboTia. 
Deceitful, a. Haksi. 
Deceive, r. Haksichi; yimmichi, a deceiver; 

bak.^ichj, continually d"ceiving;haksihin- 

chi, hatak haksicdii, deceived; haksichi, 

ihaksichi, one who is deceiue to or bv 

ihaksi; to deceiue self, ilehaksichi; to 

deceiue with, isht haksichi. 
De<k, V. Shemuchi; decked, shema. 
Declare, v. Otoninchi. anoli; declared, 

ocuni; annowah. I declare! okokko! decla- 

ra;;on, aiatokowa. 
Decree, n, Anumpaulhpesa; nan ulhpisa. 
Dee 1, )i. Akaniohmi; deeds, nana akani- 

ohmi puta. 
Decj), a. Hofobi; somcAVhat deep, hofombi; 

to deepen, hofobichi; to set deep, hofo 

bichit hilechi; to plant deep, hofo bichit 

hokchi, a deep place, hofobika: hofora- 

bika, deep there, ahofombeka; not deep, 
•ikhofobo: hofobi keyu. 
Deer, n. Issi; doe, imi tek; buck, issi nakni- 

lapitta; fawn, issushi. 
Defame, v. Achukushpuli; aholubi, Chaka- 

pa, a defamer, hatak naumuchi. 
Defeat, v. Im aiyuchi, i shahlcchi; to cause 

defeat,, ihlakofichi 
Defend, v. Apela, apipoa. 
Defraud, v. Haksichit im ai ishi, defraud. 

haksichi. 
Defy, )'. I sanali, pafi. 
Degrade, v. Chakapa, hofehvalichi. 
De;,'ree, n. Ahika. 
Deject, V. Hlipu.shichi; dejected, Hlipushi, 

isht awiha. 
Delay, c. Sulaha, hopakichi, to cause delay , 

hopakecheihi. 
Delight, V. Yukpali. 
Deliver, v. Ima, hlakoficbih, a deliverer, 

hlakofichi. 
Delude, v. Haksichih, yimmichih. 
Delus^e, ;?. Oka ftilama. 
Demand, v. Asilhah, hoyoh. 
Demolish, v. Akkuchchih. 
Demon, n. Nanisht ahullo okpullo, setau. 
Den, n. Chuka, fichukbi. hichukbi. 
Dejioniinate, v. Hochifo. n. denomination. 

hochefo. 
Dense, a. Sukko, tampki. 
Dent. n. Habefa, haftikbi, hufikbi, dented, 

habofoa, to make a dent, hofikbichi, ko- 

fokbichi yaffi, dented yafa. 
F>eny, v. Aha acbih. 
Depart, r. Kuniah iah, illi, illit. kunia. de- 

PLirted, chufah, departing, chuhafa. to 



cause fo depart, chufhehi. 

Depend, r. Auukchetoh, to depend on, a? 
anukchito, dependent, anukchito, may 
depend upon, anukcluta hinla. 

Deposit, v. Bohlih, continually depositiugr- 
bohohlih oue that deposits. lx>hli- 

Depravity, 7;. Chuku.sh im amikfila okpulo 
ai imoma, okpullo. 

Depress, v. Chukush akanlusih, d(.»pressed 
chukush, akkalosi. isht uwiha, depres- 
sion, chukuush iknakno. 

Deride, r. Isht, yopuljih- 

Descend^ v. Aka iah, ak owah. ak kiah, a 
descendeht. aiisht atiaka, ehukacht'ifH. 
isht atia, a de.'jceudant of theChoetaws 
chahta isht atia, a descendant, isht ai 
onchuloli, isht atiaka. 

Desert, v. Kuniah, issot iah, a de.s«rter, ai 
itu]ieha i falummi. 

Desert, /;. Chokushmi foka, yakni hayaka, 
shinuk foka. 

Desire, v. Ahnih bnnnah, xH>lummih, to 
earnestly desire, ahni ahli,- no^ to desire, 
ikahuincho, desiring poUumma. 

Desk, /^ Aholissochi, aianumpuU, aio ho- 
M.s.sochi, 

Despair, -•. Yoiiraa he ahni ik im iksho. 
yohma he ahni ik ai ithano. 

Desperado, n. Hatak hak«i atupa, nais 
okpnni. 

Despise, v. shitilemah. is^ht ik iabno. ika- 
hobuloh, kunimmuehih. 

Despoil, r. -Okpunih, wehpolih, despoiled, 
okpulo, wehpoah. 

Destroy, v, Okpunih, destroyed, okpulo, 
bakustoh, to destroy all, bakostolih, a de- 
stroyer, nan okpuui. 

Destruction, v. Ai okpuloka, i>»ht ai okpu- 
lo napalommi. 

Desuetude, n. Ak.sho. 

Determination, n, AchiMta chtlita toeduse 
determination, achilituchi cMtituehi, to 
be determined, ai yimitah, mos-holikah, 
not determined, ikiiyiminto. 

Detonate, v. Hilohah.' 

Develos'j *'. Haiyakuchi. 

Deviate, v. Folotah, to caust^ to deviate, 
folotolih folotolichih folotowuchih, de- 
viation, fihjmmi. 

Devious, a, Fulumoa. folotah. 

Devour, v. Dput tahli, l&ht upa, hoasu. 
hoptisa. 

Dew. ». Fichak, Honey dew, fichak cham- 
puli, fichak kashaha.to fall as dew, fichak 
le will eh oh mi, dewbeny. bissa uDtaluli, 
haiuntaluli. dew lap, wulahii, i wulaha, 
imbichukohakshup. 

Diagonal, a, Hanaiyah, 

Dial, n. Hushi kanulli isht ulhpisa:. 

Dialoarue, n. Ittimanumpvxli. 

Diurrlioea, n. Ikflah, issish hlopulli to 
haue diarrhoea isht ahlopuUi to cause 
diarrhoea, ikfiuehi. 

Dictate, v. Anumpa apesah. 

Die, r. Illi, fiopissah nusi, to die at, ai illi, 
may die, ilia hinla, dead, illi, illitkouia 
to cause to die, illichi, death, illi, to die 
for another who was killed, itticilli, I am 
about to die, siaiillih mak oke. suli mak 
oke. 1 came near dying, sullinahah. I am 
dead sullih. 

Differ, v. Itim iula, ittachowa. ittimmikowa 
to cause to dilfer, ittachowuchih, differ- 



DIFPICITLT 



21 



DO 



<;iu ildiiiholbo. 
Difficult, a. Ahchiba ki:llo. ])alcinmi. 
J)iffid<MJ+.-^'. Xukwiva. 
l>i'r, r. Knlli, dug, Kiila: digjTt'r. na knlli, 
to root or flii,' the s:rouii<l witJi the HOse, 
wosholiclii. 
Dike, V, Oka ishtoktupa. vakni a kula, 
o.inti', r. Chitolih. 
D'lisfMit, a. Ai ahli aiokpaiichf, aehunan- ; 

chi; dillig^ntlv. achnkrnalit. i 

Diluto, v. Jkhoinvcho. diluted, ikhomo. j 

J)iin, a, T)hbi, kashofa, okhlilcchi, tuhfo- | 

koli, to cause dimness, tuhfokolichi. I 

Dime, - . Iskcli, taitn. time achufa kut j 

sint pokoli. i 

Diminl.sh, r. Koyu'lih. habofab. to cause | 

to diiniui.sh babofochi. babofiehi habo- i 

hlichi diminisbcd, habohlib, j 

Dimple, ". Vikowa. i 

.l)iii»', I'. Tabokoli impa ijIMI. 
Dint, n. Habi'fa. habifbebi, habifli, denied j 

or indiuted, habefah pk habefob, , 

liabifktjchi. i 

Dip, v. Chubbili. to dip up, tukctii, dipped 

up. takafah, dipper. Ishtkufa, ; 

Dir»H-tion, ;. I'imma (yet when said the 

linger is always pointed) another direc- : 

tiou, okhowala, okbowatalk 
Direful, rr. okpullo. 
Dirk, »- Boshpoisbt ittibi. 
Dirty, ?•. Litilia, to make dirt v. litehli, : 

litihli. a dirtv fellow, bnttak liteha, dirty . 

face okhlitouli. I am dirty, salitihah. 
Dis.ijipvijr, r. Komaii, disappeared, akuuin, i 

halatah. 
Disappdiiit- r. Yimmichih. 
l»iscard, r. Kanehih, kanchiehih, discarded , 

kucha, kuuia. > 

Discfrii, r. Akostiniuchih, uudi.se<.'rnable, ; 

akostinincha bekeyu; discernable, akos- ' 

tinineha hiula, 
Dischar:.'*', r. Ilus.sah, ( i, e. agun) isscehi. I 
Disciple. )K Aiithana. ithuna. nan itliuna, { 

uba anumi»a itJMMia, discipline ai im ; 

abuclii, ai ako.stininchi. . '. 

Discourage, v. Chukijsh illichi, discour- [ 

asred chukush illi. i 

Discourse, r. Anumpulih, the head of a i 

discourse, anompa nushkoba. 
Discover, v. Ahanchih, ahaynchi atonniu- , 

chih, akostiniuchib. i haiyakt:cliih, ok- i 

I'ahlih, discovered okfahah, \ 

Discretion, n. Hopoyuksa. 
Disdain, i\ Shittilernah, di.sdainful, 

shittileina. I 

Disease, r. Abeka, ililli, c<nitegeous dis- j 

ease, haleli, I have caught the oontageous i 

disease; sahalelih, to take or catch dis- | 

ease, i:lmollih, to giA'e another disease, ; 

ulmollichih. 
Disirrace, v. Ilofahyalih. hofahycchih, dis- I 

graced, hofahyah. to disgrace self, ileho- j 

fahyali, disgraceful, hofahya, disgraced 

hofahya. 
Dish, 7?. Ampo, amphcta, bread dish, 

puskaaiulhto, a shallow dish, amp ma- 

haia, amp malussa, a deep dish, ampo 

kolukbi, dishes, aiapushi, a flat dish, ■ 

ampo pattJssa, a wash dish, ampo ai | 

achefa, ■ 

Dishearten; v. Chukcsh illichih, desheart- j 

ed, chunkush illi. i 

Dishonest, a. Ikahlo, chukush ik ahlo, to i 

be dishonest, ikaiahlo, to act dishonestly j 



is])i akanoniih, to act dishonestly witl, 
self: isht ilakanomichi, dishonor hofahya 
dishonorablv, hofahvalit. a dishonorabl*' 
man. hatak hofahva. 

Dislike, r. ikai okpachoh, ikahninchoh 
ishl ikihono istikihahno, kanimmcchi. 

Dislocate, v. Tahloifih, dislocated, tahlotr.. 
to cause dislocation, tahlotichi, dislo- 
cation, tahlofa. 

Dismiss, r. Kuchchih, kanehih, dismissed, 
kuchali, kuuiah. tiapah. 

Dismount, r. Akkovvah; dismounted, 
akk<^)wah. 

Disperfie, ;>. ^'immih, fimiplih, dispersed, 
fimah. fimimpah. 

Dispose. /•. kauchih, disposed of. kuniah. 

Dispositicn. n. Ai im ulhpiesa, a gentl • 
disposition, bashka. 

Despute, r. Ktjlot itim auumpulih, it 
achowah, t*>canse a dispute, itachowceh\ 

Dissertation, /;. Ilolisso. anumpuli. 

Diss<dnble. n. liiln hiula. iudisst)luble bila- 
he keyu. 

Dissolve, a. Belcchi. dissoluable, bila hinhi 
indissolvable, Idla h* keyu. 

Dist-iff, //, Ponola kuUo atakali. 

Distance, ?;, Hopaki, a short distance, ikhcr 
pako, distant, hopaki. 

DistiMnpcr. n. Ililli, hlitikfi. 

Distil, i\ noliuyah. hoyah, di.stilled, holu- 
yah. 

Distract, r. Itta kushkolih, a distracter, 
hattak, itta kushkoli. 

Distress. t\ Ilbushalih, distres.scd. ilbr- 
shah,Xukhaklo, Nukhi:!mah. Nahuttui)a. 
extremely distresse<l. kssikkopa, tocaus\- 
extreme destress. issikkopalih, I am di;- 
tressed, sasikkopa. 

Distribute, v. Hopehdi, kcshkoli. kush- 
upli, to <iistribute to each other, ittihn- 
l>ela, distributed, holhpela. distribution, 
holbi.x)la. 

District, ii. Ulhti. 

Disturb, r. Ataklunimih, Kukhakloclii, 
afullib, atullichih, auumpullichih. 

Disuse, n. Aksho. 

Ditch. /(. Yakni Kuia, aka a yanclll. 

Divan, n. Ai o binili. 

Dive. i\ Oklobushlib, pi, aklubbih, diver 
oklubbi. 

Divert, r. Shauilih. 

Di'.i.le. r. Itapahlullih, kashuplih, kush- 
kolih, iti hopela, divided it apablat;>Ji. 
iti holhpelah, bolhpelah, divided into, 
bakapah, <livide in branches, lalaktuch'. 
divided in branches, falakto, to divi<!<' 
with, ittukuohupa, ittukusht3pli, adiv.- 
der, kashvpli hopela, division-filamoli. 
holhpela, 

Divorce. ». Holisso koshofa, iti kunia li<il- 
isso, tekchi i kunio holisso. 

Dizziness. <i. Chukfoloha, yushtimilih, diz- 
zy, to be dizzy, or being dizzy, yusht - 
mill, tocau.se to be dizzy, chukfololi' - 
ehih. chukfolohlih, I am dizzj% satasi- 
moh. 

Do, r. Yummichih yamichih kaniohn-.ili 
akaniohmih kaai ohmichi yohmih. u> 
do so, ai yakohmi, a yakohmi, to do 
something with, akanimichi, doing some- 
thing with, akanimih tahli, to cause l<i 
be done, akaniohmichi, a manner of ilo- 
ing, akauiohmi, (a fashion) to over «i<), 
ataplih, to do it ocer, ulbitilih, tlie saine 



dock: 



99 



miY 



(lone over uebitut, doing: or do, yciimn- 
ohmi, have, shall or whnt must do, kati- 
mlchih, katmichih. 
Dock. /.. \Vu!?hko ikhish 
r»octor. //. Alikchi. a quack doctor, alikehi 
jia hobbi, a good doctor, alikchi achu- 
kma, alikchi impunna, to doctor, alik- 
(dtih. 
Doctrine, n. Nun isht abuschi, anumpa, 

nan isht hananchi. 
Dop. 11. Issi tek. 

Dos?, n. Ofl, hiy dog, ipuf, puppy, ofQsik. a 
bitch, oli tek, the owner of a dog. push- 
uayo, my dog, sapuf. dogwoo«t, hakcho- 
pillhkupl. hakchopilhko. 
Doll, n. Hatak holba isht washoha. 
Dollar, n. Ttjli holisso achtjfa. 
Domestic, ii. (cloth) Nantonna, nantunna 

tohln. 
Doimiiion. n. Apelichika. pehllchika. 
Douatti. V. Imissa, ipetah, donation, hul- 

bina, 
Donkey. 71. Is.sub^a haksobish falaia. 
Donor, n. Nahabenochi. 
I>oor. n, Okhissa, aiabiha, ait^lbiha flboha 
okhissa, a door shutter, okhisa isht ok- 
shillihta, okhisa isht ulbkuma. aboha 
isht okshillilihta door keeper, okhissa., 
atonih. 
Dormitory, n. Anusi, aboh anus^i. 
Double. V. Puhlih, itulbilli, to double up, 
bonuih bouulli doubled up, bonah, bonu- 
tah, doubled puhlah, bunni, itulbita, 
pulhkachi, pohlomah (as a pocket knife) 
to shut or double up, as a pocket knife, 
pobloramih, pohlomfdichi, continually 
doubling, pohlohommih. 1 am doubling 
up, sabonah. 
Doubt. V. Anuktukl>. ikyimrno, doubtful 
anukwiah, chishba, to bodjubtfulchish- 
ba, doubtless, alilipulla, pulla, undoubt- 
edly, ikahlokawa ikyohmokabeto. 
Dou'jfh. " . Tanche " pushi Iccha. sour 
dough shatummi. 
l>ove. /;. Pochi yoshoba. 
Down. 1): Abokbo, downs. lipi«mo, lipinto, 
to be thrown down, akkapilah, to throw 
me down, akkasupilah to come or get 
down, akkowah, down stream sokbish. 
downward, akkapilah, akema. akimma, 
to go down, akkaiah, akkaiah, to go down 
ward and hunt, akkahoyoh, to lie down, 
akkaittoloh, to fall down, akkaittulah 
Ibhopa akkukaha. fallen down, akk- 
itulah, akkakahah, akkakohah, lying 
down, akkaittuyulah, laid down, akka- 
kahut aisha, akliakah tmayah, botljilaid 
down, akkakaiyaha, I fall down, akka- 
sutulah, you fall down, akkachittulah. 
Drab, n. Lusbi. 

Draar, v, Shallulichih halullih, akkashalul- 
lichih. draggine: akka shalullichit halu- 
ili. 
l>rain, n. HoUuya; holluyuehi drained. 

holoya, yanulli. 
Drake, n. Okfochush nakni. 
Drsnv, V. Shalih. halullih; to draw up 
through a loop, ahlitfih ahlitfichi: drown 
Up, ahlifah; to draw out by hammering, 
hot sheplih; drawn o\it, bot shepah; to 
draw outjWith a stick or tinger, follih; to 
draw a liquid, bichilih; drawn, bicha; 
to tiulsh drawing, bichet tahli; drawn 



(from spasms,) halahlih; to cause to draAV,, 
haluUichih; to unravel or draw out. hiifa; 
to draw a chance or lot, nashuelih " W 
draw water ochih; contijiually di awing 
Avater, olhchih; to draw down the ear, 
when made, as a horse, okmohlonlih; to- 
draw out strands, shihlih; drav/n out, 
shihah; to cause to draw out shihlichih; 
to draw up the hind part of the body sud-' 
denly, yofonokabchi; to draw tip with 
heat, yekullih; drawixup, vikotah; draw 
ing knife, isht shafa< 
Dreail. v. Komunta ikomnntah nukshopa, 
nukwia; to dread each other, ittikomun- 
tah. 
Dream, v. Ilolhpakunah; to cause to 
dream, holbpokunntjchih; to drean? 
about, aholhpokurmnchi; dreamed 
about, aholhpokunna; to dream.nusika; I 
dream, sanusika. 
Drench, r. Ishkochechi, 
Dress, v. Fokkichit .«hema hlafi; dressed; 
fohka, lilala; to clothe or dress, 
fohkuchichih; to dress for the? 
grave, hattak illi isht afohlih; dressy, 
shcmah; to dress in mourning, tataashih; 
a dre^^sy, clhkunua, uKkuffa. 
Drift, . llakchihjx), akchihpo. 
Drill, r. Katohlih; drillerd, fotohah; a 

drill, toll i^-iht fotobli. 
Drink, C- l.>^hkoh; a place at which to 
drink, ai iyhko; to drink with, ibai Ishkoj 
a drink, nasi i.shko. 
Drip, r, Iloyah; dripped, hoiyah- to cause 
to drip, h(riy ochih, hallyHvuchih; a drip- 
ping, holuy'a. 
Drive, r. Tihtelih pihlihchih, ayah chufl- 
chih, clanwclih; driving in orto drive in, 
shummullichi; to drive them, tihlilih; to 
drive theni in, ubihlih; driven in, ulbih" 
kudu ulbitkuchlh: driven back, katapa, 
katapoa; to be driven in (as spokes) 
achusiikuchi; driven, isht aya pchlichi; 
drov'ur, nan clhpoa isSbt aya. 
Drone, n. Foi bila ishki hochito, hattak 

intakobi. 
Drop, v. Hovu(^hi, hova, chilofah; dropped, 
haluva, kihahli, l-nvilih; to cause to drop, 
luuilichi; a drop, hoya; dropf«y. oka atoba 
ililli, oka toba, oka i toba. 
Dross, ?(. Hakhlopish. 
Drouth, .". Chahto; to cause a drought, 

chahtochi; not drouthy, ikchahto. 
Drown, v. Oka ai illi. 

Drum, V. Ahlipa chito olacbi; a drum,, 
ahlipachito, ahlipa: drummer ah lepaboli; 
to beat a drum, ahlepa chitobjlih; a- 
drum stick ahlipS ehlto isht boli, ahlip 
isht boa, to sound the drum, ahlipa olah. 
Drunk, a. Haksihi to be drunk haksi; oka 
haksih; drunkenness, haksih okishko 
haksih: somewhat drunk, h£6ksi chohmi. 
shimmohah; not drunk, haksi keyu; to 
make drunk, haksichih; dead drunk, 
haksit illi: a drunkard, hattak okah 
ishko, okishko shahli; a great drrmkard, 
hattak oka ishko- shahli. 
Dry, a. Shila bushshi, shelah; to be or 
being dry, shilah, chilakbl, chalakbi; 
to dry. shililih; drvness, shila; a place for 
drving, ahaka; to dry at, asbililih; dried 
to or in, ashila; to cause to bt? dry, chah- 
tochih, busbshichih: dried, chalokbih^ 



DUCK 



23 



EMBEACE 



becomiug dry, yauullih; l<> make <lry, 
vaxiulicliih. yowalliehih. 

Diick, V Oklobushlif'hih: (hioked, oklo- 
biishlih; a diiek. oktbchush: drake, okfo- 
kchush naknl; asrocMi head duck, hililah- 
chi, hakhoba: \vood duck, hinink: a diver, 
okhibtti kabaka; museovy duck, muskoki 

okfoehush; duck loosed, akkutulla. 
♦Due. a. Aheka takali, ai ulhtoba oua; not 
due; ai ulhtoba ik ono kisha. 

Dull, a' Ikhaluppc, tukbi; to dull, tukbi- 
chih; dullness, tuhtbkoli, weki. 

Dumb, 'I. Ikauumpolo, ikanumpulo. 

DuajpHMff. V. Vvalakshi. 

Dun. n. Bokboki. 



Duii^. /(. Vulhki: duufihill. yclhki aiaslia; 

duuj; fork, yrlhki isht piha ehufak. 
Dusk. a. Okhlilahpi, ok\>olusbi, akshochc. 

bichi' 8hochobbi. 
Dust. I). Botulli. hitok tohbi, hittukchubi , 

puslii; to dust, tt:tuhli. 
Dutv. n. Ai uihpiesa, nana akaniomih-t 

clhpisa. 
D«arf. )i. Hattak kawasha, hattak irnom;.; 

hattak ikehaho. 
Dwell. V. Achukka; to dwell together. 

ittuchukuchi. " 
Dysentary )i. Tssish ikfia; to have dvsen- 

tery; ikfihlichi; to cause dyscutry, Ikfiji- 

chi". 



E 



Knch. fi. Bika; eaclr. aiyuka; each after his 
kind, ai imini aivukali. 

KHsrer. n. Achilita: to cause eagerness, 
achilitnchih: to be eager, akomuutah, 
ayimintih; not eager, ikayiminto. 

Kagle. n. Osi. Ossi, 

Kar. i). Haksobish; ear lock, haksobish 
tapaivi hishi.ampi, (corn); ear ache, 
haksobish hotupa roasting ears, nipusha; 
ear ring, haksobish: takahli; ear mark, 
haksobishbusha, marked ear. haksobish 
busha; to mark the ear, hakso bish bushli: 
shrill sound in the ear, haksobish chas;i; 
slit or split eai-. hak.sobish chuhla; an 
ear slit, hakso bish chulafa; slit ears, 
haksobish chu hlahli; ear wax; hakso- 

- bish hlltilli; a cropt ear, hakso bish 
hokofa:cropt ears, haksobish hokohli, 
hoksobish tcpa, haksobish i:lmo, hakso- 
bish tt'ptna; fox ear, hak.sobish ibak- 
ehufali; forkod ear. haksobish chulakto; 
ear rings, liaksoV)ish takohli; tlie lobe of 
the ear, haksobi.sli walohbi. 

Karly. a. Chik.'. 

Karii. r. Asitcbih. 

Earth, n. Yakni lukfi, yakni; to be num- 
bered with the earth, yakni ahulhtina. 

Kase. V. Nuktalali; eased nuktula; to take 
ease, fohah; easiness, nuktcla; easy, 
nuktula: anuktt:pah, nukcliito; <iuite 
easy, nuktaiyula, to make easy, nuktcali. 
nnktulalichi; to mak all easy, uuktclch- 
lih; being easy, unktula. 

Kat. V. Impa, vipa; to eat at or \ipon, ai 
impa; we eat, epah; to eat with; ibai impa 

Ksist, /?. Hushi akuchaka; eastern hushi 
akuchaka; easterly, hushi akuchaka. 

Eaves, ri. Ahoiya, ahoiya, chukka isht 
holmo uhli, aboha liolmo uliili, oka 
ahoya. 

Echo, n. Ilobachi. 

Eclipse, ?). Hcshi k>3nia. 

Efonomical. a. Ilatobah; economy, nan ila 
toba. 

Eddy, n. Okfoyulli. 

Edge, n. Alaka takcdia, takchaka hallupa, 
nhli; two edged, hallupa tuklo, tahlah- 
laka hallupa. 

Edict, ». Nan ulhpisa, aunmpa ulhpisa. 

Editor, ri Holisso ikbi. 

Educate, r. Holisso ithananchi; uneduca- 
ted, holisso ikithano; educated holisso 



ithaua, liolisso impiina 
Effervcrsce. Honi 
EITigy, n. Hatak hobuchih. 
Egg. V. Akak ushi. akak ushi hloboa, akak 

tishilobunchi; lobunchi; rotten egg, akak 

ushi shua; the yellow or yolk of an ogg. 

akak ushi i lakna; the white of an egg. 

akak ushi i tohbi akak ushi i wa^laha, 

akak iishi i wulakuclii. 
Eight, a. I'ntuchina; eight, anahnntuchna. 

eighty, pokoli untuchina; eight liuudred, 

tahlepa untuchina; eighth, islit untuchi- 
na. 
Either, a. Kanimampo; not either aehuf- 

fahpi kia keyu. 
Elate, r. Ilawatah. 
Elbow, n. Ibbak i shunkLini: elbow joint. 

ibbak i skukunf; itachakuli. 
Elder, r/. Buti, bashuk<'hi, iksa akni, iksa 

pehlichi, iksa apesrchi; elderly, hatak 

assunochi. hatak tikba Initak.asscnochika 

the eldest or oldest l)rother or sister, akni. 
Elect, r. Atokolih; cdected, atokah, ulhtokn; 

election, ulJitoka; the place to hold an 

electi(»n, ai rdhtoka; an election bv or 

with, nan isht t3lhtoka; elector, atokoli, 

fotbohli. 
Elcgjint. o. Islit imaka. 
Elephant, n. Yulhkun cliito; elifant. 
Elevate, r. Cluihatdiih; elevation, chah:i: 

elevated, chahah; elevator, nan isht 

(diahah. 
Elm. It,. Tohto;slippervelm, balup. 
Eiope, /'. Mullit kuniah. 
Eloquent, v. Anumpuli impunna. 
Elsewhere, ad. Kaiiiinakiuli. 
Emaciate, r. Chuiuiaclii hle].ushich!i). 

hlipushih; emaciated, chunna, hlipush ■'. 
Emaseuiate, v. Hobuk ikbi; emasculated, 

hobuk. • 

Embarrass, ?'. Anuktuklochih; embarra'^s- 

ed, anuktukloh unembarrassed, ikanu- 

ktukloh. 
Embellish, 7-. Aiuklichi, akohlih; to erab-I. 

lish with, isht akohlih, isht ulhkohali. 

isht aiuklichih; embellished, ulhkohah. 
Embers, n. Hituk yunha. 
Embower, r. Hashontika ashachi. 
Embrace, v. Islit anukfokah shaollh: to 

embrace me affectionately, sapcsholih. 

Emetic, a. Hocti3chi, emetic wood, hilol-.a 

ikhish. 



EMIGEAXT, 



24, 



EVEE. 



Fniisfraiit, n. Wihi3t aya. 

KmineiK'e, «. ChaUa i shahli, holitompa. 

hinperor, n. Ulhti itibulhkaha i miko. 

Kniploy. V. Tohno: to t'mplov me, satohuo; 
employinj^, tohno, tahohnoh. 

Kiiipty, a. Jksho, ikshot taha, ataha, ikah- 
obx>, shahW; to empty into, asitilih; to 
make empty, shabicbihj (as a clean 
place ). 

Knanior, v. I hullocbi, aiasitiah; enamered 
atorwltfa, aiasitiah. 

Kncampmeiit, n. Binah, binat asha, Wnut 
aiasba: to encamp, Mnachih; encampihg- 
continnallv, binahanchih. 
Kncltant, r. A titiplih. alitipliehih, fcppnlih.' 
afoppulih; enchanted, afitipah, foppnlih 
an enchanter, hatakhulloka, isht ahullo^ 
enchantress,ohovo holloka. 

KncircJf, v. Apokfcihlicliih. apakfohlih, 
afolupli, afolnplichih; encircled, apakfo- 
hpah, afolupah afolotah. 

Kiidosp, V. Fohkib; enclose fohkab. 

Kiicourftsje, r. Atohnoehih, atohnoh, nak- 
nichih, yimintcfchih: encourag-ing, nakni 
chih, yimiBtahanchih; encouraged, yimi- 
ntah, 

Kud, n. Ahokofa, ai uhli, hokofa, hokollJIh, 
tshli; the extreme end, ai i.sbt aivop:; to 
make an end, ai uhiichi al vuVJbicbib; 
endless, ai uhii iksho; to end'samethiug 
already comun'iiced, ai vabicbih; ended, 
bokofa; the but end, sokbish. 

Kiidure, v. Achunnachih, lilopuMih. 

Kiiejiiy, n. Tanampi, tonop. 

Knaray-p, v. Tohnob itiin apesab; engaged, 
itim ulhplsa 

Kiisjlish, n. 1 klish, nahullo, englishman, 
iklish batak: englsb language, nahullo 
imannmpa nabnllo anumpa. 

hJiifravp.r.Brshlit Iiolissochih: anJengrauM 
bnshlit boIissoL'lii; engraving, busbot- 
holisso; engraved, bcshut holisso. 

Kng:rosN, v. Hfxdietolit holissucbi; engross- 
ed hochetolit holisso. 

Knhauce, v. (;hitolichib. 

Kiiij»iB:i, 11. Nan ittim ikbrna. 

•"'njoy, (/. Yukpah; en joved one's self with, 
ai isht il ayukpab; enjovment, ai isht il 
ayukpab. 

K!ii;irf,'e, V. Chitolih, cbitoUchih; enlarged, 
chito; tu cause to be enlarged, chitoh li- 
cbib; an enlarger, bochctccbi. 

Kiilighton. ('. Itbananchih, i towikelichih. 
anuklobkih, enlightened, anuk fohkab, 
one that enlightenes-. anuk fobkicbi, 

Knlist, V. Ilohchiib isbib. 

KnaWo, ?r, Cbabacbih. 

Kiioritioiis, It. Chitoh. 

Kiiongh, a. Ulbpesa. laua clhi»esa, j'umma, 
not enough, ikouo. 

Kiira^t', r. Nokoachih. ndkhobelucbih, en 
raged, ^ukoah, anukshomuntah, to be 
enraged, anukshomuntah chukush luab. 

KuroU. V. Holisso takoblichih: enrolled, 
bnbchifo bolissot takoblib, 

Kiislave, v. Yukacbi, a slave, yiikah. 

Kiitaiigle, /'. Yuslnvichalib, to be en- 
tangled yusbwichalih, ittofenah. 

Kilter, I'. (!hukowab, entered, chukowah, 
cannot enter; chukovt'a he keyu. 

Enthrone, i'. Ai asha holitopa om bini- 
licbih, a throne, alusha kolitopa; seated 
on a throne ai asha holitopa ombinili. 

Eiitic" V. Atono(!bih, anukp'ollicbih. 



I Kiitircly, ad. Kcmohmi, KummohmL 

Kiitoiub. V. AhoUuppi boblih; entombed;, 
I hoUuppih. 

j Entrails, n. Iskuna: my entrails; suskoua, 
I Eutraijcf*; n. Ai alota achukkowa. 
! Entrap, v. Hoklichih; entrapped; hoklih. 
Entry, n. Acbukkowa. 
Enumerate, v. Holhtenah; enumerator, 

bolhpenah, enumeration; bolbtena, bolh* 

piua, bopenab. 
Envions, a. Potunnoh,. to cause envious- 

ness, potonnohcbi, envy, i uukkilli. 
Epicare, n. Hattak impa sbabli, issikopa. 
Epilepsy; n. Haiocbi, hoiochichi. 
Epistle, n. Anumpa holisso nowutaya. 
Equal, a. Ittilani, lawi, lawichi; to be equal 

ala\vih,alavvich.i;lawih not equal ikalauo; 

to equal, iti lauicbi; to be equal to me; 

salawih; equul to aittilauib; equality, ai 

ittilauih. 
E<iiiip, V. Im atahli; equipped, im olhtaba. 
. EqjMlity, n. Ahli. 
Eyu Ticate, r- Anumpa, apakfohlichih, 

anumpa folotowuchib, anumpa ilaiyuka- 

«hi; ctiuivocation anumpa folotoah. 
Erudicaie, r. Ai iskiachi. 
Erase, /'. Akcshu lib, akoshnlichib; erasure 

akashat'a 
Erect.;,;^. Hilechih; ikbi hiohlichi; erected, 

hikui, toba biolilib, to erect at, ahilechi. 
Err, ('. Asht'cbi; yoshoba; tp err at aiash- 

i3chi; error; aiashochika. 
Erudition., n. llattak nan impunna; battak 

impuuna, holisso impuuua, nan imp- 

unna. 
Eruption, n. Bokafa; foi liweli. 
EKeape, r. Hlakoti', escaped ablakoffi, 
EHpeciallyy ad. Aua, ak he, akheno, ak bet, 

akbeto, 
lispouse, V, Ittubohlih, itti halclib. 
Essay, n. Holisso. 
Establis.i, r. Hibcbib, ablichi; CBtablisbed;; 

bikia. 
Esteem, ik Abniuclii, bolitobli, bib ahni- 

bighly esteemed; holitompa, inestimable 

holitopa atupa. . 
Eternal, a. Bilia, biliot bilia, bilia cha bilia, 

to cause to be eternal; biliachichi. 
Eucharist, a. Chitokaka im. opiaka impa, 

opiaka im.pa holitopa, (Lord's supper.) 
Eulogize, a. Holitopa isht anumpa; eulo, 

gizcd, bolitoput isht anumpa; eulogy; 

holitoblit isht anumpuli . 
Eunuc;h, n. Hobak, hatak hobak. 
Evacuate, v. Kuchut wiha, issct tamoa, 

bolufab. 
Evade v. Apakfopa, hlakoli. 
Evangelist, n. Obanumpa ithananchl; 

i3banumpa isht ctta, ubantimpa tosholi^ 

obanumpa isht aya, holisso holitopa 

holissochi. 
Evasion, n. Anumpa apakfopa. 
Even, ad. Akkia ittilawi, bokakkia, mak- 

kia, yakkia; euen as, akkia; it is even, 

ak m'akoka; akmokoke; akmakona; even 

this or that; ak oh kia to come even with ; 

ittaksboh, lauechi ittakunia, to be 

even ittilauih; to make even, ittilauiehi 
Evening, n. Opia, opia ka sbohbi, okyah, 

early in the evening, okblilahpi sbohbi 

kanli, till evening, okyachi. sbohbi. 
Ever. a. Bilia, aiimoma, chattuk, ever and 

ever, bilct bilia, billiacha bilUa, forever, 

ont ahokofa wa biliti chabilia. 



EYEEGEEEX 



25 



FALLIBLE 



Ever-green, n. Okchamali bilia. 

Kver-lastin*?. n. Bilia. bilia cha bilia, ai 
olhliiksho. 

Every, a. moraa, everv one, moyuma. 

Evident, n. Oti3ni. 

Evil, a. Haksi, ai okpulo. 

Ewe, n. Chiikfi tek. 

Exalt, V. Chahachih, holitoblichih; oxalt- 
ed. halitopa chaha, exaltation, isht aholi- 
topa, ' 

Exaniinatinn, n. Holisso apissa kuoha, to 
examine pisa, pisa akostiuinchi. atanali- 
chi, anukfillit pisa, bushlit pisa, 1o ex- 
amine one's self ilanukfillet pisa, anuk- 
fillit ile pisa; examined, anukfillit. 

Exasperation, a. Chukush lua. 

Exceed, V. Ontiah. atupah, i shahlih ex- 
ceeding, fiehna. 

Excellency, n. Chitokaka: excellent achxik- 
ma hochukma, aiyoba, most excellent. 
achuyukma,hochukma,hoeliuyukma, ex- 
cellencies, hochukma, 

Exchana-e, v. It atobuchi. itatobah: ex- 
changed, it ulhtobah. 

Excite, V Afullichih to suddenly excite 
with anger, nukhlibishshikachi. 

Exclude, V. Ikholhtino. 

Excommunication, n. Akucha clhplsa, 
eating with, ibai impa, we all eat, iloh 
impa; to eat together, ittibai impa; to ' 
make eat. upachih; still eating: ampah; : 
to keep eating, ahampa, eatible or edible, 
apa \ 

Excrement, ". Yr^lhki. : 

Excnse, v. Imahaksichih, kashofi, hlako- I 
fichih: to excuse one's self, nan isht il i ' 
mihuchih. \ 

Execute, v. Isht antah, attali; execxite, isht ! 
utta ai ahlichi: executed, ulhtaha; ex- : 
ecutiouer, hatak nuksitili; executive, 
miko I 

Exemplify, v. Ilaiyakuchih. I 

Exercise, n. Abuchi. 

ExhauHt, V. Tikambichih;exhausted,akun- I 

iah, kota, tikambi, taha. 
Exhibit, V. Otuninchih, haiyakuehih, pisa- j 
chih. [ 

Exhortation, v. I mihiha. anumpa, nan ' 



atohnohonchi. isht atonohchi. 

Exile, ??. Hatak kunia. 

Exorbitant, a. Fiehna. 

Expect, v\ Ahnih; expectorate, hotilhko 
tofah kihhlafah. 

Expedient, a. Ai olhpesa. 

Expel, r. Kuchichili, chuffichih; expelled, 
kucha. 

Expensive a luili chito. 

Expire, v. Fiopissah, illih, nusih. 

Exphiin r, Otuninchih, anump tusholih; 
explained' anumpa tushoah, otoni; ex- 
planation, anumpa tushowah. 

Experience, n. Aiimomaka. 

Explode, V. Bokuffih, exploded, bokuffah, 
aksho. 

Expose, V. Hohfahyuchih, walih; exposi- 
tor, anumpa, tusholi: exposure, haiyakah 

Expressman, n. Hatak anumpa isht aya. 

Extend, v. Chitolih. chitolichih falaiachih; 
extended, chitolih; extension falaia. 

Extinct, (X Iksho. mosholi, ai issa, akshoh. 

Extinguish, v. Mosholichi, okpijni. 

Extol, ?'. Holitoblichih, ai okpuchih. 

Extract, v. Akuchichih, bushlih; extract- 
ed, akucha bushah. 

Extravajfant, n; Atupa, tiehna. 

Extreme, (t. Fiehna, ai i shall; ai i shahli. 

Extricate, v. Hlakoffih; extricable, hlakofa 
hinla. 

Eye. a. Nishkin: sore eyes, niskin hotupa. 
hclbubi; sunken eyes, ibakshohmli; 
watery eye. okhaiyanli; eye lashes, shil- 
likchi* niskin; near sighted or dull eye. 
nishkin tulhha, to have swolen eyes, 
eyes full of matter, okhlachonlih, okbos- 
ohlih okmosonli; eye ball, nishkin nihi; 
eye brow imosan'a; eye lid. nishkin 
itiulbi, sleepy eyes, okhlapunli; v. to eye 
pesuehi.o hopokoyu, atokot pisa;a squint 
eye, one out or cock eye, okshakinli; an 
eyesight holhponaj-oh, hoponaya; to 
wink the eyes, akmoshlih; to wink one 
eye. mochuxikli; to cause eyesight, 
holhponaybhi. hopunnayuchi; nearly 
closed eyes okfakolih; blue eyed, oktal- 
onli; hazel eye,okwalonli, okwelouli . 



F 



Face, V. Xashuka, nashshuka; a bald face, 
ibakhatanli; red face, ibak homali. itak 
homali: a dirty face or unwashed face, 
okhlichanli, okhlitonli; to make face at, 
okmislih; my face sanashuka; to face, 
ulutulih asahali it asanli; facing olatah. 

Fact, n. Ahli. 

Fail, V. Shippa, akunia; to make a failure: 
ikahlicho. 

Faint, a. Tikambi kota; fainting, shimoha, 
illi; fainted, shimoha; I am fainting, 
sashimmohtih. 

Fair, a. Achukma, ai ahli. masheli. 

Fairy, n. Kahikanchak: chukkishikanchiks 

Faith, ??. Na Yimmika, ai yimmika, 
ayimmi, yimmi: to be faithful^ ai ahli; 
faithfully ai ahlika; v.rv faithful, aiahli 
achukama. ai ahli fehna; faithful, nan 
ahli. 



Fall, V. Akkittula. kinafa. pi kinahli, ik- 
I lawot ia chilafah; to fall down . akka ittu" 
! laha, ittulapl. akka, kaha; fallen down, 
1 akkaittulah akkakohah; I fall down, akka 
j suttulah; you fall down, akka chiitulah; 
to fall down from disease, akkummah, 
to cause to fall, chilotti ehilofuchi; fall- 
; ingchilohofa: to tall down, fihopa, hli- 
I tahah (as water); to fall down on the 



Iah; not fallen . as leaves, ikchilofo; the- 
fall of the year, hushtulahpi onafahpi; 
fo fall into, ittottulah; to fall (as fruit), 
lewilli; to mako fall, lewilichi; to fall 
on. onotolah: fall of man. hatak um- 
mona toba yoshoba, hattak ummona 
ashcchi cmmona. 
Fallible, a. Hak.sa hinla, asucha hinla. 



FEAST 



26 



FINE 



False, a, Ik ahlot to be false, holubih; 
falsely, holu bit, often used as an adverbial 
phrase, as. holobit ish nohovva nah, do 
not go about telling lies; falsehood, 
holobi, anumpa holabi. 

Falter, v. Anukchinto. 

Fame, n. Aiannohowa, annoa; famous isht 
anoa, annoa achukma. 

Family, n. Chukkachuffa; pertaining to a 
family, ehukkachuffa ai ahalaya, ai okla; 
the head of a family, hattak chukka 
chufa pehlichi; bis family, i ehukka 
achuifa. 

Famine, n. Hopoba hohchufo. 

Famish, v. Hohchufo, hohchufotillih. 

Fan, V. Amahlichih; to fan at, araushlichih, 
ahmahlih, mushlichih; fanned, musha- 
chih; fanning mushlihinchi; fanner, 
ufkoh; a fan isht amahlichi. 

Fancy, v. Anush kunnah; a fancy, aunus- 
hkunna. 

Far, a. Hapaki; farther, hopaki, i shahli; 
very lar, hopaki fehna; to cause to go far, 
hop-akichi, hopakichichih; not far, ik- 
hopako, bilika; not gone far, ikhopakicho 
not uery far, olaulih; close by, olalosi, 
olasi; long way off, olaulichi keyu; very 
near there, onahosi. 

Farmer, /?.. Osapa tuksuli, hatak ossopa 
atok suli. 

Fascinate, v. Chukcsh yukachi; fascina- 
tion, isht ahullo. 

Fashion, a. Ayohmi 

Fasten, v. Akamussulih akollochi afacha- 
lih, takali, afachah; fastened, akamossa; 
fastened together, ittufehnah; to fasten 
strong or tight, akollochi; tight or strong, 
aktiUoh akamussah; to fasten a latch, 
afachalih; fastened, afacha, to eausee to 
fasten, afachalichih; not fastened or 
stopped, ikakamosso; fastened tog-'ther, 
ittakamussah, to fastt-n together, ittaka 
mussulih. 

Past, a. Tushpa, pclhki. chahlih shinim- 
pah, (used for walking,) walk fast, chah- 
lih; to make walk fast, chahlichrh; fast 
and fasting, ik impoasha, nuhullcschi,; 
to fast, okissah; to make go fast, polhki- 
chich. 

Fat, n. Nia, bila: somewhat fat, nia chohmi 
to fatt u, niachi, ipetut niachi; fattening, 
hlampko, niachi; fattened, niachi, ilhpi- 
tut nia; I am fat, saniah. 

Father, /;. Iki; my father, aki; your father, 
chiki; his, her their father, iki: our fa- 
ther, piki father or mother-in-law, 
Ipohchih; grand-father, iraafo. 

Fathom, v. akka hoyoh; fathomless, 
akkaiksho. 

Fiitij^ue. )'. Hoyapli; to fatigue, hoyaplichi 
tikabichi; fatigued, kota, tikahbi. 

Faucet, a. Oka abicha, oka abichili. 

Faulty, a. Asuchi. 

Favor, v. Iti holba, to go in quest of or one 
who receives a favor, habenut aya; a 
favorite, aiasitia. 

Fawn, fi. Isushi. 

Fear, v. I nukshopa i komunta; to cause 
fear, komallichi, nuksholi; fearfulness, 
nukshopa: fearful, antikwiah; fearful, 
sakomolah, sanukwiah. | 

Feast, n. Chepuli, impa chito, impa t3lhpi- j 
sa, impa chinto; a great feast, chepuli; to | 
make a feast, qhepulichi. I 



Feather, n. Hushi hishi, hi-shi; a chicken 
feather, akak hishi; to grow fathers, 
hishi, tobah: soft feathers, apukbo. 
apukbo lipismo, li pinto; a feather bed, 
hushi hishi patalhpo; a quilt made ot 
feathers, kasmo. 

February, n, Febuuli. 

Feebleness, a. Haknip kota. 

Feed, .'. Impuchi, opachi; fed ilhpita, 
feeder, nan epeta. 

Fetti, V Potoli, pi, pasholi. 

Feij^n, v. Ilahobbi. 

Fell, V. Kiuuffi, pi, kinahli; fell down akka 
kohah; to fall, chant kinuffi. 

Felon, It. Hukopa, felonious, hukopa. 

Feminine, n. Tek imma. 

Fence, n. Holihta; the side of a fence, ho- 
lihtah apotaka; fenced up, holihta fohka; 
picket fence, holihta halupa; fenceb'ss, 
hohlita iksho; one string of fence, hohlita 
okhovvataka, holihta okfoataka; to fence, 
hahtuchi; fenced, holihta, abolihta; a 
staked fence, holihta itta fenah; to stake 
a fence, holihta itta fenilih. 

Ferment, v. Chobokuchi. 

Ferry, v. Peni kuchichi, peni hlopullichi, 
ahlaopulli; I ferried, ahlopuUi li tuk; 
terryman, peni In talaia. 

Pester, v. Aninchi, aninchichi; to cause to 
fester, aniuchichichi. 

Fever, n Yunha; to have fever and ague, 
hochukwut yunha; fever cake (spleen) 
luksi, fever bush, iti kosoraa; bilious fe- 
ver, vduha chito, lakna chito. isht abeka. 

Few, a. Kauomosi, kanomosi iklauo, acha- 
foa; to be few, chubihah, chcbihusih. 

Fiat, />. Ai Yummohma. 

Fib, )'. Holabi. 

Fiddle, n. Ahlipushl; fiddle bow, ahlepa 
isht olachi ahlep isht olachi; a fiddle 
string, ahlipah ushi ishtallakchi; a fid- 
dler; ahlepa olochi, a base fiddle; ahlip- 
ushi chito. 

Fie, intj. ehwa! ehwak. 

Field, //.. Ossapa; a hay field, hashuk 
abusha. 

Fiend, n. Platak haksi atupa. 

Fierce, a. Yiminta, achilita; to cause fierce- 
ness, achlituchi; fierceness, homi. 

Pi?, n. Fik, a fig tree, fik upi. , 

Fiarht, V. Itibi; itibih, to cause afigh. ittibi- 
chi; fighter, nan itibi. 

Fiarnre, . Hobaehi; to figure, hotihua. 

Pile, 'J.. Mihloffi; filing mihlohofi; filed, 
mihlofa mohlohli, haluppa; filed at, 
amihlofah; a file or rasp, isht mihlofa: a 
flat file, isht mihlof'? patossa; hand saw 
file, isht mihlofa iskitini; filing, botulli. 

Fill, V. Alotuli: to fill up, alotolih, cause to 
fill alotulichi, full, alotoa, alotowah, 
fullness, alota. 

Film, n. Hakhlopish. 

Filter, n. Ahoiya, aholuya, to filter, holu- 
ya hoiyuchi. hoyah; filtrated holuya, 
hoyah; not filtered, ik hoyo, ik busho. 

Filthy, a. Litiha, chakapa; filthiness. litiha 

Fin, n. Nuni sanahchi, uuni sanihchi. 

Finally, ndv. Ont isht aiopi. ont isht aiopi- 
ha, polaka. 

Find, (). Ahauchi, pisa. ahayuchi; to find 
each other, ittahayuchi, to find me, 
siahavuchi. 

Fine, a. Chipinta, lapushki, achukma. 
haluppa; very fine or small, chipunta' 



FINGEE 



FOBBID 



chipintasi; to be fine or soft, lipistoh; to 
cause to be fine or soft lipistocni, pretty 
and fine^ ainkli. 
Fiiiecr, n. Ibbak iishi; forefinger, ibbak 
usbi tikba; middle finger, ibbak ushi 
iklunna. little fingi t. ibbak ushi ulhli; 
finger nail, ibbak chush; finger end, 
ibbak ushi wishakchi; thumb, ibbak 
ishki; finger ring, ibbak foka; finfer 
rings, ibbak ushi ubiha; my finger, 
subbak ushi; my finger nail, "subbuk- 
chush; my thumb, subbuk ishki. 
Fini.vh, v. Tahli, loshumi, ai ahli, aiahli- 
chi, isht ahlophili: continually finishing, 
tahahlih; finished, ai ulhtaliah, taha, 
loshoma; to finish off with alashummih. 
Fire, n. Luak, hullushmi; fired, bolukmi, 
hollushmi; to set on fire, hukmi, hushmi, 
luahanehi; make or kindle a fire, otih, 
tikbakahli; fire coal, tobaksi; fire wood, 
nlhti: fire place, ai ulhti, luak ai ulhti; 
fire dogs, luak in tikeli. 
Finn, >i. Kullo, ahli, kamussa. 
I<irinanient, n. Shutika, cba shutik. 
First, <i. Tikba, cmmona, ahpi, tikba, 
bilika; at first, cmmona kuno, ummona 
hokuuo. 
Fish, n. Nuni; a black fish, nuni lusa; cat- 
fish nokishwana. uakishtali kushka; 
crawfish, shakchi: ptrch nuni patussa: 
gar fish, nuni kullo: sucker, nuni irapu- 
sha homma^sun fish, nuni patussa; trout, 
sakli, shupik; buffalo fish; yanush, nuni 
kashina: whale, nuni chito okhuta asha, 
to fish, okwehlih, nuni ubi. nuni hokli. 
Fist, n. Ibbak bonulli 
Fit, »?. Ahayah, halahli haiochi; to have a 
fit, haiuchichi; to fit in together, ittahavah. 
FivP, . Tahlapi; five times, isht tahtapi, 

isht tahlapiha. 
Fix, V. Aiiskah, aiiskiachi; to fix ones self, 

ilaiiskiachi; not to fix, ikaiisko. 
Flaif, n. Akshish balama, shupha. 
Flail, n. Onush isht nihechi. 
Flame, n. Libbika; to flame, libbi; to make 

a flame, libbichi. 
Flank, n. Ikfichukbt, iflfichukbi. 
Flannel, v. Chukfi hishi tcnna. 
Flap, V. Hopohuchi. 
Flash, ?'. Lipachi, malutha achi, hashuk 

mullih, sh\ibboklih. 
Flat, n. Patussa latussa, takussa, (pi, 
patuspoa); to flatten, latustoli.patussuchi, 
takussachih; somewhat flat, matuhli; 
flattened, takussolih; flat lands, yakni 
matali, yakni patali; flatness, takussa; to 
flatter, anumpa ahli kevu kia isht aiok- 
puchi, holabit vupali. 
Flatulence, n. Akcluachi, shutuplichi; flat- 
ulent, shutupliehi. 
Flaw, V. Bitanli; to cause a flaw, betanlichi. 
Flax, n. Ponola kullo; wild flax, nuchi. 
Flay, V. Hlufi, (pi hlohli); flaved, hlufa 

hlohla. 
Flee, V. Chufah; fleeing, chuhafa: flight, 

chufa; fled, chufah. 
Fleece, v Chukfi hishi ulmo; fleeced, 

chukfl hishi ulmoh. i 

Fleet. ?/. Pahlkih, shinimpah, to cause i 

fleetness, pulhkichih. 
Flesh, n. Xipi, haknip; reduced ih flesh, i 

chunnah. 
Flexible, a. Walohbi, bikota hinla; Inflex- ' 
ible. bikota he keyu. j 



Flimsy, a. Okshichauli. 

Fling, r. Bohpuli. 

Flint, n, Tussunuk. 

Float, r. Okpulalih, takakant aya. 

Elog', V. Fummi; flogged, fuma.' 

Flood, r. Okchito yakni tahli. oka chito. 

Floor, 7J. Iti patulhpo, iti patupo; ground 

or lower floor, akka iti patulhpo. 
Florid, a. Homma, hommuchi. 
Flour, n. Bota, bota tohbi, onush bota 
pushi; corn flower, tanchit bota: cold 
flour, bota kapussa; parcJied corn flour, 
bota lushpa. 
Flourish, v. Fahfolih. 
Flow. V. Yanulli. 
Flower, ». Pakanli; passion flower, hach- 

uktakaha. 
Fluctuate, r. Buuukuchi. 
Fluency, v. Anumpa i kucha achukma; 
to be fluent or fluent, anumpuliimpunna. 
Flush, H. Nashuka homma toba, homma. 
Flute, V. Isht i pufa, Uskolah: to play on 

the flute, Oskula alachi. 
Flutter, V. Timiklih, timikmili; flutter- 

timikmikli. 
Fly, r. Hika, (plural, heli); a house or blow 
chukaui: a fly blow, chukanushi; to fly 
open, fachama, horse fly, ohlana, ohlana 
lakna, wuhlana; butterfly, hut apushik; 
large butterfly, opa shilup; a fly. shushi; 
a gad fly, ctiunafilubi; large horse fly, 
ohlana chito; small horse flies, ohlana 
chipinta, Spanish flies, shushi wulh- 
kochi toba. 
Foam, n. Pokpoki; to make foam, pok- 

pokichi. 
Fodder, n. Tanchi hishi. tash hishi. 
Foe, V. Tunup, tunampi, i sanali. 
Fo^, n. Oktohbi; to caiise fog, oktobichi. 
Fold, V. Puihhlih, pohlommichi; folded, 
puhlah, pulhkuchi, pohlomah; to fold 
up in. abonullih; to pen or fold, holiht 
uni, pened or folded, holihta ulhto; 
wrinkled or folded, vikifa; to wrinkle or 
fold, yikiffih; foliage! iti'hishi. 
Folk or Folks, n. Okla hattak. 
Follow, V. lakaiva: to follow up as a creek, 
afohkichi; followed, ahlioh; following 
after or next, achaka: future or followdng 
tlmehimmak, himmak pilla; following 
after (if on<) iakaya, if two or more, 
iakaiyoha; to follow each other around, 
ittifollillichi; to follow me, siakaiyah; 
to send to follow me, siakaiyuchi;* fol- 
lower, im antia, iakaiya, im ithuna. 
Fond, n. I hullo atup'a; to be fond of, 
anushkunna; to fondle me, sapushohlih. 
Food, n. Nan upa, ilhpak, illimpa. pinak. 
Fool, n. Hatah im anukfila iksho. 
Foot,Iyi; foot of a tree, aklshtula; hollow 
of the foot, iyi putta kalukbi; insteap, 
iyi putta pakna; heel, iyikotoba; sole, 
ivi putta; toe, iyushi: big toe, iyishki; 
little toe, iyush uhli; toe nail, iyakchush; 
a foot log or foot bridge, achup; my foot 
my feet, saiyi; my toe nail, saiyukchush; 
footman, akkayah. akka hekkit aya; 
footmen, akka hika; foot stool, aiohikia; 
a foot path, hinushi; a foot print, 
ahabli. 
Fop, 71. Hatak ilak shema shahli. 
For, conj. Ahah ! as for, in connection 

nominative, ak akuto. 
Forbid, v. Im olubi, alumih. alumichi: 



FOECE 



28 



FUTUEE 



forbidden, alamah, alumah. 

Force, n. Hlamko; to force iu, shom- 
ullichi, kaftjlih. 

Ford, n. Ahlopulli, akucha, hinakocha; to 
ford, okahika; I forded recently, ahlo- 
pulle li tuk; I forded there some time 
sinec, ahlopiillili tok: fordable, okah- 
ikah; not fordable. oka nowa he keyu. 

Forefather, Platak in tikba. 

Forehead, .n Ibi takla. immossuna; prom- 
inent forehead, okussonli; high, broad 
forehead okkomali. 

Foreiis^n, n. Yaknl inla, oklush inla, ahal- 
aya keyu; foreigner, okla inla, hatak inla. 

Foreknowledge, a, Ai yommoma he im 
ulhpesa. 

Forelock, n. Ibisuchi; a bang, okkuchonli. 
okkahlonli. 

Fonioon, n. Ik tabokonlo, 

Forcordiiuition, »,, Ai yummoma he im ulh- 
pesa. 

Forest, n. Haiyaka-yaknihaiyaka, itan- 
uka. 

Por«ver, ad. Bella, belia cha belia, ont 
ahokofa wa. 

For^'e, ri. Aiulhti; to forge, bohli. 

Forget, r. Imihak.si, ahaksi, ahaksichi, 
aiyukomah; forgotten, imihaksit kunia; 
forge tfulness, nan im ihaksi; to forgive, 
imihaksichi, kashofi; forgiveness, hash- 
ofa, kashofa. imihaksichi. 

Fork, n. Falakto. iti falakto; at the fork, 
afulakto; a fork, chulakto. chufak; to 
make a fork, chulatochih: a pitchfork, 
chufak hushnk isht pehli; a table fork, 
chufak isht impa; a fork in a limb, 
falakto: to divide into forks or branches, 
falaktuchi; a fork in a stream or limb, 
i tiltjmmi; to fork, felummi felummin- 
chih; several forks, itakchulashli; a wide 
fork, itakchulali. 

Former, a. Chashpo; formerlv. chashpo. 

Fort, n. Ilolihta koUo; to fortify, holihta 
kullo ikbi. 

Forthwith, ad. Himmonali. 

Fortnight, n. Nitak hullo tuklo. 

For wad. a. Pit, tikba pila, tikba pilla. 

Foul. a. Litiha; foulness, litiha, kashofa 
keyu. 

Foundation, n. Amiuti, intola, intolapi. 

Foundery. /;. Ai akmo; a founder, akmochi 

Fountain, n. Aminti, kuli; fountain head, 
wishakchi. 

Four, a. Ushta, four times, ai ushta, ai 
ushtaha; fourthly, ont ai ushta, ont ai 
ushtaha. 

Fowl, n. Hushi. 

Fo.\, n. Chula; red fox, chula homma. 

Fracture, n. Koa, (of the skull); pokota, 
(of the limbs). 

Fragments, n. Boshulli. 

Fragrant, . Balama. 

Frail, a. Hlipushi. 

Frame, v. Foka itim ulhpesuchi. 

Frank, a. Haiakah. frank-in-cense fila- 
kinsens; frakness, anumpa luma iksho. 

Frantic, n. Holillubi. tasimbo. 

Fraud, n. Haksichi; to defraud, haksichi. 

Free. a. Yuka, keyu. i nahollo iksho; to 
^ive freely for nothing, pilla freely, 
tiehna. 



Freeman, n. Yuka keyu; freeman, tushka, 
ilap ahni-aya, hattak yuka keyu. 

Freeze, v. Akalupechi, akalupi. ka- 
lampa, kalampi; frozen, akalupi; frozen 
akalupit taha; to cause to freeze, kalam- 
pichi; to freeze on me. siakijluplih; I 
am frozen, siakalopih. 

French, n. Filanchi. fclanehi; frenchman, 

• filanchi hatak. 

Frenzy, n. Holilubi. 

Frequently, ar/c. Bekah. 

Fresh, n. Okchaki, himona. 

Fret. V. Nukouchi, misholichi; fretful, 
im anuk flla kullo, hushaya. 

Friday. Flaite, falaite. 

Friend, n. I kana itibapishiittikana kana; 
very dear friends, itti kauna fehna; pre- 
tended friends, itti kana ilahobbi; not 
friendly to each other, itti keyu; mu- 
tual friends, hattak ittikana;"a friend of 
humanity, hatak i kana; friendly, 
bashka achukena, ikana; friendless, 
ikana ik im iksho. 

Frighten, v. Nukhlakushli, nukhlakan- 
chali ma^ilali, nukshobli. auukhlakan- 
chalih, nukhlakashli; frightened, nuk- 
shoi)a- nukhlakancha mahlatah, fright- 
teued, anukhlakancha; to cause to fright- 
en, mahlahlichi. 

Frigid, Kapussa. 

FrOi.', ». Kiba, shukuttih; bull frog, halon- 
lubi; young bull frog, shokutti, small 
frog, kalaska; toad frog, shilukwa, tree 
toad, chuk palantak, hachukpalautak; 
tad pole, yaloba. 

Frost, 71. Hotonti; frosty, hotonti; to 
cause frost, hotoutichi; white frost, okti 
huta; frosty color, shukshoki. 

Froth, ;t. Pokpoki; frothy, pokpoki. 

Frow, n. Iti isht shima, 

Frown, Homechi. 

Fruit, /;. jDni nan uni: to bear fruit, anih; 
fruitless, tjni iksho, ik ano, ik ahobo. 

Fry, V. Auushli. fried, tshvusha, frying 
pan. aiulwusha ai ishi asha, aiasha, ai 
ulwusha, apnla. 

Fuddle, V. Haksichi; fuddled, haksi. 

Fulfill, (;. Aiahlichi, aiahle, imaiahlichi; 
fullilled, ai ulhtaha, imaiahllh. 

Full, a. .Vlota, kaiya, alotowa: fullness, 
alota: brim full or bank full, alotowa; 
stomach full, kaiyah; I am full, saiihopa; 
to be fall, shatuplih. 

Fuudame it, /;. Hapullo nipi, isht binli, 
nopullo. 

Funeral, n. Ayukshochi, ayuya, hopi: 
funeral rites, hopit isht asha. 

Funnel, a. Katoba ishtuni. 

Fur, n. Na hishi lapushki-hish i lapu^^hki. 

Furlong, ii. Falak, untuchina kut kowi 
achufa chatuk. 

Furrow, n. Hina; to furrow, bushli, buch- 
ali; buchaya, busha. 

Further, a. Hopaki i shahli, mishihma, 
mishah, further time, himmak ma; 
furthest or farthest, hopaki i shaiyali. 

Fusible, n. Bila hinla. 

Future, a. Himmak; a future time, him- 
mak ma; future state, hatak illi shilom, 
bish ai asha. 



GAG 



29 



GLOEIFY 



G 



Gas, r Itukha okshita. 

Gain, v. Ahanchi, ishi, alapanlih: a gainer, 
ahaiichi; to make additional gain, alap- 
anliuchih. 

Gall, n, Basuulusli; to gall or inflame^ 
ushonuchlh, pikorfi: galled, pikofa. 

Gallery, n. Hoshontika, ohoshuutika, apc- 
shohia. 

Ga'lop, i\ Tabakli, abatullih, habataklih: 
to cause to gallop, abatulliehi, liabatul- 
liclii: 

Gaiiows n. Anuksitili, auuksita, hatak 
auuksita. 

Gamble, r. Kabli, iti kahli, buskah, bostoh; 
gambling, buskab; a gambler, hatak 
buska. 

(iamler, n. Shilaklak nakni. 

Gaiiir, (. Hatak katonomonah, hatak ka- 
nohmi ona; a gang or herd, ittapeha. 

Gangren*', n. Nipi toshbi. 

Gap, )). Ahaluppa anukpilifa, pilitli; a gap 
in a mountain; nuni ai itta kolofa; to 
make a gap in tools, pillifichih. 

Gape, v: Hawah, Itakhabali; gaping fre- 
quently, hahawah. 

Gar ,'!<», /'. Ilukwahliehi, itukwuhlichi. 

Garment, n. Nafohka. ilefohka. 

Garnish, v. Aiuklichih, akohlih, isht 
akolili, isht ulhkohah: garnished, ako- 
hah. 

Garrison, n. Holihta kullo: 

Garter, a. Ivulhloa, ivafoa. 

Gas, ('. Hofullih. 

Gash, IK Busha; gashed, chayah, pilifah; 
to gash, pillitlih. 

Gate, f(, Aiabiha, aiulbiha, ai okshillihta, 
holihta isht ulhkuma. holihta okhissa. 

Gather, r. Ittcnahlih, itahobi, omo; gath- 
ered, itahoba, ulmo itunnaha; to gather 
at, ai ittuhobbih; to gather at, ai ittu- 
hobah; to glue together, ai olbochih: 
glued together ai ulboh; gathered in a 
heap, fohompah; to live together, itta- 
hayuchi. 

Gaunt, ft. Yahunnah; being gaunt, yohun- 
noah; to make gaunt, yohuunachi. 

Gay, II. Yukpa. 

<»azette, /;. HoUisso. 

Gear, n. Isubaisht halulli. 

Geese, /?. Shilaklak; gander, shilaklak 
nakni; wild goose, hakha; goose, shilak- 
lak tek; gosling, shilaklak ushi. 

Geldin)?,, n. Hobuk, issuba hobak. 

General, n. Hopaii. 

Generation, n. Ai ittishali, ittishali, ai uu- 
chululi isht ai uuchululi, hattak isht 
atia unchulolih; the pteseut generation, 
himona hofanti. 

Gentile, . (Ihintail okla, ehintail, okla 
nan ik ithano, okla uba anumpa, ik im 
iksho-bulbnha. 

Gentle, '(. Honayo iksho, koatini; to gen- 
tle, hopoyuk salih, hopoyuksachi, kos- 
tininchi; to be gentLi, kostinih; gentle- 
man, hattak holitopa, hattak ulhpesa, 
hattak hopoyuksa: gentleness, honayo 
iksho; not gentle; ik honayo. ikkostino. 

tierni, n. Amiuti; to germinate, abusalih, 
bosali, germinated, abusah. 



Get, V. Ishi, ahanchi; to get down, ak- 
kowa; got down, akkowa; got in, or pen- 
ned up. ulbihah, got or gotten; asha. 

Ghost, n. Shilup, shilombish. 

Gibbet, n. Anuksita, anuksitili. 

Gift, n. Na hulbina. na holhpilla, holhpila, 
ima; received as a gift, habenah; to 
make a preset or gift, habenuchi; one 
who goes to receive a gift, habenut aya: 
given, hulbina; a giver, nan ima. 

Giargle, v, Y'ukpa. oluUi. 

Gill, IK Chil, ushta kut isht ishko achufs»- 
chatuk. chil aehufa. 

Gill, n. Impaktl akak impusha, (of a fowl); 
kaksun wakla, (of a fish). 

Gimlet, n. Isht fotohushi; spike gimlet, 
isht fotohushi chito. 

Gin. n Auihi, anihilichi; cotton gin, pun- 
ola anihechi 

Ginger, n. Aksish homi; ground ginger, 
akshish homi botah. 

Gird, V. Takehi, ashelichi, ashehuchi. 

Girdle, v. Oskufuchi. yikuhli; girdled, 
yikuhla 

Girl, n. Ulla tek. 

Girth, IK Ikfoka isht sita, ikfokaishit tul- 
lakchi. 

Give, V. Ipeta, ima, habentJchi; to givt; re- 
cently, or quickly, ihima- given, ilhpita, 
hclbiua; give here, auechih; give tt to 
me, et unia, to give back, faluminiut 
ibbak fohki falomint ima; a giver, ha- 
benuchi, nan ima, na habenuchi; to give 
caution, haha; given, hulbina; to give 
one's self up. as a criminal, ileyukuchi, 
to donate or promise to give, imissah; 
to give advice, nun i miah; lending or 
giving something, nan i potah,to give m.-, 
sapetah, to give boot, alapalinchi ulup- 
lichi; boot given alapauli, ulupuli. 

Gl>szard, a. Chakiffa. 

Glad, . Yukpah; to gladden, yukpalih; 
to be glad, imaehukma, yukpah. na yuk- 
pah; gladness, na yukpa, nan isht il 
ayukp; I am glad, sayukpah; gladsome, 
yukpah. 

Glan(!e, v. Anaktibuflih, anaktibulli, anak- 
tibullichi; glanced, anaktibafah, anak- 
tibafoah, anaktiboa, anaktibatoa: to 
glance off, chassulih; to cause to glance 
off, ehassuUichi; not glanced, ikchass- 
ulloh; to glance and go obliquely off, 
tibuUih, tibullichih. 

Glaring, a. Tohchalalih, tohpokali. 

Glass, n. Apisa; glassware, apisa toba; a 
a window glass, apisa kossliofa; a glass 
window, apisa kashofa okhisushi; sash 
for a glass window, apisa kashofa ai 
ulbiha; mirror, apisa. 

Glean, v. UlbuUi; gleaned, ulbulah. 

Glib. a. Halushki, haluski halosbih. 
Glimmer, . Maluttakachi, tohkasakli, to 

{glimmer this way, «jt tofohkoli. 
Glistf'n. V. Tohpakali, ehulhchulhchuki, 
malanchah to make glisten, chulhchulh- 
chukichih; glistening, ma atah, shohpa- 
kalih. 
Glorify, v. Holitoblichit ai okpachih; 
holitobli, holitobliehi; glorifi'd, holitopa 



GLOEY 



30 



CfEAND 



urapa; holituhompa; to cause to be glori- 
fied, holitopuchi. 

Olorv. n. Holitopa, aholitopaka, isht 
aholitopaka, shohpakali, holitopi3t 
annoa;glorious, aholitopaka; a place for 
honor or glory, aholitopa- 

Glossy, a. iVIalantah. 

Glove, n. Ibbak foka. 

Glue. a. Kaueto; glue pot. kaucto ahonni; ■ 
to glui' tog'ther, ai ulbochih. ittolboehi; 
glu'd tog th T, ittolboh; glutinous, shln- 
. ushbi. 

Gleet, n. HtJta; to have gleets or whites, 
hutah antia. 

Glutton, a. Hatak irapa shahli. 

Gnash, v. Xoti it ai issochi. 

Gnat, n. YiKofa, shushi; buflfa'o gnats, 
haehulopushki; dog gnats, yikutfa. 

Gnaw, v. Kilihih; gnavvlng'. kilhih. 

Go, V. la; if two, iti ach^; if more than two, 
ilhkoli;go and stay, ontantaoutai yashah; 
go by, ont ia; to go on farther, achakali- 
chi; to go to, ai onah akkanuHi; to go 
near, bilinkut ona, akkanallili; to go on 
foot, akkayah, akka noah; to go down, 
akka ia; to go oV'^r or across' atantjplichi, 
auanapolih; where to go ov t. atanapa; to 
go oaciiward, falamoah; to go asid'', 
nchupli, fiehupah, lichupolih; to go 
slowly dawn, (as wat'r) halatu kuUo; to 
go in,'chukkowa; goon, (if one) mia; if 
mor'> than one, hotepah; to go continual- 
ly, ihiyah; to go back to, i falamao; aiiout 
to go, "lahosi.ia chintuk; to go in or unto, 
iba chukkowa; to go with, ibai ia, awant 
ia; we all go, iloh ia, iloh ilhkoli; to go 
by, im ia imaiya; to go over or abov'', 
abanuplih, tanublih, tanuplih, abanupli- 
ehi; go and bring, ishti'chi; both going or 
gon'\ itti achi; going side by side, itta- 
potah; several go ng about, ittanowah; to 
go back to each other, itti falamah; to go 
in or going in. raaiah ubihah; to go out, 
as fire, mosholih; to cans > fl"" to go out, 
moshoUch'; to go in a wrong direction, 
naksiKa ia; to go down h II, akottohat; to 
cause to go fast, pulhkichih: to go under 
as wat T, yullullih; to go through, hhp- 
ulli, hlopulli; to go and return, falamut 
t3la Chi; to go back, falamut; going back, 
falamut aya; 1 go, ia li; 1 can go, ia la bin 
la; you go, isht ia; you can go, ish ia 
hinla; 1 !t us go,ki1 ia," \>'t us all go, kil 
ilhkoli kilohia; to go olf forevi'r, bilia- 
chih; to cause to go otf forever, bilia- 
chichi. 

Goat. n. Isi kosoma; male goat, issi kosoma 
nakni; femal'' goat, issi kosoma tek; kid, isi 
kosomushi, issi kosoma ushi. 

Gobble. V. Temah, olaJi; gobbling, t'himah, 
olahanehih; gobbler, fakit nakni, fakit 
homutti. 

God. It. Chitokaka, chihowa; godliness, 
chitokaka holitobli, chihowa holitobli; 
godly, chihowa nan ai ahni, holitopa; 
inspiration of God, chihowahut nakfoki- 
chi; kingdom of God, Chitokaka apeli- 
chika, chihowa aphlichika; love of God, 
Chitokaka isht i hullo, chihowa i hullo 
mercy of God, Chitokaka hokut i nukha- 
klo, chihowa nan isht i nukhaklo, ai i 
nukhaklo; omnipotince of God, Chito- 
kaka nana okltiha im aiya, Chitokaka 
nana moma im aya; omniscience of God, 



Chitokaka nan okluhaka Ithana: omn^" 
pr'ss'mc' of God, Chitokaka himmon* 
achufanli kanima moma anta; praise o^ 
God, Chitokaka ai im aholitopa, chihowa 
ahnichi; son of Go<l, Chitokaka ushl 
ch'howa ushi; the throne of God. chih- 
owa a'asha, chihowa abinlli; to worship 
God chihowa aiokpuch'h; a worship t of 
God, Chihowa aiokpuchi; God's laws, or 
the t"n commandments, Chihowa ira 
anumpa uihpisa pokoli; the lam > of Jod, 
'Jhihowa i chukfi ulhpo ush ; an o )edi- 
ence to God. <..'hiho\va im at; a; a d'sbe- 
li"Ver'in God, (an athiest) Chihowa i 
yimrai keyu; an unknown God. Chihowa 
kuna ik ithuno; the almighty God, 
Ch'howa Chitokaka, Chihowa moma i 
shahli; rev 'lat on of God. Ch hovva sht 
otuni; gods, naholbut to'a putta. 

Gold, //. Tuli lakna, tuli holisso lakna: gold 
m'ue, tuli lakna akula, tuli holisso lakna 
akula. 

Good, a. Achukma, aiyoba, hopoyuksa, 
hoehukma. s 'eraiugly: good, achukma 
ahoba; good in the hightest degree, achu- 
yukma, achukma; very good, achukma 
fehna, achukma aiahli; bett 'v, achukma 
i shahli; best, achukma moma i shahl', 
achukma; still good, achukma moma; not 
good, achukma keyu, makali. ikackukmo 
to improve or make good, achukmal'chih 
achukmali, aiyooali; to look good, achuk 
malit pisa: a good plac/', ai achukma, a, 
yoinba; a very good place, ai achukma, ai 
yo )aka; a better plac ', ai achukmaka; to 
take good car', ai yonali; to be good, ai 
yoba, hocukma; good talk, anumpali 
achukma, anumpuli impunna; good 
nature, bashka; goodness, hochukma, 
nana achukma, nana aiahli; to make 
th 'm good, hochukmalichih, hojhuk- 
malih; lam good, siachukma; b )th good 
achuma bika, ittatiiklot achukma; all 
good, achukma bieka, achukma moma, 
moma achukma; in good health, ayum- 
bakah. 

Goods, n. Ulhpoyak; groceries, ilimpa 
ulhpoyak; drygobds, nan toshbi, ulhpo- 
yak. 

Goose. ??, Shilaklak tek; a wild goose, 
hakha: a tailor's goose, nafoka ishthumi 
chito; gooseberry, yuhlo ulhpoa. 

Gore. V. Bahlih; to cause to i><3 gored, 
bahlichih. 

Gosp'-'l, II. V )anumpa, uba isht anumpa. 

Oassi*), IK Anumpa chukushpa shahlih; a 
gossiper. anumpaehukushpashali, anumpa 
chukushpa shall. 

Gougiv V. Follih, fullih; gouged, fulah. 

Gourd, /). Lokush, shukshobak; a water 
gourd or dipp-r. ishtkufa. 

Govern, v. Pehlichi; governed, miko, ulthi 
i miko kufna; to make a govornor at, 

amikochi. 
(;rab. V. Tihliffih, pi, tihlolih: grabbed, 

tihlifah, tihloah. 
Grace, n. Chihowa holitobli, ayupa isht i 
kana: graceful (in manners), aiukli, isht 
imaka. 

Grain, n. 13ni. anih, tauch^, issubupa, onish 

lakchi. 
Grand, a. Chito: to cause to be grand, 
chitoliehi; grandeur, chaha, holitopa; 
grand-mother, ippokni; a granddaughter 



GEANT 



81 



HALL 



ipokt k: a grand son, ipoknaukui: grand 
father, imafo. 
errant, v. Inia, aiokpt^chi. 
frrapp. n Paki; a grape vine, pakapi; grape 
juiee, paki okchi, pakokchi: to piill down 
a grape vine, pakapi hiiffih. 
Grapple, v. Hokli. itti hokli, halulli; to 

grapple together, kiselih. 
«rasp. V. Yiehiffih, hokli. ishi. 
Grass, n. Hnshnk; crab grass, hashukputa. 
water grasses, hashnk tslhpoa; sedge grass, 
hashuk bassi; mowed or grass cut, hashuk 
busha; to cut grass, hashnk bushli; dry 
grass, hashuk busha shila; large grass, 
bashuk chito; grassy, hashukfoka 
to feed with with grass, hushuk 
ipht ipetah: to cause to eat grass, 
hushuk ai irapuchi; a grass blade, hoshuk 
isht bi3shli; a grass roof, h»3shuk isht 
holmo: to rake hay or dry grass, hushuk 
shila itti3nahlih; a grass or straw bed, 
hushuk patulhpo; to dry grass, hushuk 
shililiah; a grass eater, hashuk upa; a 
place from Avhich grass has been cut, 
hushuk abusha: bear grass, pissah. 
pissah chula: grass hopper, hatafo, 
hatuffo, shakili. 
CIrate. v. Mih'lomh; grated, mihlofah, 
mihlohah: continually grating, mihlo- 
hoiflih; a grater, tanchi isht mihlolhih, 
amihlofah. 
Grateful, n. Aiokpanchi. 
Gratify, i\ Fihoplih; gratified, fihopa. 
Grave, v. Holluppi; to lay in a grave, 
ahulluppi bohli; to dig agrave, aholluppi 
kullih; a grave stone, aholluppi tuli hikia; 
a grave yard, aholluppi, hattak ahollupi 
aholluppi holihta; monument, isht 
ikhanahe; service at the grave, ahopl ka 
ishtal utta he ulhpesa; mourners, tabashi 
ulhleha; prayer, anumpa ilbusha. 
Gravel, /;. Tull taloshik, tuli foka. 
Gravy, ». Bila. 
Gray, n. Tohbi, huta. -^ 
Graze, v. Ilopohka; xo cause to graze, 

hopoh kuchi. 
Grease, /<. Bila; to grease, fokkichi, litik- 
fochih, bila, ahammichi; greasy, bila 
bichah; melted grease, bila; uumelted 
grease, bila akmi; greased, litikfo, bila 
ahamah, to pour grease on, bila ohlalih: 
grease poured on, bila ohlayah; grease 
for a lamp, bila pula toba, to continue to 
grease, fokkihinchi; to grease at last, 
fokkiechi; greasy, litikfo; to make grease, 
litikfochih; I am" greasy, salitikfoh. 
Great, a. Hocheto, chito; greatness, chiuto, 
hocheto; to be great, chitoh; to make 
great, ehitolih; great ones, hocheto. 



Greedy, a. Anuktupah iksho: to be or 
being greedy, anuktupah, issikopa. 
bunna atupa. 
Green, rr. Okchamali; pale green, okchakko, 
bright green, kilikoba; green, (not ripe) 
okchaki, okchukkochi walohah wulwuki. 
Greet, v. Ai okpanehi; greeting, ai okpa- 

nchi; not greeting, ai okpanehi keyu. 
Greyhound, n. Ofi puihki. 
Griddle, v. Puska tuspuska anuna. 
, I'ridiron, ??. Tuli nip aiulhpusha. 
: Grief, n. Nauukhaklo, to grieve, nukhak- 
j lochi; grievous, okpulo. nukhaklochi. 

Grind v. Fotohli, botohli, shohliehi; 
; groud, lotoha, bota, shuachi; a place for 
I grinding, afotoha; a back tooth or grin- 
I der, isht hopasa; a grind stone, tul ashua- 
i chi, tasheka, chashumpik, iskiffa ashua- 
! chi. 

; Grip, V. Yichitfi, kiseli. 
; Grist, n. Fotoha. 

! Grit, n. Lakchi; coarse grit, as sandstone, 
i shikkulah. 

1 Groan, v. Hiha, kiffaha; frequent groan- 
I ing, hihiha, kiftahahah; to cause to groan 
' kiffahuchi. 

! (irooni, n. Hatak himona ohpyo ittawaya. 
Groove, v. Patahlichih: grooves, patahli. 
i Ground, n. Yakni; to ground, akkatulah; 
i ground nut, waya, yaknukwaya, yakni i 
j bula. 

I Group, v. Lokohli. 
Grow, r. Hofantli, ofl'o, aliktih, okpichillih; 
growing or grown, aliktih; to cause to 
grow, aliktichih; grown to manhood, 
hofanti; I am grown, sahofuntih; just 
grown, himona hofantih. 
Growl. V. Kilihah, tiklihah. 
Grub. V. Itakshish kuchi; a grub worm 

yalali. 
Grudee. v. I nukkilli. 
Grunt. V. Hlukah; grunting, hluka, hlukh- 

luah. 
Guard, v. Atoni; unguarded, ahaik ahuo. 
Guess. V. Im ahoba, himak fokalechitmiha. 
Guide. V. Apesanchi, ufunulih; a guide, 

apesuchi, tikba heka; guided, ufunah. 
Guilt. H. Ai ashuchika; guiltless, haksi 

keyu; to find guilty, onochih. 
Gull. V. Haksichi; gullet, isht nanubR. 
Gulp. v. Bulakachih. 

Gum. n. Nuta balakchi, nuta hika; sweat 
gum, hika; wax or gum, hlittilli; black 
gum, hushupa, itunih. 
Gun n. Tanampa. tanapoh; gunsmith, 

tanamp ikbi, tanamp aiska. 
Gurgle. V. Wunlohuchih; gurgling, chubo- 

huchi. chobohhanchi. 
Gut. n. Iskuna; my entrails, suskuna. 



H 



Habit. 7). Ai momuchi, ai yommohmi, 
ayummohmi, akaniohni, ayohmi; habit- 
ual, ai moniuclii; habitation, aisha; habit- 
ually, chatuk, chokumo. 

Hack, V. Chanli; a hack, iti chanmli, iti 
chunaha. 

Hail, //. Hatafo, hatuffo: hailstorm, hatuffo: 
to cause hail, hatafochih; to hail, hatafo. 
Hair. ;/. ilishi; having hair, ■ ishi asha; 
to be hairy, hishashah; long hair, hishi 



falaia; having much hair, hishi chito 
having no hair, hishi iksho; having hair 
grown, hishi toba; to grow hair, hishi 
tobah; lock of hair, haksun hishi; front 
or bang lock, ibishshuchi; hair of the 
head, pashi: hair of the hand or body, 
hishi; gray hair, pashi tohbi, yushbokoli; 
my hair, supashi; curly hair, yusbonoli 
wonoksho. 
Hall. n. Aboha itti takla. 



HALLOO 



82 



HEALTH 



Halloo, r. Apahlichih, all; to hollow, holi- 
tobllehi holltobli. 

HaJo. n. Achukmaka, nlpi achukma. 

Halt a. Kinafa, (lame) to halt or walk, 
lamely, tabiklih; a place where to halt, 
ahilechi: halter, Ibihcholo, foka. 

Halve. V. Ita pahlulli; halved, Ita pahlata. 

Ham. n. Obi. 

Haines, n. Iti ikoula; hame string; iti ikonla 
foka isht talakehi 

Hammer, n. Isht boa, nan ishtboa chufok 
isht boa; to hammer, bohli; hammered, 
boah; shoe hammer, isht boa iskitini; 
sledge hammer, tijli isht boa chito. 

H:iiiimo<'k, /?. Bokkoh, (ie hammock land). 

Hamper, v. Anuktuklochih; hampered, 
anuktukloh. 

Han 'I, n. Ibbak; to hand, ima. echi; to 
shake hands, ai okpuchi; hand it here, 
anechi, echi; the right hand, isht imma: 
left, afabi; my hand, subbak; handker- 
chiet, nan tapuski. 

Handle, n. Ahalulli. ahakli. aieshi, ai 
ulphi, to handle in conversation, isht 
anumpuli; touched or handled pashohah 
to touch or handle, pashohlih. potoli, 
isht anta. 

Handsome,, n. Aiukll, pisa achukmli, pi. 
hochukma. ayumba; not handsome, 
akajoklo, makali. 

Ha'i.f, V. Takalichi. takali; if more than 
one, takohlichi taholi, takomaya, to 
hang liy the neck,;;nuksitelih: hung by 
the neck, nuksitah; hang over, afahatati; 
a place for hanging by the nock, anuk- 
sita, anuksitili. liattak anuktilih; to 
hang on to, halanli; to hang many, nuk- 
sitohlih; to hana up, takalichi' tako- 
lichi; hung np. takohli; hanging the 
head to one side, chiksanali; a hang- 
man, hattak nuksitili. 

Hank, n. Pouola shuna talakehi, ponola 
shuna, ponoshona. 

Happen, v. Akaniohmih; to have some- 
thing happen, isht akaniohmih. 

Happiness, n. Ayukpa. isht ilaiyukpa. 
nan, yukka, nan" isht ilayukpa: the place 
of happiness, nan ayukpa; to be happy, 
imachukma 

Harbor, ?'* Fohah: a harbor for vessels, 
peni aiatuya. pen ataya. 

Hsird, a. Kullo, hakmo, kamussah, chalak- 
bi chilakbih: hard as flint corn hlim- 
impa: to become hard, as a roasted po- 
tato, kachumbi: diilicult or hard, palo- 
mmih: to harden, as grease or water, 
akmichih: hardened, akmih, akmoh; to 

Harden, kullochi kamusuli; hardened, 
kulo kumussa; hardihood, chukush nak- 
ni; hardy, hattak nipi achukma; hard- 
ware. n<in aholhponih. 

Hark, r. Haklo, haponaklo; hark, (to call 
quick attention), nah. 

Harlot, n. Ohoyo i lumaka; to play a har- 
lot ihaksia ihakloh 

Harm, Okpunih; harmed, okpulloh. 

Harness, ». Issuba isht halulli; harness for 
a loom, pono shoehoha. 

Harrow, . Onush isht ompoholmo, yakni 
isht lapuskichih. 

Harsh, a. Ktjllo, homih, homichi haksuba. 

Harvest, v. Hoyoh. 

Hasp, n. Ishta'facha. 

Hasten, r. Tiishpuchi, tushptjli, tuslipali- 



chi, to be in haste, anukwaya; hastil-V 
anukwayut:to make haste, anxikwayuchi 
tu'shpalichih; hastiness, anukwaya; to 
haste, tushpa; hasty tushpa. ahah ik 
ahno. 

Hat, n. Shupo, shapo. to wear or wearing a 
hat, shapolih; put a hat an, shupolichit, 
his hat, 1 shapo; hatter, shappo ikbi. 

Hatch, ('. Hofullichi. faehanlichih: hatch- 
ed, hofulli; hatching, hofulli- a place for 
hatching, ahofullichih. 

Hatchet, ». Iskif ushi. 

Hate, V. Nukilli. isht ik i ahno, i hichcha- 
lih. ihichchulih, isht ikihahnoh, istiki- 
hahnoh, i nukklllih; hateful., okpulo, 
ikachukmo; hatred, iti nukkillih ai i 
nukkillih. 

Haul. . Shalih; a hauler, halulli. 

Have, ('. Ishi, ishi, im asha, im aiasha, in 
tonla; having ieshi: to have none or not 
to have, ik im iksho. 

Haw,, n. Ctiinafila. 

Hawk, n. Hattak hlipush, akak tsbi; fish 
hawk, chukcho; squirrel hawk, hasim- 
bish hommah. hasimbish hommak, 
ha.simbichummak; large hen hawk, 
biiikak; prairie hawk, iba fakchi, hctaba 
fakchi, huta pofukchi; pigeon hawk, 
hanon honot; forked tail hawk, pasa 
falokto; a blue Pigeon hawl. tusobi, a 
small hen hawk, aiyichifhchi; sparrow 
hawk, shikiliklik; night hawk, oksup 
afohli. oksup iba fohli; musquito hawk, 
haksobish null. 

Hawthorn, /(. Kuti, (red); black hawthorn, 
chuuafila. 

Hay, n. Uushuk busha shila, hushakshila; 
to rake hay, hushuk ittunahlih; a hay 
cock, hushuk ittunahahchi; raked hay, 
hoshuk ittunaha; to make hay. hoshuk 
shilillih; to mow hay, hushuk bushli; 
mowed hay, hushuk busha; a hay mead- 
ow, hashuk ai umo: to stow hay under 
shelter, hushuk ashaAii 

Head, n. Nushkobo. noshkobo nishkobo; to 
lift the hoad up, akahchakalih; to bow 
the head, chuuullih, yushchonoli.; the 
back of the head, chus'hak, ia chushak; 
to raise the head high, shikkiah; direct- 
ly over head, tubokaka; to cauac to hold 
the head down, yushchonolichi; my 
head sanushkoboh; head of a stream, 
ibitup, wishakchi; heads of a stream, bok 
ataiohllh; head ache, nusb kobo hotupah 
headland, yakni shokulbi, head long, 
himak fokkalechi; headlesss, nushkobo 
iksho; head stall, nushkobo foka; hoad 
strong chukush kullo 

Heal, t'. Hlakofichi hlakofih, uttochi, uttah 
masalichi. masalih; to heal at or from, 
ahlakoffih, to cause to heal at or from, 
ahlakoffichih; a healer, masalichi, na hla- 
koffichi; repeatedly healing, hlakofihiu- 
chih; many are healed, hlakofoah, hla- 
kofot tuhah; not healed, ikhlokofoh; to 
heal with, isht hlakoffichih; healed, 
uttah, hlakoffah. 

Health, n. Nipi achukma, ikabeko; to be 
in health, nan i kanihmih koyu; to be in 
very bad health, nan i kanihmih chito; 
healthy, nipi a chukma, haknip achuk- 
ma, ikaiabeko; good health, ayambakah; 
healthful, Ikaiabeko; healthiness, hak- 
nip achukma. 



HEAP 



33 



HINDER 



Hi^ap, V. Itt'-tTinahliohih; heaped, ittun- 

nahah. 
He^ir, V. Haklon; hearing, haklo; a hearer 
hapouaklo, na haklo; repeatedly hearing, 
hahaklo; to cause to hear hakl<jcliih, 
haponaklochih; to makecontinv;ally hear 
hakloh:)nchih, a good hearer, haponaklo 
achukma: to hear from or at. ahakloh 
not hearing, ikahaklo: beyond hearing, 
ikahakloka, ikahaklokika; not heard, 
ikhakloh; cannot hear, hakla he keyu: 
diaf ikhaklo; to hear of self, ilehakloh. 
Hearse, /(. Hattak illi ashahli, illi a shahli. 
Heart, n. Chukush; a good heart, chukush 
achukma; a true heart, chukush ahli; a 
depraved heart, chukush akkanluslh, an 
humble heart, chukush akkanlusi; anew 
heart, chukush himona; to renew the 
heart, chvikush himonuchih: a wounded 
heart, chukush hotopa, chukush nahla; 
to dishearten.chnkush, illichih; disheart- 
ened, chukush illi; thoughts or affections 
of the heart, chukush im anukfilah; to 
captivate the heart, chukush eshih; a 
cold heart, chukvsh kapussa; hard 
hearted, chukush kullo; hardness of 
heart, chakush kullo: burning heart, 
chukush lua; burned heart, chukush 
luah; a bold heart, chukush nakni; a 
heart of flesh, chukush nipi; a fat heart, 
chukush nia; a sorrowrul heart, chuk- 
ush nukhaklo; a timid heart, chukush 
nukshopa; a dispirited heart, chukush 
nusi; a bad or wicked heart, chukush 
. okpulo; bad or wicked hearted, chukush 
. okpuloh; to injure thc heart, chukush 
okpunih; a double heart, chukush tuklo, 
a grave or heavy heart, chukush weki; 
tenderhearted, chukush wulwaki; hearty 
or zealous, chukush yiminta; a serious 
heart, chukush yubi; a joyful heart, 
chukush yukpa, to rejoice or console the 
heart, chukush yukpalih; the heart of a 
tree, chukush. ishkuna, heart burn, 
chukush lua heartily, fiehna. 
Heat, V. Lushpuchih, lahbuchih, luspu- 
llih, libishlih; heated lushpah, lahbah; 
to warm or get hot innih; a moderate de- 
gree of heat, libisha; prickley heat; 
tomushi, itombushi. 
Heave, »'. Wakellh, chitolit liohpah, chitot 
• tiohpah, hoetut pisah, honi; to heave up, 
ubapilah. 
Heaven, //. I3ba yakni, uba shutik; hefen, 

uba aiasha. 
Heavy, n. Wekih; heaviness, weki; I am 

not heavy, sa.shuh hulah. 
Heed, v. Akostninchih, ithanah; not heed- 
ing, ikyimmoh, aha ik ahuo; to take 
heed, aha ahnih; caution or heed, aha 
ahni; to mistrust or take heed of him, 
aha Im ahnih; heedlessness, aha ahni 
iksho. aha ahni keyu, 
Heel, n. lyikutoba. 
Heir, v. Ishi, ai immih. 
Hell, n. Ai ilbusha, ai ilbusha, ai ilbusha- 
ka, aiok puloka; hel; hell tire, ai okpul- 
oka luak. 
Helm, 11. Isht afana, ishtafina, a helms- 
man, atinili, peni afana; to turn a helm, 
atinilih, afinnih. 
Help, V. Apeluchih, apelah. ibauechih; a 
help, apela ibauechi; frequently helping, 



apeluhanchih; helper, ap'-la ibauechi; 
helpless, apela ik im iksho. 
Hem, V. Afohommih, apohlummichih; a 
hem, tjfohuma; hemmed, afohomah, 
opohloma. 
Hemp, ??. Nuchi chito. 

Hen, V. Akak ishki, akaka tek; hen roost, 
akaka anusi; guinea hen, akak kotih; a 
setting hen, akak ulata. 
Hence, (xd. Iluppa, henceforth, himmak a 
pilla, liimmakpilla; henceforward, himm- 
ak pilla, 
Hers, His, or it, pro. Hup; herself, him- 
self or itself, ilupinli ilupakinli. 
Herb, n. Haiyukpulo ulba, the seeds of 
herbs, haiyukpulo nihi, ulba nihi, her- 
bage hushuk. 
Herd, n. Ittapeha; to herd, pehlichih; a 
herder, pehlichi, nan apistikeli. ulhpoba 
hoyoh. 
Here, ad. Iluppa, yak; right here; iluppak 
inli; this here, yak; look here, yakeh! 
hereafter, himmak, liimmakpilla ka 
himmak pila, ashba; to be hereafter, 
himmak a he, himmak ma, herein, ilup- 
pako hereafter tikba, tikbakash; hereto- 
fore, tikba ma. 
Heresay, /(. Iksa inla ubanumpuli iksa itti 

tilamohlih. 
Hermaphrodite, n. Nakni ohoyo iklunna. 
Hermit, n. Hattak haiyaka keyu. 
Heron, n. Iti kushayaiya. 
Hesitate, v. Anukchintoh, anuktukloh, 
anukwiah, nukwiah; hesitating, anuk- 
chintoh; without hesitation or unhesi- 
tatingly, anukchintoh iksho; hesitation, 
anuktiikio, nukwia; to cause to hesitate, 
nukwiachih. 
Hew, {.', Tihilichih, tihlih; hewed, tihla; 

hewer, iti tihli, 
Hic-cough, ('. Nukfikoah, chukflkoah, 
chukfikolih; to cause to have hic-(!Oughs. 
chuktikolichih; hic-cough, itukfikowa. 
Hide, V. Luhmih, luhmieluh, aluhmichi; 
a hiding place, aiatuko; to hide one an- 
other, ittiluhmih; to hide from each 
other, ittilumah; hid or hidden, luhmah; 
the hide or skin, hakshup; having hides, 
hakshup asha; a raw hide with hair on, 
hakshup hishiasha; with hair otf, hak- 
shup hishi iksho. 
Hig:h, (7. C;hahah; to heighten, chahachih, 
higher, chaha i shahli; highest, 
chaha moma i shall, chaha i shaliht 
tuhli, chaha i shalehchet tuli; high 
above, uba chaha; way up high, uba 
pillah; high minded, chukush chaha; 
height, chaha; high tempered, chukush 
haluppah. 
Hiffhway, /(. Ai ittunowah, hina chito, 
hina putha; highwayman, hina takla 
kahut hukopa. 
HiH, n. Nunih; a mountain or high hill, 
nunih chaha; hillock, bokkuchi, bokkoh; 
hillside, chakpatalika, akuttahaka: 
many small hills, boboki, bomboki; a 
range of hills, buchchali; a corn or potato 
hill, ibish; down hill, okuttahaka; to go 
downhill, okuttuhatia; to make potato 
hills, buntochih; a potato hill, bunto: 
made into hills, buntoh; hilly bombokih. 
Hinder, v. Anuktuklochih, ataklummi; 
hindered, atak lummah; to hinder self 



HINGE 



84 



HOUSE 



with, isht ilataklominih; to hinder each 
other, ittatuklummih, ittatuklummichih; 
a hinderei', nan ataklummi, nan utakltim- 
miehi; to stop or hinder, yokoplih; to 
to cause to hinder, yokoplichih. 

Hinge, n. Atakali; hinges, atakohli, okhis- 
sa atakolili. 

Hip, n. Tyubiachosholi. 

Hire, 7'. Tohnoh; hiiing- tohnoh; continu- 
ally hiring-, tohohnoh; a hireling ilhtohno; 
to hire me, satohnoh. 

Hit, V. Issoh, nuhlih, to fail to hit, ihla- 
koffih: to cause to fail to hit, ihlakofiichih 

Hitch, V. Taka.hlichih; plural, takohlichih. 

Hither, ad. Iluppa; hitherto, tikba moma. 

Hive, n. Foi ichukka: hives and croup. 

. fiopa tahli. 

Ho, iiifj. Ale. 

Hoarse, a. Nukshila: to be hoarse, nukshi- 
lah; hoarseness, nukshila; tochokewith 
hoarseness, nukshiniffih, nukshikiffih; I 
am hoarse, sanukshilah. 

Hopple, I). Isuba iyi isht in talakchi, hob- 
ble tabiklih, chahiklih. 

Hobgoblin, n, Chukkishikanchik, kahshu- 
kanchak, koshikanchank. 

Hoe, a. Chahe. a hoe handle, crhahupi, 
chahe ai ulhpi; to hoe, alelih; hoed, liah: 
ahoer, aleli; to hoe corn, tanehi lelih, 
lelichih. 

Hog, //. Bhukha; ayoung hog. shukhahim- 
itta, young hogs] shukha himit hoa, pig, 
shukhushi; sow, shukha tek; boar, 
shukha hobuk. 

Hoist, V. Wakeli; hoisted, wakaya. 

Hold, V. Hoklih, ishih, halaulih. eshih halu- 
lih; holding halanli, halulli. noklih; to 
hold still, liikia: to hold out to, iwelih; to 
hold me in arm.s, sasholih; to hold out or 
up, welih. 

Hole, n. Choluk; a hole in the ground, 
fichukbi, hichukbi; an auger hole, fatoha, 
a touch hole haksun chuluk; to pierce 
through and make a hole, hluah, hluk- 
aflih; a hole thus made, hliia, hlukafa; 
holes, hlukachi; several small holes, 
bored or punched, hlukaoli; to make 
small holes, hlukanlichih hlunli, hlunli- 
chih; to open a hole, hlumplih; a cave or 
hole, hochukbi, hichukbi. 

Holiness, 71,. Ai asuchi iksho achukma, 
holitopa. 

Hollow, n. Choluk, okfa, kalokbi; to make 
a dent or hollow, kalokbichih buehaplih: 
a hollow or ravine, kolukbi, warped or 
hollowed, bochokuchih, bochopah; to 
hollow with the mouth, tahpolah. 

Holly, n. Hahlih, iti hishi haluppa. 

Holy, a. Holitopa, chukush yubbih. 

Homage, n. Holitoblih; to render homage, 
holitoblichit ai okpachih. 

Home, n. I chukka: homeless, ichukkaik- 
sho; his new home, i chukka himona; 
former home, i chukka tikba: to be like 
his homo,i chukka ohmi, i chukka choy- 
iihmi; homely, ikaiuklo, okpuloh; I am 
homely, siokpuloh; homesick, pulatah. 
chukka i pulatah; to cause to be home- 
sick, palatDchih; homestead, chukka 
ossupa atulaya; homeward, chukka 
pilah, chukka imma. 

Hominy, n. Holhponi, tafula. 

Hone, n. Bushpo ashuachih. 

Honest, a. Ahli, chukush ahli; to be hon- 



est, ai ahlih. 

Honey, n. Foi bila; honey bee, foi ishki, 
lobilishki; queen bee, foi bilishki ipokni: 
honey comb, foi hakshup, drone, foi 
ipokni. 

Honor; Holitopa; desire for honor, holi- 
topa bunna; honored, holitopuchih 
holitompa, holitopah; a place for honor; 
aholitopa; honorable, aholitopaka; to 
honor, holitoblichlh, aiokpuehih, holi- 
toblih; unhonored. ikholitopoh; to honor 
each other, ittiholitoplib. 

Hoof, n. lyakchush. 

Hook n. Tuli chanakbi; to hook with 
horns, bahlih. 

Hop, n. Hahuhchi. 

Hope, V. Pisa he ahni, yakohma ahni, 
yohma he ahni. 

Horn, n, Lapish; a horn to blow, isht pufa; 
a powder horn, lupish; hornet, tohkul 
pohkul. 

Horrid, n. Okpulo fehna. 

Horse, v. Issuba; mare, issuba tek, .stud, 
issuba nakni; colt, issubushi; race horse, 
issubapulhkih; a sea horse, oka issuba. 

Hospitable, a. J kana achukma. 

Hot, a. Lushpah, aiohbih; at a hot place, 
alushpaka; to make warm or hot at, 
alushpalih; scalding hot, hukma hinla. 

Hotel, n. Aboha ai impa chukka afoha, 
chukka anu.si, hattak afoha, ai impa 
chukka. 

Hound, n. Ofi haksobish falaia; grey- 
hound oil pulhki. 

Hour, n. Hushi kanulli, hushi kanulli 
isht ulhpisa 

House, n. Chukka; a room, aboha; sides or 
outside of the house, chukka onaksika; 
a household, chukkachuffa; an arijoin- 
ing house, chukka et apatuulih, aboha 
etachaka; a high house, chukka chaha, 
aboha chaha; a house keeper, chukka 
achuffaaboha im apistikili; the ruler of 
the house, chukka achufta pehlichi; 
housed or put in a house, chukka fohkah; 
a white house, chukka tohbi, chukka 
hunta, to house or put in a house, 
chukka fohkit; roof of a house, chukka 
isht holmo; the eaves, chukka isht 
holmo uhli, a plastered or daubed 
house, chukka ulhpolusa; mortar or 
plaster for a house, chukka isht ulhpo- 
lusa; a two story house, chukka ittuch- 
aka tuklo; chukka ittuntula; rib of of a 
house, chukka naksi; a small house or 
closet, chukkushi, abohushi; a house 
carpenter, chuk ikbi, chuk kikbi; a 
deserted or waste house, chukkilissa; 
an empty, vacant or desolated house, 
chukka shahbi; to vacate or desert a 
house, chukkilissuchih, chukka shab- 
bechih; a house for gaming, or gambling 
a boha abuska, abuska chukka; a house 
of entertainment, aboha anusechi; a 
bake house, or bakery, aboha apul luska; 
a bath house, aboha ayupi; a large 
house or room, chukka chito, aboha 
chito; a red house, chukka homma, 
aboha homma; a temple or palace, aboha 
holitopa; a single house, aboha ilup 
achuffa: a medium sized house or room, 
aboha iskatuni; a small house or room, 
aboha iskatuni, aboha isktini, chukka 
iskitini; a tool house, aboha isht pilesa 



TIOYEE 



35 



IMITATE 



aiasha.; a door shutter for a room or 
house aboha isht okshillihta; a door, 
aboha okhisa; a double house, aboha 
ittacliaka: the fouudation of a house, 
aboha i tula; a padlock for a house, 
aboha i luksi; household furuiture. 
inachukushpa; a bed room, aboha auusi; 
a log^ house, chukka Ittcbaua, aboha 
ittcbana; to build a log house, aboha 
ittubuuuih; a floored house, aboha Iti 
pati3lhpo; a fallen huuse, aboha kinafu; 
a iaiL, fortress, prison or strong house, 
aboha kullo: a notched house, aboha 
lanlaki: a yellow house, aboha lukna; 
a smooth or glistening house, aboha 
malushko; a shingle roofed house, aboha 
inismiki; House of Re])resentatives, 
Aboha Nakfish; a wash-house or room, 
aboha nan ai achefa, under the house, 
aboha uuta, aboha nutaka; a cellar 
under the house, aboha nuta yakui 
kula; an indifferent or waste house, 
aboha okpiillo; an old house, chukka 
sipokni. aboha sipkni; a wing of the 
house, chukka sanihchi; an ornamented 
house, chukka shema, aboha shema; a 
rotten house, aboha tuslibi, chukka 
tushbi; a cottage, aboha shikkia; a gin 
house, chiikka ponola anihechi; a store 
house, ai ittatoba; my house, a chukka; 
your house, chi chukka; his or her 
hou.se, i chukka. 

Hover, v. Hlopohuchih. 

How, ad. Katiohmi, katioht, kitimichit; 
how much or how great, katiohmi. kan- 
iohmi; how? or what? hacha? cho'i* ak- 
cho?; how is it? hokako; however, 
amba. 

Howl. V. Woha. 

Huddle, v. Lokolih. 

Hu!?, I'. Sholih; to be hugged, ilulhputah; 
to hug each other, ittisholih. 

Huffe. a. Flocheto, chitoh. 

HuH, n. Hakshup, hakhlopish; having a 
hull, hakshup asha; to hull nuts, han- 
lichih: hulling or stripping off the hull 
of nuts, hayah; to hull, pishaffih; hulled, 
pishaffah. 

Hum, r. .Shinihuchih, shimihuchih. 

Human, ». Hattak isht a halaia; human 
race, hatak isht atia; human species, hat- 
tak isht atia; descended from the human 
race, hattak isht atiah. ^ 



Humane, a. I kana; a humane person, 
hatak i kana. 

Humble, n. Chukosh akanlosi, ilbusha; to 
be humble, akkalusih; to humble, chuk- 
ush akkanlusih. 

HuniiHty, n. Imanukiila akkanlusih, ile 
j akkanlusechih; humiliation,aiakkatilusi, 
j ilbusha ai ilbosha. 
I Hummin^lbird, n. Hlikuklo. 

Hump-back, n. Kobokshi, kitikshi. 

Hunger, v. Hohchufoh, impa bunnah; 
hungry, hohchuto: very hungry, hohcho- 
fo fehna; while in hunger, hohchafoh; 
to be hungry, at last, hohchaiyafoh; to 
make him ' hungry, hohchufohih; to 
starve to death or kill with hunger, 
hohchufochit ubih; to die with hunger, 
hohchufot illih; to cause them all to 
starve to death from hunger, hohchufo- 
chih ubit tahli. 

Hundred, a. Tahlepah. 

Hunt, ('. Hoyoh, awuttah; to hunt at or 
with, ai owuttah, ai owuttuenih; a hunt- 
ing ground, ai owt3tta; to cause to hxxnt, 
hoyochih, hoyohonchih; go and hunt, 
hot ia; to hunt with, ibahoyoh; hunted 
with, ibahoyoh; one who hunts with, 
ibahoyo; to hunt each other, itti hoyoh; 
a hunter or huntsman, hattak owutta. 

Hurricane, n. Apeli. 

Hurry, v. Tushpuchih, anukwayi3chih, 
tushpa, tushpali; to be in a hurry, anuk- 
wayah: hurridly, anukwayat: to cause 
to be in a hurry, anukwiachih. 

Hurt, /'. Hottupah; a hurt, hottupa, bihlah, 
hurtful, hotuppa, bihli; to cause to" hurt, 
hottupuchi, hottupalih; one who hurts 
or gives pain, hottapuli; to feel hurt or 
to be hurt, imahlekah; unhurt, ikhotupo; 
to hurt me, suttupah, suhottopulih; I am 
hurt, siaiokpulloh. 

Husband, n. I hattak. 

Husk, a. Hakshup, hakhlopish; to husk, 
lutlih; husked, lufah; having husk, 
hakshupasha. 

Hidrophobia, it. Holillubi. 

Hymn, //. Ataloa; hymn book, holisso 
ataloa. 

Hypochondriac, v. Chukush ik nakuo. 

Hypocrisy, //. Nan ilahobbi; hypocrite, 
nan ilahobbi. 

Hysterics, v. Haiochi. 



I 



1, pro. .<*/». Li. — I pro. sin. la, — "li" is 
changed to la when connected with a 
verb in the future tense, I, sa, su, si, 
uno. 

Ice, n. Okti, akalapi; icicles, akalupi 
takohli. 

Idiot, n. Itukholaya. 

Idle, a. lutakobi. peh anta. 

Idol, ft. Nahuebattoba, chihowa hulbachi; 
idolator, na hulbut tuba aiokpuchih; 
idolator, na hulbut tuba ai okpuchi. j 

If, con. Akma, hatok mono, mut, hokmut; } 
even if, hatok mako; if not, hatok mut: i 
if it be, hokuno. j 



Ifirnorant, a. Ikithi3noh. 

Ill, a. Abeka, okpullo, nan ikanihmi: ill 

will or ill nature, bulhpasha, ikso; ill 

natured, hushka iksho, hulpashi iksho, 

bashka keyu. 
Illustration, n. Ishtapesa, ishtulhpesa. - 

Illu8lriuo8, a. Holitopa. 
Image, n. Holba, chihowa hulbachi, na 

hulbuhtoba. 
Imagine, v. Anukfillih, ahnih, im ahobah. 
Imbecile, n. Hlipushi; imbecility, hlipushi. 
Imbibe, v. Ishkoh. 
Imbitter, a. Homechih. 
Imitate, v. Holbachih ahobachi. holba- 



IMMEDIATELY 



INSIDE 



chih, iakaiyachit mihah; an imitation or 
imitator; hobaehi, hobachlt ikbi holba; 
to imitate in talking, iiobacliit annm- 
puii, hobachit miha: to imitate in wri- 
ting, hobochit holssochi hlafit hobuchib, 
to imitate the likeness of another, hoba- 
chit ikbi; to imitate the walk, hobachit 
nowa, imitated, holba holbut toba, iaka- 
iyachit mihah; to slightly imitate aho- 
banlih; ilimitable, hobaeha hekeyu. 
lmni(Mliat«»lv, tnl. Chekosi, ashalika, mih 
mak inli ho. 

Immemorial, a. Ai ithanaka misha, 

ImmeiiNe, a. Chitoh, hocheto. 

Inimodost, a. Hofahya iksho, ik hofahyo. 

Innnoral, a. Haksi; immortality, okchava 
bilia. 

liiipationt, n. Nukchinto keyu. 

Impeach, v. Anurapa onochih; impeached, 
aunmpa onotnlah; unimpeached, anum- 
pa ik onotuloh. 

Impediment, n. annktulo. ' 

Impenetrable, a Chnkkowa he key\i. 

Impervious, a. Chukkowa he keyu. 

Impiety, /?. Ohihowa ik im atio. 

Implacable, . --/. Ifalama he kevu. 

Important, a. Na fehna. 

Impostor, ». Hattak haksichi. 

Imprison, v. Aboha kollofohkih; imprison- 
ed, aboha kullo fohkah; imprisonment, 
aboha kuUo fohka; things captured or 
imprisened, nayuka, 

Improper, a, Makali, ik tjllhpeso, ik i 
mako. 

Improve, v. Achukmalichih. achukmalih, 
hochukmalichih, ho chukmalih; improv- 
ed, achukmah, ho chukmahi; improve- 
ment, ai ulhtaha. 

Imprudent, n. Hofahya iksho, ikhofahyo, 
ahah ahniik ithano'. 

Impudent, n. Hofahya ikso. 

In. pirp. His or their, i or in, are per. pro., 
ord per,, sing., "In," becomes nasal by 
dropping n, thus, i for in; i chukka or in 
chukka; his or their house; in the, kuno, 
bokuno, yokuno. 

Iiiiictive, a. Ishtawiha; to be inactive, ile- 
hobuk tobuchih, hlepushih. 

Inadequate, a. Nanihma he keyu; to ade- 
quate, alauwih. alauichih. 

Incarnate, a. Haknip ant tobah; incarna- 
tion haknip ant toba, haknip ant atoba. 

Incendiary, v.. Hushmi, hokmi. 

Incense, rj,. Na balama lua, na balama 
holukmi. 

Inch, 71. Inch, oue inch, inch achuffa; one 
foot, inch auatukloh, iyi acbulfa. 

Incisure, n. Habefa. 

Incite, V. Nan utohnochih. 

Iclftsure, n. Holilita. aholibta; to enclose, 
holihtuchih. 

Increase, v. Laua isht ia; to increase from, 
isht achakah; to increase in stature, 
hofantih. 

Incubate, v. Alatah; incubation, alata. 

Indecent, v. Chakapa. 

Indeed, ad. Ukah, muhli. ahli hoka; in- 
• indeed, wonderful, aumi. 

Indent, v. Habiliih. habiflfichih, yaffih; in- 
dented, habifah, babefoah, habifkuchi 
yafah. 

Independent, a. Inla, ai anukchito iksho. 
. Hattak upi homma; Indian 
cheif , hattak upi homma miko. 



Indigestion, n. Trapa im okpullo. 
Indiro, n. Nan isht okchakkochi. nan isht 
okchamali: wild indigo, pakanli ok- 
chamali. 
Indiscernable, a. Akostinincha he keyu; 

to discern, akostinnichih. 
Indiscreet, a. Ikhopoyukso. 
Indispose, v. Ikahnoh. 
Indissoluble, a. Hila he keyu. 
Indissolvable, a. Bila he keyu. 
Individually, ad. AchufTalit." 
Indolent, a. Intakobii nan intukobi. 
Inestimable, a. Holitopa, ahli, halitopa 

atupa. 
Infamous, a. Halakshi, makali. 
Infant, n. Fuskush, ullosi; infants, ollosi 

puta. 
Inferior, '. Amakalih, chukushpa. 
Infinite, a. Ai i3hli iksho 
Inflame, v. Chiletulih, pihloffih, pikomh; 
inflamed, chilitah, homnaa. pihlofah, 
pikoffah; to cause to inflame, chiletuchih; 
to inflame by friction, ashuuachih; in- 
flammation, na hotupa, nipi hia; inflam- 
mation of the breast, ik kishi hotupa; 
inflammation of the bowels, ikfoka ho- 
tupa; inflammation of the liver, salakha 
okpullo; inflammation of the lungs, 
shilukpa okpullo; inflamation of the 
splcn, takshi hotupa. 
inflict, V. Cht3ssulohah. 
Influenza, n. Ibi shuno, 
Inform, v. Akostininchih. ottunichi; hak- 
lochih okfahlih; uninformed, ikakos- 
tinincho, ikhakloh, informant, haklochi; 
continually, informing haklohonchih; an 
former, hatak nan anoli' 
Inhabit, v. Ai uttah; inhabitant, yakni ai 

utta; inhabitants, yakni ai okla. 
Inhale, v. Ila flopa. 
Iniquity, n. Ik ai olhpisso,, vba nan ulhp- 

isa kobuffth. 
Inject, V. Fohkih. 
Injudicious, •. Ikhopoyiikso. 
Injunction, n. Anumpa, ulhpisa, nan 

ulhpisa. 
Injure, v. hottupachih, bilhhlih, okptjnih; 
injured, notupah okyjullo; to wo\ind or 
injure the feelings, bihllplih, bilhhlih; 
to inflict an injury, hottupalih. 
Ink, ft. Ishtholissochi okchi; ink, ik; ink 

stand, isht holissochi okchi ai ulhto. 
Inlet, n. Ai itabani. 
kimost, a. Anukaka fehna. 
Inn, n. Aboha afoha, chukka anusi ai 

imp, chukka. 
Innumerable, a. Hohtenah atopa, aholhti- 

nah iksho. 
Inquire, /;. Ponakloh; inquiring, ponaha- 

kloh. 
Insane, n. Tasimba holillubi; to ea\ise in- 
sanity, tasimbochih; I am insane, satas- 
imboh. 
Inscribe, v. Halissochi; inscribed, holisso; 

an inscription, oholisso. 
Inscrutable, a. Akostinincha hekeyu. 
Insect, n. Shushi, kitak; a poisonous in- 
sect, hattak halhpa: a hairy insect that 
j devours hides, in summer, shukuttih. 
i Insecure, a. AhlakofFa he keyu. 
j Insensible, a. Chuknsh kapussa. 

Insert, v. Achoshulih, achoshlih; toeause 
them to be inserted, achoshlichih. 
I Inside, n. Anukaka; midway of the inside, 



IKSIGHT 



37 



JOIN 



anukaka ikluuna. 
Iiisijfht, ». Haiakah 
In snare, r. Hokli. 

Inspiration, n. Mahli fiopa; inspiration of 
God, ohihowa hut nukfokichi: inspira- 
tion of the Holy Spirit. Shilombish Holi- 
topa isht anukfokah: to inspire, ila 
tiopah. 
Instant n. Himak; instantly himonnali. 

yakosi, yakosi ittin takla, himonasi. 
Instead, ad. Ulhtobah. 
Instep, n. lyi putta pakna. 
Instis'ate, v. Teplih, nan utohnochih: insti- 
gating, nan utohnochih: instigator, nan 
ctohnochi. 
Instill, V. Auukfohkih, annkfokichih; in- 
stilling into the mind, auukfokihiuchih. 

Instruct, )'. Im abuchih. ikhananchih, 
anukfokih; an instructor, anukfokiehi, 
nnttak imabuchi. hattak nan im abuehi; 
iiistructress; ohoyo nan im abuehi; 

Instrument, n. Nan aiolachi, (i. e. a vio- 
lin, etc., ) an instrument to weave or knit 
with, nan isht tunna; to play on an 
instrument, olachi. 

Insult, n. Chukush hotupali; insulted, 
ehukush hotapalih. 

Inteffrity, n. Ahli. 

Intemper.ite. a. Hattak oka ishko atupa, 
okishko shahli: temperate, okikishko, 
temperance, okikishko. 

Intense, n. Fiehna, 

Inter v. Hoppih; interred holuppih. 

Intercede, v. Isht anumpuli. 

Interest, v. Haliayah: to be interested in, 
ahalayah; to draw interest, chelih; to be 
interested, ahalaivah; concerned or 
interested, ahalayah; interested with, 
to, in, or on, ai isht ahalaiyah. 

Interfere, v. Ittatnklummih. ittatuklum- 
michih, to interfere with, olabichih. 

Interior, a, Anukaka. 

Internal, a. Anukaka, 



Interpret, v. Anumpa tusholih: an inter- 

pretor, anumpa tusholi; interpretation, 

anumpa tushowa. 
Intoxicate, v. Haksichih; intoxicated, 

haksih. 
Intrude," v. Ataklummih, ataklummmi- 

chih; an intruder, alaklummlehi, atakl- 

ummi. 
Intuition, n Imilbik. 
Inundation, n. Oka mitafa. 
Invalid, n. Hatak iksitopo. 
Invaluable, a. Halitopa atupa; valuable, 

halitopa; very valuable, halitopa, fehna. 
Invective, n. Anumpa okpullo. 
Investig'ate, v. Anuktillit pisah, aftnali- 

ch'ih. 
Invite, V. Atonochih, imanolih; invited, im 

ahnoa, ilhtohnoh. 
Irksome, a. Ahchiba. 
Iron, H. Tuli; iron mine, tuli akula; iron 

bars, tuli fabussa hofoloha; iron rods, 

tuli fabussa chipunta. 
Irreconcilable, a. Ifalama he keyu, huphla 

he keyu. 
Irredeemable, a. Hlakuffa he keyu, ehum- 

pa he keyu. 
Irreparable, a. Ai iskia hekeyu. 
Irretrievable, a. Ai iskia he keyu. 
Irritable, a. Bashka iksho, bashka keyu; 

to irritate, chiletulih, nukoachi, hcsha- 

yuchi: irritated, nukoah, hushayah. 
Is, V. Ak osh. akot; strictly speaking the 

Choctaw language, has no neuter verb, 

but in ak osh and ak ot, the verb is, un- 
derstood, as wak osh; the cow is, because 

it is, ak okut; is it, fokka huto. 
Island, n. Yakni tashaiya; island, yakni 

tulhkcchi. 
Isthmus, n. Yakni oka iti takla. 
Itch, n. Wushko. yaualichi; to cause to 

take or have the itch, wtiskolih wusko- 

chich; itching, yawolichi. 
Ivory, n. Elephant noti, 



J 



Jacket, n. Ilefoka yuskuloli. 

Jade. V Tikambichih, hoyublichih, hli- 
pushih;jaded, tekambih, hlipushi. 

Jail, n. Aboha kullo; jailor aboha kullo 
apesuchi, aboha kullo apistekili. a pris- 
oner In jail, aboha kullo fohka; to put 
a prisoner in jail, aboha kullo fohkih. 

January, n. Chenuali. 

Jaw, n. Nutakfa; jaw bone, Nutakfa foni. 

Jealous, o. Nnktuhlah, potunnoh; jealousy, 
nutuhla, potunno; to cause jealousy 
potunnochih. 

.lean, n. Chukfi hishi italata tunna. 

Jeer, v. Hobachi. 

Jehova, n Chihowa. 

Jerk, V. Halaklih, halahlichih; jerking, 
halahli; to twitch or jerk suddenly, 
ycnullu, kuchih; continually twitching 
or jerking, yikuttokahanchih". 
est, V. Yohpulah, lushkah, vopulachih; 
jesting, isht yopulla, lushkah; a jester, 
hattak yoT3 ula; to joke or jest with each 



[ other, ittilushkah, ittiyupulah. 

Jesus, n. Chisus; the opostle of Jesus, 
i chisus im uba numpeshi. 

Jew. •/. Chu; Jewish, chu imma; jews, chu 
okla, 
i Jewel, V. Tuli holitompa isht shema. 

Jews-harp, n Tuli uskula. 
i Jingle, V. Olachih, ola, chusohuchih, 
' chamak; jinggling, chamakahanchih; to 
' make jingle, chamalichih; to jingle with 
I a clear sound, solohuchih. 
j Job, ?i. Baha; jobbing, chikkihiha, baha; to 
I job fullih. chikkihah, bahlih. bahcffih; 
i jobbed, bahafah; to job with the point of 
i a sharp instrument, teplih. 

Jocular, a. Isht yopula, yukpa. 
I Jocund, a. Isht yopula, j'ukpa. 
! Join, V. Ibofohkah; to join to, ibclhtoh; 
I joined to, ibclhtoh; to join together, 
! ittihalulhih; joined together in marriage 
ittihalullih; to splice or join together, 
j iituchukullih; to cause to join, ittuchuku- 



JOKE 



38 



KlSrUCKLE 



lichit; a joiner, iti shafi; a joint, ai itta- 
chakah, ittaehakuli; joints, ittachakli; a 
joint of a limb or 'tre<?, naksish; bone 
joints, foni ittuehakuli, foni; a sholrter 
joint, iskistup; a hij?h hip joint, kofulla; 
to put out of joint, tahloffih; put out of 
joint, tahlofah; to- cause to dislocate or 
put out of joint tablofficliib. 

Joke, V. Yopula. lushkab, yopulacbih; 
joking^, isht yopula, lusbkah; a joker, 
hattak yopula; to ioke each other, itti 
lushkab, ittiyopulab. 

.Tole, n. Nutakfa. 

Journey, v. Nowt3t ayah; when more than 
oue, itta nowut ayah. 

Jovial, a. Yukpa, 

Joy, n. Nan yukpa, nan isbt ila yukpa; 
joy bless you, yakoke, yoyful, yukpa; 
joyous, yukpa; joyless, ikyukpo. 

Judge, 11. Hattak nan apesa, ehucb, nan 
apesa; to judge, anukfillib; judgment, 
nan t3lhpisa, nan ai ulhpiesa: judgment- 



[ day, nan ulhpiso ehnto nitak; final judg- 
ment, nan ai ulbpisa isht aiopi, nan 
I olhpisa isht aiopi. 
I Ju!?, n. Lukfi kotoba, lukfi atotoba, 
I July, n. Chulai. 
Jump, V. Hatonehih, hatulli, tolnplih, 
mulih; a jumper, hatonii; to cane to, 
jump, hatulichih; to jump up and down, 
motuklih. 
Junction, n. Ai ittibafoka, ai ittufama ai 

ittusiteiih. 
June, n. Chun. 

Junior, a. Nakfish, i himraak. 
Jury, n. Chuli. 

JuHt, n. Ahli, achukraa, aiahli peh; justice 
ai ulhpiosa, nan ulhpisa, nana ai ahli, 
nana ulhpisa ai ahli, ai ulhpisa; the place 
where justice is administered, ai apisa; 
an office of the justice of the peace, ai 
apoksia; justification, ai ulbpiesa; to 
justify, ai ulhpiesochi. 
Juvenile, a. Ulla imma. 



K 



Kale, 11. Tuhi. 

Keen, a. Haluppa, ehilitah, homi; to make 
keen, haluppuchih chilituchih; keenness 
halumppa, chilita. 

Keep, I' Halullih, ilauwelih; to care for or 
keep ns, pieshih; caring for or keeping 
us, pieshit; to keep me, sahulullih; a 
keeper, apesuchi. 

Keg n. Itafoushi. 

Kernel, n. Foni, nihi, nipi. 

Kettle, 11. Asonakiyi; brass kettle, usonak, 
asonak lakna. 

Key, IV. Isht tiwa, 

Kick, v., Hablih, huhlih; to kick up; washs- 
hanah; kicked, huhlah; to cause to kick, 
huhlichih; to kick each other, ittihalhlih 
to kick a horse wtih your heels, winni- 
hah: 

Kid, n. Issikosomushi. 

Kidnap, v Hattak hukopoh. 

Kidney, v. Haiihchi. haiyihchi. 

Kill. ('. t3bih, abih, fiopa tuplih; we kill, 
ebih; to assassinate, haksint ubih, hak- 
sinchit ubih; not killing or not having 
killed, ikboh; to trj^ or \yant to kill, ubih 
bunnah; to kill a man, hattak ubih. 

Kind, n. I Kaua, hulhpashi; kindness, 
bashka, hijlhpashi; unkind, hulhpashi 
iksho, halhpashi keyu, hu.shka, bashka 
keyu. 

Kindred, n. Hattak i kanomih, i kanomih, 
ittikanomi. 

King, 11. Miko; to reign or rule as a king, 
amikoh; to make a king at, i amikochih; 
kingdom, pehlichika, apehlichika; king- 
dom of <^o(i, chitokaka apehlichika. 

Kingfisher, n. Tushalali. 

Kingsevil, n. Chihlanli. 

Kinsfolk, n. Hattak i kanomih, ittikanomih. 

Kinsman, n. Hattak i kanomih. 

Kipskin, n. Wak ushi hapshup. 

Kiss, V. Tukowah; to kiss eaoh other, itta 
tukowah. 

Kitchen, n. Ahoponi, 



Kitten, n, Kuttusi, 

Knapsack, n. Bahta. 

Knave, n. Hattak okpullo, hattak haksichi; 
knavery, haksichi; knavish, haksichib 
shahli, ikhaklo, haksi. 

Knead, v. Yumuslichih, yumuslih; knead- 
ed, yumuskah: knead tray, ayumuska. 

Knee. ii. lyikulaha: knee joint, iyiki^laha 
ittaehakuli; knee pan. iyin tulwashakchi 
to kneel; hachukbihlipah; hachukbilh- 
kah. 

Knife, n. Bushpo; knives and forks, 
bushpo chufak isht impa; butcher knife, 
bushpo falaia, bushpo chitoh; drawing 
knife, isht shata; pocket knives, bushpo 
pohloma, bushpushi; a dirk, bushpo Isht 
ittibi; a knife handle, bushpo ai ulhpi. 

Knit, V. Tuna; knitting needle, iyabi huski 
isht tunna. 

Knob, 11. Fokshi. 

Knock, V. Sokkohah; to knock once, sokoli- 
ehih; knocking, sokkohah; to knack 
against. pokuffih; knocking against, 
pokuhafah; knocked against, pokufah; to 
strike or knock me with the fist, sasa- 
kulichih; striking or knocking me, sasa- 
kahoh; to knock the breath out, nukbi- 
pah; plural, nukbipoa: I am knocked out 
of breath, saniikbipah. 

Knoll, n. Bokkoh. 

Knot, n. Pokshi, naksLsh. talakchi achuffa, 
ulhpisa achuffa. 

Know. V. Akostininchih. ithanah: un- 
known or not knowing, ikakostiniuchoh; 
to know about, ai akostininchih; to make 
known, ihaiakuchih; known, anukfoh- 
kah; knowledge, ai ithana, nan ithana: 
the extent of knowledge, at ithana ulhli: 
retaining knowledge, anukfohkah; to 
impart knowledge, anukfohkih, anukfo- 
hkichih; continually imparting know- 
ledge, anukfohkihinchih. 

Knuckle, n. Ibbakushi abonuli. 



LA 



39 



LEAK 



L 



La! inf. Hush, hush ha! la me! aiena! 

hushha! 
l.abfl, n. Hohchifo takalichih; labelled, 

hohchifo takalL 
lijibor, r. Toksulli, pilesah: gratuitious 

labor, yikowa; laborer, hattak na pilesa 

hattak'toksoli: laborious, ahchiba. 
Lace, n. 81ta shochoha. 
Lack, V. Ikonoh, iksho. iklauo. 
Laconic, a. Yushkololih. 
Lad, n. Hattak himitta. uUa nakni. 
Ladder, i>. Atuya. 
Ladle, /i. Xakabila. ishtkufa. 
Ijady, n. Ohoyo; ladylike, ohoyo imma, 

ohoyo holba. 
Ta-. '". Ulbul aya. 
r.ji„'ooii, n. Hayip, haiyip okhutta i fil- 

umma, 
Lake, /(. Okhutta, haiyip; a lake caused by 

a beaver dam, hohtak; a small pond or 

lake, hohtak ushi; okhutushi. 
Lamb, n. Chukti. uLhpo ushi. chukfi ushi. 
Lame, a. Tabikli, chahikli, hanahehi, 

shaioksholi, kinafa. 
Lament, v. Yayah, tabashih; 
Lamp, n. Bila pula, 
Lampass, n. Xutakbachi. 
Land, n. Yakni; land above,uba yakni. 
Landih^, n. Feui ataya akucha. 
Lancet, n. Issish isht kuchih; 
Lane, n. Holihta ittintakla. 
Langua'ere, n. Anumpa: bad language, 

anumpa okpullo; good language, anum 

apa achukma: obscene lauguagk, chaka 

Ea; to speak a foreign language, bulba- 
ah. 
Languid, a. Hlipushi, kotah, tikambih; to 

languish, hlipushichih; languor, hli- 
pushi. 
Lanlt, a. Yuhapa. 
Lantern, n. Pula afoka. 
Lap, V. Holukshih, ishkoh; the lap. iyobi 

pakna; lapstone, aluUchi; lap board, 

abushli. 
Larceny, n. Hukopa. 
Lard, n. Shukha bila, bila; leaf lard, 

ihlapa. 
Large, a. Chitoh hoeheto; to make large, 

chitolih, chitolichih, hochctochih hoch- 

etoli; to be very large or long, aiakah, 

ayakah; to cause to be very large or long, 

ayakachih; not large, ikchito. 
Lark, n. Shonolo, shonlolo. 
Larynx, n. Ikolupi, kolumbish. 
Lascivous, n. Haksi. 
Lash. V. Fummi, hlukkahah; lashed, 

fumma; to give one lash, hlukalichih; to 

continue, Ulukalihinchi. 
Last, a. Ishtaiopi; at last" himmakka, 

polaka; a shoe last, shulush atobah. 
Latch, V. Afachalih: to cause to latch, 

afachalichi; latched, afachah. 
Late. a. Ahchiba, cheki, himona; lately, 

cheki, cheki kash. chekosi kash. 
Latent, n. Luma, ikhaiako. 
Lath, n. Ulbuska, chukka ulbuska. 
Lather, ». Pokpoki. 
Land, v. Hummohlih: laudable, ai okpan- 



cha hinla, ahninchi ulhpesa. 
Laudannm, », Islikot nusi, lotnum. 
Laugh, n. Yukpah olulli: laughable, isht 
i yukpa ulhpesa; to cause laughter, 
yukpali. 
Laundry, n. Nan ai achifa; a launderer, 
hattak nan achefa; laundress, ohoyo nan 
achefa. 
Laurel, n. Tushhlukna, kalmia. 
Law, n Nanulhpisa, anumpa olhpisB; a 
law book, nan ulhpisa holisso; a written 
law. anumpa ulhpisa holisso; a law 
maker, anumpa ulhpisa ikbi; lawless, 
anumpa ulhpisa iksho; to nulify or repeal 
the law, anumpa ulhpisa akshochih; a 
lawyer, anumpa ulhpisa isht utta, nan 
ulhpisa isht utta; to become a law, 
anumpa ulhpisa ahlit tobah; to break or 
violate a law, anumpa kobulfih; a repeal- 
ed law, anumpa ulhpisa kobaffah. 

Lay, r. Bohlih hokchih; to lay down, 
akkabohlih, buchaiih; to lay them there, 
at or on, aiashachih; to lay across, ai 
yukhunnah; ;;ahasalih, abauulih; laid 
across, ai yukhanavah, bushkuchih, 
bachayah, ab'asah, to lay acJoss, as corn 
rows, ai yukhanilih; to lay them across, 
ai yukhannih; to lay down lengthwise, 
bachali; laid lengthwise, bachah bucha- 
yah; to lay them down, bacholi; laid 
down ill rows, bachohah; to lay up or 
lay down, bohlih; coutinually laying up 
bohohlih, boyuhlih; laid up in rows side 
by side, buchohah, bushkuchi; to lay 
aside, to or by self, ilabohlih; to lay it 
down, kahpulih; to lay it on, uuochih 
onashochih. onochih; laid on top of each- 
other, ittalata; to lay on top of each 
other, ittalatulih; laid several thickness- 
es on each other, ittalutkuchi; to lay 
across the tree or log, iti abunah, iti 
apanalih; to lay it down to or at, abach- 
alih; laid down to ar at, abachayah; to 
lay across, ai okhonnilih; laid across, ai 
okhanuayah 

Lazy, a' Nan intukobi, intukobi; laziness, 
nan intukobi. 

Leach, n. Ahoya, ahoiyah, aholuya; to 
leach or filter, hoUuyah; leached or fil- 
trated, holuyah, holiyah, hoyah. 

Lead, ». Naki; lead mine, naki akula; 
white leac nakhuta. 

Lead, v, Halullih, lauelih, pi, pehlichih, 
tikba heka; to lead by, ahalullih ahalull- 
ichih; leading, halulli; to load me. sah- 

ullih; a leader of men, hattak i miko hopii; 
a leader or pilot, tikba hika: to lead 
astray, yoshublih; lead astray, yoshubah. 

Leaf, n. Hishi, (of a tree) leaf of a book, 

holisso putta.putta; leafless, hishi iksho; 

' having leaves, hishi asha; to put out 

leaves, hishi tobah; dry leaves, hushtup. 

League, n. Kowi tuchina. 

Leak, v. Hoiyah. hoyah, oka hlopullih, 
hoya; leaked, holiyah, holuya; leaking, 
hoUiiya; to cause to leak, hoiluyuchi; to 
leak out, bichillih; leaky, hoya, oka 
hlopulli. 



LEAN 



40 



LIGHT 



Lean, a. Chuna; leanness, chunnah; to 

f)roduce leanness, chunnaehih; I am 
ean, saehunnah; to lean over, waiyah; 
several leaning over, waiyohah, waly- 
okuchih. 

Leap, V. llatonchih, mollih, tullih, tul- 
uplih; a leaper, hatonehl. 

Leani, v. Ikhuunah, ikhtjnanctiih, akost- 
ininchih; to learaat, ai ithana; a learniT, 
ai ithana, nan ithana; a place of learning 
holisso ai ithana holisso ai ithananclli; 
learning, holisso impunna; to learn from 
or of, imaiithanah; educated or learned, 
impunna, nan impunna. 

Lease, v. Impota, pota. 

Leather, n. Wak haksup homma, nahak- 
ghuk lapushkit ulhtaha; sole leather, 
wak hakshup homma sukko; upper 
leather, wak hakshup homma; calf skin 
leather, wak ushi hakshup lapushkit 
»3lhtaha; dressed buckskin, talhko. 

Leave, v. Issah, kanchih, bohlih, left, 
ktsnia, chufah; to make leave; ehuffichih. 

Leaven, v. Nashutummichih, shatummih; 
a leaven. nasht;tt3mmich, shatummi. to 
make leave, shattjmmichih; leavened 
shattsmmih. 

Lecture, v. Anumpulih: a lecture, anumpa. 

Ledge, n Tuli iton tulhkuchi. 

Ledi^er, n. Holisso, 

Leech, n. Hallus, yallus; horse leech, 
hallus ehito. 

Leek, n. Hatofalaha. 

Lej?, n. lyuppi, hanoli, hulhki, iyulhki; 
fore leg , fulup; the leg bone, hind leg, 
obala, hulhki foni; thigh, obi iyubi; calf 
of the leg. iyi hulhki, iyi i shilukua 
iyubi achosholi; joint, itachakuli joints, 
itachakli; knee, iyi kulaha; muscle, 
akshish; pastern joint, iyakiska; shank, 
iyi; shin, iyinchibako, iyinchampko; 
shin bone, iyinchibako foni; sinew, 
akshish; veins* issish i hina; ankle iyi 
iraoksak, iyimosak; ankle bone, iyi 
imoksak foiii; ankle joint, iyi tilokuchi; 
artery, chukush issish i liina; cross Lagg- 
ed, iyi itontxjllichi; foot, iyi, toe, iyushi; 
big toe, iyishke: little toe, iyixsh ushli; 
toe nail, iyakchush. 

Legal, u. Anumpa ulhpisa ai ulhpisa. 

Leggin, n. lyubbiha: 

Legible, a. A.i itira anumpula hinla, haiak- 
ah otunih. 

Legion, ?i. Laua fehna, talhlep^h sepokni 
tuchina foka, leehun. 

Legislate, v. Anumpa tslhpisa ikbih; legis- 
lated, anumpa t:slhpisa ikbi; legislature, 
nan ulhtokut nan ulhpisa ikbih, nan 
apesa. 

Lend, u. Impotah, i potah; lending some- 
thing, nun i potah; a lender, impota. 

Length, n. Falaia, hopaki; to lengthen, 
falaiachih; great length, hoffoloha; to 
make them of great lenth, holfulohuchih; 
lengthy, falaiah; lengthened, falaiah; to 
lengthen by splicing, achakaehih, acha- 
kalih: not lengthy, ikfalaio. 

Leprosy, n. Ililli okpullo, iiplosi. 

Less, a. Iklauo. 

Lest, conj. Na. 

Letter, n. Hollisso in(!huwa, hoUisso, letta, i 
anumpa hollisso nowutaya; to mail a j 
letter, holisso bahta chito fohkih; a let- ' 



ter or mail bag, holisso ai olhto; a post 
office, holisso akaha. holisso nowut aya 
atiwa. 

Lettuce, n. Okchaki upa, letis. 

Level, V. Anumpisochih, itti]auechih; to 
be levil, ittilauih. to makelevii, ittilaue- 
chih; level land, yakni mutalih; to flat- 
ten and level, tak'ossalih; flattened and 
leveled, takossa. 

Lever, ??. Isht afana, isht afina. 

Lewd,/?. Hawi, haui. haksi; to cause lewd- 
ness, hanechih haksichih. 

Liable, a. Hinla. 

Liar, n. Holabi 

Libel, n. Anumpa chukushpa; to libel, 
anumpa chukushpa ikbih, anumpa chuk- 
ushptjlih; libelant, anumpa chukushpa 
shahli. 

Liberal, a. Ima im achukma. 

Librarian, n. Holisso aiasha apesuchih, 
library, holiaso ai asha. 

Licentious, a. Haksi; to cause licentious- 
nesa, haksichih. 

Lick, V. Holukshih, shukah; to hck re- 
peatedly, holuhakshih; a lick lukfopa. 

Licorice, n. Hotilhko kuchi. 

Lid, n. Ampoholmo, isht ompohomo. 

Lie, v. Holobi, anumpa holabi; to lie up- 
on or over, ahlipa; to tell a lie on, ahala- 
bih, to lie hard in the stomach, anuk- 
bikelih; to lie low or on the face, bihle- 
pah hlepah, hlipkuchih, lying on the 
ground with the face downward, bihlirn- 
pah, hlipiut, hlipil, hlepiah; to lie down, 
akka ittolah, ittolah. tushkih; lying 
down, akka ittuyulah, kahah, ittolah; 
both laid down, akkakaiyaha; all laid 
down, akka kahut aiashah, akka kahut 
mavah; to lie with the back to the Are, 
alahkih; to make lie with the back to 
the fire, aiahkichih; lying lengthwise, 
bushkuchih, buchohah; to sit or lie, 
chiyah; a worshiper, that lies on his face, 
hli piut ittulah; to lie (i. e. totell)holu- 
bih; do not go abont telling lies, as 
holnbit ish nohowa nah; to belie, holu 
bichi; to lio about each other ittaholubih; 
to lie on back, tulluyah: to lie on the 
back with the face up watvlhpit; to lie 
on, onatulah. 

Lieutenant, n. Kapitunniiakaiya. 

Life, n. Nan okchaya, okchaya, ilhfeopak, 
aiokchaya; to destrov life, fiopa tuplih; 
lifeless, illih, nusihha. 

Lift, V. Wakelih; to be able to lift, lauih; 
to lift up, wHkelih; to lift me, salowih, 
sawakilih, sawakelichit: to lift up the 
head, ubahchakalih; to cause the head 
to belifted up, t3bachakak'ehih. 

Light, n. Tohwikeli; to make a light, 
tohwikelichih; dim light, tohfokolih; 
sudden lights, (as those from a light- 
ning bug ), tojikaslih tokassalih, tohmao- 
lih, tohkallih; to lighten tohmaUih. 
tohraallichih hushuk mullih; lightning, 
tokmaslih, hushnk mulli, mulutha, 
tohkallih. continulallv lightning, malu- 
tmaya, to make light, by decreasing tne 
weight, shohalallh, light (not hesivy) 
shohhulah; brightning or getting light, 
shohmalalih; clearing up or getting 
light, shohmalalih: to cause to clear or 
get light, shohmalalichih; I am light, 



LIGHTS 



41 



LOOSE 



(not heavy) sashuhhulah; a light color, 
liutaohi hi3ta; to light up this way. et 
tohwikolih; a lamp lit, bila tohwikcli, 
bila pula; light horsemen, issuba o bini- 
li; about day light, onnut taha; light 
fingered, hukumpa: light headed, tasim- 
bo. chukfoloha; to make light, (as light- 
ing a lamp) palalih; a tree killed by 
lightning, hilohubi. 

Lights, n. Shulukpa 

Like, tt. Holba. hobachit; to make like, 
holbuchih; made like, holbut toba. to 
be like achoyuhmih, bikah, chohmi, 
chomi; to love or to like, auushkunnah; 
to make exactly like, choyumichih; to 
mimic or talk light,hobachit anumpuli, 
to write like another, hobachit holisso- 
chih: to make like another, hobachit 
ikbih: alike, ittiholba, ittiobah; in ap- 
pearance, like this, ohmih; to liken, 
ohmihchih; te be like, ohmih: being like 
ohmih; unlike or not like, ikchohrao; 
likelv, hinla; perhaps or likely, hah, 
chohmi, chechuk, chechike. to speak 
like another, hobachit miha: to walk 
like another, hobachit nowa; likeness, 
holba; to make a likeness, hobachit 
ikbih; to make somewhat like, ahobanli; 
to cause to appear like, ahobalih; like- 
wise, akinli, mut; liking ahuinchi; in- 
tensely liking, ahniechi. 

Lily, 7?.'Napakanli, lilli. 

Limb, n. Hanali (of an animal) limb of a 
tree, naksish; my limbs, sahanalih. 

Limber, a. Wuhlohbi, pulokuchi: to make 
limber, walohbiehih; to be limber, 
palolohhah, to make limber, palolohu- 
chih i wulbhbichih. 

Limestone, n. Tuli tohbi. 

Limit, n. Ai uhli; limitless, ai ulhli iksho. 

Limp, V. Kinnaklih, tabiklih. chabeklih. 

Line, v. Alatali, lapalichih, hlafih; a line 
or row, bachaya, hlafa, isht folullichih, 
blacking, to make a line with, nan isht 
lusachi; to face or line, olutalih; facing 
or linig, ulutah. 

Lineage, n. Chukka achufFa isht atia. 

Linen, n. Ponola, kullo nantunna; linen 
thread, ponola kullo nan isht ahchuwa; 
linen handkerchief, pono kullo nan 
tapuski. 

Linguist, n. Anumpa tusholi. 

Liniment, n' Nipi hotupa ikhish, liniment. 

Lion, n. n. Koi chito; lioness, koi chito 
tek. 

Lip, n. Ittiulbi; thick projected lips, itak- 
boshuli; upper Ub turned np, ibakpishili, 
ibakpishashli; my lips, satiulbi. ' 

Liquor, n. Xan ishko, oka homi; a seller of 
liquors, ako homi kunchi. 

Listen, v. Hoponakloh, hakloh; a listener, 
hoponaklo, hoponaklo nahaklo; a good 
listener, hoponaklo achukma; to cause to 
listeh, hoponakluchih; look out! listen! 
ma! 

Little, a. Iskitini, kunomosi, (i. e. few) 
iklauo, chubehasi. 

Live, V. Okchayah, anta, ahanta; to live 
by, ai okchayah; to live with iba chuk- 
kah: to live together in one house, itta 
chukkah; to live together, ittahayuchih; 
living, nan okchaya. 

Liver, 71. i^alakha; niy liver, sussulakha. 

Lizard, n. Halachalawa, chalawa; chame- 



leon or green lizard; fcni imalukusi; a 
small lizard that runs under leaves, 
hushtup yululh. 

Lo! iiif.j. Eheha! yakih! yaki. 

Load, i'. Alotolih; loaded, alotah, ulhpitt- 
ah. 

Loam, n. yakni paknali. 

Loan, u. Pota. 

Loathsome, a, Okpullo. 

Lobster, ?i. Shakchi chito. 

Locate, v. Binilichih. 

Lock, n, Ishtashana; to lock, ashunnichih; 
locked, ashana; a padlock, luksi; stock 
lock, aboha ishtashana; lockjaw nutak- 
fakullo. 

Locust, n. Hawa, hawa washa; black lo- 
cust tree, kuti holba. kutbi lusa; honey 
locust tree, kuti; katydid; (a spi?cies of 
locust,) chashaiyi. 

Lodge, V. Takalih,' itonlah, antah; to lodge 
in a fork, kafulih; a lodge or camp, bin- 
ah; lodging, anusi. 

Lol'ty, a. Chaha. 

Log, n. Iti; to lay across a log, itiabunah, 
iti abaualiht the upper side of a log, iti 
apakna, iti apakuaka; the under side of 
a log, iti nuta, iti nutaka; a hewed log, 
itipatussa; a rotten log, iti tushbi; a foot 
log, uhchup; honse logs, chukka ittubo- 
na; a log house raising, chukka itta- 
bunni; a notched log house, aboha lan- 
laki; a rib pole for a log house, abo ha 
naksi. 

Loin, Chushwa nipi. 

Loiter, v. Chukka apullit aya. 

Loll, V. Hahkah; to cause to loll, huhk- 
uchih, 

Lonely, ad. I chukkilissah. 

Long, a. Falaia, hoffulloha; long and 
slender, fabussa; to make long and slen- 
der, fabussuchih; all long and slender, 
fabuskuchih; oblang, falaia kut awata 
ka i shahli, long winded, fiopa i falaia; 
to make them long, hoffulohuchih; a 
long distance, hopa ki; a long time, hopa- 
ki; longer as to time or distance, hopaki 
i shakli; longest, hopaki, i shaiyahli. it 
will last a long time, hapaki ho tuha chi; 
to go a long distance, hopakichi; to take 
long steps, hopakichit haplih: to make 
very long, hopahkinchih; to increase 
distance, hopakiehichih; by and by, if 
long, hopakikma; when it shall be long 
or far, hopakikmako, hopaki- oh-mako; 
not long, ikfalaio, falaia keyu, yuskololi, 
j'ustololi, yushkololi; not a long distance, 
ikhopako, hopaki keyu; so long as, na; 
gone long distance, olanlichih keyu, 
olulichih keyu; long range, as a gun, 
pulhkichih; I am long, safahlayah; long 
way off, pillah; long since or long ago, 
hopaki kash, hopaki pilla kash. 

LooI(, V. Hopokoyoh, hopopoyo, hikiah, 
hoyoh; a look out, hopokoyo! to look 
about, ho pumpoyoh; to take one look, 
hopunnawoh; to look for, hoyoh; go and 
look for it, hotia; to cause to look after, 
hoyochih; to look repeatedly, hoyohon- 
chih; to look for each other, ittihoyoh; 
look! a word of warning, ma, to look at 
me, sapisah; looking glass, apisa. 
Loom, n. Nan atunna. 
Loop, n. Ahlifcchi. 
Loose, V. Yuhuplih, shohchupli, hlitofih, 



LOQUACIOUS 



42 



MAN" 



hotofih,; to unhitch or get loose . mokof- 
fih; unhitched or j?ot loose, mokofah; to 
b© untied or get loos ■, makohlih, hlitoa; 
loose, mokohah; to loosen, fatokoehih, 
yohaplih, yuhapolih; to become loose, 
fatolichih, yuhapa: loose or loosely, 
yohapa hoyopa; to untie or to loosen, 
hlitolih; untied or loosened, hlitoa; to 
loosen tiloliehih shochohah; loose or 
shaking-, tilokuchl; to have loose bowels, 
ikflah, okfiah; loosened, shochopah, 
yuhapoh, hlitolah, holhtohfah. 

Loquacious, ((. anumpuli shchli, itakhu- 
poli. 

Lord, n. Chitokaka; lordship, holitopa; 
Lord's supp T. chitok:ika im opyaka 
impa; Lord God, chitokaka chihowa; 
Lord's day, chihowa i niUik; Lord's 
prayer, chihowa im anumpa ilbusha- 
Lord's people, chihowa im okla; Lord of 
•hosts; uba nan okluha ilaieshi chihowa. 

Lose, V. I konia, yiishublih; lost, kuuia, 
yoshoba; if moro than one. i tamoah, 
tamoa; a place for losing, akt3nia; to lose 
sight of akuniah. 

Lot, //. Ai tjlhtoka; to draw lot or chance, 
na shuelih; a lot or chance, na shueli, 
an inclosure or lot hoUhta; inclosed in 
a lot, holihta ulbehah; to be inclosed in a 
lot holihta ulbohah; toinclose in a lot, 
holihta fohkih. 

Loud, n. Chitolih; loudly, chitot chitoli 
hosh; to speak loud, chitot anumpulih; 
to ring or sound loudly, chitot olah; loud 
sounding or loud ringing, chitot olah. 

Louse, n. Issup; nit, issup nihi; lice, issup 
laua. 

Love. V. Anuksitah. anushkunna, i hullo 
ahninchi; a lover, anushkunna, i hullo; 



to love a man, hattak anuksitah; to love a 
woman, ohoyo. aiuiksitah; not to love, 
ikaninchoh: to love each other, ittachuk- 
olbih: love, nan i hullo, peh ahnih: love 
of <iod, chitokaka isht i hullo, chehowa 
i hullo; love to God, chitokaka holitobli, 
chihowa ya i hullo; loving, ahninchi 
ahniechi, 
Low. a. Akkutula; to be low in stature, 
akkutulah; to be humble or low, akka- 
lusih; vulgar or lo\v, chakapa; a low 
price. iuUi ikchitoloh. iulli iklawo; to 
low as a cow. mghah, wohah; down be- 
1 lov>^, akka; the lower end, akkai^shtula; 
i lowermost, akkafehna; to lower, akkiah, 
[ akkaiah, akaulichi, akanlosichih; hum- 
I ble or lowly, chukush akkanlusi; low 
' spirit, chukush iknakno. 
! Loyal, a. Imantia, i shahli imantia. 
j Lucid, a. Kostini, malanta, tohwekelih. 
s l.fHcky, n. Im ohlah 
Ludicrous, a. Isht yopulah. 
Lukewanu, a. Lahba, libisha ummona. 
Ivumbt'r, V. Iti busha, iti tihla; to saw lum- 
ber, iti bushli: to plane lumber, iti busha 
halushkichih; dressed lumper, iti bosha 
haluski. 
LuniiuouK, a. Tombi. tommi. 
Luusitic, a. Tasimbo, hattak tasimbo; a 
lunatic asylum, hattak tasimbo aiasha, 
hattak tasanibo aiasha chukka. 
Luuir. n. Shulnkpa, shilukpa; my lungs, 

Kishilukpa. 
Lust, V. Yushkummih; to lust after, ai 
i yu.shkummih; lustful, ai yushkummi: 
I lusted, ai yu.shkumah; to lust alter each 
I other, ittayushkummih. 
I Lyceum, //. Holisso ai akhanna. 



M 



Mad, ". Nnkoa, bashkiksho: crazy or mad, 
holilubi; to get mad, to pout, ht:sh ayah; 
to cause madness, hushayuchih; mad- 
ness or mad, chukcchi; I am mad, sanuk- 
oah; to make me mad, sanukowuchih; 
to madden, nukot3chih. ntikhobeluchih. 

Madder, v. Nan isht hommuchih. 

Mjig^:ot, n. Chukanushi. 

Matiic, ??. Fahpo, fappo; magician, fappoli, 
hattak fappo. 

Ma^uaniinous, a. Imaunkfila chito, holi- 
topa. 

Mstgiiificent, d. Holitopa, 

Magnify, v. Cbitolichih. 

Mjiguitudc, n. Chito, chinto. 

Mail. n. Holisso: to mail a letter, etc., 
holisso buhta chito fohkih; mail rider, 
holisso shahli. 

Majesty, n. Chitokaka. 

Mayor, a. I shahli. 

Make, /'. Ikbih, tobachih; to make con- 
tinually, ihikbih; maker, ikbi. isht utta, 
nan isht utta; to make a mistake at, 
aishueht; to make or fix at, ai atahli; to 
make a hole, hluah; a hole made, hlua: 
to make self known, ilehaiyaktjchih; to 
make self sullen, ilehashayuchih; to 



make .self well, ilehlakoffichih; to mate 
self worthless, ilekalukshichih; to make 
music, olachi; to make limber, palolohu- 
chih; to make a pallet or bed, patalih; 
to make .speckle, tiktikichih; made, toba, 
ikbi; not made. ikbo. 

M»le. V. Hattak nakni, nakni. 

Maiigiiaut, a. Homi fehna. 

MifUet. »'. nan isht boa, Iti isht boa. 

Man, n. Hattak; a grown man, hattak asu- 
nochi; an expressman, hattak anumpa, 
isht aya; a talking man, hatak anumpuli; 
a married man. hattak awaya; a profane 
man, hattak chakapa: an old man, hat- 
tak sipokni; ayoung man, hatiak himitta: 
a strong man. hattak hlampko; a large 
man, hattak chito; a small man, hattak. 
iskidni; a bold man, hattak chileta; a 
hard hearted man, hattak chukushkullo; 
a lean man, hattak chnna; a bad man, 
hattak okpullo. hattak haksi; a good 
man, hattak achukma; a sick man, hat- 
tak abeka; a well man, hattak ikabeko;, 
a dead mat., hattak illi; ca 
hattak im anukfila apessanli achukina: 
a talented man, hattak im anukfila 
achukma; a feeble minded man, hattak 



MANAGEE 



43 



MEDITATION 



im anukflla ikkcllo; a capricious man, 
hatUik, im anukfila shanaia; quick wit- 
tert mau, hattak, imanukfila tush pa; a 
high mau, huttak chaha; a low man. hat- 
tak ikchaho. hattak kawasha, hattak 
imoma; a lame man, hattak imomokpulo, 
a lazy man. hattak intakobi; a m< an man, 
hattak kalukshi; a firm man. hattak 
iamussa: a worthless man. hattak ohchik- 
imba; a wise man, hattak kostiui; a black 
man, hattak hisa; a yellow man, hattak 
lukna; a white man. nahullo, hattak 
iiipi tohbi; a dirty man, hattak litcha; a 
penurious or stingy man. hattak nan i 
holitOYja^ a learned mtin, hattak nan 
ithuna; a rich man, hattak, nan i lawa; a 
poor man, hattak ilhusha; an iguorant 
liiau, hattak nan ik ithuno: a poor .'^inful 
man, hattak nan ashtx-hi ilbusha; a 
healthy man. hattaknipi aehulima; a 
sleepy man, hattak nu.silhha shahli; a 
hangman, hattak nuksitili; a hunt.sman, 
hattak owctta: a severe man, hattak • 
palummi; headman, hattak iKjhlichi 
hattak pehlichika; a boatman, hattak 
peni I'ohkot aya; an insane man, hattak 
tasimlK>; a working mau, hattak toksuli; 
a workman, hattak nan isht utta: a 
murdered mau, hattak ubih; an impru- 
dent man, hattak ufekommi; manhood, 
hattak oua,hattak toba; a gentL-man, 
aattak holitopa, hattak ulhpesa: a red 
man, hattak upi homma, a ireemau, 
hattak yuka keyu: a bewitched man, 
hattak yushpakuma; a true man, hattak 
ahli, uakui ahli; I am a mau, nakni sia 
hoke. 

Miuiagcr, n Hattak i miko; to manage, 
apeseehi, isht utta. 

Mane. n. Chushak hishi. 

Mange. //, Washko. 

Maiiarer. 7?. Ai ilhpeta, aiimpa, 

Maiiffle, r. Ulil 13 tiih; mangled, hlilafah. 

Manifest, r. Haiakah: manifested, haiakah. 

Manner, n. Ai yummohmi. 

Mansion, n. Ai asha, chukka chito. 

Manslaughter, a. Hattak uoi. 

Mantel, lu Abatula, uuatula. 
, 3Iantle. n. Auchi. 

Many, <(. Laua, lawa; to make many; law- 
achih. a gr at many, apakuoeiiih; as 
many as, kaniohmi; lam many, salawah. 

Map. /(. Holisso yakui isht ulhpisa; map. 

Maple, ,,. Chukcho; sugar maple, chukcho 
kcllo, chukcho imoshi; soft or white 
maple, chukcho. 

Maraud, i\ Hukopa ittauowa. 

Marble, n. Toll halushki; marble quary, 
tuli halushki akula; a marble, tuli lombo. 

March, v. la, baiullit itanowa; to cause to 
march, baiullichih; marching, haiullit 
aya baiullit maya; march, (a month) 
mach. 

Mave, /(. fsuba tek. 

Margin, ». Alaka, 

Mark, ;;. Hlala, ahlafa; to mark, hlafih. 
hlalih, bushli; a marker, na hlafl bushli; 
to cause to b marked, hlalichih; to 
make streaks or marks, basolih, oasoli- 
chih, basowachih: long marks, basosuk- 
uchih: a mark or gash from a cut, busEa, 
marked, hlyfah bushah: to mark a hol- 
low mark, habiitih. habifflchih; not 
marked, ikhlafoh: to mark a line with. 



I isht hlafi. 

' Marksman, /?. Hussa Impunna, 

I Marriasre, lu Ittihalulli. 

! Marrow, ;». Lupi, foni lupi. 

; Marry, ;•, Ittihalullih; ittauwaya, Hauway- 

i uchi, awaya. 

i Marsh, n. Okhlachako, hlabetah, hlaf< hah 

' okhlachakoh. 

I Martin, ??.Chuki; bee martin, hush puttak. 

\ Mart«ing«1, //. Yuslichonolichi, issnba isht 

I tibinachi. 

{ Martyr, n Atokowa kako isht illi. atakowa 

I anoli. 

; Marvelous, a, Anukhlakuncha, 

I Masculine, o, Nakni imma. 

I Masli, V. Litolih; mashed, litowah; I am 

I mashed, salitowah. 

i Mason, n. Lukfi nuna isht utta, 

1 Mast, ;j. Cni, nusi haiaka asha. 

, Master, n. Pehlichi, j nahullo: to master 

j shahLchih, Im aiyuch' h, pehlichih, 
I Mastieale, v. Hapasa, hoasa, bopasa, 
} Match, /). Luak isht ikr.i; to match, holba, 
' itti laui; to make them match, holbuchih 
I to be made to match, holbutoba. 
{ Mate, V. Itti lau- chih, itti hoyochih. 
! Matter, //. .\ninchiclii; to matter aninchi- 
j chih; to cause to malt a, aninchidhichih, 
j Mattok, n-. Chahe iskiflfa, itakhish isht 
j ulmo; 

I Mattress, /!. Topa, 
Maudline, n. Haksi. oka isht haksi. 
Maul, v. Ishtboa, ?(an ishtboa; to maul, 

bohiih; mauled boah. 
Maxim, . Amiha. 
ilay. 1). Me, ahinlah, chike hinla: maybe, 

chike. 
Mayor. iu Hatak tumaha pehlichi. 
Me, pro. Sa, su, si. 
Meadow, ru Hoshuk ai umo, hashuk 

abuisha. 
Meal, n. Tanch pus hi, tanch bota; meal- 
time, ai impa oua. 
Mea;i. a. Makali, kalak.slii. 
Means, «. hskoUi. 
Meander, v. Pohlohommih; meandering. 

pohlomoah. 
Measles, n Chiliswa; to have measles or 

measly, chiliswa obih. 
Measure. )i. lshtai>esa, isht ulhpe.sa: to 
m'-asuro, apesah; to measure with, isht 
apesah; measured, ulhpisah; measurably 
chuyohmi, chohmi chiyohmi. 
Meat,'/-. NJpi, ilimpa, ilhpak; hog meat, 
shukha nipi; bi-ef meat, wak nipl; venson 
or deer meat, issi nipi; fresh meat, nipi 
okchaki dried m-at or bacon shukha 
nipi shila; meat house, nipi i chukka; 
meat markol, nipi akunchi, nipi achum- 
pa; TxniHt meat, nipi ulhpusha, nipi 
ulbtmih; Inikcd m-at, nipi ulhpu.sha; 
barbecued meat, nipi ulbunih; boiled 
meat, nipi honnih, cooked meat, nipi 
hlabochah; fri.d meat; nipi ulwosh; 
stewed meat, nipi honnih; meat; nan 
ilhpak; good meat, nipi achukma; sweet 
meat, nipi ehnmpuli. 
Mechanic, n. Nan isht utta. isht utta chuk- 

ikbi. 
Meddle, r. Ataklummih. 
Mediator, n. Hattak nan olubichih, itti 

takla hlkiut tosholih. 
Medicine, n. Ikhish, okhish. ishhish. 
Meditation, n. Anukfilli; to meditate, 



MEEK 



44 



MOCK 



anakfillih. 

Meek, a. Chukush ynhbih; moekn<js8, 
chukosh yxihbi; to be meek, chukush 
yuhbih; to cause meekness, chukush 
yuhbichib. 

Meet, V. Ittufamah, afamah; met, ittofa- 
mab, ai ituhobah, a meeting, Ittahoba 
ittufama; to meet at, ai ittofamah ai 
ituhobih; a place ofmeetinj?, at ituhnba, 
ai ittouaha, a church or meeting house, 
ai ittunaba chukka, uba isht auumpa 
chukka. 

Melancholy, a. Chukush iknakno. 

Meliorate, v. Ai iskiah. 

Melon, n. Okchak; water melon, shukshi. 

Melt, V. Bilelih; melted, bilah; unmelted, 
bila akmi, ikbiloh, to couse to melt, 
bilelichih; the melt or spleen, tokushshi, 
takoshi. 

Memory, n. Ai ithana, ai ithana ulhli. 

Mend, v. Akullih, aiskah, aiskiachih; a 
mender, nan apuskiachi. 

Menses, n. Hullo; menstruation, hullo. 

Merchant, n. Ittutoba nan chumpa. 

Mercury, n. Ikhish kullo. 

Mercy, n. Nan i nukhaklo. isht inukbaklo 
mercy of, God, <;hitokaka hokut i nuk- 
haklo, chihovva nan isht i nukhaklo, ai 
i nukhaklo. 

Mere, a. Bauoh, beka, bieka; merly or to 
give for nothing, pilla; merely, pe. 

Merit, v. Asitubih, imulhpesah; merit of 
Christ, klaist i nan isht aholitopa' 

Message, n. Auumpa; to carry a message; 
anumpa isht aya. anumpa .shahli; a mes- 
senger, anumpa shahli anumpa isht aya 
hattak auumpa isht aya. 

Messiah, n. Messias; Klaist. 

Metal, a. Tuli. 

Meteor, n. Palampa. palampa chito, pula- 
kpa. 

Mew. V. Yawah, 

Mid, ) Iklonna; the middle, ai 

Middle, j" ikluuna, ai ikluunaka; mid- 

day tabokoli, uitak iklunua; midnight/ 
ninuk ikluuna; toward the middle, ai 
ikluuna imma: midway, ikluuna, chakpa. 

Misfhtily, ad. Fiehna; might have been, 
chin tuk chin tok; might be very, fehna 
hinla; mighty, kullo chinto. 

Mild, a. >iuktaula, yohbi. 

Mile, n. Kowi; a mile, kowiachufla- 

Military, a. Tushka chipota, imma. 

Milk, n. Pishukchi; to milk, beshlichih, 
ibishlichih, i wishlichih; milked, bish- 
ahchih; a milker, bishlichi: milk pan, 
pishukchi ai ulhto, milk strainer, pish- 
ukchi isht hoya; cream, pishukchi 
pakna uia; cream pitcher, pishukchi 
pakua ai ulhto; butter, pishukchi nia 
butter milk, pishichi nia okchi; milky, 
pishukchi ohmih; milkyway, ofi huta 
kolofa i hina. 

Mill, n. Afotoha: a saw mill, iti absuha: 
coffee mill, kafi afotoha; a mill (a coin) 
mill, pokoli kut siut achuffa; miller, 
fotohli, fotoli. 

Millenium, n. Afummi tahlepa sipokni 
achutfa itti takla ka yakui momakut 
chisus klaist a im antia he bano. micha 
setan iksho ka he hoke. 

Mimic, V. Hobachih; to mimic by talking, 
hobaehit anumpuli; to mimic iii walking 



I hobaehit nowa; to mimic in writing 
j hobaehit holissochi 

[ Mind, n, Im anukiila; to mind, hakloh, it- 
; hanah, pisah, imantiah; mcndful, hakloh; 
1 the mind of man, hattak im anuktila; a 
j good mind, im anuktiht achukma; a man 
; of mind, hattak imauuktila aslia, a feebl- 

ed minded man, hattak im anuktilla ik 
I kullo; being of one mind, ittachuff'a. 
i ittaiachuffa; to herd or to mind, pehli- 
I ehih; a herder or minder, pehlichi." 
! Mine, //. Akula, tuli akula; it is mine, uno 
I yokah; mine, su, ummi. 
: Minfjfle, v. Ittaiyummih, ai yummi, ai 
! yummichih; mingled, ittaiyumah; to 
i mingle with, ai ittuyokoraraih; mingled 
j with, ai ittuyohoma. 
I Minister, n. Obanumpeshi, ubauumpa isht 

utta. 
; Mink, n. Oshon holba. shakihba. 
I Minor, a. Iskitiui, ik lauo. 
'■, Mint, 7t. Shinuktihleli; mint. 
; Minute, n. Hopaki achutfa; minit, minit 
[ achuffa. 
' Minute, a. Iskitiui, atokoa; minutia . 

chukushpa, 
I Miracle, n. Nafehna, isht ahiulo; to work 
I myricals, nalehnuchih. 
I Mire, n. Haiyiko, hlabeta; miry, haismo, 
t hlabinta; to make ihiry, haismochih, 
I hlabbetuchi hlafehuchih. 
: Mir or, n. Apisa. 

I Mirth, a. Yukpa; mirthful, yukpa. 
i Misehievons, n. Acheba, isht jvchiba; to 
I make mischievous, afikommichih; to be 
I mischievous, afehkommih; toomischiev- 
; ious, isht achibuchih. 
[ Miser, n. Hattak nan i hullo, hattak nan i 

holitopa. 
I Misery, a. Apalurami. 

j Misfortune, n. Ishkunnapa: to cause to 
I meet with misfortune ishkuuaapachih. 
i Mislead, v. Yoshublih; mislead, yoshubah. 
' Misrepresent, v. Holubit anolih. 
! Miss. V. Auaktibullih, anaktibullichih 
i ihlakofRih ashuchi; misstinding game 

poaffih" to cause to miss i hlakotflchih; to 

mis frequently, ittibatalih, ittibatulichih: 

to fail to meet or miss each other, ittP^ 
i hlakotlih; made unlucky or missed, poa- 
, fah; missed or failed to hit. ihlakoifih. 
I Missionary, n. Oklushi ubauumpa im 

abuchih. 
': Mist. u. Okshimmichi; to mist, okshimmi- 

chih. oktobollih; misty, okshimmichi, 

ik haiako; to mist on, onoktoboUih. 
\ Mistake, v. Ashuchih. 
' Mistletoe, n. Funi i shupha. 

Mistrust, V. Aha ira ahnih. 
\ Mitigate, v. Yohaplih; mitigated, yohapah, 
I Mitten, n. Ibbak foka 

i Mix. V. Ai yummih, ai yummichih; a mix- 
i ture with liquid, ahlata; mixed together 
! ahlatah; to mix a liquid with something 

else, ahlatahih: mixed, ai yummali; mlx- 
, ed with water, olhkommoh; to cause to 

be mixed, olhkomochih; a mixture, olh- 

komo; to mix together, ittaiyummih; 

mixed together, ittaiyumah; not mixed 

together, ikittaiyummoh. 
j Moccasin, n. Chliua'-ha, ( i e a snake), 

moccasin, (a shoe), taihko shulush. 
i Mock, V. Hobachih; to mock each other 
I 



MODERATE 



45 



MULATTO 



ittihobachih; mocking bird, hushbolbaha 
Moderate, v. 'Jhulosah. peh loma, nukt- 
aula: moderation, cliulosa; moderatclv, 
chiyuhmi, chohmi, ehoyohmi: moderator 
hattak ittunaha pebliciii, hattak ittuun- 
aha pehlicheka. 
Modern, a, "limak. himonacmodernize, 

himonuchih. 
Modest, n Ahahahui. 

Moist, a. Anukyolibih, auukyohbichih, 
hokoibi hotokbi; to moisten, shiimmi- 
chill, liolkulbichih hotokbichih; to be 
moisteued with dew. okshachakmoh, 
oshaebakmoh. shachokmoh: to moisten 
with dew, shachakmochih: moisture, 
shummi. 
Ttiolasses. /?, Hopi champuli okchi, balasis, 
Mole, n. Yulhkua. 

Molest, V. Auumpulichih, ataklummichih. 
Moment )u Yakosi, during the moment, 
yakosi ittin takia; this moment, him- 
onasi. 
Monarch, n. Miko. 
Mouday, ik Monti, manti. 
Money, ?i. Tu[i holisso: small monev or 
change iskuli; moneyed iskuli in lawa. 
iskuli imma. 
Monster, n. Nan okpullo, nan isht ahullo 

okpulo; monstrous, okpullo. 
Month, n. Hushi; this month, himak 
hushi: one month, hashi achnffa; month- 
ly achuffdkma, hushi aivuka; bv the 
month, hcshi ulhpisa. 
Monument, 7). Isht ikhana he. 
Moon. n. Hushi ninak aya; moonlight, 
hushi ninak-aya tohwikeli, nittuk omih, 
to eclipse or hide the moou, hushi lumih 
the moon eclipsed or hidden, hushi luma 
an eclipse of the moon, hushi kunia; full 
moon, hushi bolukta; to become full 
moon, hushi boluktuchih; the new moon 
hush, himoua; like the moon, hushi 
holba: a circle round the moon, hu.sli 
akohullih; the place wheae the moon 
shines, hushi ninak ava atomi, hushi 
atorai: the rising of the moon, hushi 
kuchah; disappearance of the moon, 
hushi loshumma; this moon, himak 
hushi. 
Morality, ». Hopoyuksa, ahopoyuksaka, 
anuktanla: moral, hopoyuksa; moral law, 
isht ahopoyuksa he nan ulhpisa. 
More, a. Laua i shahli, himak ma; more 
than common, afehna: to praise more 
than is due, afehuuchih; more added to, 
ibalhkahah. 
Morniu*, n. Onnahiuli; in the moruing, 

onnahiulikma. 
Morose, a. Bashka iksho, yukka iksho, 
bashkiksho, bashka keyu; moroseness, 
hulhpasha iksho. 
Mortnl, n. Ilia hinla: illi im ulhtavak. 
Mortar, n. Chukka isht ulhpolusa, i e 
mortar to plaster a house, a mortar for 
pounding corn, kitti. ahusi; pestle to 
to pound with, kittush. 
Mortification, u. Hofahva, toshbi, nipi 
toshbi; to mortifv. hofahvuchih, nipi 
toshbichih; mortified, hofahva, nipi 
toshbi. 
Moss, n. Shumo, iti sumo; moss in water, 
oktushi: mossy, shumo bano, shumo 
asha. 
Most, a. Laua moma i shahli. tiehna. I 



^Joth, n. Xan ilayak shushi. 
Mother, ». Isbki; my mother, hushki yx)UT 
Shk-*^'"' ^^^^'*^^' '^^^ ^^^^ ^r thoii mother, 
31*11 Id, } ^ Akmichih. akmochih; mold- 
Jiolrt, S " ed, akmih, akmoh; a foundry 
or mould, aiakmo; mouldy, shukbuna, 
ookboki. . 

Mou»d, H. Yakui chishinto, bokkoh. 
Mount, n. See mound. 
Mountain, a. Nunih chaha, nunih, onch- 

uba chaha. 
Mourn, v Nuhakloh, Isht nukhakloh, isht 
yaiyah, tabashih; to mourn for, tabashih, 
mourning; tabashih; mourner, tabashi; 
mourners, tabashi uLhleha; mournful 
' nukhaklo, ilbusha; davs of mourning, 
tabashi nitak ulhpisa. 
Mouse, n. Pinti; a brown mouse, pintukfi- 
a grass mouse, piutuksala; mouse color- 
ed, toshbokoli hishi toshbi; a short tail 
mouse usually found in grass, yumbak 
Month, IK Itakha, itih; inside of the mouth, 
itakhaanukaka.opening the mouth wide, 
itakhabali; open mouth, itakyabali,- to 
make the mouth water, itiikchubah, 
spittle sticking to the mouth, ituklapowa 
a yellowish collor about the mouth. 
I ituklukna; to put in the mouth, ittih 
I fohkih; to put it in the mouth, kupulih, 
black about the mouth, ibaklnsonli my 
j mouth, satih; sore mouth, itukhahutupa; 
the mouth of a stream, bok asetili. 
Moveable, ru Kanull. 

Move, r. Kanullih kanollictih; to move to, 
kanullichih, akanullih; to cause to move 
to, akanuUichih; to move away from, 
iwchah; moved or stirred as "water, 
piakuchih poalichih; to move or stir, 
pialichih poalichih, poakuchih; moving 
rapidly, palbkih^ to make haste or move 
fast, tuspalichih; moved, kunia ulhto- 
showah; removed, kanullih, akanullih, 
ulhtoshowah; to move away, wihah 
wihut kunia; moved awav, wihah. to 
move slowly, yalullih; a mover, wihut 
aya; moving in ranks as soldiers, baiut 
bayah; moving in rank, baiullit ava, 
baiullit maya; moving about, fulokahan- 
I chih. 

I Mow, ('. Bushlih, umoh; mowed, buslia, 
ulmoh; a place mowed, hushuk abusha; 
to mow grass, hushuk bushli; mowed 
grass, hushuk busha; a mower, hushuk 
bushli, hushuk isht bushli; mown, 
ulmoh. 
Much, a. Fehna, laua, apakna; very much, 
ai okluha; to make much of, fenuchih; 
as mtifh as, kaniohmi; I am much, 
sufehna; I am too much, sashahlih. 
Mud, n. Lukchuk. hlatiko, hlatimo; mud- 
dy, hlatiko, hlafchah; to make muddy 
hlatikochi, hlatimochih hlafehuchih, 
hlabetuchih; mire or soft mud, hlabetah, 
haiyiko; a muddy or wet place, hlachiko, 
oklashko; to make a muddy or wet place, 
hlachikchih, okhlachakochih, haijko- 
chih. 
Mug, n. Isht ishko ampo, isht ishko, luftti 

ampo chipunta. 
Mu!?gy, o. Hokulbi. 

Mulatto; n. Nipi lakna, hattak lakna, hat- 
tak lusa nipi homma. 



MITLBEEEY 



46 



NEUTEE 



ITulberry, n. Bihi; muiberry-tree, bibi upi, 

bibt3pL 
Mule. n. Issuba haksobisb falaia. 
Mullen, n. Hakchuraa bolba. 
Multiply, n. Ittih alvahliebih, lauaclii, 

lauat ia, lauat toba, isht itti bakahlih; 

multiplied, ittilb ulhkahah, 
Mu:nps, )t. Ikonla shatahli. 
Murder, v. Hattak illichih, battak ubih; a 

murderer, hattak ubi, hattak bika ubi; 

murderous, hattal^ ubi, bat)ak bik obi 

shabli. 
Mus(ile, n. xVksbisb, shah a, okafolush; 

muscle shell, o-kafolu&h hakshup. 
Muscadine, n. Sukko 
Muse, V. Isht anukfillih. 
Mush, 71, Ashila. 
Music, n. Taloa, ola;^ musical, taloa imma^ 

nana olachi imma; musician, nan oluohi. 



Musknielon, n. Ochak; musk rat, kint» 

bolba. 
Muslin, ». Na tapusbki. 
Musiiuito, n, Sapuntak; musquito Imr, isht 

ahlipo- 
Must. V. Cbike; must have been, akutoh; 

must be, fotoh; mus-t not, batuk ohmij 

it must be^ omihah. pulla. 
Musty, a. Toshbi, shaklx>na. 
Mustard, n. Mustot. 

Mute-, a. Ik anumpolo, hattak ik anumpola, 
Mutter, t'. Anunlpont ashah, anumpont 

iah. 
Mutton, n, Chiikfi nipi. 
My, pro. A, um, so, mine, ummi. 
Myrrh, n. Mnh, 
Mysterious, a. Inla, ik otano; mystery, nan 

ik otauo, nana aluhraa, na fehna ebiuto- 



N 



Kag', n. Isstiba Iskitina. 

Nail, n. Tuli chutak, chuifakj wroug-ht 
nails, chufak boa; four- penny nais, hol- 
htina ushta: eight-penny, holhtina un- 
tuchina; large nails, tuli chufak hochito; 
small nails, tuli chufak chipunta; to nail, 
anuhlichi; nailed, anahla, abonahla; 
nailed at, aiahonuhJa; nailed to, ana- 

^ hla; to nail on, anulhhlichih; to cause 
them to be nailed on, ahonol hhlichih; 
spike nails, chufak hochito; linger nail 
ibbakchiish. 

Naked, a, Banoh, fijhko, nipi banoh, mib 
bauoh, nan iksho. 

Nauic, n. Hohchifo; name onlJ^ hobcbifo 
bano, hohchifo bieka; namole?5s hohchi- 
fo iksho; to take a name, hohchifo ishi; 
a nickname, hohchifo okpulo; named, 
hohchefo takali, hohchifo; to name, hoh- 
chifochih; Wiiile naming or calling, 
hochifo; continually naming, hochihifo; 
to name each other, ittihochefob. 

Nap. V. Nusi, napkin, nantapuski. 

Narrate, v. Anolih; narrated, annowah: 
narration, annoa; continually narrating, 
annohovvah; to narrate a story, fappulih. 

Narrow, a. Ik putho, at.'hlifa. 

Nasty, a, Litiha; I am nasty, salitihah, 

Natioiiiil, n. Okla imma, ai okla. 

Native, <i. Ahofanti yakni yommakinli 
atoba, i yakni ahofanti; nativity ai utta. 

Nature, /;. Ai im ulhpjsa: naturally so, ai 
ommo mali. 

Naughty, a. Haksi, ik kostmo, okpulo. 

Nausea, ??, Yuvvala; to nauseatt;. yuvVala- , 
chib; nauseating, yuwalah; I am" nause- 
ated, siyuwalah; to nauseate me, siyuw- 
ulichih; nauseous, yuvvalah, okpulo. 

Naval, «, Peni cbito imma. 

Nave], n. Hatambish, haiombisb. 

Navig'able, '/. Feni aya hinla, peni aya he 
ulhpesa; to navigate, peni isht aya/ peni 
fgkut aya. 

Nay, aa. Keyu, ahah. ha, aheto. 

Near, da, Bilika, ittuma! nearly, ahai, 
naha, bilinchi; nearness, bilika; very 
near, bilikasi, olanlosi, olasi; places near 
to each other, ai ittibilika; near by, olan- 



li, ittumasi, ibilika; near to each other, 
ittibiflka; ver>' near to each other, itti- 
belikasih; to come near, olanlichih; near- 
er, olalichib; n arest, bilikasi; to draw 
near, bilikuchih, bilinchih; to live near, 
bilika utta; nearsighted, nishkin tulhha. 
Necessary, a Yohma bepulla; neeessitous, 

ilbusha, abunna. 
Neck, n. Ikonla; short neck, okwiohilih; 
bow neck, tibblna; necklace innouchi. 
i Necromancj', n. lUi isht anumpuli, illi nan 
I isht anoli ilahobbi. 

j Need, t' Bunnah; to be in need, ilbusha; 
needful, abunna needles.«r, a yohma 
ulhp^esa keyu; needy, abunna, ilbusha. 
j Needle, 71. Chufak ushi. chufak usbi nan 
j isht achunli; needle case, ai ulbiha; knit- 
I ting needles, iyubi huski isht tunua. 
[ Ne'?l!H',t, V. Imihaksi, abaksichib ik^ anuk- 
[ Jillo, issah; neglected, aksho, ahaksi; 
1 ueglcctfui, immihaksi, nan isht ik ahno; 
I negligent, abah ik ahno, 
I Negotiate, v. Cbumpah. 
j Nc'jrro, ;(. Hattak lusa; negress, hattay lusa- 
I ohoyc^ a negro wench, hattak lusa oho- 
yo haul; a mulatto or half negro, hattak 
lusa iklunna: Africa, or tb'j negro country 
battak lusa i yakni; a negro boy, hattak 
lusa ushi; negro wool, hattak lusa pasbi: 
a negro slave, hattak lusa yuka. 
Neii^h, V. Sihika, shuka, kil'eha; neighing, 

sihihikah, sohohgka^ 
NedTJjbDr, n. Chukka apunta, b"lika utta; 
next neighbor, chukka et apatunlih; 
neigkbors, chukka apuntah asha; close 
neighbors, ai ittibilika; his neighbor, i 
chukka apanta, i chukka alokuii; neigh- 
borly, chukka apanta ayohma be ulhpesa. 
Nephew,/?. Ibaiyi 

Nerve, n. Hlampko, kull:>: an affection of 
the nerves, halohli; nerveless, ikhlamp- 
ko; nervous, kullo, hlampko. 
Nest, 7?.. Ulhpichik. 
Nestle, ('. Binilih, alatub. 
Nethermost, a. Akka fehna. 
Nettle, n. Ilattak hulhpa; to nettle, ho! lip- 
uelih: bull nestle, hattak hollipa ohito. 
Neuter, a. Aha'aia iksiio, pe aya. 



XEUTEAL 



47 



NUMBEB 



»utral, n. Pe aya, ahalaia ikslio. 

N<'\fr, ltd. Nitak nana \va. nitak nanakeyu; 
never will or never can. himma kcyn; 
never before, ehatoshba; n<ver was' or 
never has been, chatuk keyu, ehatuk 
atnshba, chatnshba; nevertheless, araba, 
ni'ver to be, himma keyu. 

»>v. a. Himoni: to makenew, himonuchih; 
somewhat new, himona chohrai; renew- 
ed himonah; renewable, himonueha 
hiula; newly, himo: n«ws. anumpa, an- 
' nowa, anumpa kaniohmi: the place 
where news is told, nan aiannoa; news 
carrier, anumpa shahli. 

"Next, a. tTimmakmaatukla: and next, cha. 

Tfibble. r. Kachelih. nip, kaohelih 

Jfice, o. Achukina, hochukraa, koshofa. 

>'ickii;iiiie, r Himak fokalichit hochifo; a 
nickname, isht vopula hohchifo. 

Sicotino, n. Ilakchuma hlltilli. 

Nig,:!ird, n. Hattak nan i hullo, nan i hullo. 

yigh. (t. Bilika; well nijrh, naha, ahosi. 

Mfiht, n. Ninak; dark night ninak, okhlili; 
moonlight night, ninak nit-tckohmi; to 
night, himak ninak: midnight, ninak 
ikluuna: fortnight, :fiitak hullo tuklo: last 
night, ninak asha; night before last nin- 
ak misha kash. nightly, ninak moma, 
ninak atukma, ninak aiyuka; I pass the 
night siononnah; night-cap, aihlipa; 
night clothes, nafoka fokut nusi; night 
mare, holhpokonnaokpullo; night watch; 
niuak atoni. 

^'imble, a. Tush pa. 

Jfiiie, a. Chakkalih; nineteen, abih chak- 
kali; ninth, isht chakkali; nineteenth, 
isht abih chakkali. 

Nippers, n. Isht kiseli. 

Kipple, /?. Ipishik; my nipple, sapishik. 

Nit, n. Isscp nihi, 

Nitre, v. Hupi kapussa. 

No, ad. Keyu, aheto. ha ahah, chikimba; 
nal by no means, kaniohmi kia yohma, 
he keyu; in no wise, kaniohma he keyu. 

Noble, n. Holitumpa: nobleman, hattak 
holitompa; nobly, chitolihosh, chitot. 

Nod, r. Okfakolih, akkachimolih, akka- 
chunni. 

Noise, n. Yahapah. shakapah, tapijlah, 
ehobok, haksuba, hlaehuk kabak; to 
mak.' a noise from any object falling into 
water, chobokachih.* hlobukachih; to 
make a gurgling noise, chobohcchih; to 
churn and make a noise, chobolichih; to 
make a noise by scratching the bark of a 
tree, fachohcchih; to confuse with noise, 
haksubachih; to make a noise like that 
of a knife or ax when it cuts anything, 
hlachak achih; to make noise by con- 
eussiou, kabak; to make a noise with 
fe t, as tramping of a horse, kitilichih 
kittikuchih; making a noi.se by pressure 
on the nose, okchoshonlih; 'making a 
noise by whooping, yahapah shakapah; 
to make a noise by hollowing, tapclah; to 
make a rumbling noisi", wenihuchih, 
komohcchih; noisiness, yahapa. 

Nouiiiiul. a Hohchifo imma. peh hohchifo, 
hohchifo bieka. hohchifo buno. 

Nominate, v. Wakelih, wakelichih; to 
nominate me, sawakelih. 

None, a. Iksho; you have none, ikchim 
iksho. 

Nonsense, n. Anumpa keyu; anumpah 



makalih. anumpa kaniohmi keyu; non 
sensicaL, isht yopula, Ik ahobala 

Noon, n. Tabokkoah: tabakkoah. midday, 
tobokkolih. 

Noose, V Anukhlifih; noosed anukhlifah. 

Noritli, n. Falummi: northerly, falummih 
imma, falummi chohmi; the' north star, 
falummi fichik; northward or at the 
north, falummi pilah; way off north falum- 
mi pillah: northwest, falummi hushi 
aiokutula ittintukla; north-east, c];iukti 
ikpilo. 

Nose. ?;. Ibishakini, ibihcholo; nostril, 
ibihcholo; mucus from the nose, ibilhk- 
on; to bleed the nose, ibekolih; bleeds, 
ibikoah, my nose bleeds, sabikoah. 

Not, d. Keyu, ha, ik. aha, awa aheto; will 
not or cannot bo so, chihchint; not so, 
chikimba., cannot be so, not possible, or 
probably not so, chint: not often or not 
very, fehna keyu; would not or cannot, 
hokakant; itoiight not, hotuk; does not, 
may can or must not, hotuk ohmi; do 
not, nal I am not, sia keyu; not at all, 
keyu kummohmi; ought not or should 
not, yobat. cannot or will not, awa; not 
yet keyu kisha. 

Notable, '. Aunoa achukma, isht aunoa, it 
hannah hinla. 

Notch, /•. Chaht lamplih, lakoffih, loblih; 
to cut notches, chakoli; notched, chak- 
oah, lakowah, falakto, lakotah; notches, 
chakokokuchi, lakohli; to cause to cut 
notches; chakolichih, lublichih: a notch 
in a mountain, nunih itta hokofa. 

Note, n. Ilolis.so iskitiui; noted, annoa 
achukma, holisso; to note, ikhana, ho- 
lissochih. 

Notice, v. Xi okpauchih, hakhlo; not to 
not to notice, ikaiokpacho. 

Notify, V. HaklDchih, imannolih; not 
notified, ik im unnowoh; to be notified, 
imaunowah: a notification, imannowa; 
notified imunnoah: to notify each other, 
ittihaklochih. 

Notional, a. Imanukflla laua. 

Notorious, a. annohowa, isht otoni. 

Notwitiistandini;, pr-'P- Hohkia. atuk kia 
hokak, i. e. when followed by o, as umba 
hokako il iachi. which in Enghish is, 
notwithstanding it is raining we are 
going. 

Novel, n. Himona, a novel holisso; novel- 
ist holisoso ikblh; novelty, nana himona, 
a novice, himona isht utta. 

Now, ad. Himak. himo, himonasi, haha, 
himona, intah, tah; now-a-days, nitak 
bimak a fohkali; now at this time, him- 
akano; just now, himonasi hokak heno, 
hakak heto 

Nowhere, ad. Kauima keyu; not any where, 
kauima hoh keyu. 

Noxious, a. Ai okpula, himla. 

Nullification, n. Akshochi; to nullify, 
anumpa ulhpisa akshochih. 

Numb. a. Shimraoha" chilhhlinah illi; to 
cause numbness, chilah hlinuchih; a 
great numbness, chilhhlinoha. 

Number, n. Holhtena hopena hotinah; 
numbered, holhtenah; number! es.s, hol- 
htena atupa; can or must be numbered, 
holhtena hinla: innumerable, holhtena 
he keyu, aholhtinah iksho; to be num- 
bered with others, aholhtinah; numer- 



KUESE 



4S 



OWE 



able, holhtinah atopa; not numbered, 
ikholhtinob: tanumbo^each otber, itti- 
hotehnah, a numerator, bop^ena; numer- 
ous, laua. 
Nurse, . Olla iskitini apesoebi, abeka 
apesucbi; to nursie, ilaueli, ape!*ccbih, 
pisbechih, bofautiehih. 



Nut, n. Uni; sbag^ bark hickory nut, 
kap»un; striped hickory nut, oksak shavv- 
iya; white hicbory nut, oksak hutta; 
hard hickory nut, oksak kullo, aksak toli ; 
walnut, oksak haho; pecan, aksak folah, 
hickory nuts generally, oksak. 



o 



0, interj. Aiehnar o rtof ahah! oh dear! 
aienabi; oh! on account of pain from 
water, aksnuki: oh! on accont of pain 
from fire, akshupi: oh! indeed! aume; oh! 

Saiuful, eha: oh! haha! oh. what! ban, 
ai, heigh lio, bank; oh! from a sense of 
acute pain, humpbe; oh! in time of dan- 
ger, kaiho! oh! listen, look out, ma! oh! 
feeling contempt, makhaloka; oh! in de- 
fiance, ok; oh! when daiing, okinta; oh 
dear, okokko! oh! it may be so, omiba! 
ohl well! vvbi'u beginning to speak, 
omishke; oh! when suprised. owe! owi! 
oh! wlien a mistake is discovered, owib! 
oh dear! from pain, ulle! oh don't! weh- 
ka! oh thanka! yakoke! oh alas! yakoke! 
aiehna! O, that it might be, okbt3no, 
hokbnno, yokbuno; o me, hok. 

Oak, n. NosCDi; strictly speaking a red 
oak, black oak, nolukna upi noslaknupi; 
white oak.baiyi; Spanish oak, chilhputha. 
yukhe; post oak, cblsha; black jack, 
chiskelik, chokushmi; red oak, chishikta; 
chestnut oak, baiyi holba; over cup oak, 
bushto; water oak, chilhputha; Jerusalem 
oak, lupchobi, haiyukpulo kosoma; 
oaken , nosopi osh toba. 

Oat, //. Jssuba upa, ouush issuba upa. 

Oath, n. Anumpa kullo; to testify on oath, 
anumpa kullo onotulut nan anolih, to 
take an oath, anump kulk), onocbib, oath 
taken, anumpa kullo onotulah: to bind 
one's self under oath, anumpa kullo il 
, onocbib. 

(Obdurate,, a. Chukosh kullo. kt:llo. 

Obedient, a. lyimmi, imantia; obedience, 
ira antia; to obey, imantia, iyimmi, im- 
atia; not obeying, ikvimmoh, imatia 
keyu. \ 

Oblidge, V, Yukpalib; obliging, i kana, 
yukpali. 

Obliquity, n. Filummi, 

Oblong, a. Falaia kut awata ka i sbahli, 
shahbahki. 

Obscure, a. Tuhfokolih. ik otano, hima; to 
cause obcurity. tuhfokolichib. 

Observe, v Anumpulih holitoblih. 

Obsolete, a. Kcnia, aksho, ai issa, akshot 
tab a. 

Obstinate, d. Chukosh kullo, ikyimmo, ik- 
kosteno; obstinacy, chuktssh kullo. 

Obstruct, V. Ikumalih, yokoplih; to cause 
obstruction, yokoplichih; obstruction, 
yokoplih, katapa; obstructed, katapah, 
katapoah. 

Obtain, v. Ishih, ahanchih. 

Obtuse, a. Ikhaluppo 

Occasionally, nd. Bakah. 

Occult, a. Ik otano, luma, ikhaiako. 

Occupy, V. Aiashah, ainthwa, haluUih; 



not occupying, ikai'ashob, ikaiantob. 

Ocean, n. Okhuttachito, 

Octeber, n. Aktoba. 

Odious, a. Okpulo. 

Odor, n. Nabalama; a peculiar odor as the 
smell of flsh, nakshobib, as of urine, 
kablama; odoriferous, balama; odorous, 
balama; to cause odor, balamuchih. 

Oir, nd. Et, pit; off there or long war off, 
pillab; offspring, cheluppi; send this 
way or off this way, et pillh; send off that 
way. pit pillab. 

Offend, V. Cbukush hotopalih, nukhaklo- 
cbin, nokoachib; offended, chukush hoto- 
palih, cbukush hotopah; offense, hottupa 
to give offense, bottupaebih; offensive, 
okpulo. ai okpuninchi. 

Offer, V. Bohlib, wehlib: offering, pit welih 
non ai asbuchi isbt ulhtoba, uba pit isht 



ai okpuchi. 
Office, n. 



Ai olbtoka. nan isht utta, nan 
I isbt ai utta; officer, ulbtoka, isht utta, 

nan ulhtoka, tishu. 
1 Officious, a. I kana, ataklommichih. 
i Often, nd. Chekohosi, chehiki; oft times or 

often times, himmona. 
I Oil, n. Bila, nabilla: oiled, bila ahamab, 
I ahamab; oily, bila bieka, litikfo, bila 
i bano; to oil, bila abammih. bila ahammi- 

chib; moistened with oil. bila ahlaya; 
! to pour oil on, bila oblalih: lamp oil. 

bila pulatoba; to melt oil, bilelichih: to 
! anMnt with oil, fokkicbib; to oil fre- 
! quenntly, fokkibincbib: to oil at last, 

fokkiechib; coal oil, tobaksi bila; coal 
1 oil can, tobaksi bila ai ulbto; an oint- 
I ment or hair oil, ahama: to rub oil on, 
j abammih. 

j Old, a. Sipokni; chashpo. hopaki, kam- 
i ussuli; older, sipokni i sbahli; oldest, 

sipokni moma i sbahli; the oldest brother 
; or sister, akni; the olden times, chashpo; 
'' to wear out and make old, as a garment, 
I hliplih; to be old. hliput, bliput taha, 
[ . to make old, hlipuchih; to be aged or 
i old, kamussulib, kauashuchib; old or 
! getting old, kauasha: I am getting old. 
[ sakamussulih; I am old. sasipoknih; to 
I be a year old, afummi. 
j Omen, n. Isbt ulhpisa, isht ikhuna. 
'< Omit, V. Ahaksib, ahaksichih. 
I Omnipresence, n. Himona acbuffanlit kuni- 

ma anta. 
On, pr. Pit; onward, pit. 
j One, a. Achuffa; one at a time, achuffalit; 
j not even one, achuffahpi kia keyu; not 
! even one is, achuffahpi kia iksho; per- 
i haps one. achoffona; to take here and 
I there one, acbafohlih, acbafolib; just one 
' with another, achanab; to become one 



ONION 



49 



PAIN 



with, ibachuffa, ibaiachuffah; to make 
one as one of them, ibachutfalih; to add 
one to or. sent one more in. ibafohkih: 
once, himonna; jiist one, himonna; at 
once, himonna achutfanli, himonali; all 
at once, himoua achuffanlit himonali; to 
to be at once, himonali; once or one time, 
himoua ha; let all talk or speak at once, 
himona achuffa momut ikannmpuli. 

Onion, n. Hatofalaha, hatofalaha chito; 
onion seed, hatofalaha nihi. 

Only nd. Banoh, akbanoh, hakbano. ak- 
bano, yakbano, akbat, bat, beka pulla 
bleka, ilia; only lately, biekah, 

Oorc, V. Bichilih; to cause to ooze out, 
bichilichih; cannot ooze out, bichilla he 
keyu; to ooze out; hlitillih. 

Open, V. Tivvih, fatummih, wakummih: 
opened, tiwah, fatomah, wakaraa, otuni- 
nichih; to cause to open, fatummichih; to 
crack open, fuchanli; cracked open, 
fuelianlih, bokanlih; to cause to crack 
open, fcchanlichih; not opened, as a 
knife, ikfatomoh; to reveal or open to 
him, imottonih ihaiyakah; an open place 
shuhbi. shahbii empty or open, shahbih; ' 
open woods, tohvvali; to open them, I 
wakamolih: opened, wakamoah; opening ! 
as cotton, bokanli; to burst open, bokah- ' 
lichih. ; 

OptuHi. /'. Xusechi kcllo; opiate, nusechi. ! 
ishkot nusi. ! 

Opp :rtuiilt}-, n. Ai ulhpiesa. I 

Opp=»se, V. Ichapah, ichapoah i sanalih 
katuplih; to oppose each other as candi- 
dates, ittichapah; opposite, ichapa in i 
tunnup. 

Opossum, /'. Shukhuta, possum; fat opos- 
sum, shukhuta nia. 

Oppr(-ss, ('. Ilbushalih; oppressed, ilbush- 
ah; oppressive, isht ilbushah. kullo. 

Opulent, a. Van in lana, holitompah. 

Oral, a. Itukha ai anumps, anumpah; 
f)rally. anumpah bano. 

Orator, ?i. Hattak anumpuli impunna. 
anumpa isht hika. 

Oruerly. nd. Achukmalit. 

Or-i !.:nce, /*. Anumpa ashuchit tusholih. 

Ordination, . . Isht ai ulhtoka, isht 
TJlhtokoa. 

Origin, n. Ai isht ia ummona, aminti; an 
orgin of, ai isht auechi; original, omm- 
ona, himonna, ai isht ia ummona. 

Oriental, a. Hushi akuchaka. 

Orifii-e, /?. Choluk. 

Ornament, n. Ishit shema; to ornament 
with, isht aiuklichih; ornamental, isht 
aiuklichi. 



Orphan, v. Ulktaklah. 

Orthodax, n. Ai ahli. yimml ahli; ortho- 
doxy, anumpa ai ahli ayimml. 

Ostensible, n. Haiaka hinla; ostensibly, 
haiakahinla pulla; ostentation, haiyakah. 

Other, a, Inla; and others, achomih; some 
other, inla. 

Otter, n, Oshun; otter skin, oshun hc- 
kshup. 

Ou!?ht, L\ Yohma he pulla; it ought not, 
hotuk, hiobft, yobat. 

Ounce, n. Ous; an ounce, ous achuffa. 

Ours, pro Pimmi, pishno;" our, pi, pin, 
pimmi, hup,, hupi, hupim, hupimmi, 
hupin; to be ours, hupimmit ours or our- 
selves, hupishno. 

Out, ad. Haiakah. taha, iksho, out doors, 
kucha; to turn out, kohchih; to take out, 
kuthh; taken out, kufah; to come out, 
haiakah; out let, asitili; to outrage, hott- 
upachin, hottupalih; outrageous, okpulo, 
atopa, outset, himona isht ia; at the 
outset, mihmak inli ho, mashko; out 
skirt, ai ulhli, 

OviU, a. Shabahki. 

Ovei!, n. Apaluska, ai ulhpusha; oven lid; 
apaluska o hlipa. 

Over, pr. Akuchchah, akuchah uba; to go 
over, ubanaplih; went over, ubanupolih; 
ulanupoah, annupolih; passing over, ai 
opitamah: ouercbarge, iulli atuplih; 
overclrarged, iulli atupah; over coat, 
nafoka chito; overcome, imaiyuchih, i 
shalichih; to overcome at, ai immaiyach- 
ih; overcup, bushto; overestimated, 
nafehnuchih; ovar flow, oka mitafa; 
overgo, i shalih, atupah, ontiah; overlay, 
lapalichih; overjoy, chukush yukpa 
atupah; to overlook, ahaksih, ahaksichih 
over seer, apesuchi; to overshadow, 
hoshontikachih; overtake, sakkih. 

Owing, a. Ahika im asha; owin^ to, hona 
hocha. 

Owl, n. Opa; horn owl, iskitini; prairie 
owl, opa shilup; screech owl, ofonlo; 
owlish, opah imma. 

Own, V. Halullih; ishih immih; his own, ai 
immi ilapo; what is his own, ai immi ha; 
to or at his own or its own. aki akinli; 
every one owning, ai immi aiyukah; to 
own to, il anoli; owning or ownership, 
nan immi; both owning; ai immibikah. 

Ox, n. WBk toksuli; ox bow. waktoksuli 
ikoula ofohoma, wak toksuli ikonla 
afoka; ox yoke, yok, ikonla abana, 

Oyster, n. Okafolush, chakla, opa haksun; 
oyster shell, akafolush hakshup. 



P 



Pace, V. Kiulih, kaiullih; a step or a pace, 

ahabli, uhali. 
Pacific, a. Yohbi, nuktula, i kana, hopohla 

to pacify, hopuhluchih, chulosalih. 
Pack. r. l^halih; packed shavah. 
Paddle, n. Isht motlih; to paddle, moffih. 
Padlock, n. Luksi, aboha i luksi. 



Page, n. Holisso i tunnup achuffa, holliso 

putta in tunnup'. 
Pail, V. Ishtochi, ishtohchi. 
Pain, V. Kommichi, hottupa, hihah: to be 

in pain, hottupah; painful, hottupa; 

nukhalochi; to cause pain, hottupuchih, 

hottupalih; afflicted with pains, nahut- 



PAINT 



50 



PEEP 



tupah; to pain me, sahottupah, si3ttopah. 
sahottupi3lih, suttupulih; severe paiu. 
simiklih; painless, hottupa iksho, ik- 
hottupoh. 

Paint, n. Isht inc]iunli,ancliaha; red paint, 
tishihomrua. anchaha: to paint tlie face, 
anchahlib;to paint another, auchalilichih; 
a painter, anehahlichi, i'chuli, in chuli. 

Pair, n. Hoioh, 

Palace, n. Aboha holitopa, chukka holi- 
tjpa. 

Pale.a. Iluta, kashofa; iti shima holihta, 
lioliJata liamppa; a paled yard or lot, 
holihta haluppa; to make pales, holilita 
haluppa ikbi; to be pale white, hantah, 
paleness, huta, haata. 

Piillid, a, Huta, kashofa. 

Pjrini, a. Ibbak putta. 

Palmetto, n. Tala. 

PalpaMe, r.. Ottjni. 

Palpitate, v. Nuktimikuchih, miehilhhah, 
uukwinakuchih; palpitation, nuktimiku- 
chi; michilhha; palpitation of the heart 
ikfoka maleli, ikfoka baleli, chukush 
nukbimimkuchi. 

PaJsey, /;. Haknip illi, nipi illi isht abeka, 
palsi; palsied, haknip illi. 

P.r.iiphlet, /I. Holisso hakshup iksho. 

Pan, n. Amp mahaia mulhha; frying 
pan, aiulwusha ai ishi asha; bake pan, 
upaluska; fire pan apula; tin pan, mulhha. 

Pai.icr. n. Annmpa akpuUo onochi. 

i anei^yric, n. Holitoblit isht anumpuli. 

P..u„, a. llottupa. 

Pant, V. Fohuklih, fiopa tuha, bunnah; 
pants, breeches or pantaloons; obalafoka. 

Panther, n. Koi. 

Papjnv, n. Umbi. 

Paper, n. Holisso. aholisso; white paper, 
Tiolisso tohbi; a slip of paper, holisso 
hlilafa; blank paper, holisso ik a holisso; 
paper maker, holisso ikbi; paper cutter, 
holisso isht busha; to paper a room, 
holisso lt3pelichih; news papers, holisso 
chito nan anuoa. 

Parable, n. Annmpa nan isht ulhpisa, nan 
islit ulhpisa annmpa. 

Parasol, n. Isht il o hhshontikachi iskitini 

PardoH, (;. Imihaksichih, i Icashofichih. i 
kashofih. 

Pare. v. Luffih; parred, lufah. 

Paregoric, n. licfoka hottupa ikhish; apar- 
,ing. hakshup lufa. 

Parley, n. Ittimanumpuli: parlor, pe 
aiasha aboha. 

Paroquet, n. Kilikki; parrot, kilikki chito, 
kilikki ulhpoa. 

Parsimonious, a. I hullo, nan i hullo. 

Part, n. Kashapa; to be apartof, kashapah; 
to part from each other, ittifalummih; to 
part from, felummih; to cause to part 
from, filamolichih; partner, ai ittapela. 

Partial, a. Kanimanchi, i hullo, anuksita; 
to be partial to a man, hattak anuksitah. 

Partridge, n. Kofih; parturition, eshi. 

Pass, V. Ai opitommih; passed or passing 
over, aiopitamah; a ford or a pass, akuch- 
cha; passed by, antiah,a highway or pas- 
swav, hina; to pass through to, hluka- 
ffih;"bored through or passed, hlukafah; 
to pass through, hlopullit oua; to cause 
to pass through, hlopullechih; to come 
. through or pa.ss through, hlopuUih; rati- 
fied or passed.hlopullih; passable, hlopul- 



la liinla, ataya hinla; impassable, hlo- 
pulla he koyu; to pass quickly through, 
hlopohlih; to cause to pass quicklv 
through, hlopohliehih; just passed 
through, hlopoulih; to go by or to pass 
ahead, imaiah, imayah; to pass each 
other, ittiopitummih; to pass with, ahlo- 
pullih; to pass the night, onounah; pass- 
ing by without calling, okliowatant ava; 
passion, anushkuuna; passionate, 'im 
anukfila tushpa; the passover, ubanublit 
out ai impah; in the past, chikkjh; pastor 
apesochi, pehlichi,'iksa inp .hlichi. 

Pastebojird, n. Holisso sukko. 

Pasture, a. Hashuk ai impa; to pasture, 
hashuk ai impuchih; a pasture, holihta 
ulhpoa aiasha. 

Patch, ('. Akullih; a thing with which to 
patch, isht ulhkata; patched, ulhkutah. 

Patf^. n. Nashuka, ibitakla. 

Path. a. Hina ashi, hinushi. hina; path- 
less, hiua iksho. 

Patipnt. a, Nukchiuto, nuktanla; a patient 
hattak abeka; patience, nuktanla; achu- 
nanchi. 

Patriarch, n. Hattak iki chito, iki chito. 

Pattern, v, Hobachih. 

Paucity, n. Chubiha. 

Pauper, n. Hattak ilbusha inla anukchito. 

Paw. n. lyi ptjtta; to paw, shuliih, akohlah- 
lih. • 

Pay. V. Atobbih; to make him pay, atobbi- 
chih; to pay the debt, ehiloffih; paid the 
debt, chilofah, ulhtobah; the debt not 
paid, ikatobbah, ikchilofoh. 

Payment, n. Nan ulhtoba; a time or place 
of payment, ai ulhtoba; not time for pay- 
ment, ai ulhtoba ikono kisha; repayment, 
falamut ulhtoba. 

Pea. n. Tobihullo; garden pea. tobi hullo 
hikint uni: bush pea, tobi hullo abehla. 
peanut, way a; peacock, okchawu la, chito 

Peare. n. Chulosa,' huliipashi, halhpa.si 
na uaiya; peaceable, hulhpashi, nuktan- 
la, yukpa; peaceably, holhpa.shit; to 
make or making peace, nauaiyacliih; 
peaceful, nuktanla, hopohla, yukpa; a 
peace maker, hattak itta kushkoli. 

Peach, n. Takon; peach tree, takonupi. 

Peal, n. Biraihuchi; pealing, biniihochi. 

Pear, ii. Takouchito holba; pear tree, 
takbn chito holba upi; prickly pear, 
tulhpakha. 

l*eari, a. Sfiaha, okafolusli hakshup; pearl 
ash, hittuk. 

Pebble, ii. Taloshik. 

Pecan, n. Oksak fula, pecan tree, oksak 
fula upi; pecan trees, oksak hofaloha upi. 

Peck, n. Bus'iil iklunua ya iklunna: pek, 

* to peck, chanlih; to caus.; to peek, chanli- 
chiti; pecked, chayah; to peck each other, 
ittiehanlili. 

Peculiar, n. C'nukush ilupissah. 

Pedant, lu Hattak nan itliana iluhobbi. 

Peddler, n. t31hpoyak shat aya. 

Pedestrian, n. Akkaya, akka hikkit aya; 
pedestrians, akka hika. 

Peel, /?.. Hoffih, hlolilili, fokoplih, lutlili; 
peeled or to be peeled, lilofali; peeled off, 
nlohah lufah tinlah; fakoliah, fakopah 
fociionlih; a peeling, hakshup lufa; uu- 
peeled, hnkshup asha. 

Peep, V. Afanalichih- haiakah; peep at, 
afanatah. 



PEEVISH 



51 



PINE 



Peevish, v. Namak keyu, nukoa; peevish- 
ness, anuk' phomunta. 

Pej?, n. Isht a nail la. 

Pelit-aii, n. Clialantak ahoba. 

Pen, n. Ai uni, holihta, holiht cuih; writ- 
ing pen, isht hollisosochi; steel pens, tcli 
kullo isht holissoschi: gold pens, tuli 
holisso lakna isht holissochi; pent up, 
holihta ulbehah; penned, holihta ulhto, 
ulbihab. lead pencil, isht holissochi naki; 
penman, holissochi. ~ 

Peiiiteiil, a. Hattak yoshoba il e nukhak- I 
loehi, nukhaklo; penitence, ai isht nu- 
khak lo. 

Pcwifess, n. Tshkuli ik im iksho, ilbusha: 
penny, iskuli. 

Pension, v. A fcmmik ma ilhpeta; pensive, 
nukhaklo, asha. 

Peiitei'OKt. 1). tbanublit ont ai impa asha 
nitak tuklo: pentikost. 

P»•nul■iou^, II. ihullo, iskuli i hullo. 

People, )i, <)kla, oklushi. 

Peppei-, IK Tishi homi; red pepper, tishi 
homi homma; black pex^per. tishi homi 
lusa; pepper box, tishi homi aiulhto 

Pera<Ivet!!ure, (i<l Yohba na, chishke. 

Pereeptib)**. a. Akostinincha hinla. 

Perch, n. Nuni patussa; to perch, binilih. 

Perchaiu-e, (/. Yoba, yoba ka. j 

Percolate, v. Holluyah. 

PeiMii^ion, II. Ai okpuUoKa. j 

Perfect, a. Ai ahlih. achukma ai okluha; | 
to perfect, tahlih; perfected, tahah ai ; 
olhtah; perfection, ai clhtaha, , 

Perfoi-iite.^ r. Hlopullih, hluah, hlukaffih 
hlukanlichih; perforated, hlopullih, j 
hlukanli: to perforate at, ahlukullih; a i 
perforation, ahlukasa; perforations, ; 
ahlukahli. 

PLTforni, r, Ycmm^hmih, tahlih; perform- ! 
ing, yummohmih: performed, tana. j 

Perfuiiie. / . > a balan.a: ^opfrfume, balam- 
t-chih; perfumed, balamah. I 

Perhaps, ad. Ohechik, r-hechukhah, ka; { 
perhaps so, perhaps not so, chishba- ; 
perhaps, as to time, place or degree, i 
fokka. ! 

Perish, v. Rcshshih, illi, ilbushat illi; to ; 
cause to pi-rish, bushichih; perished, { 
bushih; perishabla, okpula he ai imma, | 
ilia hinla. okpula hinla. { 

Perjure, r. Holubit anumpa kullo ouochih. | 

Peiniaiient. a. Hikia billia he, amiha i 
acncfla billia. ! 

Pernicious, a, Okpulo, baksi. 

Perjieiidicuiar. a. Cba apissant hikia. 

Perpetual, a. Biliah; perpetuallv, billiah; 

Persecute, v, Ilbushalih, ilbushachih; 
ilbushulih; a persecutor, ilbushali, 
hottupuli, ; 

Persevere, v. Achebachih mahavah, 
achunnachih, amosholih amosholichih, ■ 
preserving, achunnachi, amoshohonli, , 
perseverance achunauchi; not perseving i 
ikchllito. i 

Per si mill on, ??. Ukof, 

Pesist, r. Achunnachih, persisting, i 
achunachi: persistence. achnnnachi, ' 
amoshohonli. i 

Person, ?;. Hattak; persons, okla. hattak , 
laua: personal, hattak ahalayah; a lean , 
person, hattak chunna: a fat person, 1 
hattak nia; a sick person, hattak abeka; I 
a good person, hattak achukma; a bad | 



Eersou, hattak okpulo; a pert person, 
attak isht afekommi. 

Perspicuous, a, Haiakah. 

Perspiration, n. I^aksha: to perspire, lak- 
shuchih; to cause perspiration, lak- 
shuchih; perspiring, lakshah; not per- 
spiring, iklukshoh. 

Persuade, v. Anumpulit nukfohkichih. 

Pert a. Tushpa, okeha. 

Pestle, n. Kittush. 

Pot. /(. Aiasitia. 

Petition, n. Holisso nan asilhha, anumpa 
asilhha. 

Petrify, v. Tuli toba. kullo. 

Petticoat, n. Uskuffa yoskololi. 

Pettish, a. Namak keyu, nukoa, hush- 
ayah. 

Petulant, a. Hushayah, namak keyu. 

Pewter, lu Naki kullo. 

Pharisee, u. Falisi. 

Phlej?ni, n. Kahhifa ibilhkun, to raise 
phlegm, kahlafah. 

Physician, n. Alikchi 

Peazza, n. Hoshontika, ihoshontika, ohosh" 
ontika opushchia. 

Pick, V. Umoh; to pick out, fullih; picked 
out, fullah; picked, ulmoh, to open and 
pick out. fullih, lepimoh lepimochih; 
we pick, emoh; to picli them up, aiyoah, 
aioah, aiowah, a picket, holihta haluppa, 
pickle, okulhchi: to pickle, okuchih, uku- 
chih; pickled, ulh kuchih. 

Picture,*/. Hattak holba (is, when a pic- 
ture of a person); a picture of anything, 
holisso na holbut toba: to make a pic- 
ture of anything, hobachit ikbi; a pic- 
ture taken, hobachit ikbi. 

Piece, n. Tushafah, tusha; broken piece, 
tushahli; to cut a piece, tushuffih. tush- 
lih; to cut many pi.ec' s, tustulih, tusha- 
lichih; a small pie.-e, chinil'a. 

Pied, a; Bakoa; piebald bakoa; 

Pierce, v. Bahuffih, hlumplih, hlifelichih 
honuhlih, ahlumplih, hlukanlichih; 
pierced at, anuhiah. ahlukufiih; a 
piercing souud. chasha; a place pierced, 
ahlumpa hlukufah; pierced through, 
hlukafah, hlumpah. 

Piif, II. Shukhushi; shote, shukha him- 
mitta; sow and pigs, shukba ilauelih. 

Pigeon, V. Puchi; tame pigeon, puchi ulh- 
poba: squab, puchi ushi, puchi hima- 
hofulli. 

Pigiijy, n. Hattak, kawasha, hattak im- 
oma, hattak ikchaho. 

Pike, n. Bushah, i. e. a fish. 

Pile, V. Pullih ittunnalichih; piled, ittun- 
nahah; piled up, fohompah. 

Pilfer, V. Hokupah. 

Pilijrini, n. Pe nowut aya hattak. 

Pill, n. Ikhish lumbo. 

Pillow, u. Clhpishshi; pillow case, ulh- 
pishshi in shukcha. 

Pilot, n. Hattak peni isht aya. peni afana; 
pilot on land, tikba heka; 

Pin. n. Chufak ushi nusbkobo asha, chu- 
fak ushi yushkoboli; wooden pin, iti 
isht anahla; pin cushion, chufak ushi 
ashamohli. 

Pinch, r. Chiniffih; pinched, chinifah, 
chinoah; a pinch, chinifa; to pinch 
them, chinolih. 

Pine, n. Tiak; young pine, tiak himitta; 



PINK 



52 



POLLEIS^ 



pine knot, tiak pishi; pine bark, tiak 
hakshup; dead pine, tiak illi; pine 
leaves, tiak hishi; pine pitch, tiak ma 
hiitilli; pine rosin, tiak uia; pine tur- 
turpentinr, tiak shua; to pine away, 
hlipushili; pined away, hlipuslii. to 
cause to pine away, hlipusliichih; pine 
lumber, tiak buslia: to saw pine, tiak 
bt3shlih- 

Pi:ik, n. Tisbepa; pink root^ pakanli- 
homma. lupchubi. 

Pint, n, Isiit ishko achuffa. ^ 

Pious, a. Ubayimmi nuktanlutayu. 

Pipe, n. Hakchuma ashuka; an earthen to- 
bacco pipe, hakchuma shuti; pipe an in- 
strument to blow, isht i pufa. 

Piquo, V. Chukush bihlih; piqued, chukush. 
bihlah, chukush nuhla. 

Pistol, n. Tanamp ushi. tanamp puskush. 

Pit, n. Choluk. yakni; kernel or pit, foni; 
a cave or pit, hochukbi, hichukbi; to 
dent or to pit, htifikbih; to make a pit, 
hufikbichih. 

Pitch, n. Tiak nia hiitilli; tD pitch, hlili- 
chih pit pilla; pitched, hikah; pitcher, 
picha, isht ishko cliaha: pitchfork, chu- 
fak hushuk isht pehli hushuk isht piha. 

P.teoiis, a. Nukhaklo. nukhaklochi; piti. 
ful. nukhaklo, nukhakloclii; pity, isht 
i nukhaklo. 

Pithy, n. Aldj, shatummi. 

Fi ot, n. Ai ontalut folohkuchi. 

Pliop, V. Helichih; placed or set up, hikiah; 
to place at. ahelichih; an abandoned 
aiissah; another place, a taksika; the 

f>lacr^ of departed spirits, hattak illi shi- 
ombish aiashah; to place side by side, 
ittichaplih; placed on or upon, ontulah. 

Placid, a. Yohbi, yukpa. 

Piaj?ue, V. Anumpuliehih; plaguy, isht 
ahchiba, atuklummi, okpulo. 

Plain, a. Haiakah: to make plain, haiy- 
akuchih; a flat, level ground or plain, 
yakni matali, yakni patali; evident or 
plain, apissanli, otuni. 

Plait, V. Atunuffoh, tunuffoh, pannih; to 
plait in, atunuffochih; plaited, pounah. 

Plane, - . Isiit halnslikichi, s'aafih; to 
plane, lialushkichili; planed smooth, 
nalushkih, sh(g.fah; to plane a plank, iti 
busha haluslikichih; plank planed, iti 
b»3sha halushki. 

Planet n. Fichik, fichik chito; the orbit of 
a planet, fichik ataj^a. 

Plank. Iti busha; dressed plank, iti busha 
halushki; to dress a plank, iti busha 
halushkichih. 

Plant, V. Hokchih; a planter, na hokchi, 
nokchi; planted, holokchih; a weed or 
plant, haiyukpulo holokchi; seeds of 
plants, haiyukpulo nihi; to plant seed 
out of the same year's growth, afelim- 
miti; a place for planting, aholokchi; 
planted with or to. aholokchih. 

Plaster, v. Apaluslih; plastered, ulhpo- 
lusah: mortar or plaster, isht ulhpolusa. 

Plat, V. Pannih, tunuffoh. 

Plate, n. Ai impa, amp huta; pewter plate, 
naki kullo am, o; platter, amp huta 
chito; to plate, akolih; plated, akohah, 
ulhkohah. 

Platform, n. Alanumpuli. 

Plaj, V. Ilhhlauullih, wtsshohah, olachih, 



to cause to play, ilhhlauuelichin, wush- 
ohuchih; to play at a game, achuhpih; 
to play on an instrument, olachih: con- 
tinually playing, olahanchih. played, 
olah; a play ground, ai ihlawulli, to play 
to or for, iwushohah; playful, isht ach- 
iba. 

Plead, V. Isht anumpulih, isht im nttah, 
asilhah; a pleader.' hattak anum])uli. 

Pleasasnt. d. Yukpa, achukma. hochiik- 
ma: to please, yukpuchih; to be pleas 'd 
with, imaiachukma, 

Plentiful, a. Laua, chitoll, apakna; plenty, 
chubiha keyu. 

Pleurisy, n. Chunukko t3bi, chunukkubi; 
to have pneumonia or pleurisy, chunuk- 
ki3bih; the chest or pl'ura chunukkko; 
pleurisy root, chunukko ubi ikhish. 

Pliable, a, Auukyohbi, anukyohbichih; to 
render pliable, "hokulbichi: made yjliable 
by wetting, walashah; pliant, walohbi, 
niiktula. 

Plow. n. Yakni isht putafa, issubi i chahe, 
plow beam, yakni isht, putafa; plow 
stock, yakni isht putafa aiulhpi; plow 
share; yakni isht patafa; plow handle, 
yakni isht jjutafa, ai ishi; to plow corn 
while very young, alelih; plowed while 
young ulliah; to plow, yakni bushli. 
bushli patufiih; to plow corn, lelichih, to 
plow among corn, llhah , patafah. 

Pluck, V. Fullih, plucked, fulah, to pluck 
up by the roots, chukuffih; plucked up, 
chukafah. 

Pluff, V. Kamalih; plugged, ulhkumah. 

Plum. n. Takon ushi; wild plum, isi in 
takon ushi; tame plum tree . takonlush 
u|>i: wild plum tree, isi in takonlush 
upi. 

Plume, 77. Shikopah: a red plume, shiKopa 
homma: black plume, shikopa lusa: 
white plume, shikopa tohbi; blue plume 
shikopa akchukko: to wear a plunu, 
shikoplih. 

PJunimet, n. Naki isht hlafa. 

Plump, a. Hlampko. hloboah, hlobukta. 

Plunder, v. Hokupah. 

Plunge, V. Oklobushlih: plunged, oklub- 
bih. 

Ply, V. Isht ahantah. 

Pneumonia, n. Chunukko ubi. chunuk- 
kubi. 

Pocket, v. Shukcha: poket book, holisso 
i shukcha, holisso nan aholisso. 

Pod. n Hakshup. 

Poignant, n. Haluppa. 

Point, r. Bilhhlih, bilhliplih, haluppu- 
chih: a pointer, bihli, uabihliplih: 
drawn to a sharp point, ibakchufanli, 
ibakchufashli: to point one's self, ileb- 
ihliplih: to point at or out, nabilhhlih: 
to point at me, sabilhhlih: running to a 
point, tepah. 

Poison, V. Isht illi. 

Poke. n. Koshiba: poke root koshiba ak- 
shish: poke berrv, koshiba ani: to poke 
the fire, chilhlichih: a poker, luak isht 
chilhhlichi. 

Pole, n. Iti fabussa, fabussa: pole cat, 
konih. 

Polite, a. Hopoyuksa, ai ulhpissa, ai ok- 
puchi impunna. 

Pollen, n. Pushi. 



POLYGAMY 



53 



Pr.ETEN jj 



Polysai.iy, ». Ohoyo i lawa. hattak i lawa. 

Poiiiinel, /'. Chanwcna, i chanwuua. 

Pompous, a. Ilauata, ile chahuchi. 

Pond, V. Haiyip, hohtak; a small pond, 
hohtak ushi. 

Ponderous, ». Weki. 

Pool, V. Aiyupi. 

Poor, a. Chunna: ilbi*sha ik ahoho: to 
cause to be poor in flesh, chuuuaehih: 
poor in purse, ilbushah: not poor in 
flesh, ikchunuo: w are poor in purse, 
pil bcsha; I am poor in flesh, sachun- 
nah. 

Pop V. Basahi3chih. basahlih, to cause to 
pop, basahlichih: popping, basa kuchih 
bashahahanchi basasahkahanchi: pop- 
open, bokalih, hlukali: to make i)op, 
hlnkalichih; poplar" sipsi; poppy, 
haiyuk pulo nusechi: populace, okla 
moma. 

P< r ??. Hoshontika i hoshontika, o 
hoshontika, opushshia. 

Pork, n. shukha nipi; fresh pork, shukha 
nipi okchaki. 

PorrinjEfer, //. Isht ishko, ulla im isht 
ishko. 

Positire, a. Ahli. kullo, apissanli. 

Positive, a. Hiula, hinla cheehuk; to be 
possible, ehishke; possibly- chishba, 
yoba; might possibly be, yobah ka: per- 
chance or possibly, hinlakma, yobakma 
nana chishba. 

Post, n. Tonnink, tonik, ahika; ball posts, 
ai ulbi; postman, holisso shall; post- 
master, holisso atiwa apesuchil; post 
office, holisso atiwa, holisso nowut aya 
atiwa, holisso akaha. 

Pot, lyasha, ampo; a pottery ampo ikbi, 
ampo tuna; a pottery, ampo, atoba: 
earthen pot. shuti: pot lid, ohlipa; pot 
hooks, iyusha isht talakchi; potash, hit- 
tuk; potsherd, ampo koa, shuti koa. 

Potato, n. Ahe; potato patch, ahe aha 
abolokchi; a potato hill, ahe bunta, ahe 
ibish; to make a potato hill, ahe bun- 
tochih; to boil potatoes, ahe hobih; 
boil''d potatoes, ahe holbl; a potato 
house, ahe in chukka: wild potato; ahe 
nukshupa. lukchuk ahe; a yam. ahe 
kcshaha, yum; Irish potato; ahelumbo, 
ahe hluboa; seed pututoes, ahi- pehna; 
roasted potatoes, ahe ulhpusha; a potato 
vine ahe upi; fried potatoes, ahe ulwu- 
shah; potato peelings, ahe hakshuk. 

Pot'iit, (I. Ai ahli; hlampko, kullo, po- 
tentate, hattak pullummi. 

Pi>ultry, ». Akaha 

Pound, u. Weki achuffia; to beat or pound, 
hopusih, husih. bolih; pounded, boah, 
botah. hoUussih: to pound fine; botoli; 
to pound to powder, botullichih, to 
pound the busies off" corn, chilhhlichih. 
pounded in a mortar, holhpusi, hollussi, 
pounder; isht oka boa. 

Pour, u, Hlalih. fohoblih, hlatublih, 
bichelih, hlatuplih, fohopah, yanullih, 
hlatapa. umbah; to cause to pour, 
hlalichi. to pour upon, hlahlubh. o 
hlalih to pour them on the ground, 
akka hlalih, akka hlepolih; poured on 
the groud,akka lilayah, to pour out, 
fohoblih, to pour upon, ofoholichih, 
ohlatuplih; poured, fohopah, hlatapah, 



Pout, r. Hush, ayah. 

Poverty, n. Ai ilbusha, chuna. 

Powder, v. Hittuk; powder flask, keg. 
canister or horn, hittuk ai ulhto, powder 
mill, hittuk atoba; scattered powder, 
hittuk hlaya, to scatter powder, hittuk 
hlali: a powder charger, hittuh isht ulh- 
pisa: to powder fine, botolih; powdered 
fine, botah. 

Power, Ti. Aiuhlika, ibbak foka, nan isht 
im ai ahli, nan isht ai iihli; the power, 
isht imaiahlika: powerful, ai ahli. 
kullo hiami)ko; ppwerless, ikkullo, 
hlampko iksho. 

Practice, r. Isht uttah abuchih. ulbuchih; 
an excercise or practice, abuchi; to 
cause to practice, abuchichih; to teach 
by practice, abuchichih. 

Prairie,, ». Oktak; a small prairie, otak 
ushi. 

Praise, v. Afehnachih. ahnichih. hahli- 
itoblit isht anumpulih, hummahlih; to 
prise self, ilahnichih, ilanatah. 

Prance, v. Hatulli, hatonli; to make prance 
haitullichichuh; prancing, mullih. 

Prate, v. Anukchihlafah, anumpuli shah* 
lih, himak fokalechit anumpuli; prattle, 
anukchihlafa. 

Pray, v. Anumpa ilbusha, anumpuli; a 

prayer, anumpa asilhha, annmpa ilbusha. 

Preach, v. Anumpulih, ubanumpa isht 
anumpuli; preacher; uba anumpa isht 
anumpuli, obanumpa isht utta, isht 
anumpohonli 

Precint. n. Nan aiatokoli, elekshun isht 
aiasha. 

Pecious, a. Holitopa. ai itti chito. 

Precocious, ". Ik ai ono. 

Prefer, v. .\iahnichin; preferable; achuk- 
ma i shahli. 

Pre!?nant. a. Chakaiih, ushi kaiyah; preg- 
nancy, chakali; to cause pregnancy, 
chakalichih: not pregnant ikchakalo. 

Premature, n. Ik ai ono. 

Prepare, v. Atahlih, ulhtaha; prepared, 
ulhtaha. 

Present, n. Hulbina; to receive a present, 
banenah, to make a present, habenu- 
chihi to go in quest of a fauor, habenut 
ayah; to give me a present, sahabin- 
chih: a present, na hulbena; to present, 
welih, imah, habenuchih; presently, 
himonasi. chekikma, chekosikma; pres- 
ent time, himak. 

Preserve, v. Halullih; preserved for fu- 
ture use, ulhpoah. 

President, n. Ai i pehlichi, nahullo i 
miko. 

Press, V. Akantalih, katussulih, intohno: 
pressed, akantah, to press together, 
akantalichih, akapulih, akapulichih; to 
press or lie hard upon the stomach, 
anukbikelih, to touch or press on object 
over head, bikelih. bikelichichih; to 
press ones self, ilaktanlichih; pressed 
together, 4ttakamus.sah; pressed hard 
with the hand.obitipah ombitipah, obiti- 
to press in, shumuUih: pressed, shcm/;- 
llih! to cause to press in, shumullichih: 
urgent or pressing, acheba. akomuntah. 

Presume. '•. Ahni: presumtuous. himak 
fokalechi, ill vimmi. ahah ik ahuo. 

Pretend, v. Ilahobbih, a pretender, hattak 



PRETTY 



54 



PULL 



uan ithanailuhobbi. 

Pretty, a. Pisa achiikma. ai okli, achiikma; 
uot pretty, ikaioklo, pisa aehnkiua keyu, 
ikaclnikmo. . 

Prevaricate, v. Anumpa folotowt3chih 
fulohkuchit annmpulih, anumpa apok 
fohlichih. anumpa shanaiolih, anumpa 
ilaiyukachih: prevaricated, anumpa 
slianaioali, fulokucliih; a prevaricator, 
anumpa shanaioli fulokuclii;a prevareca- 
tion, anumpa yhanaioa, fulokuchi; pre- 
varicating, fulokahanchih. 

Prevent, v. Alumi]:^. alumichih, prevented, 
alamah. 

Previous, n. Tikba. 

Prico. V. Ai ulli, t^llbi, iulli, nan ulhtoba; 
to price, ai ullih, iulli onochih; a high 
price, iulli chaha; to raise the price, 
iulli chahuchih; high priced, iulli chito. 
cheap or low price, iulli ikchitoloh, 
iulli iklawo; a small or insufficient price, 
iulli ikonoi a price too high, or an over- 
charge, iulli atupah; to price too high 
or to overcharge, iulli atuplih. 

Prick, V. Bilhhlih, bilhhliijlih; pricked, 
hihlah; pricking, bihlah, bihli. 

Pride, a. llefehnuchi; proud, ilelehnuchi; 
to be proud; ilefehuuchih 

Priest, n. Hattak kullo, hattak na holit- 
ompa isht i^tta. 

Prime,;'. Haksuuchilih haksun onchilih; 
priming, hittuk haksun ou'chiya: prime, 
(first or" good), achnkma, ummona. 

Prince, v. Chitokaka; principal, i shaht 
tahli, moniii cJiohmi; principle, ai yum- 
mohmi, ayonimohuii. 

Print. V. Holisso ikbi tuii isht hoUisso- 
chih; printed, holisso tuli isht holisso; 
a printer, holisso ikbi, tuli isii holisso- 
chi, a print, oholisso. 

Prior, a. Tikba, tikba. 

Prison, v. Aboha kullo; prisoner, aboha 
kullo fohka. hattak yuka, yuka; to im- 
prison, aboha kullo fohki; imprisoned, 
aboha kullo fohkah: a [>risou keeper, 
abolta kullo apisuchi, aboha kullo ayjist- 
ekili; to arrest a prisoner, hattak yuk- 
achih. 

Private, a. Luma; private parts of a fe- 
male iyubulhtakla; privately, ikahaklo. 

Privilei'e, ». Nan isht il ai yukpa. 

Prize, n. Isht ulhtoba. 

Probable; a. Hinla chechik, chichik: bin- 
la; probly, achihi, chechuk, hatuk ok; 
probably so. chechike; probably, (may 
be hoped), chishke. chi chishke. 

Probe, n. Bushlit pisa. 

Prochiim. v. Anolih, continually pro- 
claiming, annohowah, anohonlih; a pro- 
el aimer, aunoachi, hattakpaya. 

Prodigal, a. Isht yopoma. 

Produce, n. Nuwaya; to produce, naway- 
uchih, a producer, nawayuchi, produc- 
ing, na wayuohih. 

Profane, a. "Chakapa, okpulo; profanity^ 
chakapa. b 

Prol'.'ss. V. Miha kut il otuninchi, il 
ahobbi. 

Proficient, a. Hattak impunna. nan im- 
punna. 

Profit. 71, Ai isht il apisa; to profit one's 
self, ai isht il ahauchih, ai isht il ahay- 
ucliih, ai isht il ayukpa; unprofitable, ai 



I isht il apisa keyu; gain, boot or profit, 
I alapanli: profitable, nan isht ahancha 
! hinla, nan isht im ai achnkma. 

Profligate, a. Isht yopoma, okpulot kunia, 
I hattak okpulo. 
! Pro'ound, a. Hofobi, impuna. 

Prognosticate, v. Anumpa tikbanll anoli. 
, Prohibit,Alumih; prohibited, alamah. 
I ProS!fic,Cheli impunna. 

Prolix, n. Salaha; prolong, falaiah. 
I Pronilcience, n. Haiakah. 
: Promise, <i. Immissa, nan im issa; to 
[ promise to give, imissah, anumpa im 
i issah; a breech of promise; anumpa ko- 
i bafa; prompt, tush pa. 
! Proniu.'giite, v, Anolih; promulgated, an- 
I noachih. 
I Prone, a. Aiimoma. 

i Prop. V. Tikelih. tikoblih; propagate, che- 
' lib; propagator, anumpa fimmi; proper, 

aiulhpesa. 
' Prophet, a. Hopaii; prophecy, anumpa 
; tikbanli anoli. 
: Pro[»itijiti<)n. ??. ulhtoba. 
i Prosecute, r. Anumpa onochih. 

Proselyte, n. Nan im ithana. ubannumpa 
I nukfoka. 

' Prosperous, a. Achukmvtmahaya. 
; Prostitute, n. Hawi, haul; to cause pros- 

tiiution, hawichih. 
i Prostrate,, v. Akkuchchih. 
j Protection, //. Aiatokko. 
! Provide, v. Im atahlih; pi-ovided, ini 
! ulhtaha; provid'-nce, nana moma ka 
i apihisa. 

I Protrude, v. Chauvvunah; to cause to pro- 

I trusion, chauwuuuchih; protruded chau- 

i wuuah. 

Prove, V. Abuchit pisah, imahllhchih; to 

prove at, aiatokolih; proved, ai atoko- 

wah, aiulhtokovvah, imaiahlih, ulhto- 

kowah. 

Provender, n. Nan upah; province, pehli- 

chika. apehlichika. 
Provision, n. Nan upah, pinnak, ilhpak, 

illimpa. 
P¥ovoke. V. Chiletulih nukouchih. chilil- 
lih. teplih; provoking, nan utohnochih; 
provocation, chukush lua. 
Proxiiuate, a. Bilika; proximity, bllika, 

ibilika. 
Prudent, a. Ahah ahni. nuktanla, hopoy-: 

uksah hopokyuksia. 
Pry, r. Afinilih, afinnih, hoyoh; pried, 

afinah, 
Psjilm, n. Ataloa, uba isht taloa; psalmist, 

ataloa ikbi, uba isht taloa ikbi. 
Pshaw, intj. Anonti! ehwa! ehwak! 
Public, n. Otuni, okla imma: publish, 

anolih haiakuchih. hoiisso ikbi. 
Pucker, r. Shikitlih, shikoffih shiuiffih; 
puckered, shikifah shekofah, shinofah, 
takba. 
Pudding, n, Asheia, bahpo; to make a pud- 
ding, bahpulih, bahpochih. 
Puff, V. Chitolit fiopah; chitot fiopah, 

shxibboklih. 
Puke, V. Hoetah, howitah; to make puke, 
hoctuchih; to try to puke, hoctut pisah. 
Pull, V. Halullih; to pull up, lobafiih hlilif- 
fih lobahlichih; pulled up. lobafah, 
lobahlih pilifah: to pull off the hair, 
boallih: hair pulled off boafah; to pull 



PULLET 



55 



RACK 



thrm up bv the root, chiiklih. tehlih; 
pulled up by the root, chukahlih, tehah: 
just oommeneing to pull, himoua halulli; 
to pull otfbv the hand, hlehli: unraveled 
or pulled ou't. hlifah; to pull out or pull 
down, hlifnh: continuallv pulling out. 
hlihifRh; to pull or drawout, blilRchih; 
pulled oft", hlohah: to pull ironi the stalk, 
nahliehih: continually pulling: nahli- 
hinci)ih; to pull out straws, shehlih; to 
cause to pull out, shehlichih: pulled out. 
shehah; 

Pullet. V. Akaka tek himitta. 

Vij-'l)it. a. Ahikiut anumpulih, ai anum- 
pnli. 

Pulsate, V. Mitiklih, michlklih. 

I'uIv<Tize, r. Botolih, pushichih, pulver- 
ized botah. 

Pumpkin, n. Issito. 

Pun, n. Nan ittim ikhuna. 

Punrh. n. Jsh hluuipa; to punch, fullih; 
punches, isht hlunchi. 

Puiu'tual, a. Ai ahii: puncture, hlumplih 

Pungent, o, Homi, kisli; pungency, homi. 

Punish, r. Nan im api-sah: fumnii," nana i 
kanichi; punished; fuma; punishment, 
ai issikkopa, nan isht ilbusha, nan ulh- 
pisa one tula. 

Punk, ??• Tashukpa, tushshukpa. 

Pr.ny, r/, Ikhlampko. 

Puplil, n. Jm ithana. 

Piip'>et, /?. Hattak holba isht washoha. 

Puppy, IV. Ofusik, ofunsik. 

Purchase, v. Chumpah; )>urchaser, nachun- 
pa. 

Pure, o. Ai ahli, kashofa. 

PurgatiTP, (I. I.shkot hlopulli. 



I Purify, r. Kcshoffichih: to purity on's self 
ilektjsholl^h. 

I Purple, fl, Homayi. 

\ Purse, V. Tuli holisso i shukcha. 
Pursue, V, Hliohlih; pursued, ahlioah, 

I aehunanchih. 

I Pus, ?j.Aninchichi. t3nichichi, 
Push, r. Toblih; to push eachother, ittitup- 

I lih. 

•Put, r. Bolih, kahpulih; to put on iahlipe- 
lichih; n place for putting on. altjpluli; 
to putcarerully away, achiiknialit ashah- 
chih, achuk nialit bohlih; to put in, afoh- 
ki: to cause to put in, afohkichih; a 
place to put things in. afohka; to put, 
down, akkabohlih; to put a hand on. 
• • ' '■-. on as a dress, Ibhkih 

fohkuchi; to cause to put on, fohkfchi- 
chih: to piit up hiohlichih, hilichih; to 
put on. as shoes, holuh. holuchih; to put 
across, abanulih, abunkachih; to put u p 
at, ahilechih: to put side by side, itfa 
putali; to put together, ittf» bafohkih: to 
put in the mouth, itti fohkih; to put in. 
maiachih: to put to stay. kahpolih;'to 
put cover on, ompuhomoh; to put upon, 
onashachi, ontulalih, to put to one side, 
shaniih: to put out of joint, tahluflh, 
put out of joint, tahlofati, tahlofichih; to 
put into water, akuchih; to put it on, 
onxichih; to put more on, ulbitilih; ulbi- 
tale; to put iii trough, ai imy^a fohkih; to 
put in a bad place, okp\iloka fohkih; to 
put out as fire, mosholichih. 
Putrid, a. Toshbi, shua; putty, apisa.isht 

akmo. 
Puzzle, r. Aiyukomah; puzzled with, ai 
ittuyokomah, 



Q 



<}uair, V. Chitot ishko, chitot nulliti. 

Uuiiil, n. Kofi. 

<^uake, V. Wunniehih, winakuchih, win- 
nalichih, winuachih. 

Quarrel, r. Ittachowah, ittl nukkowah, 
to cause tu quarrol, ittachowcchih; quar- 
relsome, uukkhuoshahli. ittachowa shah- 
li: quarry, tuli akula, querulous, uan 
miha shahli. 

Quart, ?;. Kowat, isht ishko tuklo; quarter, 
'hanali achofla; a quarter of a dollar. 
Iskuli tuklo: a quarter eagle, tuli holisso 
tuklo iklunna aiena, tuli holisso tuklo 
iklunna atuchina; quarterly, hi:shituchi- 
nakma. 

<Jueen' n, Ohoyo miko, mikotekchi; queer, 
^hukushi ilupissah. 

Qu"stioM. /). Panakloh; questioning, pau- 
ahakloh, 

<|uibble, v. Fulokuchit anumpulih; a quib- 



bler, fulohkuchi. 
Quick, (I. Tuslipa; to be quick, anukwayah, 
to cause to be quick, chekicliih, auuk- 
wayuchih. anukwiachih; quick motion, 
palhkih; to cause a quick motion, palh- 
kichih; quickly, chikke. 
' Quiet, r. Cholusah, chulhsah a hopohluchih; 
• to make quiet, cholusachih; to become 
: quiet, hopohlah, nuktulah: quieted, hopoh- 
i lah; quiet, uukchito, nuktula; being qui- 
et, nukehintoh; quietness, nuktula. 
Quill, n. Hushishi. 
Quilt, n. Nun itulhkutta. 
' Quiniue, n. Yunha kobuffi. 
Quinsy, n. Ikonla shatili; choking quinsy, 

nukshinifa. 
Quit, V. Issah, issachih, at issuchih; we all 
quit, iloh issah; to quit repeatedly, ihissah; 
: I quit, ai issuchi lih. 



R 



Kabbit, n. Chukfilluma, chukfi, chukfi hai- 
aka asha: swamp rabbit, chukfi patakitta. 

Kijbble. ;/. Hattak yahapa laua. 

Kabid, '/. Holillubi"; to be crazy or rabbid. 
hollillubih. 



Raccoon, ». Shaui. 

Kace, V. Ittimaiyah; to cause to race, itti- 
maiyuchih; tribes or races, oklushi. a 
generation or race, ai unchululi. 

Rack, V. Kaiullih, kiullih. 



EADIENT 



56 



EEGAED 



Uadient, a. Tommi, malutha. 

llaft, ". Akchihpo, hakchihpo, pehta. 

Raj?. 11. Hlilafa; rags, hlilalakuchi; I am 
ragged, salito tukuchih. 

Rage, n. Auukshomunta; to rage, anuk- 
shomuiitah, nukoah, nukoah, nukhobe- 
lah. 

Rail, n. Holihta, puhla; rail road, tuli hina. 

Rain, ». n. Umba; to raake rain, uinbachih; 
a rainy place, aiumba, aiumbaka; raini, 
bow, hinak bitepuli, nakatepuli: rainy, 
umba shahli. 

Raise, v. Apowah, (such as cattle, etc.,) 
just grown or raised, hiraoua hafanti: to 
rear or to raise, hofontichih: reared or 
raised, hofanti: continually raising, 
hofantihinehih: to produce or raise a 
crop, nawayuchih: raisin, paki shila: to 
raise, wakelih, tanichih: raised, wakayah. 

Rake, n. Hashuk isht ittunnali, ha-shuk 
isht pilili: to rake, ittunahlih. 

Ram, Chukfi nakni: rampart, holihta kullo. 

Raiicii, v. Imaiasha imayasha. 

Rancid, a. Kotomah. kalancha: to cause 
rancidity, kotomuchih. 

Random, n. Hiraak fokali: to act at random, 
himak fokalichih, to talk at random, 
himak fokalechit anumpuli. 

Rank, a. Kosoraa. 

Rankle, v. Aninchih, aninchichih. 

Ran soni, r. Chumpah. 

Rant, V. Chitot anumpuli. - 

Rape, V. Hoklit ai issah, 'ohoyo hokli. 

Rapid, a. Pulhki, rapidly, fiiehna: rapids, 
fopah, yanrlli kullo 

Rapture, n. ("hiikusha eshi. 

Rascal. 77. Hat., ik haksi: rascally, haksih. 

Rash, a. Tushpa, ahah ik ahano: to act 
rashly, himak fokalechih; rashness, aha- 
ahni iksho. 

Rasj), V. Isht mihlofa chito, isht mihlofa: 
rasped, mihlofa: to rap, mihloffih: con- 
tinually rasping, mihloho tih. 

Raspberry, n. Bissa upi tohbi: a raspberry 
bush, bissupi tohbi. 

Rat, V. Pichahll: a large long tail rat, 
toshkaltjhli: rattify, hlopullih. 

Rational, a. Hopoyiiksa. 

Rattle, n; Chasha, washalichih, washah- 
t3Chih: rattling, chashah: to rattle, chas- 
hah, chusokochih: to cause to rattle, 
chashahachih, chusolichih: rattling as a 
chain, chusohohah. chusohah, ehusoh- 
uchih, not rattled, ikchashahuchoh: rat- 
tle snake, sintullo: ground rattle snake, 
chukfitih tolohli, chukfitoh tolohli. 

Raven, n. Fula chito, fulushto. 

Ravenous, a. Anuktupah iksho. 

Ravine, n. Kalakbi, kolukbi. 

Ra\ish, V. Hoklit ai issah, ai issah: ravish- 
er, hoklit ai issa, ravishment, ohoyo 
hokli, 

Raw. a. Okchaki, pikofa. 

Ra:f;or, v. Nulakbish isht shafa, razor strop, 
nutakish ist shafa a shuachi. 

Reach, n. a! onah, onah, onanchih, ulah: 
to arrive or reach with ibai onah: not 
reached, ikaionoh, ikonoh. 

Read, v. Ittimanumpulih, holisso, ittima- 
numpuli: read or reading, ittimanumpah: 
a reader, holisso ittimanumpuli: readi- 
ness, ai okpanchi achukma. 

Real, a. Ahli, mih fehna, really, ahli, 
fehna, ba. 



Reap, V. Boshlih, umoh: reaped, bushah 
olmoh: reaper, isht bushlih, bushli. 

Rear, v. Hofantichih: to carefully rear, 
holi toblichit hofanticliili. 

Reasona'jle, a' Ullipesa; to reason with, 
nan isht anuktiilih. 

Rebel, n. Anumpa kobufli. 

Recede, v. Falamah. 

Receive, v. Eshib: a receiver, aiashachi. 

Recent, 7'. Himona, chiki: recently, chek- 
osi,cheki, chekosi kash. 

Ilecep^acle, n. Afohka, aiashachi. 

Reckless, a. Himak lo'kalechi 

Recon. >. Hotihnah, mahoba, amahoba. 
hopenah: reconed, holhtinah holhpenah , 

Reclaim, v. Falamint hoyoh, falommint 
i hoyoh. 

Recluse, n' Hattak haiaka keyu, hatak 
luma. 

Recoi!, V. Falamah. 

Recollect, v. It hanah, ithaiyanah.' 

Reconcile, v. Ilopohluchih, aiiskah, aiiski- 
achih; reconciled, hopuhlah; unreconcili- 
ation, isht itti nan aiyuchi, iskt ulhtoho- 
mba. 

Record, n. Holisso atakali: to record, ho- 
lisso atakalechi; recorded, holisso; a 
recorder holissochi. 

Recover, v. Masalih, hlakoffi; to cause to 
recover, masalichih, hla offichih; com- 
mencing to recover, hlako iit isht ia re- 
covered, hlalioffih, ahlalioffih, hlakofoah, 
hlakofot tuhah; I recovered, sahlakof- 
fih; I am recovering, sahlakoffit tuhah. 

Recruit, v. Fohah: recruited, fohah. 

Rectify, v. Achukmalih, achukraalichih; 
rectified, achukniah. 

Rectitude, n. Hopoyuksa. 

Kectuia, ??. Kobish.' 

Red, a. Humma, homma; to be red hom- 
mah; somewhat red, homma cholimi, 
homakbi; reddish, homaiyi, homakbi; a 
red spot, homma talaiya; very red, hom- 
ma fehna, homma tishepa; to color, tan, 
paint or blush red, hommachih; red- 
dened, horamah; I am red, sahummah: 
red bird, bishkommak. 
j Redeem, v. Falummint chumpah; re- 
deemer falummint chumpa. chumpa, to 
I redeem self, ilechumpah; The Redeemer, 
Chumput nlakofichi. chumput na hlako- 
I flchi; redemption falummint chumpa. 
I nanulhtoba; redemption for us, ai okcha- 
I iya pin chumpa he keyu. 

Reduce, v. Haboffih, ikbomechoh, koy- 

I utfih, shiollih; to cause reduction, haboh- 

I lih, habofuchih habofichih, shiollichih; 

reduced, habofah shiotah; to reduce in 

[ valua, kalakshichih; reduced in value, 

kalakshih. 

Reed, n. Uski chuhla. 

Reel, n. Aholhtofa; to totter or reel, faiok- 
uchih; to reel as thread, hotoffih. 

Refer, v. Isht amihah. 

Reform, v. Apoksiachih, hopoyuksalih ai 
iskiachi, hopoyuksachi, hbpoyuksoli; 
reformation, ile'kostinuchi. 

Refu,2:e, n. Ahlakolli. 

Refund, v. Falamut attobbih, falummint 
attobih; refunded, falamut ulhtobah. 

Refuse, n. Ashittilema; to refuse, ikaiokpa- 
choh, ikhakloh. kanimmuchih. 

Regard, v. Ai okpanchih ahninchih. ahnih, 
holitoblih, ithanah; regarding, ai okpah- 



REGENERATE 



57 



RESURRECT 



aiichih. 

K«sf"fnite, I'. Chukcsh himont3chih; re- 
geueration, chukush himona, himoua 
loba, atuklant utta, 

Kejjistry, n. Holisso anumpa atakali. 

Ueguliir, a. Biliah, regularly, billiali. 

itcgulate, i\ Aiiskiachih, a'liskah; regula- 
tor, al Iskiachl. 

lU'heiirse, v. Hobachit miJia. 

Keign, n. Araikoh, miko. 

Reimburse, v. Falummint attobih. 

Keiii, /*• Kapali Isht talakchl, to rein, hal- 
ulllh; reins , hailhchi, haiyihchi. 

Reinstate, v. Falummint lohki, falummint 
hilechih. 

Beiterute, t'. Anohoulih; reiteration, anoh- 
onlih. 

Reject, V. Ikaiokpanchoh. ikhakloh, shitti- 
lemah; to reject ine. sashittilemah. 

Bejoice, >. Yukpah, yukpali, uayukpah; 
rejoicmg, nayukpah. 

Rejuvenate, v. Himonachih. 

Reiupse, v. Afelimah, falamah; relapsed, 
afelimah; a relapse, afelima. lalamct 
abeka. 

Relate, v Anollh; related, anoali, anovvah; 
continually relating, annohowah; re- 
lated too much, annoah atupah; to nar- 
rate a story, fappulib; relating news, 
fappulih; relation, ittikauomi, ikanomi, 
hattak i kanomih,; related to each other, 
ittikanomih; relative, ikanomi. 

Relax, f. Shochoplih; relaxed, shochopah, 
shochohah. 

Release,.. Hlakoffih; released, hlakoffih 

Believe, v. Hlokotiichi; relieved, hlakortih . 
anuktupah. 

ReligiQn, ri. Ubnumpa anukfoyuka, uban- 
umpa yimmi, ubanumpa. 

Reluctant, a. Anukwiah, ikbunnoh, nuk- 
wiah. 

Rely, ('. Anukchitoh, ai anukchitoh. 

Remain, v. Antah, ahantah; remaining, 
takkalih; remains, nipi illi itola. 

Remedy, Ai iskiachih; remedied, ai iskiah. 

Remember, v. Ithauah, ithaiyanah, ikhan- 
ah; remembered, anukfohkah,; still re- 
membering, anuk fohkah. 

Remind, v. nukfohkih; reminded, uuk- 
fohkah- 

Remnants, n. nan utaha. 

Remote, a. Hopaki; remotely, hopaki; re- 
moteness hopaki. 

Remove, v. KanuUih. wihah, wihachih, 
kanullichih; to remove to, kanullichih, 
akanullih, akancllichfh; removed, kan- 
ullih ulhtoshowah. 

Rend, V. Hlilechih. hlilichih, hliluflfih, hli- 
lahlichih: rent, hlilofah, hlilahlih; a rent, 
hlilafa; to rent land, yakni impotah, 

Kendezvous, n. Ai ittofama; to rendezvous, 
ai ittufamah. 

Renegade, a. Hattak haksi okpulo. 

Rene»v, v. Himonachih; renewed, himonah, 
himonah toba; renewable, himonacha 
hinla. 

Renovate, v. Himonachi; renovated, himo- 
nah. 

Repair, v. Ai iskiachih, ai iskiachih; re- 
paired, ai iskiah: a repairer, ai iskiachi, 
achukmali, nan apuskiachi; not to repair 
or not repaired, ikaiiskoh; renarable, ai 
iskia hinla; irreparable, ai iskiah he 
kcyu. 



Repay, r. Falummichi, falumolichih, falum- 
mint attobih; repaid, falamut ulhtobah; 
repayment, falamut ulhtoba. 

Repeal, r. Akshochih; repealed akshoh, 
akshottaha. 

Repeat, v. Olbitelih, atuklanchih; repeat- 
ed, ulbitah, atuklah. 

Repel, V, Falummichih, falumolichih. 

Repent, r. He kostininchih; the place of 
repentance, aiile kostininchi. 

Replenisli, i'. Alotulih; replenishep, alotah. 

Reply, V. Afulummichih, falumminchih 
mihah, anumpa falummichih; replied, 
afulumah, anumpa falamah; a reply, 
afuluma, anumpa falama, replying, 
anumpa falommthinchih. 

i?eport, V. Anolih; reported, annoah. an- 
nowah; a report, aunoa, annowa; a good 
report, annoah achukma; a bad report, 
annoah achukma keyu; reported con- 
tinually, annohowah, annoah atupah; to 
be reported at, ai anowah; the report, ai 
annohowa; a reporter, anoli. 

Represent, v. Ahobachih, ahoballh; repre- 
sentative, aboha nakiish ctta ulhtoka. 

Repremand, v; Isht i fappulih. 

Reproach, v. Posilhhah, posilhhuchih; re- 
proachful, hattak hofahyah: reproached 
with,, ahohfahyah. 

Reprove, v. Isht i fappulih. 

Reptile, v. ]Sabalali, shushi balali. 

Request, n. Nan asilhha; a written request, 
holisso nan asilhha. 

Rescue, v. Hlakoffichih; rescued, hiakoffi. 

Research v. Hoyo fehna. 

Resemble, v. Aholbrchih; made to repem- 
ble. holba; resembling, holba; resem- 
bling to,ahoyulba; resemblance to, aholba 

Resentment, lali okha. 

Reserve, v. Ulhpoah. 

Reside, r- Binilih, utta, while residing, 
binilih takla; not residin, binilih keyu; 
residence, ai ahanta, ai utta; resident, ai 
utta, anta; residing, ottah. 

Resignation, ?i. I3ba Piki i nutaka lummot 
asha. 

Resin, »i. Tiak nia. 

Resist. V. Ichapah, echapoah; resisted, 
ichapah. 

Resolute, a. Achilituchih, aloshumah; to 
be resolute, amosholih, amosholichih. 
chilitah, yiminta, nukwia iksho, hoyopa; 
resolution, achunnachi. 

Respect, v. Ahninchih, ahnih, holitoblih, 
ithauah;to have self respect, ileholitoblih; 
to be respected together, ittibaholitopah; 
to mutually respect each other, ittiholi- 
tuplih; I am respected , saholitopah; re- 
spectful, ai okpanchi, ikana. 

Respire, v. Fiopah; respiration, fiopa. 

Respond, v. Falummiuchit mihah, falum- 
mint mihah. 

Rest, V. Fohah itunlah. a place of rest, 
afoha; restless, afoha iksho. komunta,* 
peh anta, himma keyu; resting at or on,' 

afoha: to cause to rest, afohuchih; rested,' 
fohah; a rest, foha; to give rest, fohuchih , 

Restitution, n. Falummichih, falumolichih. 

Restore, v. Hlakoffichi, falummichih, falu- 
molichih: restoration, hiakoffi. 

Restrain, v. Halanlih, haluUih; to cause re- 
straint, halullichih. 

Resurrect, i', Falamut okchayah; resurrec- 



EETALIATE 



58 



ROB 



tion^ falamut okchaya, illi falamut tani, 
illi a falaminchit taiiichi. 
retaliate, v. Atobbichih, okhah; retali- 
ation ilai okha. 

Betort, u. Anumpa chunkosh nulbhli; to 
retort falummiuchit miliah, falummint 
mibah. 

Returii, v, Falamut iab. falamoab, falamab 
falamut ulab: to return to, falamut onab; 
a riturner, falamolicbl; returned, fala- 
mab; falamoab; to go and return, fala- 
mtjt ulacbib; to restore or return back, 
falummicbib, to return from afalamab; to 
to return to. i falamab; not returned, 
ikfalamob; will not return, falama be 
koyu, 

Keveal, v. Imottonib, ibaiyakab, okfablih, 
o^tunicbicb; revealed, oktahab; not re- 
vealed, ikim ottunoh; revelation, nan 
otuni, uba anumpa otuni, nan isbt otuni- 
ncbi; book of revelation, nan otuni bo- 
li»so. 

Revenj^eful, a. Ilap ma attobi bunna, okba 
bunna, nukkilli. 

Revere, v. Ai akpancbib; to reverance, bo- 
litoblib; revered, bolitopab; reverend, 
bolitopa; reverential, nuktaula. 

Revert, v. Falamab; reverted, falamab. 

Revile, n. Lbakapab; reviling, cbakabapa; 
a reviler, cbakapa. 

Revive, v. Falummint okcbulib, falamut 
okchab, falamut oebayab; revivalist, 
falummint ubanumpa isbt okcbuli; re- 
vived, falamut okcbayab; a revival, fala- 
mut okcba. 

Revolt, V. Anumpa kobuffib: revolted, 
anumpa kobat'ah. 

Reward, ,(, Isbt ulhta")a. nan ulbtoba; to 
reward, attobib; reward, ulbtoba. 

Rhejiiiatisni, )i. Foui botopa, iti cbakli 
hotopa, na hisbi ubi. 

Rib, n. Naksi; a rib pole, aboba naksi: rib 
bone, naksi foni; my rib, sanuksi; ribbon, 
sitalapushki, sitafottaba, sita putba. 

Rice, n. Onusb asbila toba, onusb lakcbi: 
rice bird, koiiabmuli. 

Rich, a. Holitopab, nan i lawa; richly, 
fiehna. 

Rickets, n. Null kobafa. 

Riddle, «. Isbt yuba tash publa isbt yuba; 
a pun or riddle, nan ittim ikbuna. 

Ride, a. Ombinilit ayab, o asbut ayah; 
ridden or rode, ontulab; to ride or riding 
with, ibai ombinillb, ibai ontulayah; to 
ride double, ai ittisbolih; rider, on talaia 
o binile. 

Ridge, n. Buchcbab, onchuba; to ridge, 
bunaiyucbib; to make a ridgo, buchcbab 
ikbi; ridged, bunaiya; the top of a ridge 
buchcbab puknaka; a straight ridge, 
buchcbab apissab. 

Rtidicule, v. Namibuchih; ridiculing, nami- 
buhachih. 

Rifle. V Fatabllchih; rifled, patahlih; a 
rifle gun, tanamp patahli. 

Ri^ht, n. Ahli, ai ulbpiesa ulhpesa ai 
ulbpi'sa; rigbt time, ai t31hpesa; righte- 
ous, hopoyuksia, hopoyuksa; the righte- 
ous, hopoyuksa; righteousness, nan 
olhpesa, nana ai ulbpiesa, ahopoyuk- 
saka. 

Rif^id, a. Kullo, palummL 

Rill, n. Bok ushi. 

Rind, n. Hakshup, 



Bin{^, n. Tuli chanaha; finger ring, ibbafe 
uhsi fol?a; finger rings, ibbak ushi ubiha; 
to ring, chamak, olachih; continually 
ringing, olahanchib, chamakahauchih; 
rang, olab; ringing loud, chitot olah; 
ringworm. huUampa; to have ringworm, 
hullampubih. 
Riotous, a. Yahapa. 

Rip, V. HIiluffih, hlilichih; ripped, blilafa, 
hlilahlih; to rippje, bunukuchih; to 
cause to ripple, bunutkuchichih; a rip- 
ple, banutha. 
Ripe, n. Hanta (as grain) batucbib, nuna, 
tubachi; ripeness, hatuclii; to ripen; 
hatuchih. wayab, alaknali. alaknuchib; 
to begin to ripen, alaknut ia, alaknut isbt 
ia; ripened, alaknab; being ripe, nunab: 
green or not ripe, okchukkochi, waloba, 
wulwukl, 
Rise, V. Wakayah, tanib, uba iab. shatum- 
mih; to rise again, falamut tuuib; to leav- 
en and cause to rise, shatumraichib; to 
rise up, bokonolih; raised vip, biikkon- 
noab; risen, tahanih;to cause to rtse, as a 
blaster, wokkolachih: raised up as a blis- 
ter, wokkolah; rose or risen, wakayah. 

Rive, V. Siiimmib; riven, shimah; one who 
rives, shimmi. 

River, n. Bok, huchcha, okhina; channel 
of a river, bok ayanulli; thtt source bok 
wishakchi: the mouth, bok asetili: junc- 
tion of rivers, bok ai ittusetli: tributary, 
bok chuhlufii; tributaries, bok chuhlabli, 
bok cbuhhli; river bottom, bok anuka, 
lussa; a long, river, bok falaia; the fork, 
bok falakto; one side, bok i tunnup; the 
other side, bok mishtunnop; this side, 
bok ola tunnup; rivers heading together, 
bok ittitikobli; th<' main river, bok upinli; 
a deep river, bokhofobi; a shallow^ river, 
bok ikbofobo 

Rivet, V. bot apiliffih, hot apiliffichih; rivet- 
ed, boat apelifah. 

BiviiZet, /). Bok ushi. 

Roach, n. Nuni patussa. (a fish) cock roach, 
niacbupka; bila chupka nuni chupka. 

Road, I). Hina, ai ittunowah; a large or 
wagon road, hinachito, l»ina potha: the 
fork, hina falokto; to make a road, hina 
ikbi, a cross road, hiba akfoata, hina 
ubanubli, hina okhowata hina o hanubli; 
to cross another road, hina o hanublih, 
bina ittaiokbuhab hina ubanublih: an 
old deserted road, hinaksho; to measure 
or lav off o road, hina apeaa: along the 
road, hinabaiyah, binali, hina takla; a 
narrow road, hina ikputho; a path hiuu- 
shi. 

Roan, n. Bukboki. 

Roar, V. Bimikuchib. bimihuchib, fopah, 
chopah, fopah, winnehucbih, Idlehah; to 
make roar, bimihucbicbib; roaring, bimi- 
huchi, chopa; to roar, as wtnd fopah. 
fapah, fokah, komobucbih; to roar as 
water, chopah; to cause a roar, a a storm, 
fupuchih. 

Roast, V. Apushlih: toroast at, aiapushlih; 
roasted over a fire, ulbunih,; roasted, 
ulhpusbah. 

Rob, V. Wehpullih, hukopab, nawehpulih; 
to rob him of, i wehpulih; a robber, na- 
webpuli, hattak hokupa, hattak W'^hpoli: 
robbed, nawehpoa. wehpuah; caused to 
be robbed, webpuachib, wehpulichih. 



ROBE 



59 



RUSTLE 



hokupah; robbing, nawehpulih. 

Robe, II. Anchi. 

Robin, ft. IMshkohkok, bishkonluk; wake 
robin, hichi. 

Robust, a. Hlampko, kullo; to cause 
roliustness, hlampkochih. 

Rock, )/. Ti3li: a lar.s?e rock, tcli chito: large 
rocks, tuli hoehito; whet rock, tuli isht 
shuahcbi, tul ashuahchi; a rocker or 
rocking chair, ai obinile faiokuchi; to 
rock, faiokuchih faiolichih; rock salt, 
hapi kullo; rocky, tuli ai asha. 

Rod, n. Full, ahaplitahlapi. 

R'lsrue, n. llattak haksi, issikopa, hokopa; 
roij-nish, haksi, isht akanomi, okpulo 
yopula. 

Roll, V. Faiokuchih, banuthuchih, bunu- 
kuchih. chanullih, tonullih. tonullicbih; 
waving or rolling, poakunhanchi, banut- 
hah; to roll up, bonnih, bonullih; not 
rolled up, ikbonutoh; rolled up, bonah 
bonuntah, bonutah; a bundle or roll, 
bona bonuta, nabunota; bundles or rolls, 
uabunkuchi; to make a rail, bonullichih; 
to roll a wheel, channichih; not rolled, 
ikchanulioh; to roll up in, abonullih; to 
causL' to be roll«.d up together in. abon- 
ullichih; rolkd up m, abouutah, abunku- 
chih; to roll them up in, abunnih; roll- 
ing, tonolih; continually rolling, touo- 
nglih. tonullichih; rolls, ponola shiahchi. 

Roof, /;. Aboha isht holmo, isht holmo 
chukka isht holmo, holmo; the eves of a 
roof, chukka isht holmo uhli, aboha isht 
holmo uhli; a shingle roof, mismiki; to 
roof, oholmochih. 

Room, /*. Aboha, chukka; one room, aboha 
achuffa, aboha ilup ochufFa; dining room, 
aboha ai impa; bed room, aboha anusi: 
bath room, aboha ayupi: a large room, 
aboha chito: high room, aboha chaha: an 
adjoining room, aboha et achaka: a 
small room, aboha iskitini. abohushi: a 
medium sized room, aboha iskatcni: a 
wash room, abohauah ai achifa: an old 
room, aboha sipokni: roomy, putha, chito. 

Roost, II. Anusi: a hen roost, akaka anusi; 
rooster, akak nakni. 

Root, ». Akshish, haksish, akkishtula: to 
take root, akshish tobah. 

Rope, Aseta tancffo, ponola hcnula chito, 
pono kullo honula, ponolah kullo, pono 
kamussa, ishtuUakchi: ropiness, hlikaha: 
ropy, chinushbi. hlikaha. 

Rose, rt, Napakanli ulhpoa: rosy, homma. 
Rosin, n. Tiak nia, tiak nia paluska. hlitilli. 
Rostrum, ii. Ahikiut anumpuli, hattak ai 
anumpuli. 

Rot, V. Toshbichih shakbonuchih; rotten 
or rottenness, toshbi, shua, litowa; shak- 
bona shumba. 

Rotund, a. Lumbo, bolukta. 

Roujre, n. Anchaha, tishi homma; to color 
the face with rouge, anch^hiih, tishi 
homma achahlih; to color anothers face, 
anchahlichih. 

Rough, a. Babukih, haluppa; bambokih 
shikkulah, bambakih, bunutkuchih; to 
produce roughness, babukichih. 

Round, n. Eolukta; lumbo, hlaboa. halaha 
loboah; to make round, hlohoachih, 
lombochih; short and round, hlobukta; 
to make short and round, hlobuktuchih; 



roundish, lobuhko; roundness, kulaha, 
hloboa. 

Route, n. Aiaya, anowa. 

Row, 7?. Atia,' bachaya, hina; to make a 
row foJ planting, hina ikbi, hina apesa; 
to row or paddle , mofflh. 

Royal, a. Miko imma. 

Rub, V. Amishurtih, pushohlih, koshollchih 
mishoffih, pihloffih; to rub on, akasholi- 
ehih; akashoffih amishottih; to rub out or 
against, akushuffih, akoshuUichih, ami- 
shohlichih, amishokuchih; rubbed on, 
amishofah: rubbed, amishoah; a place to 
rub at. amisholichi; to rub on, as salt, 
yummichih, fohkichih; to brighten or 
rub smooth, halulukuchih; to rub gently 
with hand, hummih; rubbed, humah; to 
rub with, isht akohlih, isht ulhkoah; to 
rub off, mishoffih; rubbed off' mishofah; 
continually rubbing, mishohoffih; to rub 
off the skin, pikoffih, mofih, pishuffih, 
pikohlih; rubbing off the skin, mutah, 
pishuhkuchih; rubbed the skin off, pi- 
shuffah; my skin is rubbed off, sapisho- 
fah; to rub over me, sopushohlih; rubber 
holisso isht kashutfi. 

Ruddy, a. Homma. 

Rude, a Haluppa, okpulo. 

Rue, V. Ittifalummichih. 

Ruffian, n. Hattak haksi atupa. 

Ruin, V. Okpuninchih, okpunih; ruined, 
okpulo: ruinous, ai okpuui, isht okpulo; 
I am ruined, siaiokpuloh, siaiokpulokah. 

Rule, V. Amikoh. hlafih; a rule, auumpa 
ulhpisa, nan ulhpisa; ruled, hlafah; a 
ruler, atoni, na pehlichi, pehlichi. isht 
hlafa, hattak i miko. holisso isht hluffi. 

Rumble, r. Koniohuchih, fomohah, fomo- 
huchih: to rumble in the stomach, nu- 
kchawah, rumbling, fomohah. 

Ruminate, v. Hopasa, hoasa. 

Rumor, n. Anumput aya. 

Rump, n. Hapullo, hopullo, hutip, ishkish; 
a hiarh rump, chishina. 

Run, V. Balelih, tihlih matelih. bulullih, 
yihlepah, yauulli chufah, tihlaiah, a 
runner, baleli. maleli, chufa. anumpa 
isht aya, anumpa shall; to run as a vine, 
bulullih; to run away, chufah; running 
chuhafa; to cause to run, chufRchih 
malelichih; to run about, fitihkuchih; a 
place for running, achafa ayanulli; to 
ooze or run out, hletillih. running to- 
gether, ittapeha; to cause to run contin- 
ually, malelihinchih; to run out in a small 
stream, bichillih. pechillih; running 
down, shippah; to caiise to run down, 
sheppulichih; to run one down, ami- 
hochih; to run off, lihlih; to run as water, 
yanullih; all run, yihlipah; to run them, 
yihliplih; to make them run, yihlipli- 
chih; continually running them, yihli- 
himplih; to run under, as water, yululih; 
lunning lunder, lululi; a runagate hattak 
haksi okpulo: a runner, hattak chufa. 

Ruriil, a. Haiakaimma. 

Rush, V. Amosholichih, amosholih; rush- 
ing, amoshohoulih; a rush or bul rushes, 
kushahuchih. 

Russet, a. Lakna, homma. 

Rust, V. Alakna, alaknachi.' 

Rustle. V. Fomohah, fomohuchih, kusha- 
huchih. 



RUTH 



GO 



SCAKS 



Ruth, a. Nukhaklo; ruthless, nukhaklo | Rye, v. Onush lusa; ryo flour, onnsh lusa 
iksho. 1 bota; rye bread, onush hisa paloska. 



f^ibbath, n, ISTittak hullo, foha nittak. i 

8»ble, a. Lusa, ' 

h»i'\, n. Bahta, shukcha;a corse sack, bun- 
cha; "grip" or traveliug sack, nafoka 
ashali. 

Sacrament, n Nan isht ulhpisa holitopa, 
okyaka impa. 

^cred, a. Holitopah; holitopa, ai ahli; 
sacredly, holitopot; sacrifice, uba isht 
ai okpochi. 

Sad, a. Nukhaklo, im anukfela. 

Saddle, n. Issuba ompatolbpo; saddle 
skirt, haksobish; horn or pommel of a 
saddle, chauwuna, i chauwuna, stirrup, 
tuli ahupli, toll hupli; stirrup leather or 
strap, toll hopli isht tuUakchi; girth, Ik- 
foka isht sita; saddle bags, wak hakshup 
shukcha; to saddle umpatalih; saddled, 
nmputah, umpultslhpoh; saddler, issuba 
umpatulhpj ikbi. 

Sad iron, n. Nakfoka isht huma tuli pa- 
tussa. 

Safe, a. Hlakolli, achukma asha, 

Sai^iicious, a. Kostiui, 

Sage, a; Hopoyuksa. 

Sail, n. Kolita, sails, nahotah. 

Saint, n. t3banumpuli, ubanumpa yimmi, 
tsbaiikmpa isht holitopa; saluted holi- 
topah, tsbanumpah isht holitopah. 

Salad, n. Okchaki nan upa. 

Sale, II. Achumpa,alcanchi, kanchi, akvsnia 
saleable, kaucha hinla. 

Saline, n. Ho pi atoba, hupi ai ikbi. 

Sallow, a. Lakna. 

Salt, n. Hupi; salty, hopi homechi; salt 
works, hupi atoba, hupi ai ikbi; salt 
celler, hupi ai ulhto; like salt, hupi 
holba; salt;;, hupi holba; salt petre, hupi 
kapussa; salt spring, hupi kulih; coarse 
salt, hupi lakchi; salt water, hupi oka; 
iine salt, hupi pushi; salted, hupi yummi 
to salt, hupi yummichih; to make strong 
by salting, homechib: somewhat salty, 
hominchih; to salt at, ai yammichih, 
fohkichih; to salt with, ai yummih, ai 
yummichih; saltish, takba. 

Salubrious, n. Ikaiabeko. 

Salute, V. Ai okpuchih; saluting, ai ok- 
pahauchih; a saluter, ai okpanchi; not 
saluting, ai okpanchi keyu; a salutation 
hau. 

Salvation, n. Ai okchaya, isht ai okchlin- 
chi nan aiokchayah; sutficlent for salva- 
tion, ai okchaya he ulhpesa. 

SalTe, At. Hlachowa ahama. 

Same, n. Amiha chuffa, hasi, hash inii, 
inli; of the same kind, bika; same as, 
ohmih. 

Sanctify, v. Hullochih, hotoblih, kashofih, 
yohbichih, holitoblichih; sanctity, holi- 
topa; sanctification, isht akashofa, nan 
ashuchi ikim iksho, shilombish holitopa 
isht yohbi, saktifikeshun; not sanctify- 
ing, ikholitoploh; santuary, chukka holi- 
topa, ai ittunaha chukka; 



Sand, n. Shinuk; quick sand, shlnuk hais- 
mo. sand stone, tuna shukwa; sandy, 
shinuk fokah. 

Sane, a. Kostinih: I am sane, aakostinih. 

Sap, n. Okchi; sapience, hopoyuksa; sap- 
sucker, biskinik, oktik, chukchuk, biski- 
nik ehito, biskinik iskitini. 

Sarcasm, a. Anumpa cbukush nuhhli. 

Siirsaparilln, 7?.. Akshish lakna 

Sash, a. Apisa kashofa ai ulbiha, ishtu- 
skofuchi. 

Sassafras, ??. Iti kufl, kufl iti. 

Satan, n. Nan isht ahullo okpulo; Satan. 

Satchel, n. Huchik, bahta, shukcha. 

Sate, ('. Yummih. yummichih; to satiate 
me, siyomraichih." 

Satisfy, V. Kihoplih: satisfied, fihopah. 
shatuplih: satisfactory, fihopah: to caus'- 
satisfaction, fihoplicliih, shatuplichih; I 
am satisfied, safihopoh. 

Sitiirdtiy, n. Nittak hullo nakfish, satuti, 

Sa'Jcy, a. Tasimbo. haksi. isht akanumi. 

Saunter, ?' C^hukka apullit aya. 

Saurian, v. Kitiulbi. 

SaTape. V. Nukhaklo iksho, kullo, 

Savana, n. Oktak. 

Save, V. Okchalinchih, ilatorabah. hlakofi- 
chih; saved, ahlakoffih, hlakolfi, apou- 
chih. okchayah; a place of safety, ahlo- 
koflS; to cause to be saved at. ahlokofi- 
chih: saved with, ai isht okchayah; sal- 
vation, ai okchayah; hlakoffi; saved by. 
ai okchayah; The Savior, Hlako'lichi, 
Okchalinchi: saving, ilatobah, ilatobah 
irapunna, okchalinchi; savory, champuli 
kushaha. 

Saw, H, Itti isht busha; crosscut saw. isht 
busha chito: a circlar saw, ishtbusha 
chunaha; hand saw, isht busha iskitini; 
whip saw, uba itula isht busha; to saw, 
bushlih; sawed, busha; sawyer, bushli, 
iti bushli; saw mill, abusha, itti abusha; 
sawed lumber, iti busha. 

Say, V. Achih, mihah, ah, anumpulih; say 
no, aha achih; not to say, iliachoh; not 
saying, ikachoh; to say after, iakaiyachit 
mihah; it is said, miah. mihah; achih; 
saying, namihah. amihah; to say some- 
thing toward this way, nun et achih; 
said, iakaiyachit mihah. 

Scab. n. Liahpo; scabby, kochonlih; scab- 
bard, 1 shukcha; the scab of a sore, hla- 
chowa hokshup. 

Scald, n. Holhpa; scalded, holukmi; to 
scald, oka lushpa isht hokmi; scalded, 
oka lushpa isht liokmi; scalds, oka lush- 
pa holhpa, 

Scaile, V. Fachanlih, isht weki, isht weki- 
chi; to scale or peel off, fochonlih; scaled 
• off, fulah; scales, hakhlopish. 

Scalp, n. Hattak pashi. 

Scan, V. Hoyoh; scandal, anumpa okpulo; 
scandalous, hofahyah. 

Scars, n. Basosiikuchih, misa, lasa, misofa. 



SCARCE 



61 



SEESAW 



Ncarce, a. Iksho, chubihasih, chubihah' 

scarcity, chubihah. 
Scare, r/ Mahlulih. nukshoblih nukhlo- 
kushlih, mahlalichih, vLhlik achih; scar- 
ed, uiikshopah, aukhlakanchah, 
mahliah. 
Sacrify, v. Hlafih, hlalichih; scarified, 

hlafa; to scarify one's self, hlalih. 
Scarlet, 7u Homina. 

Scatter, v. i^'immih, fimimplih hlelih 
fimkuchib, hlalih, hlatnplih; to scatter 
them, hlahlulih, o hlalih; scattered. 
Maya; a scatterer, hlali, hloli, ua timmi. 

Scent, V. Ahchishih, huwah. ai ishuah; to 
scent after me. siahchishih. 

Schism, 71. Itta kushkowa, ubanumpa isht 
itta koshkovva. 

Scholar, n, Holisso ithana, holisso ikhana; 
scholarship, holisso ithana. 

School, n. Holisso ai ithana, holisso ai 
ikhana holisso apisa; large school, hol- 
isso apisa chito, aolisso ai ithana chito; 
school house, holisso ai ikhana chukka, 
hilisso apisa chukka; school mate, hol- 
isso ittiba pisa; school teacher, holisso 
pisuchi, holisso ikhunanchi, holisso ima- 
buchi. 

Scissors, n, Ishkalasha, ishkachaya' 
shears, ishtkalasha chito; to cut with 
scissors, kachelih, kalasha. 

Scold, V. I nukoachi; to be scolded at, i 
hiyyah. 

Scollop, V. Kachuniih, lanlakichih; scol- 
loped, kachuuiih, lakowah, lanlakih. 

Scorch, r. Anaksholih, anakshuttih; scor- 
ched,anakshofah,anakshohah; unscorch- 
ed, ikanakshotbh, ikauakshowoh. 

Score, V. Baklih, baklichih; to chop and 
score, chant buklih. 

Scorn, V. Shitilemah. uukkillih, isht ik i 
ahnoh; scornful, shitilema. 

Scorpion, n. Halambia,; a stiugiag scor- 
pion, halambia hasimbish isht nulhhli. 

Scoundrel, n. Hattak haksi. 

Scourge, n, Hlukata; to scourge, hluk- 
kahah, hlukalichih; a scourger, hlukaha: 
^ continually scorgiug, hlukalihiuchih. 

Scout, ju Napisa; to go on a scout, napisut 
ayah; going on a scout, napisut aya. 

Scrape, v, Shaffih, pehlih, shuffih hlahhih; 
scraped, shafah, boafah, pihah, shuffah, 
hlahah; to scrape off the hair, boaifih; a 
scraper, akoshulichih. 

Scratch, v, Hlatih, kullih, kuluttih, shu- 
ffih, yicholih; scratched, hlaktjchih, 
kulafah, ullofih; scratches, hlakcchi; to 
cause to be scratched, hlolichih; a ])lace 
for scratching, akollx; not scratched, 
ikhlafoh; scratching or to scratch me, 
sakullih, sakullichili; to scratch up, 
shuffih; scratched up, shufah; continual- 
ly scratching up, shuhafih; to scratch 
with claws, yicholih. 

Scrawl V. Hi'mak- ^kalechit holissochih. 

Scream, 7'. Chalakj^h': screamad, chalakah; 

screaming, chalahakah: a scream chalak 

^ chilak. chalaka; h screamer, chalakuchi. 

Screen, v. Hoshohtlka; to screen, hoshon- 
tikachih. 

Screw, iu Tuli isht shuna: scr w plate 
tuli ishi shon«k ai ikbi; screw driver, isht 
a-shunichih; screw threads, yikoha: to cut 



screw threads, yikohuchih; to cause to 
cut. yikolichih. 

Scribe, n Holissochi, hattak holissochi, 
anumpa ulhpisa isht utta, na holissochi. 

Scripture, v. Holisso holitopa: scriptural, 
holliso holitopa takali. 

Scrofulai,??. Chihlauli, shatohpa; to be 
scrofulous, shatohprth, chililailih: to 
produce scrofula, shatohpuchih, s atoh- 
pulih, shatohpullichih, chihlaulichih, 

Scrntinize, v. Achukmalit pis ah. 

Scuffle, i\ Ittimmufoah, haielih. afoah; a 
scufller, haieli. 

Scurrile, a. Cnakapa, okpulo; scurrility, 
anumpa makali. 

Scurvy, v. Noti ahika litowa. 

Scythe, v, Hashuk isht busha hashuk isht 
bushli liash\ik isht umo: scythe blade, 
bushpo hashuk isht umo. 

Sea. V. Okhuta chito: sea board, oka ai 
ulhli: armof the sea. okhuta i filummi. 

Seal, n. Nan isht tslhtokowa,- sealiug wax 
holisso isht ai akmo kullo. 

Seam, v. Ai ahchuwa, ai ulhcbuwa; seam- 
less, ai ahchuwa iksho; seamstress, ohoyo 

nan achunli. 

Search, r. Hoyoh; to search closely, achu- 
kmalit pisah; to research, hoyo fehna. 

Season, v. tohkichih, yommichih; to 
season at, ai yummichih; weather or 
season, kuclia; time or season, ai oua. 

Seal, /*. Aiasha, ai obinili, ai ombinili, ai 
onasha abiuili: a long seat ai obinili 
lalaia ai onusha; a sacred seat ai obinili 
hanta: a mercy seat, ai obinili holitopa; 
an arm seat, ai onasha sliukba asha; 
seated, binilih; not seated, binilih keyu; 
to sea\ biuilichih; to cause them to take 
a seat binililichih; to cause him or her 
to take a se^t, biuilichih, to be seated, 
chiyah; his seat, imaiasha. 

Second, a. Hitukla atukla; second ttme, 
atuklahma atuklant, atuklachih: to do it 
the second time, hituklochit: secondly, 
out atukla, ontatuklaha; a second (time), 
vakosi itti takla. sikan. 

Secret, v. Aluma; alumaka, luma; secretly, 
ikkahaklo; to secrete, alaluhnih aluhmi- 
chih. 

Secretjiry, n, Holissachi: aholissochi; his 
secretary, j holissochi. 

Secular, a. Yakni isht ai utta imma. 

Secure, a. Isht ai okpuloka hinla iksho: 
security, ihikiah. 

Sedate, a. >ruktanlah. 

Sedentary, a, Binili bilia. 

Sedge, n, Hushuk btissi. 

Seduce, c. Haksichih; seduced, haksichih. 

Sedulous, a. Achunnanchi. 

See, )'. Pisah. holhponayoh, noponayoh. 
hopumpoyoh, hopokoyoh, hopopoyo; 
to see visions, holhpokunna; to cause to 
see, holhponnayuchih. hopounayuchih; 
to see together, ittibapisaii: to see me, 
sapisah; to suffer me to see, sapisuchih. 

Seed, II. Nihi. nakhuta; seeds, nanihi; to 
save seed, i)ehuuchih; seed for planting, 
pehna, nihi pehna. 

Seek, v. Hoyoh, bunnah; unsought, ikhoyo 
seeker, na hoyo, 

Seem, v. Ahobachih, ahobalih, chinih; 
seemingly, chinih. achini. 

Seer, n. Hopaii. 

Seesaw, ». Ittintakanha. 



SEETHE 



63 



SHAWL 



Seethe, v. Honih; seethed, honnih, nn- 

seethed, ikhonnoh. 
Seldom, ad. Fehna keyu, kanimikma. 
Select, a. Dlhtoka: to select, atokoli: select- 
ed, atokoa. ullitoka. 
Self, pro. Akiuli, akint; self to, ile ak osh; 
that is self, (is understood) as, uno ak osh 
pisa li; I see myself, self examination, 
anukfillet ile pisa; self denial, ile kanchi, 
ile kaiyanehi; self esteem, ilefehnuchih, 
to show self, ilehaiyauc'hih; to hear of 
self, ilehakloh; to deceive self, ilr^hak- 
sichih; to cure self, ilehlakoffichih: to 
renew self, ilehimonuchih; to make self 
young, ilehimettuchih; to break one's 
self, ilekobuffih; to purify one's self, 
ilekushoffili; to wipe ones self, ilekusholi- 
chih; to tie ones self iletakchili; to give 
one's self up, ileynkocliih; by itself, ila; 
made by its If ila atobah; to" moke one's 
self sick, ilabekuchih; to wash self, ila- 
chifah; to have self esteem ilanichih; 
boiled by itself, ilahouuih; to fix one's 
self, ilaiiskiachih; to tell on one's self, 
ilai anolih; to squeeze one's self, ila 
kataulichih; to think of self, ilanukfillih; 
to examine self, ilanuktillit pisah; to talk 
to one's self, ilauumpulih, selfish, ila- 
pokpula, ilapunla; to praise self, ilawata; 
to cut one's self, ilebushli, ilechanlih; to 
redeem self, ilecnimpah; selfishness, 
ikhaponaklo. 

Sell. V, Kancliih. kampilah; sold, konia: a 

seller, konchi; to sell on credit, aheka- 

^ chih; to sell back, falummiut i kanchih. 

Senate, n. Aboha akni; senator, aboha 
akni utta ulhtoka. 

Send, V. Pilah: sending, pilah; to cause to i 
send, pilachih; to send after, ikai yachit | 
pilah, ikaiyachit chu.fichi: to send back, 
faluminchit pilah, falomraint pilah. 

Senna, . Iti hishi holba. 

Sensible, a. Kostini, impjnna; senseliss, 
ikkosteno, im anukfila iksho, I am 
senseless, satasimoh. 

Sen te. ice, v. Anumpah onochlh: to pass 
sentence, anumpa ulhpisa onochih, nan 
im apesah; continually passing, nan im 
apihisah. 

Sentiment, n. Ai ahni. 

Seperate, v. Ittifilummih kashoplih; seper- 
ated. kashuplih. a seperator, kashupli: a 
separation, filamoli: to cause a separa- 
tion, filamolichih: a place of separation, 
ai ifilummi. 

Septeinber, n. Siptimba. j 

Sepuk'her. n. Aholuppi, hattak ahollupi. 

Sci-ene, a. Yohbi, nuktanla. { 

Serious, a. Ahli. ubanumpa yimmi, aba- | 
numpa anukfilli, abanumpa khni. i 

Sermon, n. Ubanumpa isht anumpa. | 

Serve, v. Isht uttah. toksulih, holitoblichih 
to serve faithfully, holitoblichi aiahli: \ 
servant, tishu. j 

Set, V. Alatah akatulah, talalih, talahli, • 
hilechih, ashachih, lapalichih; setting, i 
alata; to set out, apowah: to set at or on, i 
abinilih: to set up; hilichih hiohlichih, ' 
er.'Cted or set up, hiohlih; to set down, 
takkalichih: to cause to set (as a hen), 
alotalih: set; taliah, talohah, talomayah, 
hikiah, ashah, lapalih. 

Settle, V. IJinilih, binohlih; settlers, bin- 



ohli; settlement, ai okiah, ab'nili; settled, 
binohlih. binilih, okla ai asha: to settle 
at, ai okluchih, abinilih. abinohlih, 
achnkkah . ai okluchih; to settle on, 
abinilih; to cause them to settle at. abin- 
ohlichih, ai okluchichih: a colonizer," 
binohlichi; unsi'ttled, abiuili keyu ik- 
abiniloh: to settle lately, himona ai akla- 
chih; to settle to one's self, ilabinilih; 
settled (as sediment), oka tulah. 
Seven, a. Untuklo; seventh, isht untuklo, 

seventeenth, isht auahuutuklo. 
Sever, v. Hliluffi hokohlichih: severed, 

hokohlih; several, kanohmi. 
Severe, a. Kt3llo, palumraih; to be severe, 

pullummih. 
Sew, '•. Achunlih. non achonlih; to sew to- 
gether, ittachunlih: sewed i^lhchowah; 
sewing machine, isht achunlih, nan isht 
achunlih. 
Sex, ??.",Male. nakni: female, tek; sexton, 

hattak itti hopi, nan hopi. 
Shade, n. Hoshontika, ohoshontika, opa- 
shshia; to make a shade, hoshontikachih 
hoshontichih ohoshontikuchih: to place 
under a shade, hoshontika ashachih- 
shady, hos'>ontika, very shady; hoshon; 
tika lawa, shaded, ohoshontikah. 
Shadow, ri. Hoshonti, ahoba. naholba; to 
make a ahadow, hoshontichih; to over- 
shadow, hoshontikachih. 
Shag'jry, a. Fachanlih; shaggy hair, hishi 

chito. 
Shake, v. Fahalichih, taiokuchih, faiolih, 
faiolichih, tahtnlih. tahtiilichih, wunni- 
chih winnachih. winakuchih, wunnichih, 
shaking, faiokahanchi, winnakuchih; 
shaken, faiokuchih. tahtuah; to shake by 
the root, fotoklih; to shake self, as a dog, 
ilewilohlih; shook or shaken, tahtuah. 
Shall, V. Hinlah, ahinlah, chike, himma, 
(as hlakofa himma keyu; he shall never 
recover.) 
Shallot, n. Hatofolaha. 
Shallow, a. Ikhofoboh. malussa, okcht3nak. 

paknali; to be shallow, malussah. 
Shame, v. Hofahvuehih: to make one 
ashame. hofah valichih; ashamed, ho- 
fahyah; shamefalness. hofahya; shame- 
less, hofahya iksho, ik hofah yo; shame- 
fully, hofahyalit; shemoful, hofahya, hat- 
tak hofahya"^, 
Shank, n. Hanali foni, iyi foni. 
Sharp, a. Haluppa, homi; to be sharp, 
haluppah. sharpened; haluppah, shuah- 
chih; sharpness, haluppa homi; sharply, 
haluppa; to sharpen, haluppuchih, shoh- 
lichih,, haluppulih: the sharp <'dge. 
ahaluppa; sharp edge turned up, ahalupa 
anukpilifa; to utter shrill or sharp, 
sounds, chasah; not sharp haluppa keyuo 
ikhaluppo; not sharp yet, haluppa keyu 
kisha; to cut to a point or sharpen, 
tulhlih; a sharper, hattak haksichi. 
Shave n. Isht shafa. iti isht shafa; to 

shave, shafih: shaved, shafah. 
Shawl, n. Anchi, innochi, nantapuski chito; 
to put a shawl on, auchih; black shawl, 
anchi lusa; cotton shawll, anchi ponola; 
light colored . shawl, anchi huta; purple 
shawl, anchi homakbi; red shawi, anchi 
homma, homma; silk shawl, silk anchi; 
white shawl, anchi tohbi; woolen shawl, 



SHEAR 



63 



SICKLE 



chukfi hishi anchi. 
Shear, v, Umoh; shorn, olmoh; to shear 
shoep, chukfi liishi umo: a shearer, 
chukfi hishi umo; shears, isht kacbaya. 
isht kalasha chito, chukfi hishi isht 
tolmo, 
8hed, ??. Ulhtipo, hushoutik, aboha uba 
takali; sh'-d room nboha et achaka; to 
make a shed, hoshoutikachih; to shed 
tears, hlatuplih; to shed the hair, buy- 
uflih, buaffih; shed off, l^oyafah. buafah, 
Slipei>. V. Chukfi. chukfi ulhpoba, ram. 
chkfi nakm; ewe, chukfi tek; wether, 
chuk hobuk; lamb, chukfi ushi, chukfu- 
shi: sheep wool, chukfi hishi: sheep 
shears, chukfi hishi isht ulmo; sheep 
skin, chiikfi hakshup; shepherd, chukfi 
apisuchi; sh(!ep fold, chukfi aiasha; mut- 
ton, chukfi nipi; fleece, chukfi hishi ulmo; 
tieeced, chukfe hishi u'lnoh; to shear 
sheep chukfi hishi umoh: a sheep shear- 
er, chukfi hishi umo; 
Shelf, V. Abatula. ubatula, ai onasha, ai 
ontalaia- a shelf for crockery, ampoatula, 
ampnshi atuloha; a long: shelf, uba tula 
falaia. 
SheJ). ». Hakshup; to shell, luffih, huchih, 
uihechih, nihelichih, chiluhka: to shell, 
as corn, chiluhka; shelled, cheluhkah, 
nihittuhi: corn sheller,. nan isht chilu- 
hka; a charm shell, fullush hakshup; to 
shell nuts, hanchih, hanlichih. 
Shelter, v. Ai atukko. 
Sheriflf, n. Hattak yukachi, hattak takchi, 

shulif. 
Shield, V. Ai atokko. 

Shin, V. lyinchibako iyinchampko, Ivi- 
chumko; shin bone, iyinchibako fohi, 
iyichumko foni. 
S'hiiie, ('. Chulhchulhchukichih. malan- 
chah, tohchallih. tohchtjllalih, tommih; 
shining bright, malatah, tohchalalih, 
tohpokolih; sunshine, hoshi torami 
Shiiisrle n. Jti shima yushkololi. aboha 

isht holmo: shinglo roof, mismiki. 
Shi?), n. Pohta, pcni chito. 
Shirt. '). X'af'oka lumbo:hunting shirt, 

nafoka patafa. 
Shiver, v. Chuhlih wunnichih, wunnihin- 
chih; shivered, chuhlah; to shiver with 
cold, wanannahuchih; shivering; wanan- 
nahhah; shivering, hochukwachi, wunni- 
hinchi. 
Shoal, a. Okchuwuha. 
Shoe. //.. Shulush, shilush; shoe maker, 
shulushikbi; shoe brush, shulush isht 
kasholichi: shoe blacking, shulush isht 
lusachi; shoe string, shulush isht talak- 
chih; shoe maker's apron, tikba takali; 
shoe hammer.isht boa; shoe knife, bush- 
po;lap board, abushli: shoe last, shulush 
atoba; shoe punch, ^holush ishthlumpa; 
shoe tacks, tuli chufak chipunta; shoe 
thread, pono kuUo isht ahchowBh; shoe 
bench, shulush ai ikbi ai o asha; rubber 
shoes, shulush shepa; brogan shoes, shu- 
lush kullo: .shoe <'obbler, shulush, akulli; 
mended or repaired shoes, shulush ulh- 
kuta; slippers, shulush malussa; boots, 
shulush chaha: ladies shoes, ohoyo i shu- 
lush; Children's shoes, ulla i shulu.sh; to 
shoe (as a horse.) shulush lapalih, lapoh- 
lichih: shod all round, shulush lapohlih. 



, Shoot, V. Ilussah. tokuffih; shooting, toka- 
I fah, hussa; shot, hussah, tokafah; shoot- 
ing off, tokahlih; to shoot off. tokahli- 
chih; a marksman, hussa imponna; to 
shoot at, anulhhlih: where shot, auuhlah; 
a shooting place, anuhla; to shoot as a 
bud, bikoplih; to cause to shoot, bikopli- 
chih: anything te shoot with; isht hussa; 
to shoot with a blow gun, bahpulih, shot, 
bahpoah; to shoot off obliquely, tibuUi- 
chih. 
Shop, n; Atoksahlih, ai ittuloba. 
Shore. '. Alaka, oka alaka, oka uhli on- 
tulaka. 
i Short, a. Yuskololi, yustololi, yushkololi, 
{ ikfalaio toluski, koliikshi, akkalih; to be 
short, ynstololih; shortness, yustolollih; 
to shorten, yustololichih. toluskichih. 
Shot, n. Nakushi, uakushi; buck or grape 

shot, nakpaki. 
Should, ('. Chin tuk chin tok; should not, 
yobat: should have been, achin tok; 
should have, ahetok. 
Shoulder n. Tahchi, fulup: stoop shoulder 
sokkono, tokkono; shoulder blade, ok- 
putha; back of shoulder blade, shanakha; 
shoulder joiut, tahchit auetili; shoulder 
i of man, tahchi— of a beast, fulup; my 
I shoulder, suttuhchi; my shoulder blade, 
j sashannukha. 

I Shout, n, Yuhapa; to shout at, apahlichih. 
Sho^e, V. To.lih; to shove each other, itti- 

tuplih. 
Shovel, Ishtpeha; fire shovel luak Isht 
piha, hittuk chubi isht piha; dirt shovel, 
lukfi isht piha: to shovel, pehlih; shovel- 
ed, pihah 
Show, V. Haiakah, walih haiyakuchih, 
obuninchih, pisachih, ihaiyakuchih; 
shown, haiakah, otunih. pisah; to show, 
self, ilehaiyakuchih; showing, walih; a 
show, ayopisah. 
j Shrill, a. Halui4>a chasah, saraampa, kam- 
ampa. 
Shrine, n. Itombushi holitopa. 
I Shroud, n. Hattak. illi ulh foa nantumua 
aboiumta, hattak illi isht afohlih. ill i 
nukfoka; to shroud, hattak illi isht afoh- 
lih. 
Shrub, n. Bushukchi; shrubby, itakshish 

laua. 
Shuffle, ('. Tulohkuchih. fulohkuchit 
anumpulih: shuffling, fulokahanchih; 
shuffled, fulohkuchih. 
Shut. V. Akamulih, okummih akummih, 
okshihtah, okshilihtah, okhishtAh; shut, 
akamah, ulhkamau, akamah, okshilita: 
shut up or in, ai okshillihtah; ta fasten 
or shut as a bung, ikumalih; to shut as a 
pocket knife, pohlommih; shut, pohlom- 
mah; to cause to shut, pohlomolichi; shut- 
ting continually, pohlohommih; still 
shut, ulhkamah; shut in, ulhtoh; shut- 
tle, nan isht tunna i peni isnt pila. 
Shy, i\ Nukshopa; to shy off, punullukah- 

chih. 
Sick, a. Abeka, nan ikanihmi; to be sick, 
abekah: sickness, abeka; to caus'; sick- 
ness, abekuchih; to .sicken one's self, 
ilabekuchih; I am sick, siabekah; a sick- 
ly place, aiabeka; not sick, ikabekoh. 
abeka keyu. nan i kanihmi keyu. 
Siclile, n. Hashuk isht bushli, i.sht ulmo. 



SIDE 



64 



SLIT 



Side, n. Chnniikko ikfeksa naksi: inside, 
anukaka: side of, alapalika, lapulika; to 
put side by side, ittaputalih; going side [ 
by side, ittaputah; to stick on the side, j 
lapalih; each or both sides, tablahlakka; j 
on this side, takla, i tcnup; this side, ola; ' 
on this side of ola in tunnup olehma. 

Seive, n. Isht vuba; sifter, isht vuha. 

Sift, ('. Yohlih: sifted, yohah. 

Sigh, V. Chitolit fiopah, chitot fiopah. 

Siglit. n. Aianompisa; totako aim or sight, 
auumpi sahchih: an eyesight, hoihpona- 
yo, hoponayo, hopokoyo. 

Sign, V. 1-lohchifo takalichih. lupalichih 
signed, hohcliifo takalih, lupalih: signal 
isht unnoa, isht otauinchi. 

Signature, a. Hohchifo takali; signer, hoh- 
chifo holissoehit takalichih. 

Silence, n. chulosa, nuktanla; to silence, 
chulosuchih. chulo salih: silent, anumpa 
ik i lauoh, anumpa, ik im iksho. chulosa, 
loma, nan ik acho. ikanumpuloh; I am 
silent, sasammatah, sammtitulih. 
Silli, ?f. Silik; sewing silk, silik isht ah- 
chunlih; silk handkerchief, innochi; to 
silk, as corn, okshunlih; silking, okshon- 
lih; silk worm, silik shushi. 

Sill, . Aboha i tula, silly, ik kosteuo, hak- 
sulba. 

Silver, n. Tuli htJta: silver mine, tuli huta 

akula: silver ware, toll huta. 
Similar, <i. < ;ii<.lniii, holba. ittihobah. 

Simmer, v. Shinillih, shinillichih, simmer- 
ing, shinillih. 

Simply, nd. Banoh, biekah, pe peh: to 
simplify, haiyakichih, haiakuchih. 

Sin, n. Ai ashuchika. nan ai ashucheka, 
nan ashochi: to sin, ashuchih, yoshubah, 
to sin at, aiashochih; a sinner, nan ash- 
t3Chi, yoshuba, hattak nan ashuchi: to 
cause to sin, yoshublih: sinlul, asbuehi, 
haksi. 

Since, prep.' Hoka, ka ba. kamba, kama. 

Sincere, a. Chukush ahli. 

Sinew, n. Akshish, bakshish: many sinews, 
akshishlaua, ehushwa: his sinew, i chu- 
shwa. 

Sing, V. Taloah, olachih: a song book, ho- j 
lisso ataloa: to sing at a dance by a wo- 
man, hihih: singing at a dance, hihihih; 
to sing to, at a dance ihlhih; to sing the 
death song, tulwuchih; singing or sung, 
taloah; continually singing, talahowah. 

Singe. V. Anaksholih, ahakshaflfih; singed, 
anak shuah, anakshohah, anakshofah; \ 
not singed, ikanakshofah, ikanak sho- | 
wah. 

Single, a. Achuffa; singly, achuffalih, akba 1 
noh, akbat; singletree, iti okhowata. 

Singular, o. Inla. achuffa. 

Sinister, a. Ik achukmo okpulo. 

Sink u. Oka akuniah. akuniah; to sink 
down akkaia; a sink or dent, hufikbi: to 
dent or sink, hufikbih; to make a dent 
or sink, hufikbichih. 

Sister, n. Ittibapishi: my sister, antek, 
your sister, chin tek; his sister, i tek. 

Sit, /'. liinilih, chiyah binohlih aiashah; to 
sit down, binilih; while sitting, binilih 
takla; not sitting down, binilih keyu; to 
make sit down, binilichin; to sit at or on, 
abinilih ona.shah, ai o binilih; continual- 
ly sitting, chihiyah; to sit or sitting with, 
iba binilih. ibai ombinilih; not sitting at, 
ikaiashoh; to sit facing each other, itta- 



chiyah, ittabinilih; to sit about, kanana- 
lih, abinohlih, sitting about, kananalih;to 
sit as a tailor, puchukkoh; to sit among 
or with, takla binilih. takla ibabinilih. 
sitting there, tullayah, tulohmayah. 

Six, a. Hannulih, liunnah; to make six, 
hannulichih; let it be six, hannulih ho; 
sixth, isht hunnali: sixteen, auahunnali. 

Skein, n. Faiama achufa. 

SIteleton, ;/. Haknip foni, nan illi foni; a 
mere skeleton, hattak chunna, 

Skill, //; Imponna; skillful, imponna, hopo 
yuksa. hopoyuksia, ikhana. 

Skillet, n. Oka awaiilulli iskitini, apaluska. 

Skim, V. Okpehlih; skimmed, okpihan; a 
skimmer, isht okpiha. 

Skin, n. Hakshup; having skin, hakshup 
asha; a skin with hair on, hakshup hishi 
asha, to skin, hlutfih, luffih; skinned, 
hlufah, lufah. 

Skirt,/?. Clhkona akka takalichi.hasirabish. 

Skittish, a. Nukhlakancha, nukshopa. 

Skunk, n. Konih, a small striped sk ink, 
Konih chukcho, konih shupik. 

Sky. n. Shutik. 

Slack, . Yuhapa, sulaha, to slacken yuhap- 
lih; slackened, yuhapah; slackaess, yu- 
hapa. 

Slander, v. Aholubih. aholubichih acho- 
kushyalih, namihuchih, anumpa, chok- 
\ishpa ikbi; slandered, achokushpah, 
chukushpah; a slanderer, achokushpali, 
anumpa chokushpali; to cause slander, 
achokushpolichih: slandering, namihah, 
chukushpalih; slander continually, nami- 
huchachih; slanderous, chukushpa im- 
ma. 

Sliite, n. Aholissochi, islet; slate pencil, 
islet isht oholissochih, islet pisil. 

Slave, n. Hattak yukah, yukah; to enslave, 
yukachih. 

Slaver, v. Itukholayah. 

Sled, n. Iti shaluUi; sledge, tuli isht boa 
chito. 

Sleek, a. Halushki, haluski, to slicken, 
halushkichih. 

Sleep, V. Nusiti; sleepy, nusilha; to sleep 
in, at, or on, anusih; to sleep with, ibanu- 
sih; slept with, ibanusih; sleeping with, 
ibanusih; to sleep together, ittibanusi; 
I sle9p. sanusih; to sleep on, onusih. 

Sleet, 11. Pucha lushshah, pucha lushah; to 
sleet, okpachalushah, pachalushah. 

Sleeve, n. Ilefoka shakba. 

Sleigh, n. Iti shalulli; to sleigh, shulullih. 

Slender, a. Fabussa, fabasfoa, hiibatah. 

Sley, n. Uski ghuhla. 

Slice, V. Bushlit tushuffih. 

Slide, I'. Shalallih shululih; to slide away, 
hanaklih; to slide down: tibuffih; slidden 
down, tibafah; sliding along, yullullih. 

Slim, a. Hiibatah, fabussa, fabasfoa. 

Slimy, a. Hfikanli, hlikaha, to be slimy, 
hlikahanchi. hlikanlih, to cause sliminess 
hlikahuchi. hlikanlichih; sliminess, hlik- 
aha, hlikanli. 

Sling, n. Hunaweli; to sling, bahpohlih; to 
sling at, bohlih; slung, bahpoah, fahum- 
mih. 

Slink, V. Akahmohlolih. 

Slip, u. Shalullih, shalakli, shakkulullih; 
I slip, sashakkulullih; slippery, halusfih; 
to slip off, as leaves, hlehlih. 

Slit, V. Ohuhlih; slit, chuhla; to make a 
slit, chuhlichih. 



SLOBBER 



65 



SOME 



Slobber, r. Ttnkholayah; slobborins-, ituk- 
holrtya. 

Slothful. •'. Intaljoblli; slothfulness, nan 
intako>ii. 

Sloven, V Uattak liteha; extremely sloven, 
lltabaokpnlo: slovenly, liteha. 

Sluvsrard. . Hattak I'ntakobi; slusg-lsh, 
intakobi: slutrgishness. nan intakobi. 

Sly, a. Apahli ■. alahllchih. 

Snnll, ". Isk'tini, ohipinta, kitini; not 
very small, ohipinta, chopunt i; to be 
very small, ebipintah. ehopnntah, ehi- 
I)'utasih: small ones, ehinta, chipintasi; 
qn te smmII. chipintasi: to make them 
quite small chipintuchih; small children, 
chipotah. chopotah; small things, ehnk- 
iMlipji: s'Mii'! bnt long, hlibatah: a small 
t ling, nanosi; a small-quantity, kcnomosi; 
to make the waist small, ynnushkichih; 
small arms.tanampo.tananip ushi.tanam- 
pa ynshkololi; small pox. chalakwa; to 
have the small pox, chalakwa. 

Smart, a. Kostinih; to smart, shimolih 
nuksimilih, nnksimilichih. mohlih. muf- 
kachih: to cause to smart, mohlichih: 
•smarting, mohlichih, mufkachih shimo- 
lih. 

Siiiiish, p. Wuhlih; smashed, wuhlah; be- 
in.g continually smashed, wniholilah. 

SiiH'lI, V. Ahchishih, huwal), huwah. bala- 
mah, kosomah. shuah, h(nnih; a fetid, 
disagreeable or old smell, bitemah: to 
smell bad. bitemah shuah: to cause a bad 
smell, bitemuchih. shoachih; a sour 
smell, as of urine, kahlama: smelling 
strong, as of musk, kosomah; to causi3 
a musky smell, kosoinachih; a X<^Ti^ 
smell, kotoraah; to cause a ranc»d smell, 
kotomuchih: to stink or smellbad, shuah, 
shoah. •.''-; ■ 

Sisiih', V. Yukpah. 

Smite, V. Issoh. bolih, smite or smitten, 
boah. 

Siiioko. n. Shobohli; to smoke, shobohlih, 
shnbohliehih: continually smoking, sho- 
bohohlih; to omit smoke, kofullih: 
smoking of fire, kofotah; a place for 
smoking, as curing of meat, aioshoboh- 
lichi: to smoke tobacco, hakchuma shuk- 
ah; smoky, shubohli. 

Smooth, a. Halushki. haluski. hlimimpa, 
hlimishka, lisemo; to be smooth and ly- 
ing fiat, lisemoh: to make lie smooth, 
lisemochih: smoothness, hlimimpa. ha- 
lushki lisemoh: to make smooth, hlim, 
ishkuehih. hlimimpuchih. halulijkuchih, 
halushkichih; to smooth over, a difficul- 
ty, hummohlih. 

S'uic'i, a, Pinak, nan ilhpak, nan upah. 

Siiiiil. ». Hatta yoshubli: snail shell, hatta 
yoshubli hakshup 

Siiiike, n. Sinti; adder, hahtah; black 
snake. sinti lusah: chicken snake, ubak- 
shah; coach whip sinti koyufa tohbih; 
copper head, chahlakwah; garter snake, 
sinti basoaji; green snake, pasli falakto 
i sinti, king snake, sinti pohkul; joint 
snake, sinti kolokumfih: moccasin, 
chunashah. shaui imanchahah; rattle 
snake sintullo: diamond rattle snake, 
tiak i sintih; ground rattle snake, chuk- 
fitohtololih: striped snake; .sinti basoah; 
viper, sinti chilitah, sinti okpoloh; 



water snake, nan upah; snake root, tiak 
sh uwa. 

Snap, ??. Chahlak, basahli; to snap, chah- 
lalichih. bas}>hi:chih; continually snap- 
ping, chahlakahanchih, basahahanchi, 
basasahkahanchih; snappish, bassah- 
uchih; a snappish noise, basak; to cause 
to snap, basalichih. 

Snatch, v. Hhichuk et eshih. 

Snath, H. Hashuk isht busha aiulhpi. 

Sneeze, v. Habishkoh; to make sneeze, 
habishkuchih; sneezing, habihishko; 
a sneeze, habishko; I sneeze, sahabish- 
koh. 

Snipe, n. Okchus, lopinah. 

Snore, v. Hlabakah; snoring, hlabakah; a 
snore, hlabaka. 

Knort, ('. Hlotukah; snorting, hlotuka; a 
snorter, hlotuka. 

Snow, n. Okti pushi; to snow, oktushah, 
a snow bird, luksakina. 

Snuff, n. Hakchuma bota; to scent or 
snuff, huwah; a snuff, hubishkochi; 
snuff color, lakna; snuff box, hakchuma 
bota aiulhto; snuffers, pula isht tubli. 

Snufir, "• Ataklum iksho. katali. 

So, ad Hacha hoke; as, truly so, ahli hacha: 
usually so, ai imomali; to be so, orlik.- 
so, ai ohmichih; is it so? ayomeh? ayoh .' 
said so, achihhoke; so be it, or let it b ; 
so, ika.hli; let it be really so, ikijh . 
fehna, not so, ikahlo; will'surely do so. 
ikahlichoka he keyu; because it is not so, 
ikahlo kamba; it is so, or is so, muhlih, 
was so or did so, kashkint, kashkin, a,s, 
ali kashkin, I said so and you know it; 
so long as, na; surely it was so toshke. 

Soap. a. Isht ahchifa, isht ulhchifa, soap 
box, isht clhchifa aiulhto; bar soap, 
isht ahchifa kullo; shaving soap; isht 
ulhchifa balamah; soap stone; talhpa. 

Sober, a. Oka homi ik ishko, kostini; sobri- 
ety, kostiui, nuktanla, ili oktampli. 

Society, n. Iksa. 

Sock, n lyubbohoski, iyabihuski.* 

Soda, 71. Paska shatummichih, sote. 

Soft, a. l.apushki, yatushki, yabushki, 
haiemo;soft ground." hlatimo;to soften by 
moisture, hotokbichih; softened, hotok- 
bi; to soften, lapushkichih, yatushki- 
chih, yatushkichih, lopushkichih, yub- 
uskichih; softened, lapushkih lopush- 
kichih; softness, lapushki; to soften by 
wetting, walashuchih; softened, wal- 
ashah; all soft, yaboboah. yatotoah; soft 
feathers, lipismo. lij)into; ' to be soft, 
lipistoh; to cause softness, lipistochih. 

Soil, n. Lukfi; to soil, litehlih; soiled, liti- 
ha. 

Solace, n, Hopohla; to solace, hopohlu- 
chih; solaced, hopohlah. 

Solar, a. Hush; ahalaiya. 

Sold, V, Kunia. 

Solder, v. Aiakmochih, aiulbochih; to 
solder together, ittai akmochih, ittak- 
mochih, ittulbochih; soldered together, 
ittulbon, ittaiakmoh. 

Soldier, n. Tushka. tushka chipota. 

Sole, n. lyi putta, achuffa, ilap bano, ilaj) 
achuffa. 

Solemn, a, Nuk taula, ubanumpa isht nuk 
tanla; to solemnize, holitoblichih; sol- 
emnly, holitoput. 

Some, a. Chubbiha, kanimih; some of, 



SOI!^ 



66 



SPIN 



akanimi; somebody, kunah. kuna; I am 
somebody, safehnah; somewhere, kan- 
imraa; sometimes, kanimikma, kanioh- 
mikma; somewhat, chohmi. 

Son, Ushi, isoh; my son, sasohuakni; your 
sou, chiso; grand sou, ipokuakui; sou-iu- 
law, iyup; my son-iu-law, «aiyup; my 
grand son, sapoknakni. 

Soon, ad. Chikosi, cheki, chekosikma, 
ehckikma; to cause to be soon, chekich- 
ih, chikkichih; very soou, chekosi. chek- 
osi fehna, chekosikma, chikke; as soon 
as, makinli. 

Soothe, V. Hopohluchih; soothed, hopoh- 

lah. 

Sorcerer, Hi3ttak isht ahullo; nuseka. hat- 
tak. holhkunna; sorcery, holhkunna; 
to enchant by sorcery, hottosih, hottosi- 
chih. 

Sore, n. Hlachowa, liahpo, hattuppa. 

Sorrel, n. Pihchi, usonak ontulali. 

Sorrow, n. Nauukhaklo, nukhaklo, sor- 
rowful, nukhaklo; to be or being sorrow- 
ful, nukhakloh, ilbusshah; to produce 
sorrow, nukhaklochih; I am sorry; sau- 
ukhahloh; a place of sorrow, anukhaklo; 
an occasion of sorrow, anukhaklo; to be 
sorry from, anukhakloh; to cause to be 
sorry from., auukhaklochih. 

Sot, u. Haltak okah ishko, okishko peh 
atupa. 

Soul, V. Shilombish; to have a soul, shi- 
lombish im ashah; my soul, sashilom- 
bish: soulless, shilombish iksho. 

Sound, V. Olachih, olah, pofuchih-iktosh- 
bo, achukma; continually sounding, 
olahanchih; to fathom or sound, akka 
hoyoh; to sound loud, chitot olah; 
sounding loud, chitot olah; shrill sound, 
chumakuchih, 

Soup, //. Nahonni okchi. 

Sour, n. Hauushko. kushkaha, homl, 
homechi; to make sour, hawushkochi, 
hominchih; sourness, hawushko; not 
sour, ikhawushko; sourness, nahomi. 

Source, n. Ibetcp. aminti. 

South, 7/. Oka mahli; south wind, oka 
mahli; southerly, oka mahli imma, oka 
mahli chohmi; south west, oka mahli 
hushi ai ok tula ittintakla; south east. 
oka mahli hushi ai akuchaka ittintakla; 
southerner, okla mahli yakni ai utta. 

Sow, w. Shukha tek; boar, shakha nakni; 
pig, shukhushi. 

Sow, V. Fimmih, hlahlih, fimimplih, hok- 
chih; sown, fimah fimimpah, hlayah; a 
sower; na hokchi, fimmi: to sow thinly, 
fimkuchih; thinlvsown; fimimpa. 

Spa, Oka alikchi. 

Space, n. Hopaki; spacious, chito, achito. 

Spade, n. Lukfi isht peha, isht peha. 

Spanish, a. Ispani imma; Spaniard, ispani 
hattak; Spanish oak, chilhputha. 

Spare, a. Chunna; to spare, apouchin. 

Spark, n. Pohlota; to sparkle, shohpakalih, 
pohlohlih, chaulhchukih; sparkling, 
pohlohlih. chulhchulhchuki; to cause to 
sparkle pohlohlichih, chulhchulhchuki- 
chih; to shine or sparkle, tohchallih; 
sparkling, tohpokalih. 

Sparrow, ?). Hushi iskitiui, chusa; spar- 
rows, hushi chipunta; cock sparrow, hlu- 
fintiui. 



Sparse, a. Fimimpa: sparsely: fimimpa. 

Spasni, 71. Haiochi, haiochichi, halahli; to 
have a spasm, haiochichih, holahlih. to 
cause to have spasms, haiochichichih, 
halahlichih; I have a spa«-m. sahaluUih. 

Spetik, V. Anumpulih, achiJi, inihah: a 
speaker, hattak anurapuli; a llueui 
speaker, auumpa i kucha achukma; fre- 
quently speaking." anumpoholih, na mi- 
hah; evil speaking,^ anumpa chukushpa, 
a short speech, anumpa ikfalaio, anum- 
pa koiofasih, anumpa kolofah, 
short speeches, anumpa kolohli; speech- 
less, anumpa ik im ikso; to deliver a 
speech anumpa isht hikah; very brief 
speeches, anumpa tilohli; a very brief 
speech, anumpa tillofah; to speak in a 
foreign language, bulbahah; speaking 
in a foreign language, bulbahah; to 
speak loud, chitot anumpulih; to speak 
back to, falummichit anumpulih, falum- 
minchit mihah; let all speak at once, 
himonna achuffa momut ik anumpuli; 
not speaking, ikanumpoloh; to speak in 
undertone, woluhuchih; speaking under 
tone, wolohah; to speak in a very low 
voice, woshohuchih; speaking in very 
low voice, woshohohanchih; speaker, 
anumpeshi. 

Special, a Atokoa, specially, hatak heno, 
hokak het. 

Specify, r. ilochifoh. 

Specious, a. Achukma ahoba. 

Speckle, n. Blikoa; to speckle, hlikoko- 
lichih, hlekolih; to be speckled, hlikoah, 
chikchiki, tik tiki; to make speckle, 
chikchikichih, siksikichlh; specks, ehjk- 
chiki siksiki, a frosty speckle, shuksho- 
ki; spectacle, uishkin alata; spectacle 
case, nisakin, alata al 3ka. 

Spectator, n. Hattak yopisa, yopisa. 

Speech .<. Auumpa isnt hika; a loug 
speech, anumpa falaia; a siiort speech, 
auumpa ikfalaio; short speechea, auum- 
pa kolohli; speechless, anumpa ik im 
iksho; to deliver a speech, auumpa isht 
hikah. 

Speed, a. Pulhkih. shinimpah: to cause 
spued, pulhkichih, chekichih: speedy, 
tushpa, ashalika chekosi, chike; speed- 
ily; cheki, hokak heno, hokak het. 

Spell, V. Holisso hochifot ittini anum- 
polih; spelling book, holisso ai ishtia 
ummona, ispillin buk. 

Spend, V. Kanchih; spent, kuniah. 

Spice, 11. Na balama. 

Spider, n. Chulhkun; a spider web, chulh- 
kun i chukka. 

Spike, a. Chufak; spike nails, chufak 
hochito; hand spike, isht tonolichih; 
spikenard, spaiknut. 

Spill, V. Akkafohoplih, hlatuplih, hlalih, 
hlatapah, hlayah; spilled, spilt, akkato- 
hopah. hlatapah, hlayah; to spill them 
on the ground, akkahlatoplih, akka hli- 
pelih, akka hlaiih; spilt them on the 
ground, akkahlatapah . akka hlayah; to 
cause to spill, hlalichih; to spill shot or 
beads, hlelih; not spilt, ikhlatupoh; to 
spill upon, ohlipiah, ofoholichih, ohlat- 
upUh, ohlipilih; split upon, hlaya, ohlay- 
ah, ohlipiah. 

Spin, V. Nashunnih shunuih, honolah. 



SPIRIT 



67 



STAND 



spun, shunah, hounolah; spinning, 
shuhannih; a spinner, nashunni, honola; 
spinninir wheel, ponola ashuna, alionola; 
chunaha; spindle, tuli fabt3ssa. 

Spirit, n. Sliilombish, okahomi; my spirit, 
sashilombish; spirited, chilitah; spirit- 
ual, sliilombish imma; spirit world, 
shilombish ai asha yakni: to be spirit- 
less, ilehobuk tobuchih, hlepushih. 

Spit, V. Tolah, tufah; spitting, tuftuah; 
continually spitting, tuhofah, tuftulioah; 
spitting blood, issish tufah; spiltle, ituk- 
chi; spittoon, itukchi ai ulhto. 

Spleen, '*. Takushi, tukushchi, luksi; 
sploeny, namak keyu, nukoah. 

Sp.ue. . , Achakalih, aehakalichih, ittu- 
chrkka ili: >pliced, achakab, ulhchakah; 
tO caus to be spliced, achaKachih, ittu- 
chahkachih, ittuchukoliehih; the place 
spliced at, ai ittachaka; to splice them 
togeiker at, ai ittachakalih, ai ittachak- 
lih; not spliced, ikittachukoh. 

Splinter, if. Chuhlafa. 

Split V Chuhlih, pahlallih, pahlatucbih. 
puhlih, shiracllih; split, chuhlah, chol- 
aktoh. pahlatah, chuhlatah, shimafah, 
puhlah; to split off. chuhluffi. chuhlu- 
llih. shukuffih shibahlih. shimahlih; 
split off. chuhlafah, shibofah, chuhlatah, 
bakapah, shukafah; a split, chuhlafa, 
bokafa, cholakto; one who splits, chuhli: 
one who splits into, chuhluUi; to split 
blocks, bakahlih, baklih: split into 
halves, bakapoa; split open, bokufah, 
patahlih; to split open, bokuffih, patah- 
lichih: to split off, shibcffih, shimuffih, 
ubakupjih. 

Spoil, V. Okpunih; spoiled, okpulo, bak- 
ustoh. 

Sponge, n. Islet isht kasholichi. 

Spool, n. Ponala iti olhfoa. 

Spoon, V, Ishtimpa, toll isht impa, fulush; 
teaspoon, isht impushi; horn spoon, lup- 
ish isht impa, fulush. big spoon, isht 
impa chito; ladle, isht kufa. 

Sport, n. Yukpa; sportive, isht achiba. 

Spot, n. Bakoa, hlikowa; spotted, bakovva; 
large spjts, bakowa, bakokukuchih; 
small spots, chikchiki, tiktikih siksiki; 
to make spots, bakolih, bakowuchih; in 
bunches or spots, luklukih, luklukit; 
small spots or speckles, holisso, chik- 
chiki siksiki; to make small spots, sik- 
sikichih, chikchikichi; I am spotted, 
sabukoah; very spotted, hlikokoah; to 
make speckled or very spotted, hlikoko- 
lichih. hlikoiih, tiktikichih. 

Spout, V. Wishillih; to cause to spout, 
wishillichih. 

Sprains, n. Tahlofa naha. 

Spread, v. Fimmih, fimimplih, puUih; to 
spread out, putulichih; to spread as a 
flock of birds; hlapah; spread, hlapa; 
to spread a pallet or bed, patulih. 

Spri;?, a. Fuli, brok'-n sprigs, full kaua. 

Spring, /?. Kulih. ai oehi; hot spring, oka 
wahlulli; mediciual, oil or sulphur 
spring, oka alikchi: to spring; bichullih; 
sprung, bichotah; spring" of the year, 
toffuhpi; to spring open with a stick, 
fachammih; sprung open, fachamah. 

Sprinkle, i-. Fimmih, fimmimplih, push- 
kah, okshimmichih offimmi; sprinkled, 
fimah, fimimpah; to sprinkle with, isht 



dashkah, isht pashkalih; to sprinkle on, 
ofimmih; sprinkling, as rain, okshim- 
mihichih. 

Sprout, V. Abusalih, offoh; sprouted, 
abusah, busah; to sprout from, ai un- 
chululih, unchulolih; a sucker or sprout, 
aputut ofli, unchulolih; sproutad from, 
unchuloah . 

Spruce, a. Kashofa, ilapoksiachi. 

Spur, 11. Chukfak iyafoa, chukfak iyulh- 
foa; spurstrap. chufak, iyafoa isht tak- 
lakchi; the spur of a chicken, in chahe, 
chahi; the spur of a mountain, nuni 
lilummi; to spur, bahlih; spurred, bah- 
afah. 

Spy, /'. Lumut akostininchi, lumut apes- 
uchi. 
Squab, n. Puchi ushi, puchi himo. 

Square, a. Bolukta chukbi ishta folota; a 
square, a carpenters instrument, isht 
ulhpisa. isht apesah; squares, bolbokih, 
to make squares; bolbokichih. to square, 
boluktuchih, to be square, boluktah. 

Sqnasii, n. Ussi, isito, isitushi. 

Squat, V. Bikuttokuhchih. 

Squeal, v. Chikah, chilika; squealed, chi- 
kah; a squealer, chika; 

Squeeze, v, Katussalih, tihliffih, tihlolih; 
squeezed, tehloah, tihlifah; to squee/. 
out, bushlih; squeezed out, bushah: lo 
squeeze the hand, bocholih; squeeze. I, 
buchopah. 

Squirrel, h. Feci: a gray squirrel, funi 
okchukko, foui tushsho. tuui tushshi; 
a fox squirrel, lakna, fanukla, falakua; 
a black squirrel, funi lusa; a stripped 
ground squirrel, chinisa; flying squirrel, 
puli; red squirrel, funi homma. 

Stab, V. Bahlih, hlifelichih; stabbed, 
bahah; to stab several times, hlittihat 
one that stabs, hlifliha, hlilelichi. 

Stable, n. Issuba i chukka, kuUo. kamussa. 

Staff, n. Tubi; walking with 'a staff, tub- 
ilih, 

Stag, n. Lapitta; to stagger, faiakuchih. 

Stair, n. Atuya; stair case or stair way, 
uba chaha atuyya; up stairs, oba 
chaha. 

Stake, V. Ittufinilih; staked, ittufenah; a 
stake for a fence, holihta halnppa; to 
stake a fence, holehta ittafenilih; a 
staked fence, holita ittafena. 

Stale, a. Sipokni, stale as old bread, shilut 
kuUottaha. 

Stitik, n. I3bi. 

Stall, n. Ai ihpeta. ahikia. 

Stammer, v. Anuktukloh, anumpah auuk- 
tukloh, stammered anumpa anuktukloh; 
a stammerer, anumpa anuktuklo. 

Stamp, n. Habefa; to stamp, habiffih, ha- 
biffichih, huhlih, hohlichih, huflkbih; 
stamped, habefoah, hohlah. 

Stanch, v. Kullo. yiminta, achilita. 

Stand, a. Ahikia; a speakers stand, ahik- 
iut anompuli; to stand in, achushkachih; 
that which stands in, as spokes, achush- 
uwa; to stand on the ground, akkah. 
to stand erect, akuchakalih; to stand 
facing, et hikiah; to stand, standing or 
to stand still, hikiah; to make stand, hil- 
echi; to be standing, that is, any num- 
ber over one. hinli, hinlli; they stand, 
hiohlih, hiyuhlih; standing, hJohlih; to 
stand up several, hiohlichih: to stand 



STABLE 



68 



STORE 



about, hiohmiva, hiohtmaya, hioht 
hiohlit asha; to stand in place of, ihik- 
iah; one who stands in place of. ihikia; 
to stand Tipon, ohikiah; to stand erect 
with th'" head high, shikkiah; to stand 
at a place, ahelichih; a small table or 
stand, ai impa iskitini; standing facing, 
pithikiah. 

' snle, a Ai afacha. 

S*av, n. Fichik, fochik; a larg" star, fichik 
cliito; shooting stars, fichik heli; starry, 
licliik asha. fichik haiyaka; the orbit of 
a star, fichik ataya; a fiying star, fichik 
hika; the great bear or dipper, fichik 
issuba; seven stars. fichik itolhpi; th'.> 
north star, fichikhomma; a fiery star, 
fichik luak; a sparkling star, fichik poh- 
lulli; a comet, fichik shobota, fichik sho- 
bulli; a constellation, fichik lokoli; star 
light, fichik tohwikeli, 

Starch, n. Nafoka isht chalakbichi. 

Starve, v- Hohchufoh: to cause starvation, 
hohchufochih; starved, hohchufo; to 
starve anything to death, hohchufochit 
aDih; starved to death, hohchufot illi; to 
starve them all to d. alh, hohchufochit 
ubit lahli; starvation, hopoba. hohch- 
ufo. 

Shite, n. Ur'titi. 

Stji ute, ??. Nau ulhpisa, anumpaulhpisa 

Stay, V. Antaa, ashan. ashwah, ahantah, 
utta i; to be contented to stay, achayah; 
to stay witli, aliinna i; a place to stay at, 
ai utta, aiahashwa, ai ushua, aianta; to 
stay around, ai yahantan, ai yantah; to 
to .stay with. Ibai antah; staying with, 
ibai aiitah: not contented to stay-, ika- 
chayon: not staying at, ikaiashoh; stay- 
ing, uttah; to stay with me for company, 
sia.dnnah; to steady or to stay, halanlih. 

Steady, a. Nuktanla,' kostini, apissuli; to 
steady, halauli. 

Steal, V, Hokopah, hukopah; stolen, huko- 
pah; to steal the heart, chukush eshi. 

Steam, v Hobochih; steaming, hobechi; to 
steam self, ilehobichih; to omit steam, 
kofullih; steamboat, peui oka wahlullih: 
steam engiue, oka wahlullih, nan isht 
bushlih, nan isht botolih. 

Steel, n. Tuli kullo; steelyard, nan isht 
weki, isht weki. isht wekichi. 

Steep, a. Chahah: to steepen, ehahuchih; 
very steep, chaha fena. 

Steer, n. VVakhobak; a steersman, that is 
of a boat, hattak peni isht aya. 

Stem, n. Isht takali. 

Stench, a. Shuah; to cause stench, shoa- 
chih. 

Step, ./. Ahabli,ahali; to step on, ahulhhli- 
cliih. ahalelichih, hablichih; to step, 
hablih; stepped, hablih;to take long steps 
hopakichit hapliji; to step lightly, yupu- 
llih, yupullichih; stepping lightly, yup- 
ullih; to step boldly, yuwukuchih; stair 
steps, atuya. 

Stew, ?(. lloni; stewed, honnih; stewed 
victuals, honnih; to cause to stew, honi- 
chih; not stewed; ikhonuoh; a steward, 
chukka achulTa pinak im ahauchi, 
chukka achutfa nan upa im ahauchi. 

Stick, n. Balih, ulboh, ai ulboh , ulbochih; 
stuck, bahah, okfayah, ulboh, ittihalul- 
lih; to stick it, achoshulih, shumulli- 



chih: to stick them in, achoshli'i nbiJilih; 
I tocftusethem to be stuck iii: iU'hoshli- 
chih; to stick to, alapalih, alapalich:li; a 
place for sticking on. alui)'^T\ to rub on 
or stick on. alupulichih, to stick them on. 
lapohlichih: stuck them on. lanflilili' a 
walking stick, tubi; walking w'th a stick, 
tublih; to stick poles, ubilhhl.h: stuck in. 
uchnshkuchih; to -stick the;ii lO!j thrr, 
ittihaluliih; to stick in cracks or crevices, 
kofohlih; sticky, shinushbi, nir'shmo; to 
make sticky, shinushbichih. 

Stiff, a. Kulloh, kamussali. cha'^r bib, 
chilokbih; to stiflfen, chibhTnih. diilhli- 
linuchih; stiffened, ehihhl uah, chala- 
kbih; a numbness or stiffness, chilhhlin- 
oha. 

Stig'm-iti/e, v. Plofahyalih; to stigmatize 
with, isht hohfabyaiih. 

Still, n. Cholosah, choUusah; to still, cho- 
lussuchih, chulosalih; yet or still, immo- 
mah, moma; stillness; chulosa. 

Stilly, V. Nuhli; stung: nuhla; to cause to 
sting, nuhlichih; stings of insects, shushi 
nuhli. 

S;iii y, a. Nan i hullo; to be stingv, i 
hulloh. 

Stink, V. Shuah; to cause to stink, shoa- 
chih. 

Stir. v. Tiwalichih ilhkolechih; stirred, 
ulhfulah. tiwalichih; stirring, tiwalilii- 
chih: to stir water, poalichih. pialichih, 
pokuchih; water stirred, poalic ii ', piakc- 
chi; to cause to stir, pialichih. poalichih; 
to stir a liquid while it is cooking, aful- 
lih. afullichih. * 

Siirr.n). ■*. Ahabli. ahali; stirrup leather 
or strap, ahupli isht tulakchi 

Slich, ('. Achunlih. nan achonlih; a seam 
or stich, ai ulhchuwa: stiched. ulhchu- 
wah. 

Stock, II. Nau ulhpoa nampoa: to stock. 
uppih; stocked, ulhpih, ulhpih; a stock- 
ing, iyabi huski falaia. 

Sto » icn, /). Takobba, ikfoka. tukubbo: a 
large stomach, bahanuh shittina, shutt- 
uaa; a very large stomach. bah!:nnayah. 
shittinioah; to make a large stoaiacih, 
buhunnuchib; full stomach, kaiyah; my 
stomach, sukfoka; pit of the stomach, 
wulwa, i wulwa; the crop or stomach of 
lowls. impafakchi; stomach ache, ikfoka 
hottuppa. 

S.^one, n. Tuli; lap stone, wak hakshup 
abusUh; ston ' laruise, chukfi nishkin: 
stone cutter, tuli bushli; stony.- tuli iaua, 
tuli foka. 

Stool. IK Abinili. ai obinili, obinili yush- 
kololi. 

Stop, V. Issah; a ces.sation. obstruction or 
a stop, yokopa: to cause to stop, issachih 
yokoplichih; to stop up. akamulih. ulh- 
kamoah, akummih; to stop as a bughole, 
ikumalih; a stopper, akummi i kumali, 
yokoplichi; to stop and stand, hikiah 
checked or stopped, hilichih. ikumalih: 
to dam or stop water, okhatapllh, oktu- 
blih, oktuplih: dammed or stopped, 
okhatapah, oktupah; to obstruct or stoi>. 
yokoplih; obstructed or stopped, yoko- 
pah: stop! take care! ahah; a stoppage, 
anukbikeli, bikeli. oka bikeli. 
Store, n. Achumpa, aittutoba; a" store 



STORM 



69 



SUBSIDE 



house, aiittGtoba chukka; to lay up or, 
store away, bohlih; a store k<?eper, ai j 
ittctoba apescchi. I 

Storm. )i. Liubaokpulo; cold aud stormy, ! 
hushtula chohmi, kucha okpulo. 

Story, /). Anumpa nan anoll isht anumpa. 

^>tou^ <i. Hlampko. kulloh. kilinipih; to 
make stout, hlamkoehih: I am stout, 
sakullo. 

Stove, II. Toll ai ulhti: cook stove, tuli 
ahopoui; stove pipe, tuli ai ulhti a sho- ! 
bohli. 

Str.i rfirler, •'. Hattak konia. 

Str.iight. i. Apiss lull, clhpisa; to straiifh- : 
ten. chisbichili straiKbte;ie.l. chisbih; 
not straight: shauayah; immediately or 
straightway cheke, chokosi, mih liiak- 
inli ho ashalika. 

Strain, r. Hli Fih. holluycehih. hoiyuchih, 
hoyahj hoiyah strained, hlifah, hoiya. 
holuyah: to strain out. bichillih, pichil- 
lih; I am strained, sahlifah: a strainer, ■ 
ahoiyyah, ahoyya: not strained, ikbus loh. 

StraiipP: 'T. Ahalaya keyu, inlah, himoiiah 
a stranger, hattak inla, inla. hattak ik 
ithauo. 

St •auric, r. Anuklilamullih, anukhlamcl- 
liehih nukhhun:llih: strangling, nukh- 
lam':llih: to cause to strangle, nukhlam- 
cllichih; strangulation, anukhlamuUi. i 

Str.ip //. Ctiulata, isht talakchi. 

Straw, II. llashuk shila: straw bed, has- j 
huk patclhpo; straw berry, biuko. i 

Stray, r Folotali, tamoa, konia, yoshoba. 

Streak, n. liasoa: streaked, basbwah; to i 
make streacs, basowahchih, basolichih, i 
basolih: not streak'<l, ixbasowoh: a i 
striped or streaked face, okhlawiulih: 
long strijtes or streaks basosukix'hih. ; 

Sti»e;iiM. II. Bok. bokushi, ayanulli, okhina. 
hcchcha; ut) stream, ibitup, wishakchi: ! 
streamlet bokushi 

Street, ■/. Hina: a narrow str.'et, hina 
ikputho; wide stre -t. hina putha. • 

Stfji ftii. '/. Mlampko: to strengthen, 
hiampkochih: strengthened, hlampkoh; : 
a -^tr hgthener. isht hiampkochih. 

Strenuous a. Chiletah, i 

Stretch, r. Illapah, shepolili, sheplib, i 
ebisbichih chisemoh: sitfetched, hlapa, j 
shepah chisehmo'i; to stretch at, ashiiv 
lih, ashebbih: a place to stretch at, aship- 
li; to stretch one's .self, chisbih; to str 'tch 
the limbs, chisemoh. chisemolih; to 
cause to stretch th" limbs, chisemochih, 
chisemolichih; stretched limbs, cliise- 
moah: to stretch one's self, chisemoh 
hika: to stretch by the legs, mamplih; 
stretchod by the legs, mampa; to stretch ' 
either body or le,gs, mampolih, stretch- i 
ing, shepoah i 

Strew, V. Firainih. firaimplih; strewn. ! 
fimah, fimimpah. j 

Strike, r. Issoh, fahamah, bolih; struck, ! 
fahamah; to strike at or on, afahama; to 
strike with a stick bakalichih, fahamah, 
striking with a stick, bakkaha; to strike a 
blow, fahamah; struck a blow, iahamah, 
to strike continually, fa'doah: striking i 
Avith force, lahibah: to strike agains't : 
each other, ittai issoh: to strike each ■; 
other, itti bohlih itti faiiaraah; to strike | 
against, koinolichih. pokuhh; striking i 
repeatedly against, kommohah. pokuha- ' 



fah; to strike once with, litelichih; to 
strike with the palm of the hand, pusali- 
chih, losalichih: striking, pussahah; 
struck against, pokofah; to strike W:th or 
against, in order to si)riukle, pushkah, 
oiirami; to strike me, safa-iamah, scssoli. 
to strike on the nose, wokkohali, wohlo. 
hah. 

String, 1). Isht talakchi; a rawhide string, 
asita; a buckskin string, hlibata; a string 
on which anything is strung, aholbtcpi: 
string, holhtampih. holhtupih; to string 
on a string, hotampih: rootV or stringy, 
akshish laua, a string or ropy string, 
hlikaha. 

Strip, r. Fakoplih, fcllihhlimh: tQ strip otf, 
hlehlih: to cause to strip, hliffichih strip- 
pod otf, hlihah: stripped or skinu'/d, 
hlijfah, hlofah: to skin or strip, hlijlih. 
lilorhh: stripped off, as bark, hlohah; to 
strip oif the bark, hlolih; to eaise to strip 
off. hlolichih. 

Striped, a. Busowa, basoah, basowah, 
chenisah; to make striped, busolih, 
basowachib, basolichih: long stripes, 
basosdktichih; to be striped, chinisali; 
striped face, akhlawinlin. 

Strive, v. Achunnachih. yichinah. itta- 
chouah, ittafclinah. 

Strong. '. IvoUo karaussa. hlampko. 
kalancha, kiLnipi: to be strong hlamp- 
koh; to mak.j strong, hiampkochih; to 
make strong with salt, homechih. strong 
as spiritual liquors, honii; v>ry strong, 
homi fenah; somewhat strong, homi 
chohmi; not strong or not woven strong, 
yohapa, hoyapa; rancid or strong, kalau- 
cha; to b- strong or stout, kamossah: I 
am strong, sakullo; strong, as r.d pepper, 
shekanlm. 

Strugt?l<', V. Shiksulah; to struggle (or, 
haichih; to struggle against; amokulah. 

Stmt. ''. Wckkonah, yuwukuchih, ilawa- 
tct nowah: to strut as a turkey, temah; 
strutting, tehim ih. 

Stuboirn, .7. Ikhaponaklo. 

Stuiiious, ti. liolisso ajokpauchi, achuuna- 
chit pisa. 

Stud,-, /'. i-'isah, anuktihinlih. 

Stuff, V. .\lotulili; to cause to sttilT, alotuli- 
chih: stuffed full, aluttowah. 

Stu able, v. Ibetoblih, ibetuplih. 

Stump, H. Iti kolofa; stumpy, kaua>;ha; 

Stun, V. Haksubachih: stunned, haksubah; 
stunning, haksuba. 

Stupid, a. Im anukfila weki. 

Sty, 11. Hushilubi. kushilcbi; a pig sly, 
shukhushi i chukka. 

Style, u. ^ Akaniohmi; his style, ai im 
ulhpesa:'to name, specify or style, hoh- 
chifoh. 

Subdue, v. Kostininchih, im aiyuchih, 
atahlih. i shahlichih 

Sublime, n. Chaha, chaha i shahli, pisa 
achukma. 

Suborn, r, Holubichih: subordination, 
holubichi. 

Subscribe, r. Hohchifo takalichih: a sub- 
scriber, hohchifo takalichi. 

Subsequent, <i. Himmak. 

Subside, v. CMiulosah, shioUih habofah, 
hopohlah, habothh; to cause to subsid", 
habofuchih. shiollichih habo.licnih, 
habohlichihiii, hopohluchih: sui)sided. 



SUBSTITUTE 



70 



SWEET 



habofah, habohlih, hopohlah; sniotah, 

Substitute, v. l31htobah, olhtobah, ulhto- 
boah. 

Subtle, a. Haksi. 

Succulent, a. Hokolbi. 

Such. n. Ayomi, chomi: such as, chomi 
kut. chomi ka, choyohmi kut: such as 
are. chomi koto, chomi hokuto: such as 
the. chomi kakosh: such as whom, chomi 
kako. 

Suck, V. Pishih; sucked out. hlahah; a 
sprout or sucker, aputut offi: sucker (a 
fish), nuni impusha humma' 

Sudden, a. Haksinche, yakosi takla; sud- 
denly, haksiuchi: to surprise suddenly, 
liaksiut esbi. 

Suffer, V. Nukhummih, pullcmmih, suffer- 
ing:, uuklmmah. hottupah: to cause to 
suffer, pullummichih, hottupa. 

Suffice, r, Fihoplih: sufliced, fihopa: to 
cause to suffice, fihoplichih: sufficient, 
ulhpesah: su!ficiently. t3lhpesa. 

Suarar, n. Hupi champuli; white sugar, 
hopi charaupli tolibi: sugar bowl, htjpi 
champuli- aiuUito; sugar cane, hupi 
champuli upi: sugar mill; htspi champuli 
atoba, hupi cluimpuli ai ikbi: to sweeten 
with sugar, hupi champli. yummichih; 
sweetened with sugar, hupi chamjuili 
yi^mmi: molasses, hupi champuli okchi. 

Suitable n. Ahayah, ai ulhpesa. 

Sulky, a. Hushaya; to produce sulkiness. 
hushayucliih. 

Su'len, a. Bashka iksho. nukoa, nukfoka; 
to be sullen, bashka ikshoh; sullennes><, 
hattak nukovva shahli; to get sullen, 
ilehashayuchih. 

Sulphur, li. Hittuk lakna piishi, hittuk 
lukna. 

Sultry, n. Lushpa fehna. alluhbih; sultri- 
ness, alahbi, to produce sultriness, ala- 
hbichih. 

Sumach, n. Bashukcha. bushshukcha; a 
sumach bush, bashukcha upi; white 
sumach, buti. bashakchi. 

Summary, n. Anumpa nushkobo. 

Su'iimer, n. Toffa, yohbi; last summer, 
toffa yash; next slimmer, toffa atukla, 
toffa atuklakma; summer set, hachonu- 
shshi, hachowanushshih; to cause to 
turn a summer-set, hachowanushichih. 

Summon, v. Hoyoh, im ulhpisa tuk o 
hoyoh. 

Sun, n. Hushi; pertaning to the sun, 
hushi ahalaiya; a circle around the sun, 
hushi akonullih; a sunny place, hushi 
atomi; resembling the sun. hushi holba, 
to warm with the sun, hushi innih. tomi- 
mih, the moving of the sun. hushi kan- 
ulli: sun rise, hushi kucba: th-"> rising of 
the sua hushi kiichah; to obscure the 
sun, hushi kuniali; an eclipse of tha sun, 
hushi kunia: to get warm in the sun. 
hushi labisha: v^armth of the sun: hushi 
libesha. sun burnt, hushi lua: to be sun 
burnt, hushi luah; sun eclipsed, hushi 
luma, hushi itti opitummih; to eclipse 
the snn. hushi luhmih; sunset or sun 
down, hushi oktula, to sun, hushi ontom- 
bichih. hufkah; a sun beam, hushi tombi 
a sunflower, hushshi; dried by the sun. 
or sunned, holufkah: that which is sunn- 
ed, holufka; not sunned, ikhofkoh: sun- 
shine, tobih; Sunday, uittak hullo nittak, 



nittak hullo, nit'ak liolitopa; a sun dial, 
hushi kanulli isht ulhpisa; sunless; 
hushi luma. 

Supple, V. Walohbi, lapushki. 

Support, ?'. Ai ataya. halullih. ai okehava, 
halanlih; a support, bikeli, tikeli; to sup- 
port with a prjp, tikelih, tikohlichih; 
supporting, tikelih tokohlih. 

Suppose, V. Imahobah. mahofah. 

Suppurate, r. Anincbih, aninchichih; sup- 
puration, aninchichi, unichicbi. 

Surcingle, /?. Ikfoka isht tulakchi, 
c unukko isht tulakchi. 

Sure, a. Ahli, ai ahli toka,: surely, ahli. 
pulla: to make sure, ahlichih; ha will 
surely not do so,ikahlichoka he keyu; 
assuredly, pulla: surely it was so, toshke; 
surety, atoni. 

Surfeit, v. Anukbikelih. nukbikilih: yum- 
mih: surfeited, yummih; I am surfeitod, 
siyummih; to surfeit or satiate me. siy- 
ummichih. 

Surly, a. Hushaya. 

Surpass, v. Imaiyachih. 

Ssirprise, v. Anukhlakanchalih; anukhla- 
kashlih; by surprise, haksiuchi: surpris- 
ed. anukhlakanchah; to take by surprise, 
haksint eshi; a surprise or taken by sur- 
prise, haksint eshi. 

Surround, v. Afoluplih. afoluplichih: sur- 
rounded, afolupah, afolutah; entirley 
surrounded, afollotah. 

Survey, r. Chuhlih; to survey land, yakni 
chuhlih; surveyor, yakni chuhli, nan 
apesuchi. 

Sustain, v. Halullih; sustenance, ai ok- 
chaya. 

Swale, n. Okfa. 

SNv:iii »w. V. Nallih. nanuplih. lup na nub- 
lih. bulak achih, nunuplih, nuUih; swal- 
lowing, nallih; continually swallowing, 
naluhamplih; to swallow largely, chitot 
nullih; a caimney swallow, chopihlak, 
chukoba; to cause to swallow, nunupli- 
chi'h. 

Swamp, /?, Bok anuka, lussa, lussah 
anuka. 

Swiin, n. Okak. 

Swap, n. Ittatobah; itta tobuchih; swapped; 
it ulhtobah; to swap back, ittifalummi- 
chih. 

Swarm, v. Wihah, lawah, swarmed, wihut 
kuniah. 

Sway, V. Chassulah; swayed, chassulah. 

Swear, v. Anumpa kullo onochih, (this 
means to swear as a witness;) sworn, 
anumpa kullo onotulah: to curse or swear 
chakapah; swearing, chakahapah; a pro- 
fane swearer, hattak chakapa; not swear- 
ing, ikchakapo. 

Sneat, n. Laksha; to sweat or make sweat, 
lakshuchih; sweating, lakshah; a place 
for sweating, alaksha; sweated at, alak- 
shah; a place to produce sweat, alukshu- 
chih; to sweat to cure the sick, hobechih; 
not sweating, ;klukshoh. 

Sweep, V. Bushpulih, pashpulihpushpolih; 
swept, bushpoah, pashpoah. 

Sweeny, n. Shulla. 

Sweet, a. Champulih. kushahah, sweet- 
ness, champuli kushaha; to sweeten, 
champulichih; sweetened, champulih; to 
be sweet, champulih: loves to eat sweet 
things, ichampolih- not sweet, ikcham- 



SWELL 



71 



TAR 



pulo; to sweeten at, ai yammichih; sweet- ^ 
ened at, ai yauimih; to sweeteu with; ai t 
yummiehih, ai vuramih: sweet salt, (sn- f. 
gar) hupi ehampu i; to sweeten with su- ; 
i?ar, hupi champuli yummichih, lohki- : 
ehih: sweetened with sugar, hupi chain- ' 
puli yummi: sweetish, itukowisli, ituk- ' 

^ wislichi. ; 

•Swell, V. Shatalih, shofohlih, oshunachih, ' 
chitolih; a swelling, shatali; swelling or ' 
swelled, shatasholih; to cause to swell, '■ 
shatalichih, shofohlichih, chitolichih; 
to swell from a sprain, sholohlih: swolen, ' 
shofohaji; I am swelling or swolen, sash- 
atulih; I am afflicted with swelling; sush- i 
utulih; to swell in spots, polkuchih: I 
swelled or swolen, mitiblichi; swelled up, • 
bokkonoah. to swell up, bokt- ; 

onolih, bokkonolichih. j 

Swift, n. Chahlih. pulhki, shinimpa; to ! 
cause swiftness, chahlichih. [ 

Swim, V. okshinillih. oka okpulalih, oka 
okyuhlih, yupih. i 



Swindle^ v. Haksichih; swindled, hakslh; 

a swindler, haksichi. 
Swine, /(. Shukha. 

Swing, p. Afahata, t3fuhata; to swing at, in 
or on, afahatah; to swing, fahatah, fahali- 

chih, sahlih; to swing slowly, fahakuchih; 

swinging slowly, fahakuhahchih; to 

cause to swing slowly, fahakuchichih; to 

swing off. fahuttijkuhcih. 
Switcli, n. Full; to whip with a switch, 

full isht fummih; switched, fuli isht 

fumah. 
Sword, ». Bcshpo falaia; sword scabbard, 

buslipo ishnkcha. 
Sycamore, n. Siuih; sycamore bark, sinihi 

hakshup. 
Syllable, n Silebil. 
Sympftthize, v. Nukhakloh; to sympathise 

with, iba nukhakloh. 
Synagogue, n. Chu okla uba isht ai auum- 

pa chukka, sinikak. 



T 



TaboriiHcle, n. Ulhtipo, tabauekil, chu okla 
ulhtipo i holitopa. 

Table, n. Aiimpa; a writing table, ahollis- 
sochi; a table leg, ai impa iyi; table cloth; 
ai impa o hlipa: a table cover, ai impa o 
patulhpo, ai impa o pohlomo: a work 
table, atoksuli; table land, yakui matali 
chahah; a long table, ai impa falaia. a 
small table, ai impa iskitini, ai impushi. 

Tacks, II. (.;hufak chipiuta; to tack togeter, 
ittahonolhhlichih; to tack on. tmulhhli- 
chih; tacked on' unclhah; a tack, chufak 
ushi. 

Tad pole, v. Yaloba. 

Tail, ». Kasimhish; to whisk the tall, 
basimbish fahlih; wisped the tail, has- 
imbish falah a short tail, basimbish tupa, 
to cut the tail basimbish tuplih; to shave 
the tail, hasimbisti amoh: bushy tail, po- 
hota; tailor, nafoka ikbi; tailoress, ohoyo 
nafoka ikbi. 

Talie, V. Ishih, yukachih, hoklih iishi; to 
take from or out, ai isni; to take alto- 
gether, ai okluhanchih;to take also, ai 
okluhalih- to cause all to be taken to- 
gether, ai okluhalinchih; to take root, 
akshish tobah; taken from, akucha; to 
take them out, akucha wehlih; to take out 
from, akuchichih; to take the hair off, 
bourtih, boytjffih; to take all, bakustolih; 
all taken, btikustoah; to take off, fakoplih 
takolichih; to take back, falummint isht 
ia: lotake by surprise, haksint; to take 
out. as honey, holhta. hota; to take the 
bark or skin off, hohlih; taken, ieshi; 
one who frequently takes, ihishi; to take 
in with, isht chukowah; to take through 
with, isht hlopuli h; to take away Irom 
by force, olubih; to take un, pehlili; taken 
up, pehah; to take down, takufflh, taken 
down takufah, tiapab; to takeout of me. 
siakuchih. 

Tale, II, Anumpa annowa, anumpa nan 
anoli ; a tale bearer, anumpa chukushpa, 
ikbi, hattack nan anoli. 



I Talent, n. Toli holisso laua isht ulhpisa. 

I weki non ishL ulhpisa chito, nan im- 

i ponna. 

, Talk, v. Auumpulih ; talked, anumpah: 

i to talk incessantly, anukchihlafali : a 

I anumpa; a round-about-talk, anumpa 

[ folot(iah. anumpah ilanjakah ; talkative, 

; anumpa i laua, anumpah shohlih ; not 

i talkative, anumpa ik i lauoh ; a short 
talk, anumpah kolofasih, anumpa kolofo; 

i vile talk, anumpa okpulo ; a fluent talker, 

i anumpa i kucha achukma; to talk back. 

I folumminchit anumpulih ; talking Ire- 
queiitly, anumpoliolih ; a great talker, 

! anumpa shahli; to sit and talk, auum 

! pulit ashah ; to talk to one's self, ilanum- 
pulih ; to talk about self, isht ilanumpu- 

i lib .• to talk together, ittibai anumpulih; 

I to talk ab<mt, isht anumpulih, isht ittim 

j auumpulih, posilhhah , talking about 

j namihah. 

I TjilF, a. Chahah; taller, chaha i shahli; 

j tallest, chaha moma i shahli, chaha i 

! shalichit tahli; to make tall, chahachih; 
long or tall, talaiah ; to lengthen or make 

I taller, falaiachih ; not tall, ikchahoh. 

I Tallow, n. Wak nia. 

! Talon, 7/. H ushi iyakchush. 
Tame, a. Kostini ; to tame, kostininehih, 

I hopoyuksachih apoa; to be tame and 
gentle, hanayoh iksho, hopoyuksa: un- 

I tamable, hopoyuksa he kuyu; to civilize 

I or to tame, hopoyuksalih : tamed, hopo- 
yuksa ulhpoa; untamed, ikbopoyuso. 
Tan, V. Hummachih ; tanned, hommah ; a 
tanner, wak hakshup hommuchih ; tan- 
nery, hakshup homma atoba. 

I Tanule, v. Yushwichalichih ; tangled, yush- 

I wichalih. 

j Tansy, n. Tasi. 

I Tap, V Hlumplih ; tapped, hlumpah. 

] Tape, 7(. Situshi ; tapes, sita chipunta. 
Taper, a. Chusah ; tapering, chusah. 
Tapster, n. Bicheli. 

I Tar, II. Tiak nia; tarantula, chulhkun «hito. 



TARDY 



THOUGH 



Tardy, a. Sulaha '■ very tardy, sulaha fchua.' 

TarGyn. Ilaiyukpulo. 

Target, «. Tehlipa iskitini. , r * 

Tarry, r. Aiitah, aliantah ; to tarry there, 
ai a bantah. ■ 

Tart, (I. Hawushto, haluppa. 

Tartar emetic, n. Hoituchih tohbi. 

Taste. ■•. IshJsot pisah, uput pisah ; taste- 
less, ikliomokit totia. •: 

Tattle, /'. Aehokushpolih, chokiishpuslih , a 
tattler, anumpa chiikushpa ikbi, auumpa 
chukushpalih 

Tavern, .". ('hukka afoha. chukka anii.si. 
hattak aloha, ai inipa chukka. 

Tet.,cli, r. 'thananchib, iniabuchih. ulbu- 
cMli, hopoynksulih, uan ithuiianchih ; 
teaching, lian it hunanchib ; a teachi-r, 
naii ithanaiichi. hattak ikhonauchi, hat- 
tak nan ikhunanchi. hattak im abuchj, 
liattah nan im abnchi, ithunanehi: 

T«'a, v/.Tl; ■ b'ack tea, ti Insa; green tekl- 
ti okehamali; hyson tea. ha:ison ti ; tea 
cup, kaf ai is'hko; tea saucer, in talaia; 
tea pot, ti ahonni ; tea tabh', ai impa 
iskitini ; tea spoon, tcli i.sht impn,«;hi 

Tear, v. Nishkin okchi: tearful, annkhaklo. 

Tear, v. Hliluffih hlillichih: torn, hlilafah. 
hlilahlih; to tear a part, hlilafah: torn in 
small piec s. hlilali; to tear in snuill 
pieci s. hlilahlichili: to tear apart or into, 
ittahlilafah, itta hlilotfia; to tear down, 
tit3bli, tiot>lih,'yuhlfh; t6rn down, tia|>ah', 
vnlilah; coutinnallv tearing down.'- vu- 
iinhlih. ' ^ - '■ -• 

Teiisi', V. Im achibuchlh. achtinhachih im 
asilhha: teasing, isht alichiba.' ' ' ' - 

Teat,' /(, Ipishik; my teat, sapfshik. ' 

Tedioii!^, (I. Cllichiba i:bclii>)ali, ahcniba: 
to be tedious, ahcbibacbih,abch'ibbalib. 

Tell. r. Anolib, imnnol h; bbing told, im- 
un.noah; tobi, annoa>; to tell at, al'anolih: 
to be .tbbl at. aiannowab; continually 
told, annobowab; told too mtieb, annoali 
attjpah:' to cause to be told, annoacbib; 
continually telling, annobonlib; telling it 
at la.st, anoyiilih; cannot tell, anola be 
k' yn: to tell on one's s(.^lf. ilar anolib: 
we all tell, iloh im anolih: to tell talcs on, 
nan aianolih; the plac for ttilling U'ws, 
nan annoa; ' to tell a lie on me, siahob^- 
bih: to tell on me, sianolih: to tell a tale. 
fapiMilih: a teller, anoli. 

Teijn)('rate, n. Okikisbkp, nuktalanli. hopo- 
yuksa; tem]ierance, okikishko, ile dktan- 
epli, ile nuktalanli. . ■ : 

Temple, ?r. Cbukka huiita, aboha bolitopa; 
the temple, haksilii tubaiyi. haksun to- 
P^iiyi- .-, . ■■ , 

Tqiiipt, V. Ntikpullieliihi'anukpullichih, im- 
r'omaka pisah: tcinpted. ni'lkpuUih: temp- 
tation, nulqw'lli aniikpullika, isht imo- 
maka ])isab. anukpulli; to be tempted at, 
ai anukprllih; ai anukpollika: the place 
of temptation, aianukpulli; to tempt at, 
aianukpy Rich ill. 

Tend, i\ A!pesnchib, 

Tender, a. Lapushki. kanliksha; t<ndor 
growth, walobab, wulwt3ki, waluhbi, 
walba; tender loin, anukbakcbi, anuk- 
blakchi, annkbakchi. 

Tent. n. ulhtipo; tenth, isht pokoli. 

Tepid, i\\ Libisha ummona. lahba. 

Term, r. Hocbifoh; termed, hohchifo. 

Terrapin, n. Luksi. 



Terrible, n. (;kpulo. i^alummi. 

Ter if/, /-. Nukshoblih; terrified, nuksh,>- 
pab. 

Territory, ». Tullitoli, ulhti. 

TestjuiKiit, nK Ilolisso holitopa; testament, 
nana ItJtim ulhpisa. hattak im anumyia 
isht aiopi ilap ulhpoyak imma, nan isht 
ulh.pisa; New TestaEftent, testamout hi- 
mona. 

Testator, », Anumpa isht aiopi ikbi. 

Testify, r. Atokot anolih;, to testify at, 
aiatokolih; testified at, ai'fitolunvah:" tes- 
timony, ai atokowa, auuowa; to testify on 
oath, anumpa kuUoanotOlut nan anOlihj 
iusutticient testimojjliy, atinoah ikonxt. ' .' 

Tetter, ??. Plalampa, hnllampa; jtf'iHave 
tetter, hullarapubih. '. 

Text, 77. Anumpa nus'hkoko, uba aniimpa 
takali ai anumput isht ia. 

Tiiick, r?. Sukko, sokkoh:' thickness, sukko: 
to thicken. sukkc»chih, sukkoh. 

Thicket, n. Bafulli, bafulli talaia, brfaha, 

• abohli; to become a thicket, abohlichi.. , ,. •■ 

Thie\ n. Fattak wehpoli. hattah hiikopa. 
hokopa: thievish, hukopab, hukompa. 

Thi>rh, ??, Obi iyiibbi; upper side of tbigh, 

j: obi nibi: thigh bone, obi foni: socket ol 

i the thigh, eyubachushuli; my thigh, 
saiyobi. 

Thinible, n Itibak usbi foka. 

Th'B, rt. Chuuna, fimiTO]pa;, tapuski, ok- 
chauwi, shachahah: to. make po(^r or 
thin,.chuunaobib, yohunuachih; to thin 
out, shaeh'Thulih:' sparsely or tbinly, 
fimimpa; to* make thin, tapuskiehih; 
gaunt or tbin.yobunnab. j , 

Thine, pro. Chinimi, chin, chi* to be thine, 
chimmib:. to. become thine, chimmi 
tobah.^ h.- . ■ . 

Tliinar,, w. Nana, ng; anything, nana: small 
things', cbukushpa. 

Think, r. Ahnih. mahobah. anukfiUih; to 

think about, isht annukfillih: to think 

deeply, ahni ahli. ahnit'anukfillih: will 

or would not think, ahni he keyu: not 

thinking,, ikahno^: not thougbt pf, ika- 

hukfilloh:'to think much ol self.ileieh- 

nncbib: to think much of each otbor, 

ittohnih: to think of hira or beisVli. ila- 

nukfiUih: a thought, aiuikfilli: tbougbt- 

j ful. anukfiUi, imaiiuktila. 

, Third, ^. hitucnina, bituchiuaba. atuebina-: 

1 thirdly, out atuebina, ont atuchinana. 

\ Thirst. )). Ituklapowa:. thirsty, itukshiM, 

nukshila. > 

! Thirteen, n. Auahtuchina: thirteenth, isht 

auatiichina. 
: Thirty, a. Pokoli tuchina: thirti<^th, isht 
pokoli tuchiua. 

This, /)ro. Illuppa. yakohmih,. yakomichih: 
this side of or this way, ola; ole:na; just 
on this side of, eletoma. oletomasi. 

Thistle, «. Shomuttih.sbumO. 

Thither, >[<]. Illuppa piUa. yumma, ynm- 
mimma, illuppimma. 

Thonff, 77. lllibata. 

Thorax, 7?. ITaknip. 

Thorii, 77. Kntih: red hawjthom, knti: black 
hawthorn, ehunafila. 

Thou, 7>7-o. Chi, chia, chim, chLsno; thou 
art, chia hoke, chiushke. 

Though, a'}, ami o'lj. Hatok okia, hohkia 
hok, hatok okuno, hokakosh. hokakot. 



TFIRASH 



73 



TIE 



Th Msli. /•. liolih: a thrasher; auihi, auihi- 
clii, anihiliehih. 

Thread, ji. Ponola nan isht ulhchuwa, po- 
nolah nan isht aiichuwa; home spun 
thread, ponolah ilupint shunni; twisted 
thr(3ad, ponolah shcna, pouo shuna; 
tlireaU case, ponolah ai ulbiha; hank ol 
thrv-ad, ponolah shuna talakehi; flax 
thread, pono kollo isht ahchnvva; skeins 
of thrt*ad, ponola pakiissa; s',)DoIs of 
thread, ponola iti ulhfoa; silk thread, 
silik isht achunlih: shoe thread, pono 
kcUo nan isht ahchuwa. 

Three, a. Tuehiua; three times three, tuch- 
ina bat tuchina; three score. pokoU hau- 
nali; thrice, hituchina. hituchinaha; to 
do it throe times, hituchinaehi. 

Tiiroat, n. Nulcp, i nullcppi ikonla; his 
throat, inalcppi; sore throat, ikonla hottu- 
pa. 

Throb, V. Mitiklih, michiklih: throbbing, 
michilhhah. 

Throne, it. Aiasha holitopa. ai obinili han- 
ta, miko im ai obinili: to enthrone, ai 
asha holitopa ombinilichih; enthroned, 
aiasha holitopa ombiuilih 

ThcMi^^h. prp Ai ittitalcla; to go through, 
hlopuili, hlipalU: hluko !ih; to go quickly 
through, hlopohlih: to cause to go quick- 
l.v through, hlopohlichih; just through or 
those just through, hlopohlih: going 
through, hlopuili; to come through, hlo- 
puUih: to cause to go through, hlopulle- 
uhih: to p.iss throuir'i. h'opuliit ona; to 
pierce through, hluah. hluniplih; pierced 
through, hlukafBh hlumpali; worn 
through, punched through, bored 
through or perforated through, hluka- 
fah; to bore or work throng, hlukanli- 
chih; to break through, hlukuftih. 

Throw, I'. Pilah, pilachih, bohpulih; thrown 
kanchih: to cause to throw, i)ilaehih: to 
throw down, akkabolih. akkapilah, akbo- 
chehih; to throw me down, akkascpilah: 
to throw biick. talummint pilah; to throw 
them down, fohoblih; to throw each 
other about, itti fahfulih: to throw away, 
kanchih; to sling or to throw, bohpolih: 
to thro>v at, bohlih; thrown, bohpoah: to 
throw up with a stick, fachammih, facli- 
i3iumih; thrown up with a stick, facham- 
ah; to continually throw iip, fachihali- 
chih; to throw mud with a stick, fahkoh, 
fahkulih: to throw upward, uba pllah- 

Thrush, n. Taluktak. 

Tiirust, V. Bahlih. chikkihah: to thrust 
fo-ivvard, chauwunah; thrusting, chuki- 
hah: to thrust out the tongue from heat, 
hahkah; to cause to thrust, hahkcchih; 
to thrust in. maiahchih. 

Thiimti, a. Ibbak ishki; my thumb, sobbuk 
ishki: thumb nail, ibbakchush; my thumb 
nail, subbochush. 

Thump, »'. Timiklih; thumping, timikmilih, 
timiktilih; to mak • thump, timikliehih. 

Thunder, n. Hilohah, tasah: thundering, 
hilohah; a shasp peel of thunder, hilo- 
hah tusa: a thundercloud, hilohah hosh- 
onti; a thunder shower, hilohut uniba: 
to cause thunder, helohuchih; a thunder- 
bolt, huchuk mulli, mulutha, tasah. 

Thir-tda/, a. Hlusti. 

Thus, a. Yak, yakohmih, yakohmichih; to 
b-' thus, achoyuhmi. 



Thr, pro. Chimmi chin; thine, ehimm 
chin; thyself: chishno akinli. 

TioA, a. Shutounih; seed ticks, shutonnu- 
shi. 

Tick«-t, n. Holisso hlilafa. 

Tickle, V. Chukchulih, chukchulichih: tick- 
led, chukchuah; a tickler, chukchuli. 

Tidlir,'s, ». Anumpaaunowa. 

Tidy, ».. Kashofa, litiha kevu. 

Tie, V. Takchih. sitelih, sitohlih; ti.-d, tak- 
chih, sitohah; to tie a knot, ittashikonu- 
plih. ashifeonoplih; tying a knot, ittashi- 
konupah, ashikonopah;" to tie together, 
(as seed corn,) shikolih; tied together, 
shikowah; to tie one's self, iletakchih; to 
tie to, asitilih; tied to. asitiah; I tied him, 
her, it or them, takchili; I tied you, chi 
takchi li, (if "you," r -fers to more than one 
use, huchi takchi li,) you tie me, is sa 
takchi; you tie him, her or it, ish tak- 
chi; you tie us, ish pi takchi; you tie 
them, ish takchi or okla ish takchi; he 
or sho ties me, sa takchi; he or she ties 
you, chitakchi; he or she ties him, her or 
it takchi; he or she ties us, pi takchi, (pi) 
he or she ties you, huchi takchi; he or 
sne ties them, takchi or okla takchi; thev 
tie me, sa takchit okla; they tie you, chi 
takchit okla: they tic him, her or it, tachit 
okla; they tie us' pi takchii okla; they tie 
us all, hupi takchit okla: they tie you all, 
huchi takchit okla: they tie them, okla 
takchit okla; we tie you, e chi takchi; we 
ti'- him her or it; e takchi; we tie you (pi) 
e huchi takchi; we tie them, okla e tak- 
chi; we all tie him. her, it or them, eho 
takchi; ye or you tie me, hus sa takchi; 
ye or you tie him her or it, hush takchi! 
ye or you tie us, hush pi takchi; ye or 
you tie them, okla hush takchi; they tie 
m«>, sa takci. or oklat sa iakchi; 
they tie you. chi takchi; they tie him, 
her or it, takchi: they tie us, pi takchi: 
they ti.' us all, hupi takchi; they tie you. 
huchi: they tie them, oklat takchi: or 
takchi: I tie him, h-T. or it for you, chin 
takchi li; I tie him, her or it for him or 
her, in takchi li; I tie him, her or it for 
us, pin takchi li; I tie him, her or it for 
us all, hupin takchi li; I tie him. her or 
it for you, huchin takchi li; 1 ti tie him, 
her or it for them, in takchili or okla in 
takchili; you tie him, her or it for me. i.s 
san takchi: you tie him. her or it for him 
or her. ish in takchi: you tie him, her or 
it, for us, ish pin takchi: you tie him, her 
or it for us all, ish hupin'takchi; you tie 
him, her or ir. for them, ish in takchi or 
okla ish in takchi; he or she ties him, 
her or it for me, an takchi; he or she ties 
him, her or it for you, chin takchi; he or 
she ties him, her or it, for him or her. in 
takchi; he or she ties him. her or it, for 
us, pin takchi; he or sh" ties him, her or 
it. for us all, hupiu takchi; he or she ties 
him h'T or it. for you, huchin takchi; he 
or she ti"s him, her or it, for them, in 
takch'. okla in takchi; we tie him, her or 
it, for you, e chin takchi: we tie him. 'her 
or it, for him or her, il in ta kchi: we tie 
him, her or it, for you, e hu chin ■.takchi: 
we tie him, her or it, for the m, okla il in 
takchi; we all tie him, her or it. for them, 



TIE 



74 



TIE 



iloh in takchi; ye or you tie him, her or 
it . for me, hussan takchi; ye or you tie 
him, her or it, for m", hussan takchi; ye 
or you tie him, her or it, for him or her. 
Hush in takchi; ye or you tie him her or 
it, for us, hush pin takchi; ye or pou tie 
him, her or it, tor us all, hush hupin 
takchi; ye or you tie him. her or it, for 
them, okla hush in takchi; they tie him. 
her or it, for me, oklat an takchi; they tie 
him, her or it. for you, cliin takchi; they 
tie him, her or it, for him or her. in tak- 
chi; they tie him, her or it, for us, pm 
takchi: thev tie him. her or it, for us all, 
hupin takchi; they tie him. her orit.for 
you, huchin takchi; they tie him, her or 
it, for them, in takchi or okla in takchi; 
I am tying, takchi lishke; you are tying, 
ish takchishffe; he or she is tying, tak- 
chishke: they are tying takchit oklushke 
we are tying, e takchiske; we all arc ty- 
ing, eho takchishke; you are tying, hush 
takchiske; they are tying, takchishke. or 
oklat takchishke, ( "ishke" is simply a 
definite and emphatic way of expressng 
anything). I do tie, takchilihoke; you do 
tie. ish takchi hoke; he or she does tie. 
takchi hoke; thsy do tie, takchit olila 
hoke; we de tie. e takchi hoke; we all do 
tie, ehc takchi hoke; ye or you do tie. 
hush takchi hoke; they do tie, oklat tak- 
chi hoke or takchi hoke: I tied or have 
tied, takchi li tuk: you tied or have tied, 
ish takchi tuk: he or she tied or has tied, 
takchi tuk; we tied or have tied, e takchi 
tuk; we all tied or have tied, eho takcni 
tuk; ye or you tied or have tied, hush 
takchi tuk; they tied or have tied, oklat 
takchi tuk; takchit okla tuk, takchi tuk; 
if the time is very remote, tok; is nsed 
instead of tuk; I did tie, (it was so) takchili 
tuk o.ie; if sp 'aking of a tying that occui- 
ed long since, it would be thus, takchili 
tok oke; as tok refers to time remote aud 
tuk to time recent, I shall or will tie. tak- 
chi la Chi; her or she, shall or will tie, tak- 
cha chi; we shall or will tie, e takcha clii: 
we all shall or will tie, eho taiicha chi: 
ye or you shall or will tie, hush takcha 
chi they shall or will tie, oklat takcha chi 
takchit okla chi. takcha chi; If the time 
is remote and indefinite, it is thus. I 
«hall or will tie, takchi la he; you shall 
or will tie, ish takcha he: her or she shall 
tie, takcha he; we shall or will tie, e tak- 
cha he;we all shall or will tie; eho takcha 
he; ye or you shall or will tie, oklat takf 
cha he, takchit okla he or tak eha he; i- 
you wish to speak regarding the future 
and strongly express purpose in an im- 
perative sense, it goes thus. I shall or 
will tie, takchi lashke: you shall or will 
tie. ish takchaske; he oi she shall or will 
tie, takchashke; we shall or will tie, e 
takchashke;we all shall or will tie. eho 
takchashke: ye or you shall or will tie, 
hush takchashke; they shall or will tie. 
oklat takchashke. takchit oklashke, tak- 
chashke: I can or may tie takchi li 
hinla, you can or may tie, ish takcha 
hinla; he or she may or can tie, takcha 
hinla; we may or can tie, e takcha hinia: 
we all may or can tie, eho takcha hinla ye 



or you can or may tie, hush takfha hinTa, 
they may or can tie. takchit okla might 
oklat takcha hinla, takcha hinla: 1 might 
or could have tied takchi la hinla tuk^ 
you might or could have tied, ish tak- 
cha hinla tuk; he or she might or could 
have tied, taeha hinla tuk. we mig t 
have tied, eho takcha hinla tuk: ye or 
you might have tied, hush takcha "hinla 
tuk: they might have tied, oklat takcha 
hinla tuk or takcha hinla tuk; I was 
about to tie, takchi la chin tuk, you were 
about to tie. ish takcha chin tiik: he or 
she was about to tie takcha chin tuk; we 
all were about to tie, eho takc^'achi tukr 
ye or you were about to tie, hush takcha 
chin tuk: they were about to tie, oklat 
takcha chin tuk or takcha chin tuk; I 
should or would have tied, takchi la he 
tuk: you should or would have tied, ish 
takcha he tuk; he or she should or would 
have have tied, takcha he tuk, we should 
have tied; e takcha h ■ tuk: we all should 
have tied, eho takcha he tuk; ye or you 
should have tied, ttush take' a 'H^ tnk; 
thev should have tied, oklat takcha he 
he ink or takcha he tuk: (if you wish to 
refere to a remote time, use hi tuk in 
place of he tak). when or as 1 fe, takchi 
li mut: when you tie, ish takchi mut; 
when he or she ties, takchi mut: wlieu 
we tie. e takchi mut: when we all tie, eho 
takchi mut; when thev iie, oklat takchi 
ffiut, or takchi mut; if you wish to imply 
a future contingency, when I tie. (if I ti"), 
takchi likmut; when you ti", if you tie). 
ish tokchikmut; when he or she t'es, tak- 
ehikmut; when we tie &c, etakchikmut; 
wh''n w' all ti.', ehatakchikmut: when 
ye or you tic, hush takchikmut; wh'ii 
thev tie, oklat takchikmut, takchikmut; 
if I had tied, takchi li tukniut; if you had 
tied, ish takchi tukmut; if he or she had 
tied, takchi tukmut; if we had tied, 
etakchi tukmut; if we all had tied eho 
takchi tukmut: if ve or you had tied, 
hush takchi tukmut; if they had tied, 
oklat takchi tukmut or takchi tukmut; 
if von wish to refer to time far in the past 
use tokmut instead of tukmut; if I shall 
or will tie, takchi la chikmut; if you shall 
or will tie, ish takcha chikmut; if he or 
she will tie, takcha chikmut; if we shall 
tie, e takcha chikmut; if we all shall tie, 
eho takcha chikmut; if ye or you shall 
tl% hush takc'ia chikmut; if they shall 
tie, takcha chikmut; this refers to tying 
that will occur in the immediate future, 
if the time is more remot.', it goes thus, 
if I shall or will tie. takchilihokmut; if 
vou will tie, ish takchi hokmut; if he or 
she will tie, takchi hokmut; if we shall 
tie , e takchi hokmut: if we all shall tie, 
eho takchi hokmut; if ye or you tie. hush 
takchi hokmut: if they tie. takchi hok- 
mut; if I shall have tied, takchi la hinla 
tukmut; if vou shall have tied, ish tak- 
cha hinla tukmut; if he or she shall have 
tied, takcha hinla tukmut; if we shall 
have tied, e takcha hinla tukmut; if we 
all shall have tied, eho takcha hinla tuk- 
mut; if ye or you shall have tied, hush 
takcha hinla "tukmut; if they shall have 



TIGER 



TOUGH 



tied, ta'-cha hinla tukmut; let me tie. ak 
takehi; let liim or her tie. ik takchi; let 
them tie. takchit ik ok la; let us tie. te 
takchi: let us all tie. keho takchi: tie yoor 
you, ho takchi; let me tie, I will tie. tak- 
chi lashke; you shall tie, ish takchashki; 
let him or her tie. takchashki; to untie, 
hlitolih, hlitoffih, hotohliohih; united, 
hlitua. hlitofa, hlitofkuchih. hotohlih, 
hlitoha; to untie many, hlitohlih; to 
cause to be untied hlitohlichih, mokoh- 
lih. 

Tisfer, n. Koi basoa. koi; tigress koi tek. 

Tight, a. Katanlih, yuhapa keyu. kullo; 
okishkot haksi: to tighten, katanlichih, 
akullochih: to fasten tight, akullochih; to 
butten up or tighten, akamussalih: 
tightened, akaraussah; to set or stick in 
tight, ahlachalih, alachalichih; to be fixed 
in tight, ahlachah, ahlachayah- 

Till, nd. Na; a till, iskolli itumbushi: to 
till land, okchahll, okchuhlih; till this 
time, hinak ano. 

Timber, ». Iti, iti chaya. 

Time. n. Taim, nitak,'ai ona; a proper time 
ai ulhpesa; a time or place of payment, 
ai ulhtoba; not time for payment, ai 
ulhto'ia ikono kisha; time or place of ap- 
pointment or election, ai ulhtoka; a short 
time, chekosikma, chekosi hokma; pres- 
ent time, himonasi himak, himona, mih 
mak inli ho, ashalika; oft or often times, 
himmona; some times, kanimikma, kan- 
iohmikma; times, (used in repeating the 
multiplication table) bat, time or times, 
used atter ordinals, ha; as atukla ha; 
.second time, the third time, out atuch- 
ina ha; at this time, himak, himak ano; 
about this time, himak foka. himmak 
foka; at a future time, himmak ma; the 
comingtime, himmak pilla; one time, 
himonna ha; at the .same time, himmona 
achuffa; let all talk at one time, himmona 
achuffa momut ik auumpuli: a longtime, 
hopaki; a longer time, hopaki i shahli; it 
will last a long time, hopaki ho tuha chi; 
when a long iime, hopakikmako, hopaki- 
hokmako; not time, ikaionoh; to bring 
forth before time, ikaiono ho chelih; a 
short time, ikhopako; to have time, 
shaklah, i haiyakah; time piece, hush 
kanuUi isht ikhuna; meal time, ai impa 
onah. 

Timid, a. Anukwiah; I am timid,sanukwiah, 
sakomotah; to be timid, komontah; tim- 
idity, komonta; to produce timidity, 
komollichih: timorous, hobak toba. 

Tin. n. Asonak huta; tin ware, asonak 
huta; tin basin, mahaia iskitni; tin buck- 
et, asonak tohbi isht ohchi; tin canister, 
asonak huta ai ulhto; tin cup, isht ishko; 
tin pan. asonak mahaia; tin plote. asonak 
amp huta: tin wash pan, ai okami; tinner 
asonak huta ikbi. 

Tingle, v. Sumahuchih. 

Tinkle, v. Sumampah. 

Tip, n. Wishakchi; tipsy, okishkot haksi; 
tiptoe, shikkiliklih. •' 

Tire, v. Tikambichih, hoyublichlh, tikah- 
bichih, kotah, hoyaplichih; tired, hoyap- 
lih. tikahbih kotah; continually being 
tired tikohahbih; to tire out ai 
Intakobih, ai intakobichih. 

To, pr. Ak okuno; as to, ak okuno; to or 



unto, ako, hak o to-pit, toward, pit to. 
yoiia; as, "come to Jesus." okchalinchi 
yoka oh im ulah. 

Toiid, V- Shilukwah; a tree toad, chukpa- 
lantak 

To::st, r, Anakshollh, anakshuffih; toasted, 
auakshuah, anakshohah. 

Tobacco, n, Hakchuma; chewing tobacco, 
hakchuma paluska: a pulg oi trbiu co. 
hakchuma paluska: smoking tobacco, 
hachuma botn: tobacco snuii, hakchuma 
bota; to smoke tobacco, hakchuma 
shukah; a tobacco pipe, hachum ashvika, 
an eaithen tobacco pipe, hakchuma 
sheiti; a cigar, hakchuma shuna; a roll of 
tobacco, hakchuma ulhfoa; nicotine of 
tobacco, hakchuma hlitilli; a tobacco 
worm, hachumpa upa. hakchuma shushi 
tobacoo seed, hakcuma nihi, give me 
some tobacco, hakchuma sapetah; tobac- 
conist, hakchuma kanchi. 

Toe, n. lyushi; big toe, iyishki, toe nail, 
iyukchush; my toe nail, saiyukchush: 
my big toe, sayisiiki; my toes, sayushi; 
little toe, iyush uhli; my little toe, say- 
ushi uhli; to tip toe, shikkiliklih. 

Together, ad. Aieninchit, ittachaklih; to 
splice together at, ai illachakalih; to 
come together at, ai ittufama. 

Toii, V. Toksulih, pilesah. 

Toniiinawk, n. Iskiffushi 

Tomb, /(. AhoUopi aboha, aholuppi; tomb- 
stone, aholluppi tuii hikia. 

Tomorrow, ad. Onna, onnaha, onnakma 
tomorrow, ounahinlikma. 

Ton, II. Weki tahiepa sipokni tuklo. 

Tjnp^s, II. Luak Ishikiseli, isht kiseli. 

Tongue, n. Isuulush; to put out the tongue 
okchilabih; pulling out the tongue rap- 
idly like a snake, okchillubi: my tongue, 
sasonlush; languages or tongues, anumpa 
wagon tongue, Iti chanulU tikba hikia; 
bull tongue, wak isunlush. 

Tonic, n. Nipi isht hlampkochi ikhish. 

Too, ad. Akiulih. 

Tool, n, Isht toksuli, nan isht toksuli. 

Tooth, II. Xoti; foretooth, noti tikba; eye 
tooth, noti isht itioi; corner tooth, noti 
chukbi; molar tooth, noti pokta; tooth 
brush, noti isht kasholichih noti isht 
achefa; toothache, noti hottuppa; tooth- 
les.'^,noti iicsho;tO()th pick, noti isht shinli; 
my tooth, sanuti; my teeth, sanoti: tooth- 
some, impa achukma. 

Top, /(.. Wishakchi, paknaka; tophet. ai 
okpuloka. 

Torment, n. Apullummi, ai okpuloka; to 
torment, apullummichih, pullummichih; 
the place of torment, aiissikoi)a. 

Torti)i8e, ii. Luksi hachotakni; tortoise 
shell, luksihakshup. 

Torture, v. Hottupah, hottupuchih. 

Toss. V. Pilah: tossing, fahummih. 

Total, a. Momah, banoh okluha; totality, 

moma, banoh; totally, banoh. 

Totter, V. Faiokuchih; tottered, faiokuchih. 

Touch, V. Pashohlih, potolih. hulilih; to 
touch me, sahalelih; touched, pashohah: 
to touch the bottom, akkahikah; touch- 
ing continually, pashohohlih; not reach- 
ed" or touched, ikbikiloh ikhaleloh, to 
touch over head, bikelih, to cause to 
touch; bikelichih. 

Tough, a. Kullo, I am tough, sakulloh. 



TWO 



76 



TRUi: 



Two, I'. Halut isht ayah; towing, halut 
isht ayut. 

Toward, pr. Et; auet, pit pilah; towards the 
speaker, auet: to light up toward this 
way, et towekelih; to whoop toward this 
way, et ti3shah; to call out this toward 
way, et tuhpalah; to stand with face 
toward this way, et hikiah; towards, 
aheh, ,imina,- jjilah; standing with face 
toward, pit hikiah. 

'''owel, n. Nashuka isht kasholichi. 

Tower, n. Chukka chaha; to tower, chahah. 

'Aowii, n. Tumaha, a small town, tumuha 
iskitini; a village. tumt3hushi; a city, 
tumuha chito. 

Trace, v, Hinay, hinushi; to tract or trace, 
silhhih; to trace a line, hlafih; traced, 
hlafa; traces or trace chains, isht halulli. 

Trachea, v. I Kolumbish, i kolupi. 

Track, n. Hina, ahapli; to track, silhhih; a 
small book or tract, holisso hokshup 
Iksho. 

Trade, ''. Ittatoba; trader, ittatoba shahli, 
na chumpa, ittutoba: tradesman, ittu- 
toba. 

Tradition, n. Anumpa isht auchinchi. 

Traffic, n. Ittatoba; a trafficker, ittutoba. 

Trail, v. Silhhi: a irail. hlohama. 

Traitor, n. Na haksichi. 

Trample, v. Aliahlichih, ahablichih, hab- 
lih, hablichih. 

TraiKiuil, <t.. Ilopohla; to tranquilizo, 
hopohluchih, cholusueliih; tranquillity, 
cholusa. 

Transi^rt^ssioii, n. Asuchi, anumpa ulhpisa 
cbancblit kobuili: a transgresssr, an- 
umpa kobuHi. 

Traiisienc, a. Ch'kosi ant iah: transitory 
chekosi kuninihyah, yakosi ittintakla. j 

Translate, v. Anumpa tusholih, tosholih: 
translation, anumpa tushowa atoshowa, ' 
holisso atoshowa: translat.d, anumpa 
tushoah; a translator, anumpa tusholi: to 
translate incorrectly, anumpa ashuchit 
tusholih, 

Trensparent, a. Shohkcllalih, shohkau- 
walih. 

Transverse, a. Nan aiyukhuna. 

Trap, /?, Hoklih; a trap, ishtolbi, nan isht 
hoklih. 

Trash, n. Chopilhkush. 

Travail, v. Hottupa. 

Travel, v. Nowut ayah, nan obinit ayah; to 
travel on foot, akkayah, akkanoah; trv- 
elers on foot, akka hika; to cause to 
travel fast for me, anchahlichih; travell- 
ing fast for me, anchahlih; to travel 
through, anowut hlopullih; traveled on, 
auowah. 

Transverse, v. Hlopullih; trans versed, 
hlopullih. 

Tray, n. Iti ampo, ai ulhto ayammoska. 

Treachery, n. Haksi, treacherous, hak- 
sichih. 

Tread, v. Hablih, huhlih; tread on, hab- 
lih, ahakichih, ahulhhlichih; to cause 
to tread, hablichih, huhlichih; a tread- 
der, ahablichi, habli, hchli; to tread 
down, hlohummih; to cause to tread 
down, hlohummichih; trodden down, 
hlohamah: trodden, huhlah; to tread on 
each other, ittihalhhlih; a treaddle, 
ahabli, ahali, ahuhlt. 

Treasurer, n. Iskuli i sholi, holisso sholi. 



Treat, v. Halullih: to treat so, yakahmich- 
ih; to treat cruelly, issikkopahn. 

Treiity, /;. Chulitc. " 

Tree, /;. Ijji, t3pi; to mark the tree, iti i 
chulih; a forked tree, iti falukto,; to lay 
across a tree, iti abuuaii, iti ubanallh; a 
high tree, iti chaha: the bark oi a irec, 
itihakshup; a young tree, iti himitia; a 
s;ump of a tree, iti kalofa: a hard wood 
tree, iti kuUo; an alder tre. ; iiukavvil- 
oha: an ash, shinu'p; white asii, sh.nup 
hoi Da; prickly ash, iti kapos^sa, Iktisli 
potasupi; willow, tokoisha: wcpuig 
willow, itokgwisha. tohomisua; whortle- 
berry, shiupha; sheki fuuaclii; pine, 
tiak, long leaf pine, tiak iaya; white pin • 
tiak huta; young pine, tiak himitta, 
tiak ushi: yellow pine, tiak lakna: peach 
tree, takonopi; apple tree, takou chlio 
upi; persimmon, ukjf; pecan ^ree, oksak 
fula i3pi; pecan trees, osak hofaloha upi: 
pear tree, lakon chito holba upi; plum 
tree, takonlush upi; wild plum, issi i 
takonlush upi; poplar, sipsi; sycamore, 
sinni, fuui ik oyo: tJiorn, kuti;' walnut 
tree, hahe upi. nahe; papaw, ombi: red 
hawthorn, kuti, black hawthorn, chun- 
aiila; white oak, baiyi; water oak; chiln- 
putha, uusichipuntupi, red oak, luisupi; 
overcup, busuto; chestnut oak, baiyi 
holba: Spanish oak, chishikta; post oaiv. 
chisha, black oak, nuhloknopi; black 
.jack, chiskillik: dwarf black jack, 
chokushmi; mulberry tree, bihupi; soft 
maple, chukchu; supar maple chukchu 
kullo. chukchu imoshi; lion y locust, 
kuti; black locust, kuti lusa; linn, pish- 
shunnuk; hickory, oksak upi. oksak 
kapko, oksaK. takba upi, oksak luli: 
swamp hickory, hubilhkupi; iron wood; 
iyanubl, oka hiloha; holly, hishi halupa, 
hali; hackberry, kapko; sweet gum, 
hika: black gum, ituui hushupa: fig 
tree, fik upi; elm, tohto; slippery elm, 
balup; cotton wood, shombula: china 
tree, itulhpoa upi; chincapiii hachufak- 
tupi: dogwood, hakchopilhkupi: cy- 
press, shakulo; cedar, chuahla: bois do 
arc, kuti lakna: cherry, ittoUikchi: tame 
cherry, ittullikchi ul hpoa: chestnut 
tree, atupi: beech, hatonbulaha. 

Tremble. (;. VVanuichiti. wauanahuchih. 

Trot, V. Yahyuchih: trotting, yahyuhau- 
elih: a trotter, yahyuchi. 

Trouble, v. Ataklummih, auumpulichih, 
ilbushalih; troubled, ilbushah, atakla- 
mah; to be troublesome, afekommih; 
to cause trouble, afekommichih; trouble- 
some, ahchiba, ataklummi, nan isht atu- 
pa, ulhchiba isht akanomi; troubling 
self, isht ilakanomichich; greatly troub- 
led nan i kanihmi chito; to trouble wa- 
ter, pialichih; troubled water, piakuchih. 

Trouj?h, 11. Ai ilhpeta, aiimpa penli; to put 
into a trough, ai impa fohkih. 

Trout, n. Saklih; a large trout, saklihchitoh. 

Truck, n. Iti kulaha; truck wheels, iti 
kulaha. 

True, a. Ahli- not true, ikahlo; to be true, 
ai ahli; truly, ai ahlit, ahli, akut, muhli, 
pulla, ta; it is true, ai ahlishke ahli- 
shike: to make true, ahlichih; to fail 
to make true, ik hlucholi; because It is 
not true, ik ahloka; because it is not 



TRUNK 



UNCTION 



true, ik ahlo kainba; faithful or true, nan 
ahli. truly so, ohahlek, 

Trunk, H. llombi: body or trunk, hakuip. 

Trnst, V. Anukehitoh,' ahskuchih, i yim- 
rnih. aianukchitoh: trusty, anukchita 
hinla; confidence or trust, ahukchito: not 
to trust, ikauukchetoh; trustee, nan apis- 
tikeli ulhtoka. 

Truth, IK Ahli: to establish the truth: ahli- 
ehih; the truth nan ai ahli, nan ai ahlika. 
truthful, ai ahli; a truthful man, hattak 
ai ahli. 

Try, I'. Ilahobbili, pisah. 

Tut), n. Nan ai ach<fa, iti kolofa, aiachefa, 

Tuesday, ??. Tusti. 

Tuff, r. Halut isht ayah. 

Tumble, r. Tonollih, akkatulah, akumah, 
tohuolliehihfilcmmih: tumbler, ai ishko. 

Tumor, », Shatali: tumult, haksuba. 

Tunnel, ". Kotoba isht uui. 

Turban, n. Bitah, ishbitah; to wear a tur- 
ban, ishbitilih bitilichih. 

Turbid, a. Lukchuk asha litiha. 

Turkey, n. Fi^kit; a gobkr, fakit nakni, 
fukit homutti: a hen, faket tek-, young 
turkeys fokit ushi; half grovii." fukit 
liimm'it hoa: a young gobler. fukit kuch- 
akak, turkey buzzard sheki. 

Turn, V. hilemah, filimmih, chunahah, 
chanahuchih, touolih. halallih; turn- 
ed, folatah: to turn at, afalamah: a turn- 
ing row, afalama; to turn inside out, 
anukpiliilih; turned insi<le out, anukpili- 
fah; to turn them out from, aku chaweh- 
lih: to turn back or return, falamah. plu- 
ral, falamoah: to cause to turn back, fola 
molichih: turning back, falamut aya; to 
return to. falaniut onah; to turn siside, 
llehapah; a turning, tichapa: to turn self 
about, fulokcchih: to turn another about 
fulolichih: turning about, fulokahanchih, 
fulumoa; to turn quickly, fulottokuchih, 
to turn aside, folatah; to turn them off 
Irora, folotolih; turning off. folotoah: to 
turn over on the face, hlipelih; turned 
over ou the face, hlipiah; to turn them 
over, hlipohlechih; turned over, hl'ptth- 
lih, (if only one.,) hlipolih; to turn off to 
go aside, ricbcplih, tichuplichih, tichu- 
yah. fichupolih. fichu polichih; to cause to 
turn from, filamoliehih; to wander or 



turnabout, filihkuchih; wandered off OT 
turned away, filamah; turned round or 
over, filiraah; plural, fil-moah. to turn 
tneni over or around, filemolih; to (!«.use 
to turn them over or around, filemolichih; 
to turn over, filimmih; to separate or 
turn away from, filummih; to cause to 

turn away from, filumraichih. to twist or 
turn aside, shanaiyah: • turning aside, 
shauayah: to make turn aside, shauay- 
uchih:" to turn the edge, pililih, turned, 
pilifah: to turn them out loose, tihlilih: 
to turn over and over, tonullih, tonulli- 
I chih: to continue turning over and over, 

tononolih. 
■ Turnip, », Tunip: wild turnip, woha. 
': Turpentine, n. Tiak shna, tiak bila, tiak 
' uia. 

1 Turtle, n. Hachotukni: a water turtle, 
abushka: a soft shell turtle, hulwa; a 
! striped hea-d turle, luksabashka: logger- 
head turtle, hachotukbi. terrapin, luksi; 
t'-rrapin shell, luksi, hakshup. 

Tusk^ n. XoU isht, itibih. 
I Tutor, n. Hattak ithananchi, nan it hun- 
nanchi. 

Twice, luL Kitukla, hituklaha. 

Twis, n. Tnli; to whip with a twig, full 
isht fummih. 

Twilijjht, H. Nittakih, okhillinchiokpulus- 
bi. 

Twin, n. Palokta. pokta, haiup, hayup. 

Twine, ■. Pono kullo honula. 

Twfst, i\ Honolah .shanaiyah. punnih, na 
shunnih. tonuffoh: to warp or to twist, 
bochussachih. bochiis salih; warped or 
twisted, bocliokuchih, bochussah, to 
twist cotton, na shunnih: twisted, pun- 
nulah, punnulohah. shauayah; to cause 
to twisit, shauiiyuchih; to twist from one 
side to the other, ylkuttokahchih; con- 
tinually twitching" or twisting, yikut- 
tokahanchiti. 

Twitch, V. Halahlih. vikuttokahchih; to 
cause to twitch, ha ahliehih; convulsive 
twitches, yalalahn. yallaloha, yalalahhu- 
chi: contiuuBlly twitching, yikuttokah- 
anchih. 

Two, a. Tuklo; the two, ittatuklo; to make 
two, tuklochih. 

Type, n. Na holba, tuli ishtholissochih. 



u 



Ubiqnitp, n. Himmonna achuffanlit kunim- 

ma anto. 
Uffly, a. Ikaioklo, okpulo, aiokli keyu, ik 

imako, tasimbo; lam ugly, siakpuloh. 
Ulcer, n. Hlachowa, liahpo. 
Vnibiai^e, n. Hoshontika. 
Unibreila, n. Isht olohoshontikuchi. 
Umpire, «, Hattak nan olubichi. 
Unable, a. Na nihma he keyu. 
Unadvisable, 'i. .Achukma keyu. 
Unaware, a, Haksinchi,; unawares, hakin- 

chi. 
Unbecoming, a. Eakali, ikaioklo. 
Unbelief '7. Ik i yimmo. nan ik i yimmo; 

an unbeliever, nan ik i yimmo. 
Unbent, r. Ikbikolloh, bikotah kevu 



Unbind, v. Kotoftih, hlitoftih; unbound, 
kotohlih. hlitofa: many are unbound, hli- 
tobah; to unbind many, hlitohblih; too 
many to be unbound, hlitoblichih. 

Unbuckle, v. Mokofih; unbuckled, moko- 
fah. ' 

Uuceasin;^, n. Billia 

Uncertain, a. .\chukma ik aksotinincho, 
aiahli ikithano, cbishba, ik ahlo, nana 
chishba. 

Uncivil. (I. Ik kosteno, ik hopoyukso; un- 
civilized hapoyuksa he keyu, ik kosteno. 
ikhopoyukso. 

Uncle, n.' Imoshi, imushi. 

Uncontrollable, n. Ikachukmo. 

Unction, n. Ai ahaina. 



UKDER 



TEKSE 



Under, ps. Nuta; to b^ under, ai inutah, 
uaderg-o, blopiiUi: to mulcrmiae, akkish 
tula kullit kinuffih; understand, akosti 
ninchih, ikhanah, impannah; understood 
anukfohkah; understanding, im anukfila; 
an undertaker, hattak illi hoppi ishtutta; 
uukervalue. chukushpa: uudervalned, 
chukushpah, holitoblih keyu. 

Undone, n. Ik ulhtaho, ai okpulo. 

Undoubted, a. Ai abli, Ik ahlo ka hetoh: 
undoubtedly, ik ahlo ka vva, ik yohmo 
ka hetoh; doubtless, ahli pulla, pulla. 

Undue, a. Ik ulhpeso, atopa; undulate, 
bunukuchih. 

Uneven, a. Ik iti lauo bombokih, bakukih; 
to niake uneven, babukichih. 

Unexpected, . Haksinchi; unexpectedly, 
haksinchi; taken iinexpectodly, haksint- 
eshi; to arrive unexpectedls, haksiut 
ulah; unexpectedly ( to the speaker) afo 
htjfo. 

Unrsuthful. a. Ik ai ahlo. 

Unfashionable, . Ai yonimohmi keyu. 

Unflt.a. Ik jilhpesa, unfixed in habits, ai 
ulla ikithano. 

Unfortunate, a. Ik ahobo, ai i hlakofi, 
poyafo. 

Unfriendly, a- Ik i kano, ik al okpacho. 

Unf?rateful, a. Ikaiokpanchoh, 

Uuliappy, a. Ilbusha, nukbaklo, yukpa 
iksho. 

Unhitch, v. Mokofih; unhitched, mokofah. 

Unholy, a. Ikholitopoh. 

Unity, V. Itibafokih ittiba fokah; united, 
itiba foka, ittibai achukulbih ittibai 
aehufFa; a unity, achT3ffa. 

Unkind, a. Bashka keyu, bulhpashi iksho, 
hushka iksho. 

Unknoni, a. Ik ai ikhano, chishba. bu- 
rn ah. 

Unlawful a. Ai ulhpcsa keyu, ik ai clh- 
peso. 

Unlearn, v. Im ahakstlh; tinlearned, ikim- 
punnoh. 

Unlike, a. Ikabuboh, ikkittiholboh ikcbo- 



hmo; unlikely, tokomi. 

Unload, v. Kuchih: unloaded, kuchah 

Unlucky, a, Ikaboboh, ai i hlakoifih; ta 
make unlucky in buntings, poaffih; made 
unlucky, poafah. 

Unman, v Hobuk ikbi, hobok; nnn»anly, 
hobuk toba, 

Unuianerly, n. Hopoyuksa keyu. 

Unprincipled, a. Haksi. 

Unravvl, r. Hlifah, .sbelih; unraveled, hli- 
fah, shehah- 

Unrips, a. Okehokko<*bi, 

Unruly, a. Haksi, 

Unskillful, a. Ikimpunnob. 

Untamable, a Hopoyuksa hek'-yu. 

Unto, Ako, hako, " mako yako, ak ona, 
okokuno. 

Untrue, a. Ik ai ahlo, ai ahli keyu; to be 
untrue, holubih; untnitb. holubi; be- 
cause it is untru, ikahlo kamba. 

Unutterable, n. Anola he keyu. 

Unwelcome, a. Ikaiokpanchoh. 

Unwillinjf, n. Ikabnoh, ikbonnoh. ai ok- 
panchi keyu. 

Unwise, a. ikliopoyukso. 

Unworthy, «, Ikholitopoh. 

Unwritten, (t. Ikholissochoh; 

Unyieldinar, n. Bikota bekeyu. 

Unyoke, i\ Yok i shofth; unyoked, yok i 
shufab. 

Up. d. Dba; upward, ubah. 

Upbraid, v. Posilhhab. po&ilbhuchih. 

Upholder, n Halulli. 

Uppermost, a. Chaha i shalihcbit tuhli, 
chaha i shaliht tuhli. 

Urse, ('. Atohnoh, atohnhchih, intohno 
yimitcchib; urgency, achiba. 

Urine, a. Hoshuwah. to urinate hoshuwab 

Us, pro. Hupi. ki, kil, pi. 

Use, V. Isht antah, isbt, ayah; usually, cho- 
kusho, biekah, cbatuk; u.sual, chokumo, 
hokomob; hokumoh a tak , 

Ute:isil, a. Isht tokstjli. 

Utter, ir. Anumpulih, achih anolih; utter- 
ly, banoh. 



V 



Tacatlon, n, Foha. 

Vasrabond, n. Ai uttpa iksho, chukka abai- 

ya, hattak kalakshi kunia, hattak haksi 

akpulo. 
Vagrant, n. Chukka abalyah, chukka abai- 

ycchi. 
Tain, a, Ilefehnuchi, ik ahofoh, intako- 

bih; uanity, ilefehnuchi. 
Tale, n, Okuttuhaka. 
Taliant, a. Ahli, nukwia ikgho. 
Talid, a. Kobafa he keyu, achukma, ai 

ahli. 
Talise, )>. Nafoka ashali. 
Valley, n. Okfa. 
Talnable, a. Holitopa; to value, al ullih. 

Ii3lli onochi. ai illichih, holitoblichih, i 

holloh; undervalued, holitoblih keyu; 

invaluable, holitopa atupa, 
Yanish, v. Kuniah, kashofah, ikshoh. 
Tapid, a. Ikhomokit tuha. 
Taper, n. Kofota. 
Tarious, n. Ilaiyuka; to vary, aiyukachih, 

aivukalichih. 



j Tarnish, v. Itombi isht malantuchi, 
I Vast, a. Chitoh, hocheto; vastness, chinto. 
Tegetable, n. Haiyukpulo, ulba; vege- 
I table, hofantih. 

j Tein, n. Akshish. bakshish, issish i hina. 
j Tenerate, v. Holitoblih; venerated, hbli- 
! topah. 

I Tenison, /i. Issi nipi. 

! Tenture, v. Amosbolih, amosbolichih; 
I continually venturing, amoshohonlih. 
Terbal, a. Anumpah; verbally, anumpah 
banoh, 
[ Terbose, a. Anumpa laua. 
( Terdant, a. Okchamalih. 
Terge, v. Bichotah, tobunah; the verge, ai 

tjhli. 
V>rily, ad. Ahli, ahli, bo, ahli hosh. 
Teniifnse, n. Hushwush ubi, hushshowush 
ubi, lupchubi; vermiluge weed, hushun. 
Terniilion, n, Tishepa. 
Terse, ?>. Anumpa ulhpisut holisso, holisso 
anumpa tupa; uerses, holisso anumpa 
^tuptua. 



VERTIGO 



i9 



WARN 



\ertigo, H. Chukiolt)lia, 

\«r.v, a. Ai ahli. illuppak atuk, akluha, 
alehnah, lehua, fehiiah, kcsh, hacha, 
<as, achukma haeha; it is very good.) 
very much, fiehua. okluha, ai okluhah; 
would be v'^ery, fehua, hinla; not very, 
fehna keyu, 

\-essel, //, Ahlabocha, ahlabushli. nana ai 
ulhto: vessels, nana ai ulbiha nana 
ulhpitta,- a v<issel to pickle in, aiulhka- 
C'hih; a milk vessel, abisiilicbi; a vessel 
to boil i«i, aholbi, nan ahonni; a boat or 
vessel, pehta, peni. 

Test, A/, Nafokushi nafoka shakba iksh«. 

Tibrsite, c. FaliakuchiL; vibrating, fahak- 
hauclii. 

\lciiiag(,'. ??, Bilika; uicinity, bilika. 

Tietuals, n. Nan upa, ilhi>ak, ilimpa, hoUi- 
poui; boiled victuals, honiii. 

\»e»v, r. Ilopgkoyoh. hopopoyo, pisah. 

Ti^ilaiit, '/, Okcha. il auuk tahla. 

Tile, a. Chakapa. haksi: t?o act vilely, hak- 
sih; to uilify, cbakapaii. 

Village, n. Tumuhushi. 

Tine . Baloli: a grape vine, pakapi: 
muscadine vine, sukkoupi. 

Vinejfitr, /(. Oka hauashko. 

Violin, n. Ahlipushi; bass violin, able- 
pushi chito; a violin bow,, ahlepah isht 
olachi; violin strings, ahlipah .ushi isht- 
talakchi; the sound of a violiu, ahlepah 
olhu to play t)ie violiu, ahlepah olachih; 



a violin player, ahlepah olachi. 
Tiper. n. Sintiokpulo, sinti chilita. 
Virtue, n. Ahli, ai dhpisuchi. nau ulhpi- 

sali, nana ai ulhpies*; virtuous, holitopa, 

ai ahli, ai ulhpesa. 
Virulent, a. Horai fehna. 
Viscid, a, Hlikaha. 
Vise, //. Isht kiseli chito; thumb vise, isht 

kiselushi. 
Visibl*, a. Haiakah. 
Visit. V. Chukalahah, i nowut ayah; to 

make a visit, chukalahuchih; a visitor, 

chukalaha chukalahuchi, nowtjt &ya. 
Vital (u Ai okchaya. 
Vitriiil, '. Tuli holuya okchamali. 
Voice, )\ Im anumpa ola, ola. 
Volcano, ». Xuni lua. 
Toniit, i\ H-owita, hoeta; to make vomit, 

hoetuchih; to try to vomit, hoetut pisah^ 

you all vomin. hohuctah; you all cause 

others to vomit, hohowituchih; vomiting, 

hoeta; vomiting olood, issish hoeta. 
Voracious, a. Anuktupah iksho, issikopa, 

impa shahli. 
Vote, r. Atokolih, totimah voted, atokoah, 

ulhtokah; a voter, atokoli. fot bohli. 
Vow, *'. Anumpa kullochit mihah, anumpa 

holitopa il onoehih, anumpa, ilonochih, 

im issa. 
Vulgar, n. Chakapa, makali; not vulgar, 
j ikcbakapo, vulgarity, chakapa. 



w 



M'ude, r. Oka nowah, oka hikah, anowah; 
to wade through, anowut hlopullih; 
waded through, auowah. 

^Vafer. n. Holisso isht akulo, holisso isht 
akamussa. 

Wiig, /* Ilattak yopulla. 

iVason, H. Iti channuli, iti chuuaha; wag- 
on body, iti channuli o talaia. wheel, 
chcnalta'. fore wheels, ehuuaha tikba 
hlli; hind wheels, ehunaha ulbulaka heli; 
fcougU'', iti clmnulli tikba hikia; wagoner, 
iti channel, isht aya; wagon whip, isht 
fuma chito. 

Mail. t'. Yaiya isht yaiya. 

M'aist, n, Ikfeksa: waist coat, nakfokushi. 

Wait, r. Hoyoh; waiter tishu 

M'ake, v. Okcha, to waken, okchali. 

Walk, t'. Nowah. akkaya; walking nowah; 
a walker, nowa; a walk, auowa; to walkt 
on, anowah; to walk through, anowah 
hlopullih; to walk fast, chahlib; a 
a fast walker,chahli:to cause to walk fast, 
chahlichih; to walk with, ibanowah itti- 
banowah; walking together, ittibanowah; 
one who walks with another, ittapatoli; 
to walk with a cane, tabilih; to walk 
lamely, tabiklih; to walk lightly, yupul- 
lib, yupuUichih; walking lightly yupul- 
lih; to walk grandly, yiiltolah ymvoku- 
chih. 

Wallet, lu Bahtushi, bahta, shukcha. 

Walnut, ». Hahe, oksakhahe: walnut tree, 
hahe upi; oksakhahe upi 

Wander, r. Folokahanchih, fulohkuchih, 
filihkuchih, himak fokalechit aya, fitihk- 
uchih: wandered off from, filamah, filum- 



mih: to cause to wander off. Alamolichih, 
filummichih: a wanderer, filihkuchi, titi- 
hkuchi; wandered off, filummih filumo- 
lih. 

Want. V. Buunah. ikonoh, polummih, ik- 
shoh: wanting, bunnah. poluraah; one 
who wants, bunna: to come to want, as 
food or water, baiyunnah: not wanted, 
ikbunnoh: to lie in great want for meat, 
pushkunoh: 1 want, sabunnah: you want, 
chi bnnnah; he or she wants, bunnah: we 
want, e bunnah; we all want, eho bun- 
nah; I may want, bunna la hinla; you 
may want, chi bunna hinla; we may 
waiit, ebunna hinla: we all may want, 
eho bunna hinla. 

Wanton, a. Haksi. 

War, 7*. Itin tanampilh.itibi chitoh: to cause 
a war, tanampih: warrior, tushka: red 
warrior, tushka homma; a war song, hoy- 
opa taloa: a war whoop, hoyopa tussaha. 

Warily, d. Aha ahnit: wariness, aha ahni. 

Warm, a. I.ikema, libisha, yohbih: to 
warm, libeshah, libishlih. innih: warm- 
ing, libishah: warmth, libisha; to warm 
by the sun, likemah: to cause to warm, 
likemuchih: to warm at, ai innih: a place 
to warm at, ai inui; moderately warm, 
lahba; to be warm, lahbah, yohbih; 
warmed, lahbah; to make warm, lahbu- 
chih, luhbuchih, yohbichih; to warm up 
from anger, muklibishlih; warmed up, 
nuklibishah; to cause to warm up, niikli- 
bishshikahchih; I am warm, salibeshah. 

Warn, v. Imunolih, anolih; warned, imun- 
noah, annoah. 



WARP 



80 



WT^AR 



Warp, V. Bochussalih, bochussachih , 
chassulah, kofiissah; warped, bochoku- 
chih, bochussah, chassulah. kofussah; to 
cause to warp, chassaloehih, kofussa- 
chih; not vvarpod, ikchassoloh; a weaver's 
warp, upi. ponola tjpi; warping bars, 
poaola aholptijchi, ponola ahotachi, 
woof ponoltih isht touna, isht tunnah. 

Wart, ti. Shalukwa. 

Was, V. Tuk, tok; surely was. chahlih; was 
there, kamo, kumo. 

Wash, V. Achefah; washed, achcfah, t3lh- 
chifah; to wash the; head, aiehlih; a 
washer woman, ohoyo nan achifa; to 
wash one's self, ilachifah; unwashed, 
ikachefoh; face not washed, ikokamoh; to 
wash the face, okamih: to wash the face 
at or in, ai okamih: a wash pan, ai okarai 
a wash tub, ai achefa. iti kolofa, nan ai 
aehela; washed clothes, nun olhehifa. 

Wasp n. Chanushshik, ehushshik; black 
wasp or dirt dauber, tekhanto: large red 
wasp, chanushshik homma; striped wasp, 
koarabi; yellow jacket, uakni foi. 

Waste, /'. Isht yoporaoh, okpunih: wasted, 
okpulo; wasteiul. isht yopomo shohli. 

Watch, II, Hoshi kanulli isht ikhuna, hushi 
isht ikhona; watch chain, hoshi konolli 
isht ikhuna ishtallakchi: watch key, 
hushi kanulli ishht ikhuna isht ashania 
a watch maker, hush isht ikhuna ikbi; to 
watch, atonih,apistikelih,aieechih,apesu- 
chih; a watchman, atoni, nan apistikeli, 
napisa, hopokoyoh; watchful, hopokoyoh 
shahli. 

Water, n. Oka:not water.oka keyu; no water, 
oka iksho; good water, okachukma, bad 
water, oka okpulo: sweet watei, oka 
chumpuli: sour water, oka haushko; cold 
water, oka kapussa; warm water, oka 
libeaiia; hot water, oka lushpa; red 
water, oka homma; yellow water, oka 
lakaa; black water, oka lusa; clear water, 
okshawali, oka tjiwali. oka tawali, oka 
shohkanali; bad smelling water, oka 
shuwa;s\veet smelling water. oka;balama, 
fresh water, oka himona; hard or lime- 
stone water, oka takba; like water, oka 
ohmi; back water, oka bikeli, oka falama; 
high water, okchito; deep water, oka 
hofobi; shallow water, okaikholobo, oka 
hofobi keyu, okchuwuha; rain water, 
oka umba; river water, bok oka; creek, 
brook or branch water, bok ushi oka; 
spring water, kuli oka, salt water, hupi 
oki; sea water, okhuba oka; slack water, 
oktimpi; boiling or hot spring water, oka 
wahlulli; sulphur, oil or medicinal 
waters, oka alikchi; well water, kuli 
hofobi oka; frozen watar, oka kalampi; 
ice, okti; icicles, akalupi takohli; eddy 
water, okfoyuUi; a pond of water, haiy- 
ip, okutuch : a po>l of water, aiyupi; a 
lake of water, okhuta; a se i or ocean of 
water, okhuta chito; a gulf of water, 
oktiota shokulbi; th'? fountain head of 
water, amiute. kuli, bok atiaohli ibetup, 
wishakchi; a stream of water, ayanulli, 
okhina. hue ta. bok, bok ushi, okhinushi, 
oka abachaya; mouth of a stream of water, 
bok aseiili asetili; overflow of water, oka 
mitafa; a whirl pool of water, oka fuyo- 
ha: a hole of water, oka chuluk; h-avy 
water, oka weki; strong water, (whiskey) 



I oka homi; Tom Fuller ( t_ifula ) water, 
oka holushka; water having a fishy smell, 
oka nuk shobi; water in a vessel, oka 
' talaiya; a place for water, oka ai asha; a 
place to get wat<ir, oka ai ohchi. ai ochi; 
! ripple of water, oka bauutha. water rap- 
ids, yanulli kullo; a water fall, cascade or 
! cataract, oka chopa; in or under water. 
I . okaniikaka; a water spout, oka abicha, 
. oka ab^hili; on the other side of water, 
I oka mishtunnup, oka misha, water that 
I is fordible, okahinka; water not fordible, 
oka nowa hekeyu; lying in water, oka. 
; bachaya: water gruel, okchani, asheluk 
I chabaha; water proof oka ikhlopullo; to 
j put into water, akuchi, oka akuchi: to 
mix with water, okomih; to fall into 
! water, okutttilah; to swim in water, oka. 
i okpulaiih, oka okshinillih, oka okyuUih. 
I to drink water, okaishkoh, okananuidih: 
I to swallow water, okanullih; swaUouiag- 
! water, oka nahallih; to draw water thro. igti 
j a faucet, oka bichilih; drawn, oka bicha; 
to drive into water, oka kunchih; to hold 
I over water, oka o wehlih; holding over 
water, oka wiehlih; to wi.t with water, 
I oka isht luchulih;tomake water, oka toba; 
{ top water, oka pakuali, oka pakna, oka 
I pak naka; waterman, pini isht aya; 
: watermelon, shukshi; watery, chubuh- 
1 bih, okchushbah; water tight, oka ikhlo- 
I pulloh. 

I Wattle, n. Wulakuchi, i wulakuchi, im- 
I paktl. 

I Wave, V. Bunukuchih. faholichih, banut- 
I huchih fahlih; to cause to wave, bunu- 
j tkuchichih, fahakuchichih; to wave in 
I the air, fahlolih; a wave, bunuthah; 
I waved, fahah; waving, fahakuhanchi, 
I poakahanchi; wavering, faioka hanchi, 
I ai utta ik ithuno. 

Wa.K, H, Ulitilli; wax of the ear. haksobish 
I hlitilli; bees wax. foi hakmo; shoe 
I maker's wax, puno kullo isht ahama. 
I Way, n. Aiaya, anowa; the way to go, ai 
! ia; mid-way, iklunna; the raid-way of the 
j inside, anukka iklunn: this way, etauet: 
I to appear this way, et haiyakah; to call 
i out this way, et luhpalah: to whoop to- 
ward this way, et tusahah; a narrow way, 
hina ik putho; by way, hina takla, takla; 
that way, pimma, (point direction when 
you say, pimma;) long way off; pillah; 
going every way. putulichih; between or 
on the way, takla; to way lay, aiichih, 
aiyichih. 
We, pro, E as e takchi, we tie, hupi,ashupi 
nusih; we sleep, hupi talachih; we are 
tied, hupia. as, hattak upi homma hupia 
hoke; we are Indians, hupishno; that 
you and all of us, pi, piah, il, as, il iah, 
we go. 
Weak, a. Ik hlampko. kullo keyu, tikam- 
bih, tikahbih, kanliksho, ikhomo: to 
weaken, ikhomechoh: to be weak, hotah; 
weakly, hlampko keyu. 
Wealth, n. Nan i lawa: wealthy, holitompa 
Wean, v. Pishi issuchih; weaned pishi 

issah. 
W«>apoii, n. Nahaluppa, nan ishtitibih. 
Wear, v. Fohkah: a wearer, fohka; to wear 
out. hliplih: worn out, hlipa; to be worn 
out, hliput tuha; to wear a strap or sash 
on sholder; hunawelik. 



WEARY 



81 



WHOOP 



Weary, a. Hoyubli. tikahbi- to weary: hoy- 
cblichih: wearied, hoyublih, kotah; to 
be weary, hoyaplih, tikahbih; wariness, 
hoyapli. 
Weather, n. Kucha; good weather, kucha 
achukma; bad weather, kucha okpulo; 
cold weather, kucha kapussa; warm 
weather kucha libesha. 
Weave, v. >iatunahtunnih; weaving, natu- 
nah: a weaver, natuna' tuna; woven, 
tunnah. 
Wed^e, n. Tuli isht puhlah; to wedge,akul- 

lochih; to wedge in, shamtsUichih. 
Wednesday, n. Witniste, winsti. 
Weed, n. Haiyukpulo, uiba; to hoe or weed 

alslih; weed seed, haiyukpulo nihi. 
Week, n. Nittak hulo. wik; last week, 
nittak hullo ash: week before last, nittak 
hullo atuklakash; next week, nittak 
huilo atuklakma nittak hullo atukla; 
weekly, nittak hullo aiyuka. 
Weep, V. Yayah, yaiyah; to cause to weep, 
yayuchih; weeping, nishkin okchi 
mihiti. 
Weevil, n. Hapulak, tauchi shaluukuchi; 

weevil eatan, shuluka. 
Weft, n. Isht tunna. 

Weigh, V. Wekichih; continually weigh- 
ing, wekihichih: weighty, weki; weighed, 
wekih; weights, weki isht ulhpisa. 
Welcome,!'. Aiokpanchih; unwelcome, ikai 
okpancho; a welcomer, ai okpuchi; to 
cause to welcome, ai okpuchichih. 
Weld, V. Ulbochih, ittaiakmochih. ittak- 
mochih; welded, ulboh; to weld together, 
Ittulbochih, welded together, ittulboh. 
Well, n Kuli hofobi; all well, achukma 
asha; still well, achukma moma, achuk- 
maka; well known and definite, chokusho 
chokush osh, well? (this or that) hakcho^ 
akcho; mighty well, fiehua; to make one 
well hlakoffichih, masalichih; to be 
well, hochukma, imachukma; to get well, 
masalih, talakyffih; to be well, nau i 
kanihmih keyu; very well, (when the 
same, as yes) ome! well! it may be (so, 
but it is new tome) omiha! well!! (call- 
ing attention ) ome, omishke; very well, 
(when admitting it to be right) ulhpesa. 
Wen, n. Shatohpa. 
Wench, n. Ohoyo haul; a negro weuch, 

hattak lusa, ohoyo haul. 
West, V. Hushi aiokatula; hushi ai okatul- 
aka; western or westward, hushi ai oka- 
tulaka; westerly; hushi ai okatula imma; 
hushi ai okatula pilah; a long way 
west, hushi ai okatukla pillah; a west 
wind, hushi ai okatula imma et mahU; 
western folks, hushi ai okatula okla. 
Wet, n. Lucha, lacha, hotobi; to wet, 
luchalih; to be wet, luchah; wet ground, 
hlatimo; I am wet, saluchah. 
Whale, n. Nuni chitookhuta osha. 
Wharf, n, Peni aiatuya. 
What, pro. Akcho. cho, ha, ho, hah. kush; 
what is it, hah? hai? nanta ho? what or 
how?katiohmi, nautah. natah: what then, 
akmuno, ak muto; somewhat' chohmi. 
Wheat, n. Onush, howit; wheat bread, 

onush palushka. 
Wheel, n. Chunaha; to roll a wheel ,, chan- 
nichih; iron wheel, tuli chunaha; spin- 
ning wheel, ponola ashunnah, ahonola; 
fore wheels, chunaha tikba heli; hind 



wheels, chunaha ulbul aka heli. 
When, ad. Ka, katiohmikma, kauiohmik- 
mi kash, na, okma, yokraa, hokma, achik- 
eh. akma, ak mak o; when is it, ak mak 
ocha, akmak ona; whence, katima kani- 
ma. 
Where, ad. Katima, kanima, muto: any- 
where, kanima kia; no where, kanima 
keyu: not anywher, kanima hoh kevu; 
elsewhere, kanimakinli; some where, 
kanima: wherein, yummako; whitherso- 
ever, kanima yoh kia; wherefore, katio- 
hmi, katiohmi ho. 
Whet, I'. Shohlichih, shuahchih, shuhli- 
chih; whetting, shuhlihinchih; whet 
stone, tuli isht ashuahchih. 
Whether, pr. akcho, katimampo, katima 

ko. 

Which, pr. Kuta; which one, katim ampo. 

While, ad. Takla, ua; a short while since, 

ash, yash , hash, kash; a good while ago, 

chamo. 

Whine, v. Bikbiah; a whine, bikbia; awhi- 

ner, bikbia. 
Whip, n, Hlokata. isht fumahlukata; whip 
lash, isht fuma wishakfthi takali, hlokata 
wishokchi takali; an ox whip, isht fuma 
chito; to whip, hlukahah, fummih; whip- 
ped, fumah; a whipper. hlukaha, hluka- 
lichih; whipping, hlukalihinchih; to pop 
a whip, hlukalichi, hlukata olaclii; 
sound of a whip, hlukata ola; to whip 
with a switch, tuli isht fummih; whip- 
ped, full isht fumah; a place for whip- 
ping, afuma; to whip while running, 
mokulichih; to whip with one stroke, 
tipilich; whipping, tippihah; riding 
whip, issuba isht fuma; wagon whip, 
isht fuma chito, whipping with a rod, 
teppihah; whippletree, iti okhowata. 
Whippoorwill, n, Wohwulih, chukkilak- 

bila. 
Whirl, V. Fatahuchih, to whirl around, 
hunnauokih, fitihuchih; to cause a thing 
to whirl round and round, hunnanoki- 
chih; whirling, futahuchih, fafohlih; to 
whirl about, titihah fafohlih: to whirl 
rapidly, fitihlichih; to whil with a stick, 
fatahuchih; whirling, fatahah: whirl 
pool, okafoyuha; whil wind, kpanuktila; 
whirligig, nan isht washohah. 
Whisker, n. Nutakhish. 
Whiskey, n. Oka homi: to sell whiskey, 
oka homikanchih: a whiskey seller, oka 
homi kunchi. 
Whisper, v. Woshohuchih: whispering, 

woshohuhanchih. 
Whistle, V. Kontah, kuntah; whistling, 

hohotah 

White 71. Tohbi; to whiten, tohbichih: a 

bluish white, tohbokolih; a greenish 

white, tohbokkoli; a pale white, hanta, 

huta; to make a pole white, hantucchih; 

whites, hutah out iah: to turn white, 

hutachih; a yellow white, huta lakna; to 

color a yellow white, huta laknanchih; 

a white man, na hullo; a white woman, 

uahullo ohoyo; I am white, tatohbih; I 

am a white man, nahullo sia. 

Who, pro. Kutah; whoever, kuna hohkia. 

Whole, a. Bonoh, momah; wholly, bonoh, 

momah. 
Whoop, V. Tasahlih, tussahah, whooping, 
tasahahlih, tasahah; whooped,, tasahah; 



WHORTLEBERRY 82 



WORD 



to whoop at, apahlichih; to whoop to- 
ward this way, et tosahah; awar whoop, 
hoyopa tassuha; whooping cough, hoti- 
Ihko fika. 

Whortleberry, n. Shiupha, yuhlo. a huck- 
leberry bush, shiuphupi; a winter huck- 
leberry, aksak ohchi. 

Why, ad. Katihma, nantihmi, nakatimi, 
atuko. 

Wicked, a. Haksi. tasimbo, okpnlo; to act 
wickedly, isht akanomi; wickedness, ai 
tjlhpesa keyu, ai okpulo. 

Wide. a. Putha, auatah, hoputha, katupah; 
widley, hopakichit; to be broad or wide, 
hopulhkah; width, hopulhka; to widen, 
puthuchih, auatuchih; scattered wide 
apart, shachahah; to scatter wide apart, 
shachahulih; to spread the legs wide 
apart, wakchalulih; toowide, wakchah 
to widen out, yatuplih, yatupachih; wi- 
dened, yatupah; to stand with the feet 
wide apart, yuttulah. 

Widow,, n. I hattak illi: widower, tekchi 
illi. 

Wife, n. Tekchi; my wife, satekchi. 

Wiggletail, n. ITattak chukush upa; wig- 
wam, hattak upiborama inchukka. 

Wild, a. Nukshopa; to be wild, honayoh; 
wildness, honayo; not wild, ikhonnayoh; 
wild cat, shakbutina; wilderness, haiaka, 
yakni haiaka kowi. 

Will, * . Aiahni wil, shall or will, hinla, 
chike. 

Willingness, n. Ai okpanchi achukma; un- 
willing, ai okpanchi keyu. 

Willow, n. Tukobishshah, tnkowishah. 

Wilt, V. Bushih; to cause to wilt, bushi- 
ehih; wilted, bushih; not wilted, ikbu- 
shoh. 

Win, ('. Im ubih; to win back, okhah. 

Window, n. Okhisushi, okhisa uslii; win- 
dow, blind, okhisushi isht okshillihta 
okhisushi aiakmo; window glass, apis- 
sah. apisa, kashofa; window curtain, 
okhisushi, i holmo; window sash, apisa 
kashofa ai ulbiha; a glass window, apisa 
kashofa okhisushi. 

Windpipe, n. Ikolupi, kolumbish. 

Wine, n. Oka poki; wine glass, oka poki ai 
ishko; wine bibber oka pokisnko. 

Vfin^, HT Nasanihchi, sanihchi. 

Wink, V. Mochuklih, okmoshlih, mush- 
molih; winking, mochuklih; continually 
winking, mochukmolih, mochuhoklih. 

Winnow, V. Amahlih, amahlicliih; a place 
to winnow, amolichi. 

Winter, n. Htishtula, onafa; wintery, 
hushtula chohmi; the first of winter, 
hushtula ummona. onafahpi; to winter, 
htjshtula antoua hlopuliih. 

Wipe, V. Kashofih; to wipe off, kasholichih, 
kihlih; to wipe on, akashotichih, aka- 
shoffih; to wipe self, ilekt3sholichih, 
wiped, kashofah; a wiper, nan isht kas- 
holichih.. 

Wire, n. Tuli fabussa, wire fence, tuli 
fabussa hulihta. 

Wisdom, n. Hopoyuksa; to cause wisdom, 
hopoyuksalichih; having wisdom, isht 
hopoyuksaka. 

Wise, a. Hopoyuksa, kostini; to be wise, 
hopoyuksoh; not wise, ikhopoyuksoh, 
hopoyuksa keyu; to make wise, hopoyuk- 



sachih, hopoyuksalichih; I am wise, 
sakostiuih. 

Wish, V. Bunnah, polummih, ahnih; wish- 
ful, bunnah anakfilli; a wish, bunna, 
wishing, polumah. 

Witch, n. Aholhkunno, ohoyo aholhkunno 
isht ahullo; a wizzard. hattak ahalh- 
kuuno, hattak holhkunna, hattak ahnlh- 
kunna, hattak yushpokummi; a witch, 
ohoyo yushpakummi. to bewitch a man, 
hattak yushpakummih; a man bewitch- 
ed, hattak yushpakuma; witchcraft, 
hulhkunna, ikhish isht yuhpakama; a 
hobgoblin or witch, kashikanchak, 
kashikanchak; a place at whitch to be- 
come a witch, ai isht ahullo; to place at 
which to make another a witch, ai isht 
ahollochih. 

With, pro. Ishit, isht ibai takla iba awaut , 
itta. 

Wither, v. Bushshih bilakhlih; withered, 
bushshi, bilakhlih; not withered, ik 
bushshoh; withered, shullah; withers; 
ya wushka. 

Witness, n. Aiatokowa, nan anoli; to wit- 
ness together, ittibapisah. 

Wolf, n. Nashoba, wolf county, Nashoba 
kaunti. 

Woman, n. Ohoyo; a young woman, ohoyo 
himitta; young women, ohoyo himithoa; 
a pretty weman, ohoyo pisa achukma; a 
married woman, hattak awaya; a single 
woman, hattak ikawayoh; a good woman 
ohoyo achukmah: not a good woman, 
ohoyo achukma keyu; a white womau, 
nahuUo ohoyo; a choctaw woman, chahta 
ohoyo; a negro woman, hattak lusa 
ohoyo; a worthless woman, ohoyo ik- 
ahobo; a poor woman, ohoyo ilbosha. an 
old woman, ohoyo sipokni, kasheho; my 
woman, umohoyo; his woman, im ohoyo; 
your woman, chim ohoyo. 

Womb, 71. Ushuto, 

Wont, a. Chokumo. 

Wood, n. Iti; fire wood, iti ulhti, iti olulhti; 
woods, kowi, iti anuka, yokni haiaka; 
wood chuck, shanoktukosh, shanisht- 
tukoshi; wood cock, issinia pichechi; 
wooe pecker, tikti, chakchuk; red head 
wood pecker, bakbak; smaller redhead 
wood pecker, cbilantak; a small speckled 
wood pecker, biskihik; the common 
wood pecker, hushi iti chanli; rotten 
wood, iti toshbi; hard wood, iti ktsllo; to 
chop wood, iti chalih; iron wood, lyan- 
ubbi: dry wood, iti shila; honey comb 
wood, shal akpa. 

Wool, n. Ishtunna. ponalash isht tunna. 

Wool, n. Chukfi;hishi lambs wool, chukfushi 
hishi; woolen cloth, chukfi hishi nan- 
tunna, chnkfi hishi tuna; woolen goods, 
chukfi hishi nantunna toba; woolen 
yarns, chukfi hisht shunni; home spun 
woDlen yarn, chukfi hishi ilapint shunna; 
home spun woolen goods, chukfi hishi 
ilapint tunni; a wool sack, hishi ai ulhto; 
•'niggar" wool, hattak lusa pashi; wooly, 
wuksho; to make wooly, wukshuchih. 

Word, n. Anumpa; one word, anumpa 
achofFa; a sound or good word, anumpa ai 
ulhpesa; only a word, anumpa banoh; a 
new word, anumpa himona; a word 
maker, anumpa ikbi; topass many words, 
anumpa itti lawachih; a word of some 



VVOEK 



83 



YOUR 



sort, anumpa kaniohmi; a word of no 
sort, anumpa kaniohmi keyu; short 
words, anumpa kolohli; an oath or hard 
word, anumpa kuUo; wordy, anumpah 
lawa; an old word, anumpa tikba; the 
first word, anumpa tikba takanlih, 
anumpa ummona; to make a word, 
anumpa ikbih; God's word, Chitokaka 
im anumpa. 

Work, V, Toksulih, pilesah; to mak work, 
toksalichih; to work or ferment, as liquid 
chobokuchih; to work with, itabatok- 
salih, isht toksolih; working with, iba- 
toksalih; to make me work, satoksali- 
chih; a work house, chukka atoksuli; a 
workman, ai iskiachi, nan isht utta; a 
worker, nan isht utta, hattak na pilesa. 

World, n. Yakni, yakni ehunaha folota 
battak moma, yakni moma; the world 
above, uba yakni. 

Worm, n. Shushi; tape or grub worm, 
lupchn; a hairy worm, (that destoys 
hides) shokutti; glow worm, hulba, angle 
worm or fish worm, lupchu; silk worm, 
silik shushi; tobacco worm, hakchuma 
shushi; small worms that affect children, 
htjshowush. hushwush; worm wood, 
hushun. 

Worry, v. Anumpulechih, ataklununih. 

Worse, a. Okpulo i shahli, okpulo fehna. 
okpulo i shaht tahli, okpulot taha; to 
make worse, aiycbichih, made worse, ai 
yubbih. 

Worship, V. Holitoblichit ai okpachih ai 
okpuchih; a place at which to worship, 
aholitoble; worshipping ai okpahanchih; 
worshiper, ai okpuchi, hlipint ittula; to 
cause to worship, aiokpuchichih; wor- 
shipful, ai okpuchi ulbpesa. 



Worthy, a. Holitopa, ulhpesa: worthily, 

holitoput; worthless, ikahoboh. 
Would, pv. Hetuk; would have, hinla tuk; 

would be very, fehna hinla; would have 

been, chin tok, chin tuk. 
Wound, V. Nuhlih; to wound at, anulhhlih 

wounded, nchlah; wounding continually 

nuhahlah; the place where wounded. 

anuhlah; feelings wounded, chukush 

hotopalih; to wound, honuhlih; wounds 

of various kinds anuhla, alitowa, ai 

okfaya, ahoa, achaya. abaha, abushau, to 

wound in various ways, bushlih, chanlih 

bolih, litolih; wounded, bushah, chayah 

nuhlah, boah. litowah. 
Wrap, V. Bonullih; wrapped up, bonuntah; 

to wrap up, ubouullih, ubonullichih. 
Wrath. ?i. Isht i nukkilli, ai i nukilli; 

wrathy, nukhobela, nukoa shahli. 
Wren, n. Okchiloha; small wren, chikchik. 
Wrestle, v. Ittishih; to wrestle wath me, 

satishih. 
Wretch, n. Hattak okpulo; wretched. 

ilbusha, ikahobo. 
Wrij^^le, V. Fatahuchih; wriggling, futa' 

huchih. 
Wirnar, v. Bushlih; not wrung, ikbushloli. 
Wrinkle, v. Shikoffih. shinifflh yikiffih: 

wrinkled, shikifah shikofah, yikifah, a 

wrinkle, shikofa. 
Wrist, n. Ibbak iska; wrist joint, 

ibbakf tillokuchi ibbak ittachakuli; 

wrist band, ibbak aiohoma. 
Write, V. Holisnochih: continually write- 

ing, holissohouchih; a writer, holissochi; 

to write upon, oholissochih; wrote or 

written, holisso. 
Wrong, a. Yoshoba, ashuchi, okpulo. 



Y 



Tarn, n. Yt3m, ahekushaha. 

Yard, n. Holihta, wauuta, kusbihiyi tu- 
cbina; to put in a yard, holihta fohki; a 
yard stick, isht ulhpisa, nan ishtulhpisa. 

Yarn, n. Chukfihishi honnola, chukfi hishi 
puna nashuna, home; spun yarn, chukfi 
hishi ilupint shunna; one hank of yarn 
chukfi hishi ittupuna achuflla: to spin 
yarn, chukfi hishi shunnih; spun yarn, 
chukfi hishi shuna. 

Yawn, V. Hawa. 

Year, n. Afummih; yearly, afummi aiyu 
kalih; a yearling, afummi; to go over one 
year old, atunuplichih; over one year old 
atunupa; this year, himak afummi; next 
year, afummi atukla; afummi atuklakma 
new year's day, afummi himona nittak; 
last year, afumash. 

Yell, V, Tahpulah; yellow jaoket, yakni i 
fai, 

Yellow, n. Lakna; to turn yellow, ataknah, 
alaknochih; to make yellow, laknuchih; 
made yellow, laknuttuha; yellow ham- 
mer, fitxikhak. 

Yelp, V. Wohwah, wohlichih. 

Yes, ad. Ah. omi, yau, i ih, ukah; yes in- 
deed, ukah; yesterday, pilashash, pila- 



sha kash. 
Yet, con. Hokakano, immomah, kisha, 

moma, ki; not yet , keyu kisha: not there 

yet, ikaiono kisha; not come yet, iklo ki. 
Yoke, ??. Abunalih. abunkachih, yok fokih 

yoked, yok fokah; an ox yoke, wak tok- 

suli ikoula abana, yok. 
Yonder, a. Yummah pillah. 
You, pro, Chi, chia, chishno; to you chim, 

chishno: you not, chik; yourself, chishno 

akinli; because to vou, chishno vbka; 

you are, chishno yokut; you (plural). 

huchia, huchisno; not you, huchik. 
Younjr, a. Himitta; to make self young, 

ilehimittachih; I am young, sahimittah: 

somewhat young, hirnittah chohmi: very 

young, hiniittosi; to make young, himitt- 

uchih; to be young, hirnittah. 
Youth, ji. Hirnmittah, youthful, himmit- 

tah. 
Your, pro. Chin chi, chin huchi huchim, 

huchim huchimmi. huchishno yoka; 

yours, chimmi, chisno; yourself, chishno 

akinli; to become yonrs. huchimmi toba; 

yourselves, huchishno akinli. huchishno 

akint, huchishno akinli hosh; because 

it is yours, huchishno yoka. 



ZEAL 



84 



ZIGZAG 



Z 



Zeal, n. Aiyiminta, achilita, amoshuli; 
zealot, hattak ai yiminta; zealous, achil- 
ita, yiminta, chilita; to cause to be zeal- 
ous, achilituchih, ai yimitachih; to be 
zealous, ai yimitah, determined or zeal- 
ous, chukush yiminta; not zealous, ik- 



aj^imintoh, ikchilitoh. 
Zenith, n. Tubokaka. 

Zephyr, n. Htjshi aiokatula imma et mahli. 
Zi^za^,' a. Yayakih; to cause a zigzig, 

yayakichih. 




t<ttjis/lei:rjli-,s. 



10. 



One, Achuflfa. 
Two. tuklo. 
Three, tuchina. 
Four, ushta. 
Five, taihlapi. 
Six, hannali. 
Seven, untuklo. 
Eight, untuehina. 
Nine, chakkalih. 
Ten, pokoli. 

11. Eleven, auahchuflfa. 

12. Twelve, auahtuklo. 

l.S. Thirteen, auahtuehina, 

14. Fourteen, auahushta. 

15. Fifteen, auahtahlapi. 

16. Sixteen, auahhannali. 

17. Seuanteen, auahuntuklo. 

18. Eighteen, auahuntuchinoh. 

19. Nineteen, ahbiehakkalih. 

20. Twenty, pokoli tuklo. 

21. Twenty one, pokoli tuklo akuchaacufFa 

22. Twenty two, pokoli tuklo akucha tuklo 

23. Twenty three, pokoli tuklo akucha 
tuchina. 

24. Twenty four, 
ushsta. 

25. Twenty five, 
tahlapi. 

26. Twenty six, pokoli tuklo akucha han- 



pokoli tuklo akucha 
pokoli tuklo akucha 



nali. 
37. Twenty seven, pokoli tuklo akucha 
untuklo. 

28. Twenty eight, pokoli tuklo akucha 
untuehina. 

29. Twenty nine, pokoli tuklo akusha 
chakkali. 

30. Thirty, pokoli tuchina. 
40. Forty, pokoli ushsta, 
50. Fifty, pokoli tahlapi. 
60. Sixty, pokoli hannali. 
70. Seventy, pokoli untuklo. 
80, Eighty, pokoli untuehina, 
90. Ninety, pokoli chakkali. 

100. One hundrek, tahlepa achuflfa. 
200. Two hundred, tahlepa tuklo. 
300. Three hundred, tahlepa tuchina. 
400. Four hundred, tahlepa ushta. 
500. Five hundred, tahlepa tahlapi. 
600. Six hunkred; tahlepa hanuali. 
700. Seven hundred, tahlepa untuklo. 
800. Eight hundred, tahlepa untuehina. 
900. Nine hundred, tahlepa chakkali. 
1000, One thousand, tahlepa sipokni ach- 

tjflfa. 
2000. Two thousand, tahlepa sipokni tuklo. 
1.000.000. One million, tahlepa sipokni bat 

tahlepa sipokni achufa. 



OrciineLl N"\inalo©rs. 



lat. First, tikba. 

2nd. Second, atukla. 

grd. Third, atuchina. 

4th. Fourth, aiushta. 

5th. Fifth, isht tahlapi. 

6th Sixth, isht hannali. 

7th. Seventh, isht untuklo, 

8th. Eight, ish, untuehina. 

9th. Ninth, isht chakkali. 

10th Tenth, isht pokoli. 

11th Eleventh, isht anahchuflfa. 



12th. Twelfth, isht auahtuklo. 
13th Thirteenth, isht auahtuehina. 
14th. Fourteenth, isht auahushta. 
loth. Fifteenth, isht auahtahlapi. 
16th. Sixteenth, isht auahhannali, 
17th. Seventeenth, isht auahuntuklo. 
18th. Eighteenth, isht auahuntuchina. 
19th. Nineteenth, isht ahbichakkali. 
20th. Twenty teth, isht pokoli tuklo. 
21st. Twentyflrst. pokoli tuklo isht akncha 
achuflfa. 



APPENDIX, 



CONJUGATION 



-OF- 



TWO TEAHSITIVE YEEBS: 

Buy, — Chumpah. Sell, — Kanchih. 



INDICATIVE MOOD, PRESENT TENSE— INDEF" 

iunK 
1st per. sing., I buv, Chumpa li. 

;• " I sell Kanchi li, 
2d *' '• You buy, Ish chumpa. 

" " You sell, Ish kauehi. 
3d " " He or she buys, Chumpa. 
" " He or she sells, kanchi. 
" dual They buy, i. e. two persons, 
chumptJt okla. 
They sell 
kanchit okla. 
1st per. plu. We buv, E chumpa. 
We sell, E kanchi. 
We all buy, Eho chumpa. 
" " We all sell. Eho kanchi. 
2d " " You buy, Hcsh chumpa. 

" You sell, Hush kanchi. 
3d " " They buy, Oklat chumpa. or 
Chumpa. 
They sell, Oklat kanchi, or 
kanchi 

PRESENT TENSE. DKFINITE AND n . 

Ist per. sing. I am buying, Chumpa lishke. 
" " I am selling, Kanchi lishke. 
2d " " You are buying, Ish chum- 
pashke. 
'* " You are selling, Ish kanch- 
Ishke. 
3d per. sing. He or she is buying, Chum- 
pashke. 
" *■ He ©r she is selling, Kan- 

chishke. 
•' dual They are buying, Chumpot 

okltjshke. 
" " They are selling, Kanchit ok- 
lushke. 



1st per. plu. 



2d 



We are buying, E chumpa- 

shke. 
We are selling, E kanchi- 

shke. 
We are buying, Eho chum- 

pashke. 
We are selling, Eho Kanch- 

ishke. 
You are buying. Hush chum- 

pashke. 
You are^selling. Hush kanchi- 

shke. 
They are buying, Oklat 

chumpashke. 
" •' They are selling, Oklat kan- 

chishke. 

PRESENT TENSE — EMPHATIC. 

1st per. sing. I do buy. Chumpu li hoke. 

I do sell, Kanchi li hoke. 

You do buy, isht chumpa 
hoke:' 

You do sell, Ish kanchi hoke. 

He or she does buy, Chumpa 
hoke. 

He or she does sell, Kanchi 
hoke. 

They do buy, Chumput ok- 
la hoke. 

They do sell, Kanchii okla 
hoke. 

We do buy, E chumpa hoke. 

We do sell, E kanchi hoke. 

We all do buy, Eho chumpa 
hoke. 

We all do sell, Eho Kanchi 
hoke. 

You do buy. Hush chumpa 
hoke. 



3d 



2d 



3d 



1st 



dual 



plu. 



2d 



APPBJ^DIX 



** '* You do sell, Hush kanchi 
• hoke. 
3d " " They do buy, Oklat chumpa 
hoke, chumpa hoke. 
They do sell, Oklat kanchi 
hoke. 

PAST TENSP:— IMMEDIATE Oil RECENT. 

1st per. sing., I bought, I have bought, 
chumpulituk. 
*' '■ I sold, I have sold, Kanchi li 
tuk. 
2d " " You bought or have bought, 
Ish chumpa tuk. 
i' " You sold or have sold, Ish 
kanchi tuk. 
3d " '* He or she bought or has 
bought, Chumpa tuk. 
" " He or she sold or has sold, 
Kanchi tuk. 
M " dual They bought or have bought, 
Chumput oklatuk, 
" They sold or have sold, Kan- 
chit okla tuk. 
l8t " plu. We bought or have bought, 
E chumpa tuk. 
" " We sold or have sold, E kan- 
chi tuk. 
" " We all bought or have bought 
Eho chumpa tuk. 
" We all sold or have sold, Eho 
kanchi tuk. 
2d " " You bought or have bought. 
Hush chumpa tuk. 
" *' You sold or have sold. Hush 
kanchi tuk. 
3d '* '* They bought or have bought, 
Chumpa tuk, oklat chum- 
pa tuk. 
" " They sold or have sold, Kan- 
chituk, oklat kanchi tuk. 

PAST TENSE — KE.MOTE 

1st per. sing. I bought or have bought. 
Chumpali tok. 
Isold or have sold, Kanchili 
tok. 
By changing tuk to tok all the numbers 
and persons can be conjugated. 

PAST TENSE — E.MPHATIC^ 

1st per. sing. I did buy (it was so), Chum- 
pali tuk oke. 
Add oke to the number and persons for the 
rest of these two forms of the past tense. 

FUTURE TENSE— IMMEDIATE AND DEFINITE. 

1st per. sing. I shall or will buy, Chumpa 
la chi. 
'* I shall or will sell, Kanchi la 
chi, 
'-'d " " You shall or will buy, Ish 
chumpa chi. 
" You shall or will sell, Ish kan- 
cha chi. 
=>d " " He or she shall or will buy, 
Chumpa chi. 
" dual They shall or will buy, 
Chumput okla chi. 
" He or she shall or will sell, 
Kahcha chi. 
" dual They shall or will sell, Kan- 
chit okla chi. .#^ 
1st " plu, We shall or will buy, E chum- 
pa chi. J 



" " We all shall or will hujr 

Eho chumpa chi. 
" " We shall or will sell, E kan- 
cha chi. 
We all shall or will sell, Eho 
kancha chi. 
2d " " You shall or will buy, Hush 
chumpa chi. 
„ ., You shall or will sell^ Hush 
Kancha chi. 
3d " " They shall or will buy, Chum- 
pa chi, oklat chumpa cht 

FUTURE TENSE — REMOTE AND INDEFINITE. 

1st per. sing. I shall or will buy, Churapa 
la he. 
" " I shall or will sell, Kanchi 
la he. 
By changing chi to he all the numbers and 
persons can be conjugated. 

FUTURE TENSE— REMOTE, 

Strongly expressing purpose, and used in 

an imperative sense. 
1st per. sing. I will buy, Chumpa lashke. 

" I will sell, Kanchi lashke. 
2d " " You will buy, Ish chum- 
pashke. 
" " You will sell, Ish kanchashke, 
.3d " '.' He or she will buy. Chum- 
pashke. 
" dual They will buy, Chumput 
Oklashke, 
They will sell, Kanchit ok- 
lashke. 
1st " plu We will buy, E chumpashke. 
" " We will sell, E kanchashke. 
" " We all will buy, Eho chum- 
pashke. 
" We all will sell, Eho kan- 
chashke. 
2d " " You will buy. Hush chum- 
pashke. 
You will sell. Hush kan- 
chaske. 
3d " " They will buy, Chumpashke, 
oklat chumpashke. 

FUTURE TENSE — EMPHATIC. 

1st per. sing. I shall or will buy. Chumpa 
la chi hoke. 
" I shall or will sell, kanchi la 
chi hoke. 
In the same way add hoke or oke to the 
other persons, in all the numbers — they 
are one and the same, and ar^ simply 
changed to preserve the euphony. 

POTENTIAL MOOD — PRESENT TENSE. 

1st per. sing. I can or may buy, Chumpa 
la hinla. 
" I can or may sell, Kanchi la 
hinla. 
2d " " You can or may buy, ish 
chumpa hinla. 
" " You can or may sell, Ish 
Kancha hinla. 
.3d " " He or she can or may buy, 
Chumpa hinla. 
" " He or she can or may sell, 

Kancha hinla. 
" dual They can or may buy, Chum- 
put okla hinla. 
■' " They can or may sell, Kan- 
chit okla hinla. 



appe:n'dix 



1st " plu We can or may buy, E chum- 
pa hinla. 
" " We can or may sell, E Kan* 

cha hinla, 
" " We all can or may buy, Eho 

chumpa hinla. 
" ' We all can or may sell, Eho 
kancha hinla. 
2d " plu You can or may buy, Hush 
chumpa hinla. 
" " You can or may sell, Hush 
Kancha hinla. 
3d " " They can or may buy, Oklat 
Kanchahinla, chumpa hinla. 
" '■ They can or may sell, Oklat 
Kancha hinla. 



PAST TEXSE- 

1st per. sing. I 



-IMMEDIATE OK RECENT. 

might or could have 



bought, Chumpa la hinla 
tuk. 

" '* I might or could have sold, 
Kanchi la hinla tuk. 
2d " " You might or could have 
bought, Ish Chumpa hinla 
tuk. 
" " You might or could have sold, 
Ish kancha hinla tuk. 
3d " " He or she might or could 
have bought, Chumpa hin- 
la tuk. 
■' dual They might have bought. 
Chumput okla hinla tuk. 
1st " plu. We might have bought, E 
chumpa hinla tuk. 
" " We might have sold, E Kan- 
cha hinla tuk. 
We all might have bought; 
Eho chumpa hinla tuk. 
" " We all might have sold, Eho 
kancha hinla tuk. 
2d " " You might have bought. 
Hush chumpa hinla tuk. 
" " You might have sold, Hush 
kancha hinla tuk. 
2d '• " They might have bought, 
Oklat chumpa hinla.. 
" " They raigkt have sold, Oklat 
kancha hinla! 

PAST TENSE — REMOTP- 

1st per. sing. I might or could have bought, 
Chumpa la hinla tok. 
" I might or could have sold, 
Kancha la hinla tok. 
By changing tuk or tok all the numbers 
and' persons can be conjugated and trans- 
lated as above. 

PAST TEN.se second FORM— IMMEDIATE. 

1st per. sing. I was abought to buy, Chum- 
pa la chin tuk. 
" " I was about to sell, Kanchi la 
chin tuk. 
2d " " You were about to buy, Ish 
chumpa chin tuk. 
" " You were about to sell, Ish 
kancha chin tuk. 
3d " " He or she was about to buy, 
Chumpa chin tuk. 
" " He or she was about to sell, 
Kancha chin tuk. 
3d " dual They were about to buy, 
Chumput okla chin tuk,' 



They were about to sell. 
Kancha chin tuk. 
1st " plu. We were about to buy, E 
chumpa chin tuk. 
We were about to sell, E kan- 
cha chin tuk. 
" " We all vfere about to buy, 
Eho chumpa chin tuk, 
'• We all were about to sell, Eho 
kancha chin tuk. 
2d " " You were about to buy, Hush 

chumpa chin tuk. 
3d " " They were about to buy, 
Chumpa chin tuk. 
" " They were about to sell. Kan- 
cha chin tub. 

PA.ST TENSE, SECOND FORM — REMOTE. 

1st per; sing. I vvas about to buy, Chumpa 

la chin tok, etc.* 
By changing tuk to tok, all the numbers and 

persons can be conjugated and translated 

as above. 

PAST TENSE, THIRD FORM— IMMEDIATE. 

Is t per. sing. I should or would have 
bought, Champa la he tuk. 
" I should or would have sold. 
Kanchi la he tuk, 
2d " " You should or would have 
bought, Ish chumpa he 
tuk. 
" " You should or would have 
sold. Ish kancha he tuk. 
3d " •' He or she should have 
bought, Chumpa he tuk. 
He or she should have sold, 
Kancha he tuk. 
" dual They should have bought, 
Chumput okla he tuk. 
1st " plu We should have bought, E 
chumpa he tuk. 
" " We should have sold, E kan- 
cha he tuk. 
" '■ We all should have bought, 
Eho chumpa he tuk. 
We all should have sold, Eho 
kancha he tuk. 
2d " " You should have bought. 
Hush chumpa he tuk. 
" You should have sold, Hush 
Kancha he tuk. 
3d " " They should have bought, 
Chumpa he tuk. 

PAST TENSE, THIRD FORM— RE.MOTE. 

Ist per, sing. I should or would have 
bought, Chumpa la hi 
tok. 
By changing /i.''^/A- to hitok, all the numbers 
and persons can be conjugated and trans- 
lated as above. 

Fr^TL'RE TENSE. 

1st per. sing. I caa or may buy, Chumpa 
la hinlashke. 

1st " " I can or may sell, Kanchi la 
hinlashke^ 

2d " '■ You can or may buy, Ish 
chumba hinlashke. 
" " You can or may sell. Ish Kan- 
cha hinlashke. 

3d " •' He or she can or may buy. 
(Jhumpa hinlashke. 
" He or she can or may sell. 



APPE^TDIX 



FUTURE TKNSE — 2ND FORM REMOTE. 

1st per sing., If I shall or will buy, Chum- 
pa li hokmut. 
If J shall or will sell, Kanchi 
11 hokmut. 
2nd'* " If you shall or will buy, Ish 
chumpa hokmut. 
" " If you shall or will sell, Ish 
kanchi hokmt3t. 
;^rd " " If he or she shall or will buy, 
Chumpa hokmut. 
" " If he or she shall or will sell, 

Kanchi hokmot. 
" " If they shall or will buy, 

Chiimpuh okla hokmut. 
" " If they shall or will sell, Kan- 
chih okla hokmct. 
Istperplu., If we shall buy, E chumpa 
hokmut. 
" " If we shall sell, E kanchi 

hokmut. 
" " If we all shall buy, Eho 

chumpa hokmut. 
" " Ifwe all shall sell, Eho kan- 
chi hokmut. 
2nd ' " If you all shall buy, Hush 
chumpa hokmut . 
'• " If you all shall sell, Hush 
kanchi hokmut. 
8rd " " If they all shall buy, Oklat 
chumpa hokmut. 
" " If they all shall sell, Oklat 
kanehi hokmut. 

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE — IMMEDI.^TE, 

1st per sing.. If I shall have bought, Chum- 
pa la hinla tukmut. 
" If I shall have sold, Kanchi 
la hinla tukmut. 
2nd" " If you shall have bought, Ish 
chumpa hinla tukmut. 
'* " If you shall have sold, Ish 
kancha hinla tukmut. 
;>rd " " Ifhe or she shall have bought, 
Chumpa hinla tukmut. 
If he or she shall have sold, 
Kancha hinla tukmut. 
" dual. If they shall have bought, 
Chumpuh okla hinla tuk- 
, mut. 
" If they shall have sold, Kan- 
chih okla hinla tukmut. 
1st " plu.. If we shall have bought, E 
chumpa hinla tukmut. 
" " If we shall have sold, E kan- 
cha hinia tukmut. 
Ifwe all shall have bought, 
Eho chumpa hinla tuk- 
mut. 
" Ifwe all shall have sold, Eho 
kancha hinla tukmut. 
2nd" " If you all shall have bought, 
hush chumpa hinla tuk- 
mut. 
If you all shall have sold, 
Hush kancha hinla tuk- 
mut. 
•Srd " " If they all shall have bought 
Oklat chumpa hinla tuk- 
mut. 

PAST TENSE, 2nd FORM — REMOTE. 

1st per sing., If I can or may buy, Chum- 
pa la hinla tokmut. 
If I were about to buy, Chum- 
pa la chin tokmut. 



" " If I should h ve bought, 
Chumpa la he tokmut. 

IMPERATIVE MOOD, I'RESEXT TENSE. 

1st per sing.. Let me buy, Ak chumpa. 

" " Let me sell, Ak kanchi. 
lind " " Buv, Chumpa. 

' ' " Sell. Kanchi. 
3rd " " Let him buy, Ik chumpa. 

" dual. Let them buy, Chumput ik- 
okla. 
1st " plu., Let us buy, Ke chumpa. 

" " Let us all* buy, Keho chumpa. 
2nd" " Buy you. Ho chumpa. 
8rd " " Let them buy, Oklat ik chum- 
pa. 

FUTURE TENSE, 

Not definite as to time, and is used as 
the future indicative; not to express bare 
futurity of action, but a purpose. 
1st per sing., Let me buy; I will buy, 
Chumpa lashke. 
" " Let me sell. I will sell. Kan- 
chi lashke, etc. 
A verb transitive with prefix personal 
pronouns in the indicative mood, 
present tense. 

1st per sing., I see him, her, it or them, 
Pisa li. 
" " I see you, Chi pisa li. ^ 

" I see you, (plural), Huchi 
pisa li. 
2nd " " You see him, her, it or them, 
Ish pisa. 
" " You see us, Ish pi pisa. 
" " You see them, etc., Okla ish 
pisa. 
3rd " " He or she sees me, sa pusa. 
" " He or she sees you, Chi pisa. 
" He or she sees him, her or it, 
risa. 
He or she sees us. Pi pisa. 
" " He or she sees us all, hupi 
pisa. 
" He or she sees you, (plural), 
Huchi pisa. 
" " He or she sees them, Pisa or 
okla pisa. 
3rd " dual, They see me, Sa pisut okla. 
" " They see you, Chi pisut okla. 
" " They see him, her or it, Pisut 

okla. 
" " They see us, Pi pisut okla. 
" " They see us all, Hupi pisut 

okla.' 
" " They see you (plu.) Huchi 

pisut okla, 
" " They see them, Okla pisut 
okla. 
1st " plu. We see you E chi pisa. 

" " We see him, her or it, E pisa. 
" We see you, (plu.), E huchi 
pisa. 
" " We see them, Okla e pisa. 
" " We all see him, he, it or them, 
Eho pisa. 
2d. " " You see me, Hussa pisa. 

" " You see him, her or it. Hush 

pisa. 
" " You see us, Hush pi pisa. 
" " You see them, Okla hush 
pisa. 
3d. " " They see me, Oklat sa pisa, 
sa pisa. 
They see you, Chi pisa. 



APPENDIX 



Kancha hinlashke. 
:M " dual They can or may buy, chum- 
put okla hinlashke. 
" " They can or may sell, Kan- 
chit okla hinlashke. 
1st " plu We can or may buy, E chumpa 
hinlashke. 
'* " We can or may sell, E kan- 
cha hinlashke. 
'* We all can or may buy, Eho 

chumpa hinlashke. 
*: We all can or may sell, Eh6 
kancha hinlashke. 
2d " " You can or may buy, Hush 
chumpa hinlashke. 
" " You can or may sell. Hush 
kancha hinlashke. 
.M " " They can or may buy, Oklat 
chumpa hinlashke. 
" " They can or may sell, Oklat 
kancha hinlashke. 

gUBJUNCTIVE MOOD, PRESENT TENSE — IN- 
DEFINITE. 

1st per. sing. When I buy, Chumpa li met 

'* When I sell, Kanchi li mut. 
id '' " When you buy , Ish chumpa 
met. 
" When you sell. Ish kanchi 
mut. 
3d " :' When he or she buys, Chum- 
pa mut. 
3d " duol When they buy, Chumput 
okla mut. 
" " When they sell, Kanchit okla 
mut. 
1st " plu When we buy, E chumpa 
mut, 
AVhen we sell, E kanchi mut. 
" " When we all buy, Eho 

chumpa mut 
" " When we all sell, Eho kan- 
chi mut 
2d " " When you buy. Hush chumpa 
mut. 
" " When you sell, Hush kanchi 
mut. 
3d " " When they buy, oklat chum- 
pa mut. 

SECOND FORM, IMPLYING A FUTURE CON- 
TINGENCY. 

1st per. sing. When I buy, if I buy, chum- 
pa, likmut. 
" " When I sell if I sell, kanchi 
likmut. 
2d ** " When you buy, if you buy, 
Ish chumpakmut 
" •' When you sell, if you sell, 
Ish kanchikmut 
3d " " When he or she buys, if he or 
she buy, Chumpakmut 
" " When heor she sells, if he 
sell, Kanchikmut. 
2d " dual When they buy, Champut ok- 

lakmut 
1st " plu. When we buy, etc., E chum- 
pakmut. ^ 
". When we sell, etc., E kanchi- 
kmut" 
" *' When we all buy, etc., Eho 

chumpakmut. ' 
'• " When we all sell, etc, Eho 
kanchikmut 



2d " " When you buy, etc., Hush 

chanpakmut 
3d " " When they buy, etc., Oklat 

chumpakmut 

PAST TENSE — IMMEDIATE. 

1st per. sing. If I bought if had bought, 
Chumpa li tukmut 
" If I sold, if I had sold, Kan- 
chi li tukmut. 
2d " " If vou bought, if you had 
bought Ish chumpatuk- 
mut ,- 

If vou sold, if you had sold, 
Ish kanchi tukmut 
3d •' " If he or she bought, etc., 
Chumpa tukmut. 
" dual If they bought etc., Chum- 
put okla tukmut 
" dual, If they sold, etc., Kanchih 
okla tukmut. 
1st "plu.. If we bought etc., Echumpa 
tukmut _ , , . 

" " If we sold, etc., E kanchi 

tukmut ^^ 

" •' If we all bought, etc., Eho 

chumpa tukmut. 
" " If we all sold, etc", Eho kan- 
chi tukmut 
2nd " " you bought, etc.. Hush chum- 
pa tukmut 
" •• If you sold, etc.. Hush kanchi 
tukmut ^, , . 

3rd " " If they bought, etc., Oklat 
chumpa tukmut 

PAST TENSE — REMOTE. 

1st per sing., If I had bought Chumpa U 
tokmut 
'* " If I had sold, Kanchi li tok- 
mut „ ^, 
By changing tukmut to tokmut all the 
numbers can be conjugated and translat- 
ed as above. 

FUTURE TENSE— IMMEDIATE. 

1st per sing.. If I shall or will buy, Chum- 
pa la chikmut 
'• •• If I shall or'will sell, Kanchi 

la chikmut 
2nd " " If you shall or will buy, Ish 

chumpa chikmut. 
" " If you shall or will sell, Ish 

kancha chikmut 
3rd " " If he or she shall or will buy, 

Chumpa chikmut 
'• " If he or she shall or will sell, 

Kancha chimut 
" dual. If they shall or will buy, 

Chumput okla chikmut 
Ist " plu.. If we shall or will buy, E 

chumpa chimut 
•' " If we shall or will sell, E kan- 
cha chimut 
" " If we all 'shall or will buy, 

Eho chumpa chikmut 
•' " If we all shall or will sell, Eho 

kancha chikmut. 
2nd " " If you all shall or will buy. 

Hush chumpa chikmut 
" " If vou all shall or will sell, 

Hush kancha chikmut 
.3rd" " If they all shall or will buy, 

Oklat chumpa chikmut 
" " Ifthev all shall or will sell, 

Oklat kancha chikmui. 



APPENDIX 



" They see him, her or it, pisa. 
" " They see us, pi pisa. 
,' " They see us all, Hupi pisa, 
" " They see you all, Huchi pisa. 
" " They see them, Oklat pisa- 

pisa. 
A verb transitive with prefix possessive 
pronouns, in the indicative mood, pres- 
ent tense: 
1st per. sing. I see him her or it for you, 

Chin pisa li. 
" " I see him, her or it for him or 

her, In pisa li. 
** " I see him her or it for us, 

Pin pisa li. 
" '' I see him, her or it for us all, 

Htjpin pisa li. 
" *' I see him, her or it for you, 

(plu.), Huchin pisa li. 
"' *' I see him, her or it for them, 

Okla in pisa li. in pisali. 
2d " " You see him her or it for 

me, Is san pisa. 
•' '* You see him, her or it for 

him or her, Ish in pisa. 
*• •' You see him, her or it for us, 

Ish pin pisa. 
" You see him, her or it for us 

all, Ish hupin pisa. 
" *• You see him, her or it for 

them, Okla ish in pisa. 
3d " " He or she sees him, her or it 

for me , An pisa. 
*' " He or she sees him, her or it 

for you. Chin pisa. 
'* *' He or she sees him, her or it 

for him or her. In pisa. 
•' " He or she sees him her or it 

for us, Pin pisa. 
•' " He or she sees he him, her 

or it for us all, Hopin 

pisa. 
** " He or she sees him, her or it 

for you. 
" " He or she sees him, her or 

it for them, Okla in pisa. 
l«t '' plu. We see him, her, or it for 

you, E chin pisa. 
" " We see him, her, or it for him 

or her, II in pisa, 
" " We see him, her, or it for you, 

E huchin pisa. 
" " We see him, her or it for 

them, Okla il in pisa. 
•* " We all see him. her or it for 

them; Iloh in pisa. 
2d " plu. You see him, her or it for me, 

Hus san pisa. 
" •• You see him, her or it for 

him or her, Hush in pisa. 
*' " You see him. her or it for us, 

HtJsh pin pisa. 
" •* You see him, her, or it for us 

all. Hush hupiu pisa- 
" " You see him, her or it for 

them, Okla hush in pisa. 
M *' " They see him, her or it for 

me, Oklat an pisa. 
" "They see him, her or it for you, 

Chin pisa. 
" *' They see him. her or it for 



him or her. In pisa. 
■' They see him, her or it for 
us, Pin pisa. 
*' " They see him, her or it for all, 
Hupin pisa. 
'* They see him, her or it for 
you, Huchin pisa. 
" " They see him. her or it for 
them, Okla in pisa. 

SENTENCES TO ILLUSTRATE THE USE OF 
TRANSITIVE VERBS. 

I see a man, Hattak o pisa li. 

I sell a horse, Issuba ho kanchi 11. 

You sell a horse, Issuba ho ish kanchi. 

You see a man, Hattak o ish pisa. 

You see the man, Hattak a ish pisa. 

You sell the horse, Issuba ha ish kauchi, 

A man sells the horse, Hattak osh issuba 
ha kanchi 

The man sells a horse, Hattak ut-issuba 
ho kanchi. 

A man buys the cow, Hattak osh wak a 
chumpa. 

The man sells a ccw, Hattak wak o kan- 
chi. 

They buy the horse, Issuba ha chumpa. 

NOUNS WITH AD.fECTIVES AND VERBS. 

Issuba achukraa, a good horse. 

Tanampo achukma fehna, a very good 

gun. 
tJlla nakni achukma ho, agoodb^y who 
■ (is.) 
You buy a bay horse, Issuba homma yo 

ish chumpa . 
He walks in the path of peace, Hina han- 

ta ya a nowa. 
A good man is coming, hattak ahukma 

yosh miuti. 

THE PARTICLES, 

These are the most difficult words in the 
language to arrange, understand, and 
define; a literal translation of them is 
not attempted. They are sometimes 
used when there is no corresponding 
word in English. They are generally 
used, and may be translated, as articles, 
pronouns, conjunctions and preposit* 
ions. 

1st Articles, A, an, the. Second relatives, 
Who, which, whom, that. Indefinite pro- 
nouns, some, some one, any, !anyone. 
Double pronouns, he, who, she who, 
they who. 

The following will exhibit some of the 
articles: 

The Ak. hak, yak, amo; hamo, yamo: ash, 
hash, yash, ato, hato, yato, atok, hatok, 
yatok, atuk; hatuk, yatuk, okut, hokut, 
yokut. okuto, hokuto, yokuto, ut, hut, 
yut, uto, huto, yuto, ano, hano, yano, 
oka, hoka, yoka, okuno, hokuno, yokuno, 
a, ha, ya, ano, hano, yano, kak' kamo, 
kumo, kut, kuto, mak, mut, muto,ahamo. 
chash. 

The particles, oke, hoke, yoke, are used 
atter verbs. The particle shke, (pro- 
nounced skay), is suffixed to verbs, and 
to other words where the verb to be in 
English is understood. 

Note.— The pronouns in Choctaw have no 
Third Person, 



V, 



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